United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

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United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
Emblem of the United Nations.svg
CEPAL building.jpg
ECLAC headquarters in Santiago, Chile
Paises membros CEPAL.png
Map showing United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean members`
Abbreviation ECLAC / CEPAL
Formation 1948
Type Primary Organ - Regional Branch
Legal status Active
Headquarters Chile Santiago, Chile
Mexico Alicia Bárcena[1]
Parent organization
Website English version

The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, known as ECLAC, UNECLAC or in Spanish CEPAL, is a United Nations regional commission to encourage economic cooperation. ECLAC includes 45 member States (20 in Latin America, 13 in the Caribbean and 12 from outside the region), and 13 associate members which are various non-independent territories, associated island countries and a commonwealth in the Caribbean. ECLAC publishes statistics covering the countries of the region[2] and makes cooperative agreements with nonprofit institutions.[3] ECLAC's headquarters is in Santiago, Chile.

ECLAC was established in 1948 as the UN Economic Commission for Latin America,[4] or UNECLA. In 1984, a resolution was passed to include the countries of the Caribbean in the name.[5] It reports to the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).

Member states[edit]

The member states are Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Germany, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The associate members are Anguilla, Aruba, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Curaçao, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Sint Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, and United States Virgin Islands. [6]


Executive Secretaries of ECLAC[edit]

Alicia Bárcena Ibarra was appointed Executive Secretary in July 2008.
Name Country Served
Alicia Bárcena Ibarra  Mexico July 2008 - present
José Luis Machinea  Argentina December 2003 - June 2008
José Antonio Ocampo  Colombia January 1998 – August 2003
Gert Rosenthal  Guatemala January 1988 – December 1997
Norberto González  Argentina March 1985 – December 1987
Enrique V. Iglesias  Uruguay April 1972 – February 1985
Carlos Quintana  Mexico January 1967 – March 1972
José Antonio Mayobre  Venezuela August 1963 – December 1966
Raúl Prebisch  Argentina May 1950 – July 1963
Gustavo Martínez Cabañas  Mexico December 1948 – April 1950

See also[edit]

  • United Nations System
  • eLAC eLAC2007, eLAC2010 and eLAC2015: Strategies for the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean


  1. ^ eclac.cl, ECLAC: Office of the Executive Secretary
  2. ^ CEPALSTAT Archived May 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. page at official ECLAC site
  3. ^ ECLAC signed a cooperation agreement to promote science and technology in the region (with Brazilian Center for Strategic Studies and Management) at ECLAC.org
  4. ^ Cypher, James M.; Dietz, James L. (2009). The process of economic development. London & New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-77103-0. 
  5. ^ ABOUT ECLAC at official ECLAC site
  6. ^ "ABOUT ECLAC – Member States and associate members of ECLAC". CEPAL. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 


External links[edit]