American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres

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American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres
Public corporation
Industry Entertainment
Predecessor Paramount Publix Corporation
Successors Capital Cities/ABC
Founded November 15, 1949
Defunct July 24, 1989 (1989-07-24)
Headquarters 1501 Broadway, New York City, US
Revenue Increase US$194.7 million (1955)
Increase US$191.6 million (1955)
Increase US$8.2 million (1955)
Total assets Decrease US$103.9 million (1955)
Total equity Increase US$81.4 million (1955)
Owner Edward J. Noble (10% common, 55% preferred)[1]
Divisions
Subsidiaries
Footnotes / references
[2]

American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, Inc. (originally United Paramount Theatres, later the American Broadcasting Companies and ABC Television) was the parent company post-merger of the American Broadcasting Company and United Paramount Theatres.

History[edit]

United Paramount Theatres[edit]

1501 Broadway served as the corporate headquarters for American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres.

United Paramount Theatres, Inc. (UPT) was incorporated on November 15, 1949.[3] as a spin off of Paramount Pictures' movie theater operations due to a Supreme Court anti-trust ruling, United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc..[4] UPT got the Paramount theater chains[5] which included Balaban and Katz, a Chicago based theater chain that included some broadcasting, radio & TV, stations interests. 800 theaters were to be sold leaving United with 650. A court appointed trustee would control UPT stock for five years to ensure separate ownership. Paramount stockholders would get stock in both companies with conversion provision that allow a shareholder to exchange all their stock in one successor into the other companies stock.[6] Leonard Goldenson, who had headed the chain since 1938, remained as the new company's president. With the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) looking to enter television, UPT had the cash from the divested theaters and was looking to invest that money else where and barred from film making. ABC also considered International Telephone & Telegraph and General Tire, before accepting UPT's offer.[7]

In 1950, UPT invested in a 1/3 share of Microwave Associates, Inc., a consulting and research company for millimeter-wave technology started by four ex-Sylvania engineers.[2][8]

American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres[edit]

American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, Inc. (AB-PT) became the name of United Paramount Theatres, Inc. on February 9, 1953[3] to reflect its post merger status as the parent company of the merged companies, American Broadcasting Company and United Paramount Theatres.[9] The Federal Communication Commission approved the merger that same day. Leonard H. Goldenson continued as corporate president post merger with ABC president Robert E. Kintner continuing as ABC division president. No general theater division similar to the ABC division was set up as AB-PT corporate would handle overall theater planning and development. ABC division was slated to move out of the RCA Building to 7 W. 66th Street, New York City by April 1. The sale of WBKB (TV) in Chicago to CBS for $6 million was also approved by the FCC.[1]

In 1954, American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres invested $.5 million in Disneyland, Inc. taking a 34.48 percent and guaranteeing $4.5 million in bank loan plus TV programming for the American Broadcasting Company from Walt Disney Productions.[CDL 1]

ABC-Paramount formed a records division in 1955 with Samuel H. Clark as its first president,[10] which was incorporated on June 14, 1955 as Am-Par Record Corporation.[3]

Theater Circuit (in 1955) state(s)[2]
Arizona Paramount Arizona
Balaban and Katz Illinois
Florida State Florida
Great States Illinois, Indiana, Ohio
Minnesota Amusement Minnesota, Wisconsin, North & South Dakotas
New England Massachusetts, Maine, Vermont, New
Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island
Northio Ohio, Kentucky
Paramount Gulf Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Texas
Penn Paramount Pennsylvania
Tenarken Paramount Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky
Texas Consolidated Texas
Tri-States Iowa, Nebraska, Illinois, Missouri
United Detroit Michigan
Wilby-Kincey Alabama, Georgia, North & South Carolina,
Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia

In February 1956 with Western Union, AB-PT agreed to purchase a 22% share of Technical Operations, Inc. a nucleonics, operations research, chemistry and electronics company to expand the company's electronics holdings with options to purchase up to 25%. For which, Western Union took a 1/3 share in Microwave Associates allowing that AB-PT holding to purchase a site for a new plant.[2]

Having only full ownership of 449 theaters at the time of the consent agreement and all joint ownership interest were to be ended. By March 1957, AB-PT's 5 theater circuits had sold off more theaters than ordered. In June, AB-PT decided to sell an additional 90 locations due to decline revenue.[9] In 1957, Microwave Associates became a publicly listed corporation.[8]

A former Paramount theater in Denver.

AB-PT purchased Weeki Wachee Springs natural tourist attraction in 1959.[11] In 1960, Walt Disney Productions purchased for US$7.5 million AB-PT's share in Disneyland and release from its TV contract.[CDL 2] In 1962, AB-PT purchased Silver Springs nature attraction and placed into its ABC Scenic & Wildlife Attractions subsidiary.[12]

American Broadcasting Companies[edit]

American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, Inc. assumed the name, American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. on July 2, 1965.[3] ABCs started ABC Pictures in 1965 to produce feature films.[13] In 1965, Clark was appointed vice-president, non-broadcasting operation of American Broadcasting Companies overseeing ABC-Paramount Records, ABC music publishing, theater operations, ABC Pictures, ABC Amusements and other operations. In April 1966, Dunhill Records was purchased.[14] Its recording division was renamed ABC Records in 1966.[15]

On December 7, 1965, Goldenson announced a merger proposal with ITT to ABCs board. The two companies agreed to the deal on April 27, 1966.[16] The FCC approved the merger on December 21, 1966; however the previous day (December 20), Donald F. Turner, head antitrust regulator for the United States Department of Justice, expressed doubts related to such issues as the emerging cable television market,[17] and concerns over the journalistic integrity of ABC and how it could be influenced by the overseas ownership of ITT.[18] ITT management promised that the company would allow ABC to retain autonomy in the publishing business.[17] The merger was suspended, and a complaint was filed by the Department of Justice in July 1967, with ITT going to trial in October 1967; the merger was officially canceled after the trial's conclusion on January 1, 1968.[19]

By May 1972, ABCs formed the ABC Leisure Group consisting of its theaters, farm publishing operations (ABC Farm Publications) and music (ABC Records), Anchor Records and ABC Records and Tape Sales plus a new retail record store division.[20] In January 1973, ABC Leisure Group started ABC Retail Records Division was started head by president Al Franklin. Three Wide World of Music locations in Seattle and Providence were opened by July 1974, when they announced expansion to add 4 more locations.[21] In 1974 by August, ABC Records had acquired two additional record companies.[22] Lesiure Group I added ABC Leisure Magazines and ABC Entertainment Center, Center City by October 1974.[23]

Plitt Theatres purchased ABC Theatres northern group of movie theaters including the Balaban & Katz chain in 1974. A second Plitt corporation, Plitt Theatres Holding, purchased ABC`s southern circuit in 1978 for $49 million.[24]

ABC Scenic & Wildlife Attractions president John Campbell announced on April 27, 1973 its plans for developing its third wildlife preserve on 280 acres in Prince George's County, Maryland, 12 miles from Washington, DC.[25] On July 15, 1994, The Wildlife Preserve open in Prince George's County.[26] In October 1974, ABC Leisure Group II was formed by ABCs composed of ABC Theatres (267 locations), ABC Scenic & Wildlife Attractions, Town of Smithville, NJ recreated historic settlement and the Silver Springs Bottled Water Co. under president Walter Schwartz.[23]

ABC Motion Pictures was a theatrical movie subsidiary of ABC formed in May 1979.[27]

A cable division was started in July 1979[28] which was incorporated as ABC Video Enterprises, Inc. (AVE) by March 25, 1980.[29] ABC announced ARTS in December 1980 to be launched on April 5, 1981 sharing Nickelodeon's channel at night. ABC and the Hearst Corporation in January 1981 formed a joint venture, Hearst/ABC Video Services, to provide programming to ARTS and launch BETA, a women's network, later that year.[28] With Group W Satellite Communications, ABC Video Enterprise formed the Satellite News Channel in 1981 only to sell it a year later to Turner Broadcasting, owner of CNN. Cox Cable and AVE formed in 1983 FirstTicket to try the market for pay for view sports service. AVE and ESPN launched Reserve Seat Video Productions, a pay per view sports producer, in 1983.[30]

In 1984, ABC Scenic & Wildlife Attractions sold both Florida locations to Florida Leisure Attractions.[31] In 1984, Hearst/ABC-Viacom Entertainment Services (HAVES) was formed from the merger of Daytime (BETA) and Lifetime Medical Television to start and operate a new cable channel, Lifetime Television.[32]

Capital Cities' announced $3.5 billion purchase of ABC on March 18, 1985, stunned the media industry, as ABC was some four times bigger than Capital Cities was at the time. Berkshire Hathaway chairman Warren Buffett helped to finance the deal in exchange for a 25 percent share in the combined company.[33][34]

In October 1985, ABC Motion Pictures was shut down.[35]

ABC Television[edit]

American Broadcasting Companies assumed the name ABC Television, Inc. on July 8, 1986[3] on the same date a second corporation with the name American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. was formed.[36]

ABC Television, Inc. was dissolved on July 24, 1989.[3]

References[edit]

  • Jacques Lherminier; Pierre Mannoni; Laurent Legrand. Chronique du cinéma [Chronicles of the Cinema] (in French). Éditions Chronique. ISBN 9782905969552. 
  1. ^ a b "Ambitious ABC Planning Initiated Under New Merged Ownership" (PDF). BROADCASTING TELECASTING (Vol. 44, No. 7). February 16, 1953. pp. 27–29. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Annual Report 1955" (PDF). University of Penn. American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres, Inc. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Entity Information: American Broadcasting Companies, Inc.". Corporation & Business Entity Database. New York State Division of Corporations. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  4. ^ Legrand, Lherminier & Mannoni 1992, p. 422.
  5. ^ Slide, Anthony (February 25, 2014). "Publix Theater Corp.". The New Historical Dictionary of the American Film Industry (revised and updated ed.). Routledge. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Paramount; radio, video interests definitely split" (PDF). Broadcasting - Telecasting. March 7, 1949. p. 66. Retrieved April 7, 2015. WBKB (TV) Chicago, licensed to the Paramount subsidiary Balaban & Katz, will go to a firm to be known as New Theatre Co." New Theatre Co. would later be formally named as United Paramount Theatres 
  7. ^ Roman, James W. (2005). From Daytime to Primetime: The History of American Television Programs. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 12–13. ISBN 0313319723. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Hindle, Pat (April 1, 2010). "M/A-COM is Reborn on Its 60th Birthday". Microwave Journal. 
  9. ^ a b Conant, Michael (1960). Antitrust in the Motion Picture Industry. University of California Press. p. 112. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Billboard - Google Books". Books.google.com. 1970-09-12. Retrieved 2011-09-10. 
  11. ^ JAKOB SCHILLER. "Professional Mermaids Are Lost Treasure of Florida Park". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  12. ^ Colesworthy, Bick (May 25, 1977). "Silver Springs Has Magic of Nature". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Plam Coast News. p. 5. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  13. ^ Schreger, Charles (May 27, 1979). "ABC looks to big screen". The Spokesman-Review (Vol 93 No. 13) (Spokane, Washington). Los Angeles Times. p. F7. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Billboard". September 12, 1970. pp. abc2–abc3. Retrieved 2011-09-10 – via Books.google.com. 
  15. ^ "ABC-Paramount Is Now abc Records" (PDF). The Billboard'. June 18, 1966. p. 3. Retrieved April 15, 2015. 
  16. ^ Goldenson & Wolf 1991–1993, p. 260.
  17. ^ a b Goldenson & Wolf 1991–1993, p. 262.
  18. ^ Goldenson & Wolf 1991–1993, p. 261.
  19. ^ Goldenson & Wolf 1991–1993, p. 263.
  20. ^ "ABC Records 73 Sales, Earnings Up from 1972". Billboard (Vol. 86, No. 19) (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). May 11, 1974. pp. 8, 80. Retrieved April 1, 2015. 
  21. ^ "ABC Disk Chain Adding 4 Shops". Billboard (Vol. 86, No. 27). July 6, 1974. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  22. ^ "ABC Determined to Lead, Prexy Avers". Billboard (Vol. 86, No. 32). August 10, 1974. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  23. ^ a b "ABC Rings Up Impressive Income of $11.4 MIllion". Billboard (8). November 2, 1974. 
  24. ^ Storch, Charles (August 16, 1985). "Plitt Theaters Sold For $65 Million". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 13, 2015. 
  25. ^ "Wildlife Park Plans Announced by ABC". Ocala Star-Banner. April 27, 1973. p. 6A. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  26. ^ "The Wildlife Preserve opens in the East". The Southeast Missourian. July 12, 1974. p. 20. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  27. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (November 21, 1985). "It`s Curtains For Abc, Cbs Filmmaking". Chicago Tribune. New York Times News Service. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  28. ^ a b "ABC and Hearst Set Up Women's Cable TV; ABC and Hearst Set Up Cable TV Unit for Women". New York Times. January 30, 1981. Retrieved April 13, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Entity Information: ABC Video Enterprises, Inc.". Corporation & Business Entity Database. New York State Division of Corporations. Retrieved April 13, 2015. 
  30. ^ Harrigan, Kathryn Rudie (January 1, 1985). Joint Ventures, Alliances, and Corporate Strategy (reprint ed.). Beard Books. pp. 169–170. ISBN 1587981955. Retrieved April 13, 2015. 
  31. ^ Hollis, Tim (2005). Glass Bottom Boats & Mermaid Tails: Florida's Tourist Springs. Stackpole Books. p. 116. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  32. ^ Lifetime Entertainment Services History. International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 32. St. James Press, 2000. Hosted on Funding Universe.com. Retrieved on December 4, 2013.
  33. ^ Kleinfield, N.R. "ABC is being sold for $3.5 billion; 1st network sale." The New York Times, March 19, 1985.
  34. ^ "Capcities + ABC." Broadcasting, March 25, 1985, pp. 31-32.
  35. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (October 29, 1985). "ABC Discontinues Movie Operations". New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Entity Information: American Broadcasting Companies, Inc.". 6. New York State Division of Corporations. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  1. ^ Thomas, Bob (1998). Building a Company - Roy O. Disney and the Creation of an Entertainment Empire. pp. 183, 185. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  2. ^ Thomas, Bob (1994). Walt Disney - An American Original. p. 286. Retrieved April 7, 2015.