United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

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United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Emblem of the United Nations.svg
Map showing United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific members`
TypePrimary Organ – Regional Branch
Legal statusActive
HeadquartersBangkok, Thailand
Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana, Indonesia
Parent organization

The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP or ESCAP), located in the United Nations Building in Rajadamnern Nok Avenue in Bangkok, Thailand, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council,[1] under the administrative direction of the United Nations headquarters. It was established in 1947 (then as the UN Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, ECAFE) to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. The name was changed to the current in 1974. ESCAP has 53 member States and nine Associate members, home to more than two-third of the world population. As well as countries in Asia and the Pacific, it includes France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

ESCAP's regional focus is managing globalization through programs in environmentally sustainable development, trade, and human rights. ESCAP is headed by Executive Secretary Armida Alisjahbana of Indonesia, who succeeded Shamshad Akhtar of Pakistan in September 2018.[2]


ESCAP works to overcome some of the region's greatest challenges by providing results oriented projects, technical assistance and capacity building to member States in the following areas:[3]

  • Macroeconomic Policy and Development (including the publishing of Asia-Pacific Development Journal (APDJ) twice a year)[4]
  • Trade and Investment
  • Transport
  • Social Development
  • Environment and Sustainable Development
  • Information and Communications Technology and Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Statistics
  • Sub-regional activities for development

Member states[edit]

Associate members[edit]

Executive Secretaries[edit]

Secretary[5] Country Term
Ms. Armida S. Alisjahbana  Indonesia 2018–present
Ms. Shamshad Akhtar  Pakistan 2014–2018
Ms. Noeleen Heyzer  Singapore 2007–2014
Mr. Kim Hak-Su  South Korea 2000–2007
Mr. Adrianus Mooy  Indonesia 1995–2000
Mr. Rafeeuddin Ahmed  Pakistan 1992–1994
Mr. Shah A M S Kibria  Bangladesh 1981–1992
Mr. J. B. P. Maramis  Indonesia 1973–1981
Mr. U Nyun  Myanmar 1959–1973
Mr. Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan  India 1956–1959
Mr. Palamadai S. Lokanathan  India 1947–1956


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "SUBSIDIARY BODIES OF ECOSOC". United Nations Economic and Social Council.
  2. ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana as Executive Secretary, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific" (Press release). New York: United Nations. 13 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "About ESCAP | United Nations ESCAP". www.unescap.org.
  4. ^ "Asia-Pacific Development Journal | United Nations ESCAP". www.unescap.org.
  5. ^ "Former Executive Secretaries". United Nations ESCAP.

External links[edit]