United Nations Security Council Resolution 487
|UN Security Council
|Date||19 June 1981|
|15 voted for
None voted against
|Security Council composition|
United Nations Security Council resolution 487, adopted unanimously on 19 June 1981, having noted representations from Iraq and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Council condemned an attack by Israel on an IAEA-approved nuclear site in Iraq.
The resolution went on to call for a cessation of hostile activities, entitled Iraq to claim for compensation, and urged Israel to place its nuclear facilities under IAEA safeguards.
In the late 1970s, Iraq purchased an "Osiris class" nuclear reactor from France. Israeli military intelligence assumed this was for the purpose of plutonium production to further an Iraqi nuclear weapons program, in spite of it being built within the terms of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and under the inspection regime of the IAEA.
Israeli intelligence also believed that the summer of 1981 would be the last chance to destroy the reactor without exposing the Iraqi civilian population to nuclear fallout. After that point, the reactor would be loaded with nuclear fuel.
This resolution was passed following 10 Security Council meetings about the incident and Israel's nuclear weapons policy, and specifically called for Israel to put its own facilities under the safeguards of the IAEA.
In May 2009, the Iraqi parliament's Committee on Foreign Relations started taking steps to force Israel to pay reparation for the damage caused by the 1981 attack. This action was based on Resolution 487.
- Begin doctrine
- Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
- Iraq–Israel relations
- List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 401 to 500 (1976–1982)
- Text of Resolution at UN.org (PDF)
- The Israeli aggression against the peaceful nuclear installations in Iraq : statement made by Dr. Sa'adoun Hammadi, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Iraq, before the Security Council, 12 June 1981
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