United People's Party (Poland)

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United People's Party

Zjednoczone Stronnictwo Ludowe
First leaderJózef Niećko
Last leaderDominik Ludwiczak
Founded27 November 1949
Dissolved27–29 November 1989
Merger ofPolish People's Party
Polish People's Party "Nowe Wyzwolenie"
Succeeded byPolish People's Party
HeadquartersGrzybowska 4,
00-131 Warsaw
Membership (1989)300,000
IdeologyAgrarianism
Agrarian socialism
Socialism
Political positionLeft-wing
ColorsGreen

The United People's Party (Polish: Zjednoczone Stronnictwo Ludowe, ZSL) was an agrarian political party in the People's Republic of Poland. It was formed on 27 November 1949 from the merger of the communist Stronnictwo Ludowe party with remnants of the independent People's Party of Stanisław Mikołajczyk (which changed its name to Polish People's Party).

ZSL became – as intended from its beginning – a satellite party of the Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR), representing the PZPR in the rural areas. After 1982 it was a member of the Patriotic Movement for National Rebirth.

In 1989 after victory of the Solidarity trade union in the 1989 Polish legislative elections together with the PZPR's other satellite party, the Alliance of Democrats, ZSL decided to support Solidarity. At a ZSL congress (27–29 November 1989) ZSL became the Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe - Odrodzenie ("Polish People's Party - Rebirth"). PSL-Odrodzenie merged with Polish People's Party "Wilanowskie", forming today's Polish People's Party.

Chairmen[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Sejm elections[edit]

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position
1952 Józef Niećko as part of FJN - PZPR
90 / 425
Increase 90 Increase 2nd
1957 Stefan Ignar
118 / 459
Increase 28 Steady 2nd
1961
117 / 460
Decrease 1 Steady 2nd
1965 Czesław Wycech
117 / 460
Steady Steady 2nd
1969
177 / 460
Steady Steady 2nd
1972 Stanisław Gucwa
117 / 460
Steady Steady 2nd
1976
113 / 460
Decrease 4 Steady 2nd
1980
113 / 460
Steady Steady 2nd
1985 Roman Malinowski as part of PRON
106 / 460
Decrease 7 Steady 2nd
1989
76 / 460
Decrease 41 Decrease 3rd