United States–Uruguay relations
United States–Uruguay relations are the bilateral relations between the United States of America and the Eastern Republic of Uruguay. Relations traditionally have been based on a common outlook and emphasis on democratic ideals.
In historical perspective, starting in the 1890s Uruguay took the lead in reaching out to the U.S. in order to counter the heavy British business presence. The U.S. responded in friendly fashion. Knarr argues:
- The United States did not need to coerce Uruguay economically, politically, or militarily to achieve its goals; Uruguay was a friendly and stable nation that the United States could use as an economic and political gateway into the Southern Cone.
In 2002, Uruguay and the U.S. created a Joint Commission on Trade and Investment (JCTI) to exchange ideas on a variety of economic topics. In March 2003, the JCTI identified six areas of concentration until the eventual signing of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA): customs issues, intellectual property protection, investment, labor, environment, and trade in goods. In late 2004, Uruguay and the U.S. signed an Open Skies Agreement, which was ratified in May 2006. In November 2005, they signed a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT), which entered into force on November 1, 2006. A Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) was signed in January 2007. More than 80 U.S.-owned companies operate in Uruguay, and many more market U.S. goods and services.
From 1999 through early 2003, Uruguayan citizens were exempted from visas when entering the United States under the Visa Waiver Program. This exemption was withdrawn on April 16, 2003, based on the high overstay rates for Uruguayans and worldwide national security concerns.
Principal U.S. Embassy officials
The U.S. Embassy in Uruguay is located in Montevideo.
Principal Uruguayan Embassy officials
|Coat of Arms|
|Area||176,215km² (68,036 sq mi)||9,526,468 km² (3,794,066 sq mi)|
|Population density||18.6/km² (48.3/sq mi)||31/km² (80/sq mi)|
|Largest city||Montevideo – 1,305,082 ( 1,947,604 Metro)||New York City – 8,175,133 (19,006,798 Metro)|
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic||Federal presidential constitutional republic|
|First Leader||Fructuoso Rivera||George Washington|
|Current Leader||Tabaré Vázquez||Donald Trump|
|Official languages||Spanish||English (de facto)|
|Main religions||58.2% Christianity (47.1% Roman Catholic, 11.1% Protestant), 40.4% non-religious, 0.6% Umbanda, 0.5% Judaism, 0.1% Buddhist, 0.4% other ||70.6% Christianity (46.5% Protestantism, 20.8% Catholicism, 1.6% Mormonism, 1.7% Other Christianity), 22.8% non-Religious, 1.9% Judaism, 0.9% Islam, 0.7% Buddhism, 0.7% Hinduism|
|Ethnic groups||88% White Latin American, 8% Mestizo, 4% Afro-Uruguayan||74% White American, 13.4% African American, |
6.5% Some other race, 4.4% Asian American, 2% Two or more races,
0.7% Native American or Native Alaskan, 0.14% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
|GDP (nominal)||$58.123 billion ($16,638 per capita)||$14.4 trillion ($47,440 per capita)|
|GDP (PPP)||$77.800 billion ($16,638 per capita)||$18.558 trillion ($57,220 per capita)|
- Americans in Uruguay
- Uruguayan Americans
- Tabaré Vázquez#2008 Visit to Cuba
- Tabaré Vázquez#Arms from Iran controversy
- Tabaré Vázquez#Support for delisting coca as a dangerous drug & relations with Bolivia
- James C. Knarr, Uruguay and the United States, 1903-1929: Diplomacy in the Progressive Era. (Kent State University Press; 2012) online review
- Knarr (2012) p 5
- U.S. Global Leadership Project Report - 2012 Gallup
- Resultados del Censo de Población 2011: población, crecimiento y estructura por sexo y edad ine.gub.uy
- "United States". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
- http://www.ine.gub.uy/enha2006/flash/Flash%206_Religion.pdf%7Carchiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130927091848/http://www.ine.gub.uy/enha2006/flash/Flash%206_Religion.pdf%7Carchivedate=27 October 2013|title=Encuesta Nacional de Hogares Amplidada - 2006 | work = National Institute of Statistics | publisher = INHA |accessdate=7 September
- "America's Changing Religious Landscape". Pew Research Center. Pew Research Center. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
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