United Nations Security Council Resolution 1270
|UN Security Council
|Date||22 October 1999|
|Subject||The situation in Sierra Leone|
|15 voted for
None voted against
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council resolution 1270, adopted unanimously on 22 October 1999, after recalling resolutions 1171 (1998), 1181 (1998), 1231 (1999) and 1260 (1999) on the situation in Sierra Leone and Resolution 1265 (1999) on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, established the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) to assist in the implementation of the Lomé Peace Accord.
The Government of Sierra Leone and rebels in the country had taken important steps to implement the peace agreement of 7 July 1999 in Lomé. There were preparations for the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of ex-combatants, including child soldiers. The Revolutionary United Front (RUF), Civil Defence Forces, former Sierra Leone Armed Forces/Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) and all other armed groups were called upon to lay down their arms. Meanwhile, the Council deplored the taking of hostages, including personnel from the United Nations Observer Mission in Sierra Leone (UNOMSIL) and the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) by rebel groups.
- (a) co-operate with the Sierra Leonean government and other parties to the Lomé Peace Accord;
- (b) assist in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (of around 45,000 rebel troops);
- (c) establish a presence at key locations in the country;
- (d) ensure the safety and freedom of movement of United Nations personnel;
- (e) monitor adherence to the agreed ceasefire;
- (f) encourage the development of confidence-building mechanisms;
- (g) facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance;
- (h) support operations of United Nations personnel;
- (i) provide support for elections in Sierra Leone.
The mission would consist of up to 6,000 troops including 260 military observers and would take over the tasks of the previous UNOMSIL operation which was terminated upon the establishment of UNAMSIL in addition to participating alongside ECOMOG. Furthermore, acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council authorised the mission to take necessary measures for its own security to ensure the freedom of movement of its personnel and to protect civilians against direct threats.
The resolution also remarked that refugees should be able to return home, further humanitarian aid was essential and it was important to address the needs of children affected by the conflict. Finally, the Secretary-General Kofi Annan was requested to report every 45 days on the peace process.
- History of Sierra Leone
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1201 to 1300 (1998–2000)
- Sierra Leone Civil War
- "Security Council establishes UN mission for Sierra Leone to aid with implementation of Lome Peace Agreement". United Nations. 22 October 1999.
- Fischer, H. (2000). Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law: 1999, Volume 2; Volume 1999. Cambridge University Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-90-6704-119-5.
- Crossette, Barbara (22 October 1999). "6,000 U.N. Peacekeepers Planned for Sierra Leone". The New York Times.
- Francis, David J. (2005). Dangers of co-deployment: UN co-operative peacekeeping in Africa. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-7546-4027-1.
- Manokha, Ivan (2008). The political economy of human rights enforcement. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 200. ISBN 978-0-230-55072-8.
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