United Patriots Front

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United Patriots Front
UPF-logo-Gold-logo.png
AbbreviationUPF
PredecessorAustralian Defence League
Reclaim Australia
Formation2015; 4 years ago (2015)
FounderShermon Burgess
PurposeAnti-Islam
Australian nationalism
Christian fundamentalism
Counter-jihad
Neo-Nazism
White supremacy
Location
Chairman
Blair Cottrell
Split from Reclaim Australia

The United Patriots Front (UPF) is a far-right Australian nationalist protest group whose membership is composed of neo-Nazis and fundamentalist Christians.[1][2] Based in the state of Victoria, UPF is a nationalist anti-Islam organisation that opposes immigration, multiculturalism and Islam by street protests. It is a splinter group from the anti-Islamic Reclaim Australia group, formed after a dispute between Shermon Burgess and Reclaim Australia organisers. The group has been described by a number of media outlets and journalists as a hate group, and has claimed solidarity with Golden Dawn, a Greek Metaxist, fascist party.[3]

UPF leader Blair Cottrell is a convicted criminal and has been described by numerous media outlets and Australia's Race Discrimination Commissioner, Tim Soutphommasane, as a neo-Nazi.[4][5] Besides other run-ins with the law, in September 2017, UPF leaders Cottrell, Neil Erikson, and Christopher Shortis, were found guilty by a magistrate of inciting contempt against Muslims, and each was fined $2,000.[6] In early January 2019, Erikson and Cottrell promised to unleash a Cronulla-style race riot on Melbourne. During the rally a significant number of participants were documented giving Nazi salutes. [7][8][9]

Leadership

Shermon Burgess

Shermon Burgess, a Neo-Nazi who refers to himself as the "Great Aussie Patriot", founded the United Patriots Front in May 2015 after a dispute with Reclaim Australia organiser Monika Evers, a Bendigo-based businesswoman. Burgess is a former council worker from New South Wales, a member of the Australian Defence League and the Australian neo-Nazi metal band Eureka Brigade.

Burgess is no longer actively involved with the group, quitting the group in October 2015 after being mocked by other UPF members online, naming Blair Cottrell as the new leader.[5][10][11]

Blair Cottrell

In October 2015, Blair Cottrell replaced Burgess as chairman of the United Patriots Front. Cottrell has stirred controversy over his criminal convictions (which include arson, stalking, making threats to kill, inciting contempt against Muslims and breaching intervention orders), and for several of his public statements, including a desire to see a portrait of Adolf Hitler hung in Australian classrooms and for copies of Mein Kampf to be "issued annually" to students. Cottrell has denied supporting Nazism.[12][5]

In 2012, Cottrell served four months in Port Phillip Prison after being convicted of stalking his ex-girlfriend and her new partner, and of arson after attempting to burn down the man's house. In December 2013 he was fined $1,000 and sentenced to seven days in jail by a County Court judge for aggravated burglary, property damage, arson, testosterone trafficking, possessing a controlled weapon and breaching court orders.[13][14]

In September 2017, Cottrell, together with Erikson and Shortis, were found guilty by a magistrate of inciting contempt against Muslims after they had enacted and made a video of a fake beheading, in order to protest against the building of a mosque in Bendigo. Each was fined $2,000.[6][15]

Neil Erikson

One of the founding members of the group, Erikson came to national prominence for attacking former Labor senator Sam Dastyari in a Melbourne bar, launching a verbal attack in which he called Iranian-born Dastyari, a "terrorist" and a "little monkey" and telling him to "go back home".[16][17]

Erikson is a neo-Nazi and convicted criminal whose convictions include assault, inciting contempt against Muslims, stalking, affray and riotous behaviour. Along with Cottrell and Shortis, he is associated with the secretive far-right fight club, Lads Society.[18][19][20][21][22]

In 2014, Erikson was convicted of stalking after calling Rabbi Dovid Gutnick and threatening him to "Give me the money Jew or else I will get you".[23]

In 2017, he was convicted along with Shortis and Cottrell of inciting contempt against Muslims after they made a video of a fake beheading, in order to protest against the building of a mosque in Bendigo.[15][6] He is also known for a 2018 stunt in which he interrupted a church service at the Gosford Anglican Church by marching into the church dressed as Jesus Christ, holding a whip.[24]

Chris Shortis

Chris Shortis, one of the founding members and often referred to in the media as one of the group's leaders, served as the group’s Melbourne lieutenant. A convicted criminal, Shortis refers to himself as a "biblical crusader", with his online comments being described by one Sydney Morning Herald journalist as "similar to those of far-right Norwegian mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik". He is a conspiracy theorist and firearms enthusiast. Shortis is also a member of the Australia First Party, led by neo-Nazi Jim Saleam.[25][26][27]

In 2017, Shortis was convicted along with Erikson and Cottrell of inciting contempt against Muslims after they made a video of a fake beheading, in order to protest against the building of a mosque in Bendigo.[15][6]

Lads Society

In 2017, members of the United Patriots Front, including former lieutenant and secretary of the UPF Thomas Sewell, were involved in the creation of the Lads Society, a private far-right men-only fight club with gyms in Melbourne and Sydney.

The group’s weekly "fight nights" are known to be frequented by members of UPF and the neo-Nazi Antipodean Resistance. The Melbourne club opened in 2017 and the Sydney club opened in April 2018, with plans to expand to other states. The clubs include a boxing gym and a library.[26][28][29]

History

The United Patriots Front is a splinter group from the anti-Islamic Reclaim Australia group, along with a number of small far-right nationalist groups such as the True Blue Crew.

2015

In May, UPF members clashed with anti-racism protesters on the steps of Richmond Town Hall in Melbourne, when about 70 UPF members were met with a counter-protest of around 300 protesters from the group Campaign Against Racism and Fascism. Anti-racist protesters chanted "Muslims are welcome, racists are not" and one man from the UPF was charged with weapons offences. The UPF was protesting against an anti-racism forum organised by local councillor Stephen Jolly of the Socialist Party. Protesters from Campaign Against Racism and Fascism called the members of UPF Nazis.[30]

In June, the group protested Zaky Mallah's appearance on Q&A, a television programme, by roasting a pig outside the Melbourne office of the ABC in an apparent attempt to upset Muslims.

On 23 July, Victoria Police Commissioner Graham Ashton confirmed a firearm was seized in Sydney from a man who was travelling to the rally on 18 July.

In August, Fairfax Media reported that Erikson was under investigation for alleged conversations with an unknown person threatening councillor Stephen Jolly.

In September, the group announced that they would contest the Senate at the upcoming 2016 federal election. The group also distributed pamphlets to municipal, state, and federal government figures that attacked the Bendigo mayor. The pamphlet was interpreted as a threat by one official.[31][32][33][34][35][36][37]

In October, Blair Cottrell replaced Burgess as chairman of the United Patriots Front.[38]

In October, the group beheaded a dummy outside the Bendigo City Council chambers to protest the 2015 Parramatta shooting and approval to construct a mosque in Bendigo. A leader of the local anti-mosque group disassociated from the UPF. They later held a demonstration in Rosalind Park which attracted around 1,000 supporters in conjunction with the World Wide Rally for Humanity, which was a global anti-Islam rally. A Victorian police officer said that most protesters who came to protest in Bendigo travelled from other Australian states. On the eve of the proposed 10 October rally in Bendigo, the group was criticised by Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews, who said they "wouldn't be able to spell Bendigo".[39][40][40][41]

In November, the group stated its intention to start a political party called Fortitude. However, it failed to sign up the 500 members needed for registration.[38]

Author John Safran said that members of the 19CC Motorcycle Club had been associating with the UPF. The club's patch featured a red crucifix with the words "No FGM". The 'CC' in the club's name reportedly stood for Citizen Crusaders. An administrator of the group's Facebook page was featured in a video with Australia First Party chairman Jim Saleam. Cottrell told Neil Mitchell his organisation would "only be violent if they needed to defend themselves".[42][43][44][45]

2016

In February, Cottrell was mocked after being photographed purchasing a meal from a halal-certified fast-food restaurant, despite his vocal opposition to halal certification and support for boycotts of certified businesses and products.[46][47]

In April, United Patriots Front was lambasted in the Australian media following the unfurling of a banner with the words "Stop the Mosques" at an Australian Football League match between Collingwood Football Club and Richmond Football Club at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on 1 April. The media and officials of the sport condemned the UPF supporters, for action described as being "offensive", "disgusting" and "racist" for their involvement with the banner. On 10 April, the banner was displayed at another Australian Football League game in Perth. The UPF members were removed from the grounds and the banner confiscated.[48]

2017

In September, Cottrell, Erikson and Shortis were found guilty by a magistrate of inciting contempt, revulsion or ridicule of Muslims, and each was fined $2,000.[6]

In May, it was reported that the Facebook pages for Cottrell and the UPF pages were removed by Facebook. At their peak, they had 120,000 likes.

On 5 September, Erikson and a number of other protesters interrupted a meeting of the Yarra Council in protest of their decision to stop referring to January 26 as Australia Day.[49][50][51][52]

2018

In January, the UPF attempted to arrange vigilante patrols to help maintain law and order in some Melbourne suburbs, in a stated response to "Gangs of Africans". This was reported by Channel 7 news, to accusations that they were giving neo-Nazis a speech platform.[53][54]

In August, News Corp news outlet Sky News Australia was heavily criticised for providing a platform to Cottrell in a one-on-one discussion about immigration. Sky News reporter Laura Jayes took offence at his appearance on the program due to the fact that he has expressed admiration for Hitler and claimed to have manipulated women “using violence and terror”. She described Cottrell as a “fascist” and an “arsehole”. The political editor of Sky News, David Speers, was also critical of Cottrell's appearance on the show, stating: "I have just arrived back in the country tonight to be met with the understandable outrage over this... As News Director Greg Byrnes says, it was wrong to have this guy on Sky News." Sky News commentator and former Labor Party minister Craig Emerson resigned in protest after the interview was broadcast, stating that "My father fought Nazis in WWII and was interned in a German POW camp,” and that the decision to give Cottrell a platform on Sky News was “another step in a journey to normalising racism & bigotry in our country” During the fallout and criticisms over the interview Cottrell tweeted about raping reporter Laura Jays, saying via Twitter that "I might as well have raped @ljayes (Sky News political reporter Laura Jayes) on the air, not only would she have been happier with that but the reaction would’ve been the same." Jayes responded stating that Cottrell is "not just a fascist. He’s down right dangerous". Activist groups called on advertisers to pull advertising campaigns off Sky News in the wake of the channel’s interview with Cottrell.[55][56][57] [58][59]

2019

5 January: UPF leaders, Erikson and Cottrell, promised to unleash a Cronulla-style race riot on Melbourne.[7] On 5 January, around 100 far-right protesters turned up at St Kilda beach to stage a rally and were confronted by about 200 anti-racist protesters and a strong police presence.[8][60] Queensland Senator Fraser Anning spoke at the rally.[61]

16 March: (Further information: Fraser Anning egg incident) Several UPF members were captured on video assaulting a 17-year-old boy, after the boy crushed an egg on the back of Senator Anning's head while he was speaking at a political meeting in the Melbourne suburb of Moorabbin. The teenager reportedly egged Anning in response to comments made by the senator about the Christchurch mosque shootings in New Zealand, claiming that Muslim immigration had led to the attacks.[62] Anning threw two punches at the boy. Erikson and a number of other UPF members tackled the boy to the ground, putting him in a headlock and repeatedly kicking and punching him.[63] The teenager was arrested and later released pending further inquiries. Victoria Police said the incident would be being investigated "in its entirety", including Anning's actions.[64][65]

20 March: With a lower tolerance on other social media for hate speech following the mosque attack, Cottrell and Erikson have urged their supporters to follow them on Gab after being banned from Twitter and Facebook.[66]

23 March: In the wake of the Christchurch mosque attack, it emerged that the alleged perpetrator, Brenton Tarrant, had three years earlier given fulsome praise to Cottrell as a leader of the far-right movements. He made more than 30 comments on the now deleted UPF and TBC Facebook pages, singling out Cottrell for praise and disparaging Erikson and Burgess as "useful idiots".[67]

See also

References

  1. ^ Rydgren, Jens (2018). The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right (First ed.). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. p. 661. ISBN 0190274573.
  2. ^ Neo Nazi refs:
  3. ^
  4. ^ An abridged list of articles that describe Cottrell as a neo-Nazi
  5. ^ a b c Bachelard, Michael; McMahon, Luke. "Blair Cottrell, rising anti-Islam movement leader, wanted Hitler in the classroom". The Sydney Morning Herald. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e Cooper, Adam (5 April 2017). "Far-right trio convicted, fined $2000 each, over mock-beheading mosque protest". The Age. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b The new extremist threat in Australia: Right-wing groups who have ASIO’s attention
  8. ^ a b "Opposing race protesters and police converge on St Kilda foreshore". The Age. 5 January 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  9. ^ Wroe, David. "Fake facts and normalising extremists: why it was right to jump all over Fraser Anning". The Sydney Morning Herald. Nine. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  10. ^ Kurmelovs, Royce. "The Far-Right Australians Fighting Muslims, the Left, and Each Other". Vice. Vice Media. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  11. ^ Robertson, Joshua. "Reclaim Australia: 'concerned mums and dads' or a Trojan horse for extremists?". The Guardian. The Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Anti-Islam group leader Shermon Burgess the Great Aussie Patriot quits United Patriots Front after members tease him in Great Aussie Potator Facebook video. - Yahoo7". Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  13. ^ "Blair Cottrell jail interviews". Youtube.
  14. ^ "Herald Sun — United Patriots Front leader Blair Cottrell details violent criminal past in video".
  15. ^ a b c "United Patriots Front trio found guilty of inciting serious contempt of Muslims". The Guardian. The Guardian. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  16. ^ Percy, Karen. "Judge scolds far-right activist Neil Erikson as 'childish' for wearing uniform to court". ABC News. ABC. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  17. ^ "Stan takes legal action over Patriot Blue after racial attack on Dastyari". SBS News. SBS. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  18. ^ Graham, Ben. "Secret location of Aussie underground fight club leaks". News.com. New.com. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  19. ^ Toohey, Paul. "Mind wars: The extremists taking Australia to dark places". The Daily Telegraph. News Corp. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  20. ^ Hall, Bianca. "Police investigate kill threats against Councillor Stephen Jolly". The Age. Fairfax. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  21. ^ Nathan, Julie. "The Rise of Australia's Activist Far Right: How Far Will It Go?". ABC. ABC. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  22. ^ Maza, Cristina. "Neo-Nazi Neil Erikson Confused the Quran With the Bible in Court". Newsweek. Newsweek. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  23. ^ "No jail for Melb man for racist calls". SBS News. Special Broadcasting Service. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  24. ^ Butler, Josh. "White Nationalist Extremists Storm Gosford Church". 10 Daily. Network 10. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  25. ^ McMahon, Luke. "Gun-toting anti-Muslim 'crusader' at lead of United Patriots Front". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  26. ^ a b Goswell, Gus. "United Patriots Front misses deadline to register political party ahead of federal election". ABC News. ABC. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
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  28. ^ Graham, Ben. "Secret location of Aussie underground fight club leaks". News.com. New.com. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  29. ^ Puddy, Rebecca. "Far right nationalists open private men-only clubs in Melbourne and Sydney". ABC News. ABC. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  30. ^ "Violent clashes between United Patriots Front and anti-racism protesters at Richmond Town Hall". ABC News. ABC. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  31. ^ "Anti-Islam group protests outside ABC building over Zaky Mallah's Q&A appearance". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  32. ^ "Far-right anti-Islam group to rally at Victorian Parliament House". The Age.
  33. ^ "Gun seized from Reclaim Australia-bound protester prompts safety concerns amongst police". ABC News.
  34. ^ "Police investigate kill threats against Councillor Stephen Jolly". Fairfax Media.
  35. ^ "The Great Aussie Patriot | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  36. ^ Hall, Bianca (2015-09-11). "Far-right group UPF plans to run for Senate and campaign on right to 'bare arms'". The Age. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  37. ^ "Mosque foes take aim at Bendigo council".
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  39. ^ Worrall, Allison. "Anti-Islam group beheads dummy in protest of Bendigo mosque". The Age. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  40. ^ a b "Bendigo's anti-mosque protest: United Patriots Front nationalist group behind demonstration". ABC News.
  41. ^ Hall, Bianca. "Anti-mosque protesters 'wouldn't be able to spell Bendigo': Premier Daniel Andrews". The Age. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  42. ^ Young, J; Cavanagh, R. "United Patriots Front to start political party called Fortitude". Herald Sun. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  43. ^ Safran, John (2017). Depends What You Mean By Extremist: Going Rogue with Australian Deplorables. Penguin Random House Australia. pp. 146, 148. ISBN 9781926428772.
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  45. ^ "Anti-Islam rally organiser cannot guarantee protest will be violence-free". 3AW.
  46. ^ Chad Freeman (4 February 2016). "Anti-Halal Campaigner Blair Cottrell Spotted At Kebab Shop". Complex AU. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
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  50. ^ http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/facebook-removes-united-patriots-front-page/news-story/8af5deae4152cdfbe46378ee9b4d902b
  51. ^ Polychronis, Jacob (11 May 2017). "United Patriots Front leader accuses Facebook of 'government censorship' after far-right group BANNED and personal accounts removed". Daily Mail Australia. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  52. ^ "Far-right group disrupts council meeting to protest against Australia Day changes". ABC News. 2017-09-06. Retrieved 2017-09-06.
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  54. ^ Brook, Benedict (15 January 2018). "Channel 7 accused of going soft on racism by airing interview with far-right leader". news.com.au. News Corp Australia. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  55. ^ Meade, Amanda. "Sky News interview with far-right agitator Blair Cottrell sparks fury". The Guardian. The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  56. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-08-06/sky-news-apologises-for-airing-interview-with-blair-cottrell/10076074
  57. ^ Meade, Amanda. "Craig Emerson quits Sky News over Blair Cottrell interview". The Guardian. The Guardian. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  58. ^ Zhou, Naaman. "Advertisers urged to pull campaigns from Sky News after far-right extremist interview". The Guardian. The Guardian. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  59. ^ Graham, ben. "Far-right nationalist Blair Cottrell copping it over rape tweet to Sky News reporter". News.com. News.com. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  60. ^ https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-01-05/far-right-rally-in-st-kilda/10686966
  61. ^ Smethurst, Annika; et al. (6 January 2019). "Fraser Anning slammed for attending St Kilda far-Right rally". Herald Sun. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  62. ^ "Fraser Anning punches teen after being egged while speaking to media in Melbourne". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  63. ^ "Christchurch mosque shootings: Senator Fraser Anning slammed". www.news.com.au. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  64. ^ "Fraser Anning punches teen after being egged while speaking to media in Melbourne". ABC News. 16 March 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  65. ^ Bourke, Latika. "'Disgusting': Morrison slams Senator's comments on Christchurch massacre". The Sydney Morning Herald. Nine. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  66. ^ Koslowski, Max (20 March 2019). "Australia's far-right moves to shadowy messaging service amid crackdown on digital giants". The Age. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  67. ^ Mann, Alex; Nguyen, Kevin; Gregory, Katharine (23 March 2019). "Christchurch shooting accused Brenton Tarrant supports Australian far-right figure Blair Cottrell". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  68. ^ "Romper Stomper reboot is a compelling investigation into Australia's extremist politics". ABC News. 30 December 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2018.

Further reading

Koslowski, Max (11 January 2019). "How Australia's far-right were divided and conquered - by themselves". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019.