United Kingdom general election, 1900

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United Kingdom general election, 1900
United Kingdom
← 1895 26 September – 24 October 1900 1906 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Robert cecil.jpg Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg
Leader Lord Salisbury Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Party Conservative and Liberal Unionist Liberal
Leader since April 1881 December 1898
Leader's seat Marquess of Salisbury Stirling Burghs
Last election 411 seats, 49.0% 177 seats, 45.7%
Seats won 402 183
Seat change Decrease 9 Increase 6
Popular vote 1,767,958 1,572,323
Percentage 50.3% 44.7%
Swing Increase 1.3% Decrease 1.0%

  Third party Fourth party
  John Redmond 1917.JPG Jameskeirhardie.jpg
Leader John Redmond Keir Hardie
Party Irish Parliamentary Labour
Leader since 6 February 1900 28 February 1900
Leader's seat Waterford City Merthyr Tydfil
Last election 82 seats, 4.0% N/A
Seats won 77 2
Seat change Decrease 5 N/A
Popular vote 57,576 62,698
Percentage 1.6% 1.8%
Swing Decrease 1.4% N/A

United Kingdom general election 1900.svg
Colours denote the winning party.

Prime Minister before election

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

Subsequent Prime Minister

Lord Salisbury
Conservative

The United Kingdom general election of 1900 was held between 26 September and 24 October 1900, following the dissolution of Parliament on 25 September. Also known as the khaki election (the first of several elections to bear this sobriquet), it was held at a time when it was widely believed that the Second Boer War had effectively been won (though in fact it was to continue for a further two years). The Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury with their Liberal Unionist allies, secured a large majority of 130, despite securing only 5.6% more votes than Henry Campbell-Bannerman's Liberals. This was largely due to the Conservatives winning 163 uncontested seats. The Labour Representation Committee, later to become the Labour Party, participated in a general election for the first time even though they had only been in existence for a few months. As a result, Keir Hardie and Richard Bell were the only LRC members of parliament in 1900.

This was the first time that Winston Churchill was elected to the House of Commons. He had stood in the same seat, Oldham, in a by-election the previous year, but had lost. It was also the final general election of the Victorian era and the 19th century.

Results[edit]

UK general election 1900
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net  % of total  % No. Net %
  Conservative Lord Salisbury 472 335 1,481,516
  Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain 97 67 286,442
  Conservative and Liberal Unionist Lord Salisbury 569 402 32 41 −9 60.1 50.3 1,767,958 +1.3
  Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman 402 183 38 32 +6 27.4 44.7 1,572,323 −1.0
  Labour Keir Hardie 15 2 2 0 +2 3.0 1.8 62,698 N/A
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 83 77 2 7 −5 11.5 1.6 57,576 −2.4
  Independent Nationalist N/A 18 5 5 0 +5 0.6 0.7 23,706 +0.6
  Independent Conservative N/A 7 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 13,713
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 1 1 0 +1 0.1 0.2 6,423 +0.1
  Independent N/A 3 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 4,800 +0.2
  Scottish Workers Robert Allan 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 3,107 N/A
  Ind. Liberal Unionist N/A 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1,855 N/A
  Ind. Labour Party Bruce Glasier 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 433 +0.0

Total votes cast: 3,514,592. All parties with more than 1,000 votes shown.

Voting summary[edit]

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
50.3%
Liberal
  
44.74%
Labour
  
1.78%
Irish Parliamentary
  
1.64%
Independent
  
1.45%
Others
  
0.99%

Seats summary[edit]

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
  
60%
Liberal
  
27.31%
Labour
  
0.3%
Irish Parliamentary
  
11.49%
Independent Nationalist
  
0.75%
Independent Liberal
  
0.15%

Regional results[edit]

Largest party in each constituent country.
Results within London & Middlesex.

Great Britain[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 541 152 383 1,722,344 51.0
Liberal 401 22 182 1,569,454 46.5
Labour 15 0 2 62,698 1.9
Irish Parliamentary Party 1 0 1 Steady 2,044 0.1 Steady
Other 9 0 1 17,549 0.5
Total 967 174 569 Steady 3,374,089 100
England[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 441 139 332 1,421,195 52.4
Liberal 302 12 121 1,218,525 45.6
Labour 13 0 1 53,100 1.4
Irish Parliamentary Party 1 0 1 Steady 2,044 0.1 Steady
Other 6 0 1 13,628 0.5
Total 763 151 456 Steady 2,708,492 100
Scotland[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 70 3 36 237,217 49.0
Liberal 66 0 34 245,092 50.2
Other 3 0 0 3,921 0.85
Total 139 3 70 Steady 486,320 100
Wales[edit]
Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % change
Liberal 33 10 27 105,837 58.5
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 21 1 6 63,932 37.6
Total 56 11 34 Steady 179,367 100

Ireland[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % change
Irish Parliamentary Party 100 58 81 89,011 57.4
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 28 11 19 45,614 32.2
Liberal 1 0 1 2,869 2.0
Other 6 0 0 11,899 8.4
Total 135 69 101 149,393 100

Universities[edit]

Party Candidates Unopposed Seats Seats change Votes  %  % change
Conservative & Liberal Unionist 9 9 9 unopposed
Total 9 9 9

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987 (1988).
  • Garvin, J. L. The life of Joseph Chamberlain: volume Three 1895-1900 (London, 1934), pp 571–92 on dissolving Parliament; pp 593–607 on Khaki election.
  • Hinton, Guy. "Newcastle and the Boer War: Regional Reactions to an Imperial War." Northern History 52.2 (2015): 272-294. online
  • Marsh, Peter T. Joseph Chamberlain: Entrepreneur in Politics (1994) pp 492–502.
  • Readman, Paul. "The Conservative party, patriotism, and British politics: the case of the general election of 1900." Journal of British Studies 40#1 (2001): 107-145. in JSTOR
  • Roberts, Andrew. Salisbury: Victorian Titan (1999) pp 766–83

External links[edit]