United Nations Security Council Resolution 1399
|UN Security Council
African Great Lakes region
|Date||19 March 2002|
|Subject||The situation concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|15 voted for
None voted against
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council resolution 1399, adopted unanimously on 19 March 2002, after recalling all previous resolutions on situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Council condemned the capture of the town of Moliro and other activities by the rebel Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD).
The Security Council recalled that parties to the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement had respected the ceasefire since January 2001, and that inter-Congolese dialogue was an essential element of the peace process. It condemned the resumption of fighting around Moliro and the capture of the town by the RCD-Goma as a major violation of the ceasefire. Moreover, the Council stressed that no party would be allowed to make military gains during the peace process. It demanded that the RCD immediately withdraw from Moliro and Pweto and for all other parties to withdraw to defensive positions called for in the Harare disengagement sub-plans.
Recalling that Kisangani also had to be demilitarised, the resolution reminded all parties to comply with the Ceasefire Agreement and called on Rwanda to use its influence to ensure that the RCD implemented the current resolution. It welcomed the deployment of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) in the two captured towns and asked for all parties to co-operate with it. Parties to the Ceasefire Agreement were urged to refrain from military action during the inter-Congolese dialogue, and the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo was urged to resume its participation in the dialogue.
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1301 to 1400 (2000–2002)
- Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement
- Second Congo War
- "Security Council condemns capture of Moliro by RCD-Goma". United Nations. 19 March 2002.
- Miske, James F.; Norton, Richard J. (2003). "The intervention in the Democratic Republic of Congo". Civil Wars. 6 (4): 1–13. doi:10.1080/13698240308402552.
- Clément, Jean A. P. (2004). Postconflict economics in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. International Monetary Fund. p. 55. ISBN 978-1-58906-252-8.
- Hilaire, Max (2005). United Nations law and the Security Council. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 232. ISBN 978-0-7546-4489-7.
- "Congo rebels condemned". BBC News. 20 March 2002.
- Dummett, Mark (21 March 2002). "Government returns to DR Congo talks". BBC News.
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