United Kingdom general election, 1892

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United Kingdom general election, 1892
United Kingdom
← 1886 4–26 July 1892 1895 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Photo of Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.jpg William Ewert Gladstone in later life.jpg
Leader Lord Salisbury William Gladstone
Party Conservative and
Liberal Unionist
Liberal
Leader since April 1881 April 1880
Leader's seat House of Lords Midlothian
Last election 393 seats, 51.4% 191 seats, 41.8%
Seats won 313 271
Seat change Decrease80 Increase80
Popular vote 2,028,586 1,958,598
Percentage 47.0% 45.4%
Swing Decrease4.4% Increase0.2%

  Third party Fourth party
  J. McCarthy (1830–1912).jpg Picture of John Redmond.jpg
Leader Justin McCarthy John Redmond
Party Irish National Federation Irish National League
Leader since 1891 1891
Leader's seat North Longford Waterford City
Last election Part of IPP Part of IPP
Seats won 72 9
Seat change Increase72 Increase9
Popular vote 224,528 67,119
Percentage 5.2% 1.3%
Swing New party New party

United Kingdom general election 1892.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Elected Prime Minister

William Ewart Gladstone
Liberal

The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 July to 26 July 1892. It saw the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury, win the greatest number of seats, but not enough for an overall majority as William Ewart Gladstone's Liberals won many more seats than in the 1886 general election. The Liberal Unionists who had previously supported the Conservative government saw their vote and seat numbers go down.

Despite being split between Parnellite and anti-Parnellite factions, the Irish Nationalist vote held up well. As the Liberals did not have a majority on their own, Salisbury refused to resign on hearing the election results and waited to be defeated in a vote of no confidence on 11 August. Gladstone formed a minority government dependent on Irish Nationalist support.

The Liberals had engaged in failed attempts at reunification between 1886 and 1887. Gladstone however was able to retain control of much of the Liberal party machinery, particularly in the form of the constituency organisation known as the National Liberal Federation. Gladstone used the annual NLF meetings as a platform to consolidate various Liberal causes, particularly the Newcastle meeting of 1891, which gave its name to the radical Newcastle programme. This programme placed Irish Home Rule first, followed by Welsh and Scottish disestablishment, reduction in factory work hours, free education, electoral reform, land reform, reform or abolition of the House of Lords, and the removal of duties on basic foods. This programme would later be disowned by the party leadership following the Liberal defeat in the 1895 election.[1]

The election also saw the election of Britain's first Asian MP, with Dadabhai Naoroji being elected for Finsbury Central.[2]

Results[edit]

UK General Election 1892
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Lord Salisbury 606 313 21 101 -80 46.7 47.0 2,028,586 -4.4
  Liberal William Gladstone 535 272 99 19 +80 40.6 45.4 1,958,598 +0.2
  Irish National Federation Justin McCarthy 85 72 +72 10.7 5.2 224,528 N/A
  Irish National League John Redmond 44 9 +9 1.3 1.6 67,119 N/A
  Independent Labour N/A 9 3 3 0 + 3 0.4 0.5 22,198 N/A
  Independent Conservative N/A 4 0 0 0 0 0.1 5,556 N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A 6 1 1 0 +1 0.1 0.1 3,572 N/A
  Scottish Trades Councils Chisholm Robertson 4 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,313 N/A
  Independent Nationalist N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 2,180 N/A
  Scottish Parliamentary Labour Keir Hardie 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 1,866 N/A
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 2 0 0 0 0 0.0 659 N/A
  Independent N/A 3 0 0 0 0 0.0 137 N/A

Total votes cast: 4,317,312. All parties shown.

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.7%
Liberal
45.4%
Irish National Federation
5.2%
Irish National League
1.6%
Others
1.1%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
46.7%
Liberal
40.6%
Irish National Federation
10.7%
Irish National League
1.3%
Independent Labour
0.4%
Independent Liberal
0.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Cawood, Ian. "The 1892 General Election and the Eclipse of the Liberal Unionists." Parliamentary History 29.3 (2010): 331-357.
  • Cawood, Ian. "The Unionist 'Compact' in West Midland Politics 1891-1895." Midland History (2013).
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918 (Macmillan, 1974)
  • Pelling, Henry. Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910 (1967).
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results

External links[edit]