United Nations Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations
The United Nations Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations is responsible for accrediting non-governmental organizations with consultative status at the United Nations. Established in 1946, it reports directly to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
The committee comprises 19 members who are elected based on the principle of equitable geographic distribution as follows:
- 5 members from African States
- 4 members from Asian States
- 2 members from Eastern European States
- 4 members from Latin American and Caribbean States
- 4 members from Western European and Other States
Members are elected to serve four year terms.
The current membership of the committee (2019-2022) includes: Bahrain, Brazil, Burundi, China, Cuba, Estonia, Eswatini, Greece, India, Israel, Libya, Mexico, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Sudan, Turkey and United States of America. 
An NGO that wishes to obtain consultative status at the United Nations must first submit an application online at the NGO Branch of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the UN Secretariat. After the application is screened by the NGO Branch, it is reviewed by the ECOSOC Committee on NGOs. The Committee decides to recommend, or not recommend, granting status to the NGO. The final decision is taken by the ECOSOC at its annual Substantive session.
Although the decision of whether or not to grant consultative status to an NGO is theoretically a technical one, the Committee's decisions are sometimes quite politicized. Human rights groups and a number of governments have expressed concern that some member states—particularly those with poor human rights records—have sought to block or impede the accreditation of legitimate NGOs. In May 2016, for instance, the Committee rejected an application by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), an NGO that monitors press freedom around the world. China, Russia and South Africa were among the countries that voted to deny the group consultative status. The CPJ was finally granted accreditation only after the UN's United Nations Economic and Social Council voted to permit it. Other groups, such as Christian Solidarity Worldwide, have likewise been denied accreditation by the Committee.
- List of organizations with consultative status to the United Nations Economic and Social Council
- United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service
- NGO Branch Department of Economic and Social Affairs, What is the Committee on NGOs?, Accessed 02-21-2016.
- Working with the ECOSOC An NGOs Guide to Consultative Status http://csonet.org/content/documents/Brochure.pdf
- Bostrom 2011: Controversial Issues in the NGO Committee
- "UN committee denies media accreditation to press freedom group". The Guardian. 26 May 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- "UN committee refuses to accredit religious freedom group". Associated Press. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2017.