United Nations Security Council election, 2008
|Security Council after 2008 elections.|
| Iran (Asia)
The 2008 United Nations Security Council election was held on 17 October 2008 during the 63rd session of the United Nations General Assembly, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York City. The elections were held for five non-permanent seats on the UN Security Council for two-year mandates commencing on 1 January 2009.
In accordance with the Security Council's rotation rules, the ten non-permanent Security Council seats rotate among the regional blocs into which UN member states traditionally divide themselves for voting and representation purposes. All five contests were won on the first ballot. The five available seats were allocated as follows:
- One for Africa, held by South Africa
- One for Asia, held by Indonesia.
- One for Latin America and the Caribbean, held by Panama.
- Two for the Western European and Others Group, held by Belgium and Italy.
The newly elected five member states served on the Security Council for the 2009–10 period.
The five elected members after the 2008 elections are:
- Uganda for Africa, replacing South Africa.
- Japan for Asia, replacing Indonesia.
- Mexico for Latin America and the Caribbean, replacing Panama.
- Turkey for the Western European and Others Group, replacing Belgium.
- Austria for the Western European and Others Group, replacing Italy.
Both Mexico and Uganda ran unopposed for their seats within their regional groups, while Japan faced competition in the Asian region from Iran, and Austria and Turkey in the Western European and Others region had opposition from Iceland.
The election of Japan as a member of the Security Council marks the nation's tenth time there, the longest tenure up until then of any nation excluding its permanent members.
Both Iceland and Iran were contending for spots on the Council. Iceland was considered an unlikely choice for the Western European and Others Group, and its recent financial crisis further hurt its chances.
Iran lost the Asia seat to Japan. Japan is the second-largest financial contributor to the UN and is thought by many to be a candidate for a permanent Security Council seat. Iran, by contrast, has had Security Council sanctions imposed on it for its nuclear program.
- 192 ballot papers were distributed in each election.
- For the two African and Asian seats the votes were: Uganda 181; Japan 158; Iran 32; Madagascar (not a candidate) 2; with one abstention.
- For the one Latin American and Caribbean seat the votes were: Mexico 185; Brazil (not a candidate) 1; and six countries abstaining.
- For the two Western European and Other seats the votes were: Turkey 151; Austria 133; Iceland 87; Australia (not a candidate) 1; with no abstentions.
- Since the winners each received more than two-thirds of the non-abstaining votes, there were no further rounds of voting.
- List of members of the United Nations Security Council
- Japan and the United Nations
- Mexico and the United Nations
- European Union and the United Nations
- "Turkey may in fact become a regional power through the UNSC". Pan Armenian. 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
- "Japan wins seat at UN Security Council; Iran fails". AFP. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- Roth, Richard (2008-10-17). "New nations admitted to U.N. Security Council". CNN. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
- "Japan, Uganda, Mexico, Turkey, Austria win Security Council seats". Earth Times. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
- "Iceland, Iran eye U.N. Security Council". Associated Press. 2008-10-16. Archived from the original on October 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "Iran Security Council bid fails". BBC. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
- "General Assembly Elects Austria, Japan, Mexico, Turkey, Uganda to two-year terms on Security Council". United Nations Department of Public Information News and Media Division. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-10-17.