United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest
|National selection events|
|Best result||1st: 1967, 1969, 1976, 1981, 1997|
|Nul points||2003, 2021|
|United Kingdom's page at Eurovision.tv|
| For the most recent participation see|
United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 2021
The United Kingdom has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 63 times. It first took part in the second contest in 1957 and has entered every year since 1959. Along with Sweden and the Netherlands, the UK is one of only three countries with Eurovision victories in four different decades. It is one of the "Big Five" countries, along with France, Germany, Italy and Spain, that are automatically prequalified for the final each year as they are the biggest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). The British public broadcaster, the BBC, broadcasts the event and has, on multiple occasions, organised different national selection processes to choose the British entry. The United Kingdom has won the Eurovision Song Contest five times, and has finished as runner-up on a record fifteen occasions. The UK has hosted the contest a record eight times, four times in London (1960, 1963, 1968 and 1977) and once each in Edinburgh (1972), Brighton (1974), Harrogate (1982) and Birmingham (1998).
The United Kingdom's five winners are Sandie Shaw with the song "Puppet on a String" (1967), Lulu with "Boom Bang-a-Bang" (1969 in a four-way tie), Brotherhood of Man with "Save Your Kisses for Me" (1976), Bucks Fizz with "Making Your Mind Up" (1981) and Katrina and the Waves with "Love Shine a Light" (1997). The UK's fifteen second-place finishes were achieved by Pearl Carr & Teddy Johnson (1959), Bryan Johnson (1960), The Allisons (1961), Matt Monro (1964), Kathy Kirby (1965), Cliff Richard (1968), Mary Hopkin (1970), The New Seekers (1972), The Shadows (1975), Lynsey de Paul and Mike Moran (1977), Scott Fitzgerald (1988), Live Report (1989), Michael Ball (1992), Sonia (1993) and Imaani (1998).
The United Kingdom finished outside the top ten on only three occasions prior to 2000 (1978, 1987 and 1999). In the 21st century, the United Kingdom has had a considerably poorer record in the competition, only reaching the top ten twice, with Jessica Garlick third (2002) and Jade Ewen fifth (2009), compounded by eleven non-top 20 finishes, including Jemini's infamous 2003 nul points result, which was the first time that the country had come last in the contest. The UK has since finished in last place in 2008 with Andy Abraham (14 points), in 2010 with Josh Dubovie (10 points), in 2019 with Michael Rice (11 points), and in 2021 with James Newman (0 points). Emma Kelly, entertainment writer for the Metro, states that the main reason for the poor performances is due to "the attitude and lack of effort" in the UK towards the competition, and in the UK the British entry "gets very little fanfare or radio play and your average Brit couldn’t name their representative up until the week of the contest."
1950s to 1970s
It was alleged that the United Kingdom were expected to take part in the first contest in 1956, and that they missed the submission deadline and therefore could not take part. This was later revealed by the EBU in January 2017 to be a myth created by fans of the contest. The EBU further went on to explain that the Festival of British Popular Song, a contest created by the BBC for the United Kingdom, was the inspiration that brought in format changes to the contest elements from the Eurovision Song Contest 1957 onwards. Patricia Bredin was the first performer to represent the UK at Eurovision, finishing seventh in 1957. The UK was the first choice to stage the third contest in 1958, however following a failure to get an agreement from various artistic unions, the BBC withdrew their bid in the summer of 1957 and the UK did not enter for the second and last time to date.
At their second attempt in the contest in 1959, the UK achieved the first of their record fifteen runner-up positions, when Pearl Carr and Teddy Johnson sang "Sing, Little Birdie". The UK would achieve four more second-place finishes with Bryan Johnson in 1960, The Allisons in 1961, Matt Monro in 1964 and Kathy Kirby in 1965, before eventually winning for the first time in 1967. Sandie Shaw was already a successful performer, having twice topped the UK singles chart and she comfortably won in Vienna with "Puppet on a String", which became her third UK number one and topped the charts all around Europe. In 1968, another successful performer was selected to represent the UK with the song "Congratulations". In London, Cliff Richard gave the UK their sixth second-place finish, losing to Spain's Massiel. "Congratulations" remains one of only two non-winning UK Eurovision songs to top the UK charts. The UK's second victory was provided by the Scottish singer Lulu, who won with the song "Boom Bang-a-Bang" in 1969, in a four-way tie with France, Spain and the Netherlands. Another established performer, she had reached the US #1 spot with "To Sir with Love" in 1967.
Having finished second on three further occasions in the 1970s, with Mary Hopkin in 1970, The New Seekers in 1972 and The Shadows in 1975. The UK achieved their third victory in 1976 with Brotherhood of Man and "Save Your Kisses for Me", who won with 164 points, which would remain the highest points total for ten years. In 1977, the UK finished second for the tenth time represented by singer-songwriters Lynsey de Paul and Mike Moran.
1980s and 1990s
The UK's fourth victory came in 1981, with Bucks Fizz and "Making Your Mind Up". The group was created especially for the UK televised selection contest, "A Song for Europe" (a programme which in later years would be renamed to "Making Your Mind Up"). At Eurovision in Dublin, they defeated Germany's Lena Valaitis by four points. The group went on to continued success, with 13 UK top 40 hits over the next five years. This would be the last UK win for 16 years, although the country continued to be competitive at the contest with four more second-place results during this time. In 1988, Scott Fitzgerald lost to Celine Dion, who was representing Switzerland, by just one point. In 1989, Live Report lost out to Yugoslavia by seven points. Michael Ball in 1992, also finished second, behind Linda Martin of Ireland. The 1993 entry, Sonia, had already had 10 UK top 30 hits, including a 1989 number one with "You'll Never Stop Me Loving You", when she was selected to represent the UK in Millstreet. With one country (Malta) left to vote, Ireland's Niamh Kavanagh led Sonia by 11 points. By the time it got to the announcement of the 12 points, neither the UK or Ireland had been mentioned. If the UK had received the 12, they would have won by one point. In the end Ireland received the top marks and won by 23 points. Despite only finishing eighth in the 1996 contest, Gina G went on to huge success with her entry "Ooh Ah Just a Little Bit", which became only the second non-winning UK entry to top the UK Singles chart. It also reached the US top 20 and received a Grammy nomination. The UK's fifth victory finally came in 1997, when Katrina and the Waves, famous for their 1980s hit "Walking on Sunshine", comfortably won the contest with the song "Love, Shine a Light". They scored 227 points, which would remain the highest points total of the pre semi-final era. At the 1998 contest in Birmingham, Imaani achieved the UK's 15th second-place finish and 20th top two result, with the song "Where Are You?", losing to Israel's Dana International. The UK, as of 2021, has not finished in the top two since.
The UK has fared less well in the contest in the 21st century. Since girl-group Precious finished 12th in 1999, the UK has failed to reach the top ten in all but two of the last 22 contests (1999–2021) – the exceptions being Jessica Garlick, who finished joint third in 2002 with the song "Come Back" (the UK's only top three result of the century), and Jade Ewen. Ewen in particular, was praised for ending the country's poor run of results for much of the decade, by finishing fifth in 2009 with the song "It's My Time", written by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Diane Warren. In 2003, the UK finished last for the first time with the duo Jemini, who received the infamous nul points. The country then finished last on two further occasions over the next 7 years, with Andy Abraham, who received 14 points in 2008, Josh Dubovie, who received 10 points in 2010.
In 2011, the BBC announced that they would forgo the national selection and instead internally select the next representative, so they chose the boy band Blue to represent the UK. They finished 11th with 100 points. In 2012, the UK were facing calls to quit the contest when the UK entry, Engelbert Humperdinck, finished 25th (out of 26) with only 12 points. However, the UK confirmed their participation in the 2013 contest, with the Welsh singer Bonnie Tyler, most famous for her 1983 US and UK number one hit "Total Eclipse of the Heart", who would perform the song "Believe in Me". In Malmö, she finished 19th with 23 points. She went on to win two internationally voted Eurovision Song Contest radio awards for Best Female Singer and Best Song.
In 2014, the BBC internally selected unknown singer Molly Smitten-Downes, through BBC Introducing, which supports new and unsigned acts. She represented the UK in Copenhagen under her artist name Molly. In the final, she performed the song "Children of the Universe", which she co-wrote with Anders Hansson and finished in 17th place with 40 points, having been regarded as one of the favourites to win the contest. In October 2014, Guy Freeman stated that the BBC are still engaging with record companies and the BBC Introducing platform in order to find an entry for the 2015 contest via the internal selection process, but announced that in addition, for the first time since 2008, they are giving the general public the option to submit an entry for consideration. Ultimately, the entry for 2015 came through open submission, with the song "Still in Love with You" performed by the duo Electro Velvet. The song finished in 24th place, with only five points, the UK's worst performance in terms of points tally since 2003.
On 30 September 2015, the BBC confirmed the national selection show would return in 2016. Six acts competed in the national final on 26 February and the winner was selected entirely through a public vote, consisting of televoting and online voting. "You're Not Alone" performed by Joe and Jake won the national final broadcast live on BBC Four. At the final they came 24th with 62 points in total. Of these only 8 were from the public vote, the second lowest public score, following 0 to the Czech Republic. In spite of the latest disappointing result, the BBC announced that the national final format would be retained for 2017. Six acts again participated in the final, which was held on 27 January 2017. It was broadcast on BBC Two as opposed to BBC Four the previous year, and the winner was determined by a combination of scores from a professional jury and televoting (including votes cast online). Former X Factor contestant Lucie Jones won the show and earned the right to represent the UK at the 2017 contest in Kyiv, with the song "Never Give Up on You", becoming the 60th UK Eurovision entry. The song was praised for its impressive staging, and finished 15th in the final with a combined score of 111 points, finishing 10th in the jury vote with 99 points and 20th in the televote with 12 points. In 2018, "Storm" by SuRie was selected by the public to represent the UK. Her performance during the final was marred by an invader who ran onstage halfway through the song and grabbed her microphone, interrupting her performance; however, she was able to complete her performance. She finished in 24th with a combined score of 48. Michael Rice's song "Bigger than Us" was selected by the public to represent the UK in 2019. It finished in 26th place in the final after amassing 11 points, marking the fourth time since the turn of the century that the UK had finished last.
Ahead of the 2020 contest, the BBC stated that they would return to internally selecting the representative (in collaboration with record label BMG). James Newman was chosen as the entrant with his song "My Last Breath"; however, the 2020 contest was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The BBC subsequently announced that BBC Studios would produce Eurovision: Come Together, a replacement show for BBC One featuring classic Eurovision performances, interviews and a look at the entries that would have taken part in 2020. The show was part of the BBC's plan to "entertain the nation in time of need". The contest returned in 2021, with Newman being selected again with a new song, "Embers". However, the song finished in last place and became the second UK entry to receive nul points (also the first full nul points since the 2016 voting system was first implemented).
United Kingdom and the "Big Five"
In 1999, a rule change allowed the United Kingdom, along with France, Germany and Spain, to automatically qualify for the final (irrespective of their recent scores and without entering a semi-final), due to being the biggest financial contributors to the EBU. Due to their untouchable status in the contest, these countries became known as the "Big Four" (which became the "Big Five" in 2011 following the return of Italy to the contest).
In 2008, it was rumoured that the "Big Four" would lose their automatic qualification, and would have to compete in the semi-finals for the first time. However, it was announced by the EBU that this would not be the case and the four countries would still automatically qualify for the final of the 2009 contest without having to enter a semi-final, and this has remained as of 2021. In the same year, the BBC defended using money from TV licence fee payers for the contest when Liberal Democrat MP Richard Younger-Ross had tabled a Commons motion which called on the corporation to withdraw its £173,000 funding for the annual contest. Former Eurovision commentator Sir Terry Wogan, that same year, also claimed that the show is "no longer a music contest" after the results were announced.
Since the introduction of the Big Four/Five, the United Kingdom has finished last in the contest five times, with Germany finishing last three times. The United Kingdom also has the fewest top ten results of the Big Five in the 21st century, but has achieved more top five results than Spain, having reached the top five in 2002 and 2009, while Spain has not reached the top five since the 1995 contest.
National selection ("You Decide")
As well as broadcasting the contest each year, the BBC also organises the selection process for the entry, often with a televised national final (historically titled A Song For Europe). The process has varied between selecting both performer and song, or just the song, with the artist being selected internally.
For most years the public has been able to vote for the winner, in the past with postcard voting, where the viewers sent postcards with their vote to the BBC, but more recently televoting and online. In 2009 and 2010, the singer was chosen by a public vote and the song internally selected. From 2011 to 2015, there was no televised selection, and both the artist and song were selected internally by the BBC. This resulted in the national selection process being suspended; however, this returned in 2016, re-titled Eurovision: You Decide, with viewers once again choosing which song to enter into the contest. Since 2017, the votes from a professional jury panel have been combined with the public vote to select the winner. The televised selection process was suspended again in September 2019, with the BBC returning to internally selecting its entry (in partnership with BMG in 2020 and 2021, and with TaP Music in 2022).
Below is a list of all songs and their respective performers that have represented the United Kingdom in the contest:
|Entry selected but did not compete|
Including backing singers and musicians who performed for the UK, the following artists represented the UK in the Eurovision Song Contest multiple times:
- Ronnie Carroll (1962 and 1963)
- The Ladybirds (1967, 1974 and 1977)
- Cliff Richard (1968 and 1973)
- The Breakaways (1968 and 1971) (also represented Israel in 1977)
- Sue and Sunny (1969 and 1985) (also represented Germany in 1975)
- Brian Bennett (1970 and 1975)
- John Farrar (1973 and 1975)
- Alan Tarney (1973 and 1975)
- Cheryl Baker (1978 and 1981)
- Sally Ann Triplett (1980 and 1982)
- Hazell Dean[f] (1983, 1984 and 1991)
- Kit Rolfe[f] (1983, 1984 and 1991)
- Miriam Stockley (1990 and 1997)
British performers who have represented other countries include:
- Ireen Sheer (represented Luxembourg in 1974 and 1985 and Germany in 1978)
- Jimmy Bilsbury, John Lawton, and David O'Brien of the Les Humphries Singers (represented Germany in 1976)
- Mike Sergeant of Gemini (represented Portugal in 1978)
- Malcolm Roberts (represented Luxembourg in 1985)
- Karen Matheson and Elaine Morgan of L'Héritage des Celtes (represented France in 1996)
- Marlain (half-Greek Cypriot, represented Cyprus in 1999)
- Lynne Kieran of The Rounder Girls (represented Austria in 2000)
- Lisa Andreas (half-Greek Cypriot, represented Cyprus in 2004)
- Sarbel (half-Cypriot, represented Greece in 2007)
- David Junior Sareme of The Jet Set (represented Poland in 2007)
- Nick Gain of Anonymous (half-Andorran, represented Andorra in 2007)
- Jon Lilygreen (represented Cyprus with The Islanders in 2010)
- Nigar Jamal of Ell & Nikki (half-Azerbaijani, represented Azerbaijan and won in 2011)
- David Bryan of Hotel FM (represented Romania in 2011)
- RiskyKidd (half-Greek, represented Greece with Freaky Fortune in 2014)
Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest
Although the United Kingdom was entered twice into Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest, with Cliff Richard's 1968 runner-up entry "Congratulations" and Brotherhood of Man's 1976 winning song "Save Your Kisses for Me", the BBC decided not to air the event or participate in the voting, but instead aired an hour-long special programme entitled Boom Bang-a-Bang: 50 Years of Eurovision hosted by Terry Wogan.
|Entrant||Language||Song||At Congratulations||At Eurovision|
|Cliff Richard||English||"Congratulations"||Failed to qualify||8||105||1968||2||28|
|Brotherhood of Man||English||"Save Your Kisses for Me"||5 ◁||230||5||154||1976||1||164|
Eurovision: Come Together
Following the cancellation of the 2020 contest due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the BBC decided to host Eurovision: Come Together, an all-stars contest on the night of what would have been the 2020 grand final. The show was broadcast just before the EBU's main replacement show Eurovision: Europe Shine a Light. An expert panel selected the 19 competing entries, four of which were UK entries.
The United Kingdom has hosted the Eurovision Song Contest a record eight times. The United Kingdom stepped in and hosted the contest for the Netherlands in 1960, France in 1963, Monaco in 1972 and Luxembourg in 1974 due to the winning countries' financial and capacity issues. In four occasions (1968, 1977, 1982 and 1998) the UK was given the right to host as a result of a victory. The BBC offered to joint host the 1996 contest in Belfast, Northern Ireland with Irish broadcaster RTÉ if Ireland were to win for a fourth year in a row.
Eurovision Song Contest's Greatest Hits
In 2015, London hosted Eurovision Song Contest's Greatest Hits, an event to commemorate the 60th anniversary, which was recorded for television on 31 March 2015 and was shown in 26 countries, starting with the UK and Ireland on 3 April 2015.
|2015||London||Eventim Apollo||Graham Norton and Petra Mede|
|2004||Composer Award||"Hold Onto Our Love"||James Fox||16||29||Istanbul|
|1972||David Mackay||Malcolm Lockyer|
|1974||Nick Ingman||Ronnie Hazlehurst|
|1998||James McMillan||Martin Koch||[o]|
Additionally, several British conductors have conducted for other countries (not counting instances where a British musical director had to step in for another country that didn't bring their own conductor), including:
|Les Humphries||Germany||1976||Leader of the Les Humphries Singers|
|Martyn Ford||Cyprus||1982, 1986|
|Mike Sergeant||Portugal||1983, 1998|
Heads of delegation
|Year||Head of delegation||Ref.|
Commentators and spokespersons
This section needs additional citations for verification. (January 2020)
Over the years BBC commentary has been provided by several experienced radio and television presenters, including Tom Fleming, David Vine, David Jacobs, Dave Lee Travis, Pete Murray, John Dunn and Michael Aspel. However, Terry Wogan provided BBC TV commentary every year from 1980 to 2008. It was confirmed on 12 August 2008 that Terry Wogan would no longer present the Eurovision Song Contest for the UK. The BBC Radio 2 DJ, who had fronted the BBC's coverage for 37 years, said it was "time for someone else to take over". He was replaced in 2009 by Graham Norton for the final. Norton has continued in the role ever since.
The final of the contest has been broadcast by BBC One (previously BBC Television Service and BBC TV) since the first contest in 1956, the first live colour transmission of the contest in the United Kingdom was the Eurovision Song Contest 1970, the first high definition broadcast of the contest began in 2007 when the contest was simulcast on BBC HD for the first time (this continued until the channel's closure). The final is also broadcast on radio, initially on BBC Light Programme until the 1967 contest. From 1968 it was broadcast on BBC Radio 1 (simulcast on Radio 2), moving to BBC Radio 2 from the 1971 contest where it has remained ever since (except from 1983 to 1985, the first year of which due to a scheduling clash with the St. George's Day Concert). Between 1963 and 1976, in 1980 and again from 1983 until 1985, the contest was also broadcast on BFBS Radio. A simulcast of the 2002 contest was broadcast on BBC Choice with alternative commentary by Jenny Eclair. This was the only time the BBC had provided three different commentary options.
From 2004 to 2015 both semi-finals were broadcast on BBC Three. Since BBC Three became an online only channel in February 2016, semi-final coverage is now broadcast on BBC Four. In 2014, Matronic provided commentary for the second semi-final of the 2014 Contest on BBC Radio 2 Eurovision, a temporary station which was broadcast on DAB radio over four days, as well as the BBC Radio 2 website. She continued this role in 2015.
In the 1998 contest, hosted in Birmingham, Terry Wogan acted as both commentator and on-stage presenter (together with Ulrika Jonsson). In the 1980 contest, each song was introduced by a presenter from its country, the United Kingdom entry being introduced by Noel Edmonds.
|Year||Television commentator||Radio commentator||Online/BFBS commentator||Spokesperson||Ref.|
|1956||Wilfrid Thomas||No semi-finals||Unknown||N/A||Did not participate|
|1957||Berkeley Smith||Tom Sloan||David Jacobs|
|1958[p]||Peter Haigh||Did not participate|
|1959||Tom Sloan||Pete Murray||Pete Murray|
|1960||David Jacobs||Nick Burrell-Davis|
|1961||Tom Sloan||Michael Aspel|
|1962||David Jacobs||Peter Haigh||Alex Macintosh|
|1964||Tom Sloan||Ian Fenner||TBC|
|1966||John Dunn||Michael Aspel|
|1967||Rolf Harris||Richard Baker||Thurston Holland|
|1969||David Gell, Michael Aspel||John Russell||Colin-Ward Lewis|
|1970||David Gell||Tony Brandon|
|1971||Dave Lee Travis||Terry Wogan||N/A|
|1972||Tom Fleming||Pete Murray||Terry James|
|1973||Terry Wogan||Richard Astbury[q]|
|1974||David Vine||Terry Wogan||Colin-Ward Lewis|
|1975||Pete Murray||Ray Moore|
|1977||Pete Murray||N/A||Colin Berry|
|1978||Terry Wogan||Ray Moore|
|1980||Terry Wogan||Steve Jones||Andrew Pastona||Ray Moore|
|1981||Ray Moore||N/A||Colin Berry|
|1983||Not broadcast on BBC Radio||Richard Nankivell|
|2002||Terry Wogan (BBC One)
Jenny Eclair[r] (BBC Choice)
|2003||Terry Wogan||Lorraine Kelly|
|2007||Paddy O'Connell, Sarah Cawood|
|2008||Paddy O'Connell, Caroline Flack||Carrie Grant|
|2009||Graham Norton||Paddy O'Connell, Sarah Cawood||Duncan James|
|2011||Scott Mills, Sara Cox||Alex Jones|
|2013||Scott Mills, Ana Matronic|
|2014||Scott Mills, Laura Whitmore||Ana Matronic|
|2015||Scott Mills, Mel Giedroyc||Nigella Lawson|
|2018||Scott Mills, Rylan Clark-Neal||Mel Giedroyc|
|Not announced before cancellation|
|2021||Graham Norton||Scott Mills, Sara Cox,[s] Chelcee Grimes||Ken Bruce||Amanda Holden|
In recent years, the dual-commentator format during the semi-finals has allowed for the broadcaster to incorporate additional segments, interviews and live viewer interaction during the programme's live airing.
For several years the Scottish National Party (SNP) has campaigned for a place in Eurovision for Scotland but had been rejected numerous times because Scotland is represented as a part of the British entry and is represented by the BBC.
On 11 February 2008, the EBU stated that a Scottish broadcaster could apply for EBU membership, but under the current rules could not enter the Eurovision Song Contest as the BBC currently has exclusive rights to represent the entire United Kingdom. It was announced in late May 2008 that the UK would be participating in the 2009 contest and, therefore, Scotland was not represented in 2009 as a separate entrant.
Scotland could be represented by STV, ITV Border or BBC Scotland. MEP Alyn Smith has said in the European Parliament: "Other small countries have done it [entered the competition] and I will be happy to help any of the broadcasting companies through the progress."
In 2011, the EBU stated that there was nothing to prevent Scotland from submitting its own entry, although STV stated that there were no current plans for a separate entry.
If Scotland were to participate it is unknown whether or not England, Wales and Northern Ireland would show any interest in entering the Eurovision Song Contest independently as well, although S4C (the Welsh language media channel) has expressed an interest and, in addition, already holds a yearly national song contest called "Cân i Gymru" (Song for Wales). S4C also considered a bid for the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2008 but decided not to go ahead. Wales eventually made its Junior Eurovision debut in 2018. In 2009 MEP for Wales Jillian Evans stated her interest in securing Wales a place in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010. Wales could be represented by either BBC Cymru Wales, ITV Wales & West or S4C. There is a small campaign in Northern Ireland for a separate entrant and it could be represented by UTV or BBC Northern Ireland. There are no plans currently for England to enter separately.
However, to date, these proposed changes have not occurred, and the United Kingdom still participates in the Eurovision Song Contest as a single entrant. During the run-up to the 2014 Scottish independence referendum, it was unknown what would happen if Scotland were to become an independent country. On 25 November 2013, the Scottish Government released a referendum blueprint which detailed plans for the transfer of BBC Scotland into the Scottish Broadcasting Service (SBS) and joining the EBU, as well as partaking in competitions, including Scottish entries in the Eurovision Song Contest. However, the referendum result on 18 September 2014 was to remain part of the United Kingdom, and the aforementioned BBC retains exclusive rights to represent the United Kingdom, including Scotland.
Since 2006, Gibraltarian broadcaster Gibraltar Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) has been attempting to gain EBU membership and thus participate independently in the Eurovision Song Contest. However GBC cannot obtain EBU membership due to the British Overseas Territory not being independent from the United Kingdom. Gibraltar broadcast the final of the contest from 2006 to 2008.
- UK national selection for the Eurovision Song Contest
- United Kingdom in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest – Junior version of the Eurovision Song Contest.
- United Kingdom in the Eurovision Dance Contest – Dance version of the Eurovision Song Contest.
- United Kingdom in the Eurovision Young Dancers – A competition organised by the EBU for younger dancers aged between 16 and 21.
- United Kingdom in the Eurovision Young Musicians – A competition organised by the EBU for musicians aged 18 years and younger.
- Scotland in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Wales in the Eurovision Song Contest
- Gibraltar in the Eurovision Song Contest
Notes and references
- In the 1969 contest, four countries drew for first place. In later contests, tiebreak rules would have resolved this and the entries ordered according to these official rules, but in 1969 no provision was in place. Therefore, all four countries were declared as joint winners. The UK was one of these countries (the other joint winners were France, the Netherlands, and Spain).
- During the voting sequence of the live show, several errors were made in the announcement of the scores, which were then adjusted after the broadcast. Both Greece and France duplicated scores, awarding the same points to multiple countries. From the Greek scores, the UK, Netherlands, Austria & Finland all had 1 point deducted after the contest and from the French scores, Austria, Germany, Israel, Italy & Portugal all had 1 point deducted. None of the adjustments affected the placing of any of the songs. The result had the UK losing 1 point from their broadcast total of 122 to a corrected score of 121.
- Spain originally gave its 6 points to Poland. After the broadcast, it was announced the Spanish voting spokesperson had wrongly pronounced 'Holland' instead of 'The Netherlands', which the voting moderator had assumed was 'Poland'. The mistake was corrected and the Dutch score was increased by 6 points, moving the nation above the UK into 7th place and demoting the UK to 8th.
- After the broadcast it was announced that the Spanish broadcaster had wrongly tallied the votes and the United Kingdom should have received 3 points instead of 4, as shown during the broadcast. The mistake was corrected and so the United Kingdom received one point fewer than indicated during the broadcast.
- The 2020 contest was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- In both 1983 and 1984, the UK's backing singers were hidden off-camera.
- All conductors are of British nationality unless otherwise noted.
- Also conducted the Luxembourgish entry
- Transitioned in 1972; conducted at the contest while still under the name Wally Stott.
- Also conducted for Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Switzerland
- Norrie Paramor was the musical director for the national final.
- Also conducted the German entry
- Alyn Ainsworth was the musical director for the national final.
- Ronnie Hazlehurst was the musical director for the national final.
- Koch conducted the opening and interval music, and the French entry.
- BBC Television had scheduled to broadcast the Contest on 12 March 1958, however due to live coverage of a sports event on the same day meant that the broadcast had to be delayed until 16 March.
- It has to be assumed that Terry Wogan's commentary was taken by BFBS in 1975 since Terry says in his BBC Radio 2 commentary "Richard Astbury sends his apologies to BFBS listeners - technical difficulties".
- Late replacement for Christopher Price who died a month before the contest.
- Late replacement for Clark-Neal who was absent due to illness but still appeared in pre-recorded segments.
- "If the UK does badly at Eurovision, it won't be because of 'politics'". Metro. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
- Jordan, Paul (11 January 2017). "Shining a light on the United Kingdom: 60 Years at Eurovision". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
Contrary to popular fan myths, the UK did not intend to enter in 1956 as the BBC had previously created their own separate contest, the Festival Of British Popular Songs
- "Shining a light on the United Kingdom: 60 Years at Eurovision". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
- Lawson, Mark (27 May 2012). "A belligerent Eurovision night fit for a broken Europe". (The Guardian). Retrieved 9 June 2012.[dead link]
- "Bonnie Tyler". Eurovision Song Contest. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "2013 results". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Mourinho, Daniel (1 July 2013). "Bonnie Tyler receives ESC Radio Award trophies". Eurovision Song Contest Radio. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- "Molly Smitten-Downes to represent the UK". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
- Freeman, Guy (6 October 2014). "Looking forward to 2015". British Broadcasting Company. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "BBC launches open selection for 2015 British entry". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Electro Velvet to represent the UK at Eurovision". BBC News. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Public to help choose UK Eurovision entry - BBC News". BBC News Online. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- Escudero, Victor M.; Roxburgh, Gordon (26 February 2016). "Joe & Jake to represent the United Kingdom in Stockholm". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
- "Eurovision Song Contest: Ukraine's Jamala wins competition". BBC News. 15 May 2016 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Eurovision – UK 2017 song entry now open!". BBC Media Centre. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- "Eurovision: X Factor singer Lucie Jones to represent UK". BBC News. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- Roxburgh, Gordon (27 January 2017). "Lucie Jones becomes the 60th entry for the United Kingdom". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
- "Eurovision 2017: Portugal's ballad wins contest". BBC News. 13 May 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- "UK's Eurovision 2018 act chosen". BBC News. 8 February 2018.
- "Stage stormed during UK's Eurovision song". BBC News. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Eurovision 2019: Why Michael Rice believes he can break the UK's losing streak". BBC News. 8 February 2019.
- "UK Eurovision entrant 'wouldn't change a thing'". BBC News.
- "Eurovision 2020: James Newman announced as United Kingdom's entry". BBC News. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
- "BBC - BBC entertains the nation in time of need - Media Centre". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Eurovision 2021: James Newman on coming last for the UK". BBC News. 26 May 2021. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
- O'Connor, John Kennedy (2005). The Eurovision Song Contest 50 Years The Official History. London: Carlton Books Limited. ISBN 978-1-84442-586-0.
- Bakker, Sietse (31 December 2010). "43 nations on 2011 participants list". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
- Murray, Gavin (28 May 2008). "Big 4: May lose automatic place in Eurovision final". ESCToday. Retrieved 28 May 2008.
- Viniker, Barry (14 September 2008). "Eurovision 'Big Four' final spots confirmed". ESCToday. Retrieved 14 September 2008.
- Kilkelly, Daniel (26 May 2008). "BBC defends Eurovision funding". Digital Spy. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
- "BBC drops Eurovision selection public vote". BBC News. 16 September 2019 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Eurovision 2022 Plans Outlined for United Kingdom". BBC. 20 October 2021. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
- "Tap Music launch talent search for the UK's Eurovision 2022 song and act". MusicWeek. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
- "United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest". eurovision.tv. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- "REVEALED: the 41 countries joining Eurovision in Turin 2022". Eurovision.tv. EBU. 20 October 2021. Archived from the original on 20 October 2021. Retrieved 20 October 2021.
- Roxburgh, Gordon (3 February 2015). "Official: London to host Eurovision's 60th anniversary event". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume One: The 1950s and 1960s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 93–101. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 142–168. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2016). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Three: The 1980s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84583-118-9.
|volume=has extra text (help)
- Granger, Anthony (2 December 2018). "United Kingdom: Andrew Cartmell Revealed as Head of Delegation". eurovoix.com. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
- Weaver, Jessica (13 January 2018). "United Kingdom: Head of Delegation Guy Freeman to leave BBC next month". esctoday.com. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
- Farren, Neil (24 October 2018). "United Kingdom: Helen Riddell Steps Down as Head of Delegation". eurovoix.com. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
- Jiandani, Sanjay (30 July 2013). "UK: Interview with Gina G [part 1]". ESCToday. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- "Jade delighted at top five finish". Daily Express. 16 May 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
- Trivia Archived May 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Fletcher, Alex (12 August 2008). "Terry Wogan quits Eurovision role". Digital Spy. Retrieved 12 August 2008.
- "Des and Mick Online - TV & Radio - Eurovision". www.desandmick.co.uk. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
- "BBC Four takes over Eurovision coverage". a516digital.com. 17 January 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "BBC Radio 2 Eurovision Returns!". BBC Eurovision. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- "Comic Eclair takes on Eurovision". 15 May 2002. Retrieved 1 February 2021 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- Granger, Anthony (5 November 2020). "United Kingdom: Former Head of Delegation Dominic Smith Has Passed Away". Retrieved 1 February 2021.
- "BBC - Press Office - Eurovision Song Contest 2008: BBC coverage". BBC. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- "Talking Shop: Carrie Grant". BBC News. 21 May 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- "The Eurovision Song Contest 2009 – coverage". BBC. 1 May 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Royston, Benny (30 January 2011). "Blue to sing 'I can' at Eurovision". ESCToday. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 2010 – coverage". BBC. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Granger, Anthony (25 May 2012). "United Kingdom: Scott Mills To Announce UK Vote". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "Sara Cox and Scott Mills front Eurovision semi-finals exclusively on BBC Three". BBC. 21 April 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Stevens, Heidi; Heritage, Stuart (14 May 2011). "Eurovision 2011: the final - live blog". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
- "Eurovision Song Contest, 2012, Semi-Final One". BBC. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "Eurovision Song Contest, 2012, Semi-Final Two". BBC. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "Eurovision Song Contest, 2012, Grand Final". BBC. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Granger, Anthony (7 March 2013). "United Kingdom: Ana Matronic Will Replace Sara Cox". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Granger, Anthony (2 May 2013). "United Kingdom: Scott Mills To Announce The Voting". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Granger, Anthony (10 April 2014). "United Kingdom: Laura Whitmore to accompany Scott". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Granger, Anthony (8 May 2014). "United Kingdom: Scott Mills Will Announce The UK's Vote". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Granger, Anthony (27 April 2015). "United Kingdom: Mel Giedroyc Joins Scott Mills". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "BBC Radio 2 Eurovision Returns!". BBC. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- Granger, Anthony (11 May 2016). "United Kingdom: Richard Osman Announced As Spokesperson". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "X-Factor style hunt for next year's UK Eurovision entry". ITV. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- Granger, Anthony (8 May 2017). "United Kingdom: Katrina Leskanich To Announce The Jury Points". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Granger, Anthony (30 March 2018). "United Kingdom: BBC Reveals Eurovision Commentary Team For Lisbon". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Herbert, Emily (5 April 2019). "United Kingdom: BBC Reveals Commentary Team for Tel Aviv". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 2019". BBC. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Herbert, Emily (24 April 2019). "United Kingdom: Rylan Revealed as Eurovision 2019 Spokesperson". Eurovoix. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- "BBC and BMG announce James Newman as the representative for the United Kingdom At The Eurovision Song Contest 2020". BBC. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
- "James Newman will represent the UK at Eurovision 2021!". BBC. 19 February 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
- Washak, James (13 April 2021). "🇬🇧 United Kingdom: BBC Reveal Eurovision 2021 Coverage Hosts". Eurovoix. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
- "Sarah Cox replaces Rylan Clark Neal as UK Semi Final commentator". escbubble.com. 17 May 2021. Retrieved 17 May 2021.
- Darby, Harry (1 May 2009). "United Kingdom: BBC interactive coverage plans". ESC Today. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
- "BBC starts new weekly podcast 'Eurovision Calling'". eurovision.tv. 12 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- "BBC Sounds - Eurovision Calling". BBC. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- "Scotland heading for 2009 bid?". eurovision.tv. Retrieved 12 February 2008.
- Kuipers, Michael (28 May 2008). "United Kingdom will not withdraw". esctoday.com. ESCToday. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
- "Scotland given the go-ahead to enter Eurovision!". oikotimes.com. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2008.
- "Scotland may submit its own Eurovision entry". TheHerald.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 February 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2008.
- "Scotland Given Go-Ahead To Launch Own Eurovision Entry". DailyRecord.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 February 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2008.
- Davies, Russell (11 February 2008). "Scotland: first Eurovision Song Contest entry?". esctoday.com. ESCToday. Retrieved 11 February 2008.
- "Cân i Gymru". S4C.co.uk.
- Lewis, Cole (17 July 2008). "JESC: UK Less Likely To Participate". esctoday.com. ESCToday. Retrieved 26 May 2008.
- Granger, Anthony (9 May 2018). "Wales: Debuts in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest". Eurovoix. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- "Northernirelandeurovision.com". northernirelandeurovision.com. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- "Scotland's Referendum 2014: What will happen to the BBC following independence?". Scottish Government. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Scotland's Referendum 2014: Would the Scottish Broadcasting Service (SBS) join the European Broadcasting Union (EBU)?". Scottish Government. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Holehouse, Matthew (19 September 2014). "Scottish independence referendum results as it happened". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Granger, Anthony (9 May 2019). "Gibraltar: GBC Explains Eurovision Broadcasts from 2006 to 2008". Eurovoix. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
- Granger, Anthony (25 March 2015). "Gibraltar: No Plans To Broadcast Eurovision". eurovoix.com. Eurovoix. Retrieved 12 September 2016.