United Nations Security Council Resolution 771

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UN Security Council
Resolution 771
Evstafiev-bosnia-travnik-girl-doll-refugee.jpg
Refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Date13 August 1992
Meeting no.3,106
CodeS/RES/771 (Document)
SubjectFormer Yugoslavia
Voting summary
  • 15 voted for
  • None voted against
  • None abstained
ResultAdopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council resolution 771, adopted unanimously on 13 August 1992, after reaffirming resolutions 713 (1991), 721 (1991), 724 (1991), 727 (1992), 740 (1992), 743 (1992), 749 (1992), 752 (1992), 757 (1992), 758 (1992), 760 (1992), 761 (1992), 762 (1992), 764 (1992), 769 (1992) and 770 (1992), the Council expressed concern at and condemned widespread violations of international humanitarian law in the territory of the former Yugoslavia and in particular, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The resolution cited cases of "mass forcible expulsion" and deportation of civilians, abuse in detention centres, deliberate attacks on non-combatants, hospitals and ambulances which impeded the delivery of humanitarian aid to affected areas. The Council strongly condemned the violations, including that of ethnic cleansing (the first such resolution to do so),[1] demanding all parties cease and desist from violating international law. It further demanded international organisations, particularly the International Committee of the Red Cross, be given immediate and unrestricted access to camps, prisons and detention centres.

Resolution 771 then called on Member States and international organisations to collect information concerning violations of humanitarian law and the Geneva Conventions and to make it available to the Council.[2] It asked the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to collate and summarise the information into a report that would also make recommendations that might be an appropriate response to the information.

Finally, acting under Chapter VII, thus making it legally enforceable, the Council demanded all parties and military forces present in the former Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina comply with the terms under the current resolution, otherwise the Council would consider further measures it could take. A commission of experts was established in Resolution 780 to assess the information gathered.[3]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Malanczuk, Peter; Akehurst, Michael Barton (1997). Akehurst's modern introduction to international law (7th ed.). Routledge. p. 411. ISBN 978-0-415-11120-1.
  2. ^ Aksar, Yusuf (2004). Implementing international humanitarian law: from the ad hoc tribunals to a permanent International Criminal Court. Routledge. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7146-8470-3.
  3. ^ Williams, Paul R.; Scharf, Michael P. (2002). Peace with justice?: war crimes and accountability in the former Yugoslavia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-7425-1856-8.

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