United Nations resolutions on Abkhazia

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United Nations map of Abkhazia

The Security Council of the United Nations passed 32 resolutions where it recognizes Abkhazia as an integral part of Georgia and supports its territorial integrity according to the principles of the international law. The UN is urging both sides to settle the Georgian–Abkhazian conflict through peaceful means by intensifying diplomatic dialogue and ratifying the final accord about the status of Abkhazia in the Georgian Constitution.[1][2] Moreover, United nations calls for immediate return of all expelled ethnic Georgians (approximately 250,000) and determining the final status of Abkhazia as maximum autonomy or federative structure within the borders of the Georgian state. The resolutions also commend Russia's role as a peacekeeper and facilitator towards a resolution of the conflict. Resolution 1716 also urges Georgia to ensure that no troops are present in the Kodori Gorge and asks Georgia to refrain from provocative actions in the Kodori Gorge.

Many of the resolutions relate to the establishment and extension of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia.

On May 15, 2008, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a non-binding resolution recognising the right of all refugees (including victims of reported “ethnic cleansing”) to return to Abkhazia and their property rights. It "regretted" the attempts to alter pre-war demographic composition and called for the "rapid development of a timetable to ensure the prompt voluntary return of all refugees and internally displaced persons to their homes."[3]

The following are United Nations resolutions adopted by the Security Council with regards to Abkhazia:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Georgia/Abkhazia: Violations of the Laws of War and Russia's Role in the Conflict" (PDF). Human Rights Watch Arms Project Human Rights Watch/Helsinki. Human Rights Watch. 7 (7). 1 March 1995. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  2. ^ Chervonnaia, Svetlana Mikhailovna (January 1994). Conflict in the Caucasus: Georgia, Abkhazia, and the Russian Shadow. Gothic Image Publications. ISBN 0-906362-30-X. 
  3. ^ GENERAL ASSEMBLY ADOPTS RESOLUTION RECOGNIZING RIGHT OF RETURN BY REFUGEES, INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS TO ABKHAZIA, GEORGIA, 15.05.2008

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