United Kingdom general election, 1892

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United Kingdom general election, 1892
United Kingdom
1886 ←
4–26 July 1892 → 1895
outgoing members ← → Members elected

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Gladstone.jpg 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg
Leader William Ewart Gladstone Lord Salisbury
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since April 1880 April 1881
Leader's seat Midlothian Marquess of Salisbury
Last election 192 seats, 41.8% 317 seats, 29.8%
Seats won 272 268
Seat change Increase 80 Decrease 49
Popular vote 2,088,019 1,690,594
Percentage 45.4%
Swing Increase 3.6%

  Third party Fourth party
  Justin McCarthy (1830-1912).jpg Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire.jpg
Leader Justin McCarthy Spencer Cavendish
Party Irish Parliamentary Liberal Unionist
Leader since 6 December 1891 April 1886
Leader's seat North Longford Duke of Devonshire
Last election 85 seats, 3.4% 77 seats, 3.4%
Seats won 81 46
Seat change Decrease 4 Decrease 31
Popular vote 309,329 468,556
Percentage 7.0%
Swing Increase 3.7%

PM before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Subsequent PM

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

1885 election MPs
1886 election MPs
1892 election MPs
1895 election MPs
1900 election MPs

The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 July to 26 July 1892. It saw the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury, win the greatest number of seats, but not enough for an overall majority as William Ewart Gladstone's Liberals won many more seats than in the 1886 general election. The Liberal Unionists who had previously supported the Conservative government saw their vote and seat numbers go down. Despite being split between Parnellite and anti-Parnellite factions, the Irish Nationalist vote held up well. As the Liberals did not have a majority on their own, Salisbury refused to resign on hearing the election results and waited to be defeated in a vote of no confidence on 11 August. Gladstone formed a minority government dependent on Irish Nationalist support.

Results[edit]

UK General Election 1892
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative Lord Salisbury 470 268 1,690,594
  Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain 136 46 468,556
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Lord Salisbury 606 314 - 79 47.0 2,159,150
  Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 535 272 + 80 40.59 45.4 2,088,019 +3.6
  Irish Parliamentary Justin McCarthy 129 81 0 3 - 4 12.08 7.0 309,329 +3.7
  Independent Labour N/A 9 3 3 0 + 3 0.44 0.5 22,198 N/A
  Independent Conservative N/A 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 7,211 N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A 6 1 1 0 + 1 0.1 3,572 N/A
  Scottish Trades Councils Chisholm Robertson 4 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,313 N/A
  Independent Nationalist N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,180 N/A
  Scottish Parliamentary Labour Keir Hardie 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,043 N/A
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 659 N/A
  Independent N/A 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 139 N/A

The totals above exclude two Irish candidates whose party affiliation was unclear to F. W. S. Craig at the time he compiled his voting figures: Col. J. C. Lowry who gained 897 votes standing for University of Dublin as either an Independent or Official Conservative, and John O'Connor Power who gained 609 votes standing in Mayo West as a Gladstonian Liberal. Craig labelled both candidates: "Others".

Total votes cast: 4,598,319. All parties shown.

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
46.96%
Liberal
  
45.41%
Irish Parliamentary
  
6.73%
Independent
  
0.77%
Others
  
0.14%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
46.72%
Liberal
  
40.6%
Irish Parliamentary
  
12.1%
Independent Liberal
  
0.15%
Independent Labour
  
0.45%

Regional Results[edit]

Great Britain[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 547 29 292 2,079,887 49.5
Liberal 530 13 272 2,083,692 49.6
Irish Parliamentary Party 1 0 1 Steady 2,537 0.1
Other 30 1 4 39,030 0.9
Total 1,108 43 569 Steady 4,205,146 100
England[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 441 22 261 1,788,108 51.1
Liberal 426 9 190 1,685,283 48.0
Irish Parliamentary Party 1 0 1 Steady 2,537 0.1 Steady
Other 18 1 4 29,891 0.8
Total 886 32 456 Steady 3,505,819 100
Scotland[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Liberal 70 0 51 256,944 53.9
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 68 0 19 209,944 44.4
Other 11 0 0 8,242 1.7
Total 149 0 70 Steady 475,130 100
Wales[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Liberal 34 4 31 141,465 62.8
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 29 0 3 78,038 37.2
Total 63 4 34 Steady 219,503 100

Ireland[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Irish Parliamentary Party (United) 133 9 80 308,972 78.1
Irish Unionist & Liberal Unionist 59 11 21 79,263 20.6
Liberal 2 0 0 4,327 1.1
Other 1 0 0 611 0.2
Total 195 20 101 393,173 100

Universities[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % Change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 9 7 9 3,797 80.9
Other 1 0 0 897 19.1
Total 10 7 9 Steady 4,694 100


See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

For an alternative view of the count where each vote in a two-member seat is counted as half a vote (because each elector had two votes) see: