Ambassadors of the United States

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Flag of ambassadors of the United States of America

This is a list of ambassadors of the United States of America to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, and to past nations, as well as ambassadors-at-large.[1]

The ambassadors are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate.[2] An ambassador can be appointed during a recess, but he or she can only serve as ambassador until the end of the next session of Congress unless subsequently confirmed.[3] Ambassadors serve "at the pleasure of the President", meaning they can be dismissed at any time.

An ambassador may be a career Foreign Service Officer (career diplomat - CD) or a political appointee (PA). In most cases, career foreign service officers serve a tour of approximately three years per ambassadorship whereas political appointees customarily tender their resignations upon the inauguration of a new president. As embassies fall under the State Department's jurisdiction, ambassadors answer directly to the Secretary of State.

Current U.S. ambassadors[edit]

Host country List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
 Afghanistan List John Bass CD Kabul [1] September 28, 2017
 Albania List Donald Lu CD Tirana [2] November 20, 2014
 Algeria List John Desrocher CD Algiers August 3, 2017
 Andorra[4] List Duke Buchan PA Madrid November 2, 2017
 Angola List Nina Marie Fite CD Luanda November 2, 2017
 Antigua and Barbuda[5] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Argentina List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Tom Cooney, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Buenos Aires
 Armenia List Richard M. Mills Jr. CD Yerevan [3] December 16, 2014
 Australia List Vacant since December 2016
James Carouso, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Canberra [4]
 Austria List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Eugene Young, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Vienna [5]
 Azerbaijan List Robert Cekuta CD Baku December 16, 2014
The Bahamas Bahamas List Vacant since November 21, 2011
Lisa Johnson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Nassau
 Bahrain List Justin Siberell CD Manama [6] September 28, 2017
 Bangladesh List Marcia Bernicat CD Dhaka November 18, 2014
 Barbados[5] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Belarus List Vacant since March 12, 2008
Robert Riley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[6]
(N/A) Minsk
 Belgium List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Matthew Lussenhop, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Brussels
 Belize List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Adrienne Galanek, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Belmopan
 Benin List Lucy Tamlyn CD Cotonou October 8, 2015
 Bhutan The United States does not maintain formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan. Informal contact through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.
 Bolivia List Vacant since September 10, 2008
Peter Brennan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) La Paz
 Bosnia and Herzegovina List Maureen Cormack CD Sarajevo [7] November 19, 2014
 Botswana List Earl Miller CD Gaborone November 19, 2014
 Brazil List P. Michael McKinley CD Brasilia September 8, 2016
 Brunei List Craig Allen CD Bandar Seri Begawan November 18, 2014
 Bulgaria List Eric S. Rubin CD Sofia December 9, 2015
 Burkina Faso List Andrew Robert Young CD Ouagadougou September 28, 2016
 Burma (Myanmar)[7] List Scot Marciel CD Rangoon [8] February 9, 2016
 Burundi List Anne Casper CD Bujumbura June 29, 2016
 Cambodia List William A. Heidt CD Phnom Penh August 5, 2015
 Cameroon List Peter Barlerin CD Yaoundé November 2, 2017
 Canada List Kelly Knight Craft PA Ottawa [9] August 3, 2017
 Cape Verde List Donald Helfin CD Praia December 12, 2014
 Central African Republic[8][9][10] List Jeffrey Hawkins CD Bangui October 8, 2015
 Chad List Geeta Pasi CD N'Djamena June 29, 2016
 Chile List Carol Z. Perez CD Santiago July 14, 2016
 China List Terry Branstad PA Beijing [10][permanent dead link] May 22, 2017
 Colombia List Kevin Whitaker CD Bogotá April 1, 2014
 Comoros[11] List Robert Yamate CD Antananarivo November 19, 2014
Republic of the Congo Congo-Brazzaville List Todd Haskell CD Brazzaville May 18, 2017
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Kinshasa List James Swan CD Kinshasa August 1, 2013
 Costa Rica List Sharon Day PA San José August 3, 2017
 Croatia List Julieta Valls Noyes PA [11] June 24, 2015
 Cuba List Vacant since July 20, 2015
Lawrence J. Gumbiner, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Havana [12]
 Cyprus List Kathleen A. Doherty CD Nicosia August 5, 2015
 Czech Republic List Steve King PA Prague [13] October 5, 2017
 Denmark List Carla Sands PA Copenhagen [14] November 2, 2017
 Djibouti List Larry André Jr. CD Djibouti November 2, 2017
 Dominica[5] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Dominican Republic List Vacant since July 21, 2017
Robert Copley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Santo Domingo
 East Timor List Kathleen M. Fitzpatrick CD Dili November 2, 2017
 Ecuador List Todd C. Chapman CD Quito December 9, 2015
 Egypt List Vacant since July 1, 2017
Thomas H. Goldberger, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Cairo
 El Salvador List Jean Elizabeth Manes (N/A) San Salvador December 9, 2015
 Equatorial Guinea List Julie Furuta-Toy CD Malabo October 22, 2015
 Eritrea List Vacant since July 19, 2010
Natalie E. Brown, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Asmara
 Estonia List James Desmond Melville, Jr. CD Tallinn [15] August 5, 2015
 Ethiopia List Michael A. Raynor CD Addis Ababa August 3, 2017
 Fiji[12] List Judith Beth Cefkin CD Suva November 19, 2014
 Finland List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Donna Welton, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Helsinki
 France[13] List Jamie McCourt [14] PA Paris [16] November 2, 2017
 Gabon[15] List Cynthia Akuetteh CD Libreville July 30, 2014
 Gambia List Patricia Alsup CD Banjul October 8, 2015
 Georgia List Ian Kelly CD Tbilisi June 24, 2015
 Germany List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Kent Logsdon, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[16]
Richard Grenell nominated [17]
(N/A) Berlin [17]
 Ghana List Robert P. Jackson CD Ghana October 22, 2015
 Greece List Geoffrey Pyatt CD Athens [18] July 14, 2016
 Grenada[5] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Guatemala List Luis Arreaga CD Guatemala October 4, 2017
 Guinea-Bissau[18] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Bissau VPP May 18, 2017
Guinea Guinea-Conakry List Dennis Hankins CD Conakry October 22, 2015
 Guyana List Perry Holloway CD Georgetown August 5, 2015
 Haiti List Michele J. Sison CD Port-au-Prince November 2, 2017
 Holy See (Vatican City) List Callista Gingrich PA Vatican [19] October 16, 2017
 Honduras List James Nealon CD Tegucigalpa July 15, 2014
 Hungary List Vacant since January 20, 2017
David J. Kostelancik, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Budapest
 Iceland List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Jill Esposito, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Reykjavik
 India List Kenneth I. Juster PA New Delhi November 2, 2017
 Indonesia List Joseph R. Donovan Jr. CD Jakarta [20] September 28, 2016
 Iran List No diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980. Informal contact via the U.S. Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Virtual Embassy Tehran since December 2011
 Iraq List Douglas Alan Silliman CD Baghdad [21] July 14, 2016
Republic of Ireland Ireland List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Reece Smyth, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Dublin [22]
 Israel List David M. Friedman PA Tel Aviv [23] March 23, 2017
 Italy[19] List Lewis Eisenberg PA Rome [24] August 3, 2017
 Ivory Coast List Vacant since August 2016
Andrew Haviland, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Abidjan
 Jamaica List Luis Moreno CD Kingston November 20, 2014
 Japan List William F. Hagerty PA Tokyo [25] July 13, 2017
 Jordan List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Henry Wooster Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Amman June 16, 2014
 Kazakhstan List George Krol CD Astana November 20, 2014
 Kenya List Robert Godec CD Nairobi January 2, 2013
 Kiribati[12] List Judith Beth Cefkin CD Suva November 19, 2014
 Kosovo List Greg Delawie CD Pristina June 24, 2015
 Kuwait List Lawrence Robert Silverman CD Kuwait City July 14, 2016
 Kyrgyzstan List Sheila Gwaltney CD Bishkek August 5, 2015
 Laos List Rena Bitter CD Vientiane September 28, 2016
 Latvia List Nancy Pettit CD Riga June 24, 2015
 Lebanon List Elizabeth Holzhall Richard CD Beirut May 17, 2016
 Lesotho List Rebecca Eliza Gonzales CD Maseru November 16, 2017
 Liberia List Christine A. Elder CD Monrovia May 17, 2016
 Libya List Peter W. Bodde CD Tripoli November 19, 2015
 Liechtenstein[20] List Ed McMullen PA Bern November 2, 2017
 Lithuania List Anne Hall CD Vilnius July 14, 2016
 Luxembourg List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Alison Shorter-Lawrence, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Luxembourg
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia List Jess Baily CD Skopje December 16, 2014
 Madagascar[11] List Robert Yamate CD Antananarivo November 19, 2014
 Malawi List Virginia E. Palmer CD Lilongwe December 12, 2014
 Malaysia List Kamala Shirin Lakhdhir CD Kuala Lumpur December 9, 2016
 Maldives[21] List Atul Keshap CD Colombo August 5, 2015
 Mali List Paul Folmsbee CD Bamako May 23, 2015
 Malta List G. Kathleen Hill CD Valletta December 9, 2015
 Marshall Islands List Karen B. Stewart CD Majuro May 17, 2016
 Mauritania List Michael Dodman CD Nouakchott November 2, 2017
 Mauritius[22] List David Dale Reimer CD Port Louis November 2, 2017
 Mexico List Roberta Jacobson CD Mexico City April 28, 2016
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia List Robert Riley CD Kolonia May 17, 2016
 Moldova List James Pettit CD Chişinău [26] November 20, 2014
 Monaco[13][23] List Jamie McCourt PA Paris November 2, 2017
 Mongolia List Jennifer Zimdahl Galt CD Ulaanbaatar August 5, 2015
 Montenegro List Margaret A. Uyehara CD Podgorica December 16, 2014
 Morocco List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Stephanie Miley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Rabat
 Mozambique List H. Dean Pittman CD Maputo November 19, 2015
 Namibia List Lisa A. Johnson CD Windhoek November 16, 2017
 Nauru[12] List Judith Beth Cefkin CD Suva November 19, 2014
   Nepal List Alaina B. Teplitz CD Kathmandu August 5, 2015
 Netherlands List Pete Hoekstra PA The Hague [27] November 9, 2017
 New Zealand[24] List Scott Brown PA Wellington [28] June 8, 2017
 Nicaragua List Laura Farnsworth Dogu CD Managua August 5, 2015
 Niger List Eric P. Whitaker CD Niamey November 2, 2017
 Nigeria List W. Stuart Symington CD Abuja September 28, 2016
 North Korea The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. Limited consular matters handled by the Swedish embassy.[25]
 Norway List Vacant since January 20, 2017
James P. DeHart, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Oslo [29]
 Oman List Marc Jonathan Sievers CD Muscat November 19, 2015
 Pakistan List David Hale CD Islamabad [30] August 5, 2015
 Palau[26] List Amy J. Hyatt CD Koror December 12, 2014
 Panama List John D. Feeley CD Panama December 9, 2015
 Papua New Guinea[27] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Paraguay List Hugo F. Rodríguez Jr., Chargé d'Affaires a.i (N/A) Asunción November 18, 2014
 Peru List Krishna Urs CD Lima August 3, 2017
 Philippines[26] List Sung Y. Kim CD Manila [31] September 28, 2016
 Poland List Paul W. Jones CD Warsaw August 5, 2015
 Portugal List George Edward Glass PA Lisbon August 3, 2017
 Qatar List Vacant since late June 2017
William Grant, Chargé d'Affaires a.i[28]
(N/A) Doha
 Romania List Hans G. Klemm CD Bucharest August 5, 2015
 Russia List Jon Huntsman Jr. CD Moscow October 3, 2017
 Rwanda List Erica Barks-Ruggles CD Kigali November 17, 2014
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[5] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Saint Lucia[5] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[5] List Linda Swartz Taglialatela CD Bridgetown December 9, 2015
 Samoa[24] List Scott Brown PA Wellington June 8, 2017
 San Marino[19] List Lewis Eisenberg PA Florence San Marino VPP August 3, 2017
 São Tomé and Príncipe[15] List Cynthia Akuetteh CD Libreville July 30, 2014
 Saudi Arabia List Vacant since January 9, 2017
Christopher Henzel, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Riyadh
 Senegal[18] List Tulinabo S. Mushingi CD Dakar May 18, 2017
 Serbia List Kyle Randolph Scott CD Belgrade December 9, 2015
 Seychelles[22] List David Dale Reimer CD Port Louis November 2, 2017
 Sierra Leone List Maria Brewer CD Freetown August 3, 2017
 Singapore List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Stephanie Syptak-Ramnath, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Singapore
 Slovakia List Adam Sterling CD Bratislava May 17, 2016
 Slovenia List Brent Hartley CD Ljubljana November 20, 2014
 Solomon Islands[27] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Somalia[29][30] List Stephen Schwartz CD Somalia VPP May 17, 2016
 South Africa List Vacant since December 16, 2016
Jessye Lapenn, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Pretoria
 South Korea List Vacant since January 20, 2017
Marc Knapper, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
Victor Cha nominated Dec. 2017[31]
(N/A) Seoul [32]
 South Sudan List Mary Catherine Phee CD Juba [33] June 24, 2015
 Spain[4] List Duke Buchan PA Madrid November 2, 2017
 Sri Lanka[21] List Atul Keshap CD Colombo August 5, 2015
 Sudan[32] List Vacant since February 7, 1996
Jerry P. Lanier, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Khartoum
 Suriname List Edwin Nolan, Jr. CD Paramaribo October 8, 2015
 Swaziland List Lisa J. Peterson CD Mbabane November 19, 2015
 Sweden List Vacant since January 20, 2017
David Lindwall, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Stockholm
  Switzerland[20] List Ed McMullen PA Bern November 2, 2017
 Syria[33] List Vacant since February 28, 2014
Michael Ratney, Special Envoy
(N/A) Damascus
 Taiwan Since January 19, 1979, diplomatic relations have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan
Taipei Office
 Tajikistan List Elisabeth I. Millard CD Dushanbe November 19, 2015
 Tanzania List Vacant since October 2016
Virginia Blaser, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Dar es Salaam [34]
 Thailand List Glyn T. Davies CD Bangkok [35] August 5, 2015
 Togo List David Gilmour CD Lomé October 8, 2015
 Tonga[12] List Judith Beth Cefkin CD Tonga November 19, 2014
 Trinidad and Tobago List Vacant since January 20, 2017
John McIntyre, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Port of Spain
 Tunisia List Daniel Rubinstein CD Tunis October 8, 2015
 Turkey List John Bass CD Ankara September 17, 2014
 Turkmenistan List Allan Mustard CD Ashgabat November 19, 2014
 Tuvalu[12] List Judith Beth Cefkin CD Suva November 19, 2014
 Uganda List Deborah R. Malac CD Kampala November 19, 2015
 Ukraine List Marie L. Yovanovitch CD Kiev [36] July 14, 2016
 United Arab Emirates List Barbara Leaf CD Abu Dhabi November 17, 2014
 United Kingdom[34] List Woody Johnson PA London [37] August 3, 2017
 Uruguay List Kelly Keiderling CD Montevideo May 17, 2016
 Uzbekistan List Pamela Spratlen CD Tashkent November 20, 2014
 Vanuatu[27] List Catherine Ebert-Gray CD Port Moresby December 9, 2015
 Venezuela List Vacant since July 16, 2010
Lee McClenny, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[35]
(N/A) Caracas
 Vietnam List Daniel J. Kritenbrink CD Hanoi October 26, 2017
 Yemen List Vacant since February 12, 2015
Richard H. Riley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Sana’a
 Zambia List Daniel Lewis Foote CD Lusaka November 2, 2017
 Zimbabwe List Harry K. Thomas, Jr. CD Harare October 22, 2015
 Abkhazia The Republic of Abkhazia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
 Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.
 Palestine The Palestinian State is not recognized by the United States.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States[36]
 South Ossetia The Republic of South Ossetia is not recognized by the United Nations or by the United States.

Ambassadors to international organizations[edit]

Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations:

Host organization List Location Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
African Union List Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Mary Beth Leonard CD Addis Ababa June 29, 2016
Association of Southeast Asian Nations List Jakarta, Indonesia Vacant since January 20, 2017
Jane Bocklage, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Jakarta
Conference on Disarmament List Geneva, Switzerland Robert Wood CD Geneva July 15, 2014
European Union List Brussels, Belgium Vacant since January 20, 2017
Adam Shub, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Brussels
International Civil Aviation Organization List Montreal, Quebec, Canada Vacant since January 20, 2017
Sam Kotis, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Montreal
North Atlantic Treaty Organization List Brussels, Belgium Kay Bailey Hutchison PA Brussels August 3, 2017
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017
Peter Haas, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Paris
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons List The Hague, Netherlands Kenneth Ward CD The Hague December 7, 2015
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe List Vienna, Austria Vacant since January 20, 2017
Katie Marie Byrnes, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Vienna
Organization of American States List Washington, D.C., United States Vacant since July 2016
Kevin K. Sullivan, Interim Permanent Representative
(N/A) Washington, D.C.
United Nations List New York, United States Nikki Haley PA New York City January 24, 2017
United Nations (Deputy) List Washington, D.C., United States Michele J. Sison CD Washington, D.C. November 19, 2014
United Nations (Management and Reform) List New York, United States Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) New York City
United Nations (Special Political Affairs) List New York, United States Vacant since January 20, 2017 (N/A) New York City
United Nations Economic and Social Council List New York, United States Kelley Eckels Currie (N/A) New York City August 3, 2017
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization List Paris, France Vacant since January 20, 2017
Chris Hegadorn, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Paris
United Nations Human Rights Council List Geneva, Switzerland Vacant since January 20, 2017
Theodore Allegra, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Geneva
United Nations International Organizations in Geneva List Geneva, Switzerland Vacant since January 20, 2017
Theodore Allegra, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Geneva
United Nations International Organizations in Nairobi List Nairobi, Kenya Robert F. Godec CD Nairobi January 2, 2013
United Nations International Organizations in Rome List Rome, Italy Vacant since August 9, 2016
Thomas M. Duffy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i
(N/A) Rome
United Nations International Organizations in Vienna List Vienna, Austria Vacant since August 4, 2014
Andrew Schofer, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
(N/A) Vienna

Ambassadors-at-Large[edit]

Current Ambassadors-at-Large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:[37][38]

Portfolio List Ambassador Background Website Confirmed
Counterterrorism (Coordinator) List Nathan Alexander Sales PA [38] August 3, 2017
Global AIDS Combat (Coordinator) List Deborah L. Birx PA [39] April 4, 2014
Global Criminal Justice List Todd F. Buchwald CD [40] December 30, 2015
Global Women's Issues List Vacant (N/A) [41]
International Religious Freedom List Vacant (N/A) [42]
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Director) List Susan P. Coppedge PA [43] October 19, 2015

Other Chiefs of Mission[edit]

Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States hosted in posts other than embassies. Unlike other consulates, these persons report directly to the Secretary of State.

Host country List Ambassador Title Website Appointed
 Curaçao[39] List Margaret Hawthorne Consul General and Chief of Mission Curaçao April 2016
 Hong Kong[40] List Kurt Tong Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong August 27, 2016
 Jerusalem[41] List Donald Blome Consul General and Chief of Mission Jerusalem July 27, 2015
 Macau[40] List Kurt Tong Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong August 27, 2016
 Taiwan List Kin W. Moy Director Taipei June 8, 2015

Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators[edit]

These diplomatic officials report directly to the Secretary of State. Many oversee a portfolio not restricted to one nation, often an overall goal, and are not usually subject to Senate confirmation.[42][38][43]

Portfolio Officeholder (Title) Website Appointed
Afghanistan and Pakistan Vacant since November 17, 2016 (Special Representative)
Laurel Miller, acting
[44]
Arctic Region Vacant since January 20, 2017 (Special Representative) [45]
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Matthew Matthews (Senior Official) [46] May 17, 2015
Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia Alina Romanowski (Coordinator) [47] March 9, 2015
Biological & Toxin Weapons Convention Issues Robert Wood (Special Representative) [48] October 2, 2014
Burma Vacant since November 19, 2014 (Senior Advisor) [49]
Central African Republic Stuart Symington (Special Representative) [50] April 21, 2014
Civil Society and Emerging Democracies Vacant since October 31, 2014 (Coordinator) [51]
Climate Change Vacant since January 20, 2017 (Special Envoy) [52]
Closure of the Guantánamo Detention Facility Vacant since January 20, 2017 (Special Envoy) [53]
Commercial and Business Affairs Vacant (Special Representative)
Margaret Hawley, acting
[54]
Conference on Disarmament Robert Wood (Special Representative) [55] October 2, 2014
Counterterrorism Justin Siberell (Coordinator) [56] July 9, 2012
Cyber Issues Christopher Painter (Coordinator) [57] February 22, 2011
Environment and Water Resources Vacant (Special Representative) [58]
Fissile Material Negotiator Michael Guhin (Senior Cutoff Coordinator) [59] August 10, 2009
Global Coalition to Counter ISIL Brett H. McGurk (Special Presidential Envoy) [60] November 13, 2015
Global Criminal Justice Todd Buchwald (Special Coordinator) [61] December 30, 2015
Global Engagement Center Vacant [62]
Global Food Security Vacant (Special Representative)
Ted Lyng, acting
[63]
Global Health Diplomacy Deborah L. Birx (Special Representative/Ambassador) [64] April 14, 2014
Global Partnerships Vacant (Special Representative)
Thomas Debass, acting
[65]
Global Youth Issues Andy Rabens (Special Advisor) [66] October 19, 2014
Great Lakes Region of Africa Laurence D. Wohlers (Special Envoy) [67] January 2017
Haiti Kenneth Merten (Special Coordinator) [68] August 17, 2015
Holocaust Issues Thomas K. Yazdgerdi (Special Envoy)
Stu Eizenstat (Special Advisor)
[69] August 22, 2016
December 18, 2013
Hostage Affairs James O'Brien (Special Presidential Envoy) [70] August 28, 2015
Human Rights of LGBTI Persons Randy W. Berry (Special Envoy) [71] April 13, 2015
International Communications and Information Policy Vacant (Coordinator/Ambassador) [72]
International Disabilities Rights Vacant (Special Advisor) [73]
International Energy Affairs Vacant (Special Envoy and Coordinator)
Mary Warlick acting
[74]
International Information Programs Vacant (Coordinator)
Jonathan Henick, acting
[75]
International Information Technology Diplomacy Vacant (Senior Coordinator) [76]
International Labor Affairs Vacant (Special Representative) [77]
Iran Nuclear Implementation Stephen Mull (Coordinator) [78] September 25, 2015
Israel and the Palestinian Authority Frederick Rudesheim (Security Coordinator) [79] January 2015
Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Frank Lowenstein (Special Envoy) [80] July 1, 2014
Knowledge Management Vacant (Senior Coordinator) [81]
Libya Vacant since January 20, 2017 (Special Envoy)
Middle East Transitions Vacant (Special Coordinator) [82]
Minsk Vacant (Senior Representative) [83]
Monitor and Combat Anti-semitism Vacant (Special Envoy) [84]
Muslim Communities Vacant (Special Representative) [85]
Nonproliferation and Arms Control Vacant since June 10, 2010 (Special Advisor) [86]
North Korea Policy Joseph Yun (Special Representative) [87] October 17, 2016
North Korean Human Rights Issues Vacant (Special Envoy) [88]
Northern Ireland Issues Vacant (Presidential Representative) [89]
Nuclear Nonproliferation Vacant (Special Representative of the President/Ambassador) [90]
Organization of Islamic Cooperation Vacant since February 13, 2015 (Special Envoy) [91]
Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Vacant since July 6, 2015 (Special Representative) [92]
Religion and Global Affairs Vacant (Special Representative)
Amy Lillis, acting
[93]
Religious Minorities in the Near East and South/Central Asia Knox Thames (Special Envoy) [94] [95] September 28, 2015
Sanctions Policy Vacant (Coordinator) [96]
Science and Technology Vacant (Advisor) [97]
Secretary Initiatives Vacant (Special Advisor)
Senior Advisor to the Secretary Vacant (Senior Advisor)
Six-Party Talks Vacant since September 2015 (Special Envoy) [98]
Somalia Vacant (Special Representative) [99]
Sudan and South Sudan Vacant (Special Envoy) [100]
Syria Michael Ratney (Special Envoy) [101] July 27, 2015
Threat Reduction Programs Bonnie Jenkins (Coordinator/Ambassador) [102] July 13, 2009
Tibetan Issues Vacant (Special Coordinator) [103]
Transparency Janice Jacobs (Coordinator) September 8, 2015
Ukraine Negotiations Kurt Volker (Special Representative) [104] July 7, 2017

Nations without exchange of ambassadors[edit]

  • Bhutan: According to the U.S. State Department, "The United States and the Kingdom of Bhutan have not established formal diplomatic relations; however, the two governments have informal and cordial relations".[44] Informal contact with the nation of Bhutan is maintained through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.[44]
  • Iran: On April 7, 1980, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Iran after the 1979 Iranian Revolution.[45] On April 24, 1981, the Swiss government assumed representation of U.S. interests in Tehran, and Algeria assumed representation of Iranian interests in the United States.[46] Currently, Iranian interests in the United States are represented by the government of Pakistan. The U.S. Department of State named Iran a "State Sponsor of Terrorism" on January 19, 1984.[47]
  • North Korea: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not on friendly terms with the United States, and while talks between the two countries are ongoing, there is no exchange of ambassadors. Sweden functions as Protective Power for the United States in Pyongyang and performs limited consular responsibilities for U.S. citizens in North Korea.[48]
  • Taiwan: With the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China in 1979, the United States has not maintained official diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Relations between Taiwan and the United States are maintained through an unofficial instrumentality, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office, with headquarters in Taipei and field offices in Washington, D.C., and twelve other U.S. cities. The Taipei Office of the American Institute in Taiwan, a non-profit, public corporation, functions as a de facto embassy, performing most consular functions and staffed by Foreign Service Officers who are formally "on leave."[49]

Selected past ambassadors[edit]

Many well-known individuals have served the United States as ambassadors, or in formerly analogous positions such as envoy, including several who also became President of the United States (indicated in boldface below). Some notable ambassadors have included:

Ambassadors killed in office[edit]

Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes.[50]

Name Ambassador to Place Country Date of death Killed by
Laurence Steinhardt Canada Ramsayville, Ontario  Canada March 28, 1950 plane crash
John Mein Guatemala Guatemala City  Guatemala August 28, 1968 attack by Rebel Armed Forces
Cleo Noel Sudan Khartoum  Sudan March 2, 1973 attack by Black September
Rodger Davies Cyprus Nicosia  Cyprus August 19, 1974 attack during Greek Cypriot demonstration
Francis Meloy Lebanon Beirut  Lebanon June 16, 1976 attack by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Adolph Dubs Afghanistan Kabul  Afghanistan February 14, 1979 attack by Settam-e-Melli
Arnold Raphel Pakistan Bahawalpur  Pakistan August 17, 1988 plane crash
Chris Stevens Libya Benghazi  Libya September 11, 2012 attack by Ansar al-Sharia on a U.S. diplomatic mission

Ambassadors to past countries[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Ambassadors: Current List of Ambassadorial Appointments Overseas". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  2. ^ U.S. Senate – Powers & Procedure Senate.gov Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  3. ^ Henry B. Hogue. "Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  4. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Spain, resident at Madrid, is also accredited to Andorra.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g The United States Ambassador to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, resident in Bridgetown, Barbados, is concurrently accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  6. ^ "Chargé d'affaires Robert Riley". 
  7. ^ In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government—and other Western governments—still refer to the country as Burma in official usage. See Myanmar.
  8. ^ Embassy suspended operations on December 28, 2012. French embassy acted as protecting power from April 25, 2013. Relations resumed from September 15, 2014
  9. ^ Department of State – Central African Republic: Resumption of Operations at Embassy Bangui
  10. ^ 7 FAM 1022 – Bilateral Protecting Power Arrangements
  11. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Antananarivo, is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  12. ^ a b c d e One ambassador, resident at Suva, is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu. Source U.S. Embassy Suva Archived 2008-05-07 at the Wayback Machine..
  13. ^ a b As of December 2006, the U.S. ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco.
  14. ^ O'Sullivan, Jim (Aug 3, 2017). "Jamie McCourt to be nominated as ambassador to France". Boston Globe. 
  15. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Libreville, is accredited to Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe. Source: U.S. State Department
  16. ^ "Chargé d'Affaires Kent Logsdon". U.S. Embassy & Consulates in the Germany. Retrieved 2017-01-22. 
  17. ^ Gauoette, Nicole (July 20, 2017). "TTrump offers job of German ambassador to Richard Grenell". CNN. 
  18. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Dakar, is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  19. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Rome is also accredited to San Marino. The U.S. Consulate in Florence handles matters concerned with San Marino.
  20. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Bern, is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  21. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Colombo, is accredited to Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  22. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Port Louis, is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles.
  23. ^ Until December 2006, the United States and Monaco had no formal diplomatic relations (exchange of ambassadors). The U.S. Consul General in Marseille, France, under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to France, managed relations with Monaco. In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations and Ambassador Craig Stapleton (France) was accredited to Monaco. Source: Department of State: Background notes on Monaco, U.S. Embassy in France: U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Monaco.
  24. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Wellington, is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  25. ^ American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  26. ^ a b Until 2005 one ambassador, resident at Manila, was accredited to the Philippines and Palau. Source: CIA World Factbook. Helen Reed-Rowe is the first ambassador to Palau to be confirmed in 2010.
  27. ^ a b c One ambassador, resident at Port Moresby, is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  28. ^ "William Grant appointed Chargé d'Affaires, ad interim at U.S. Embassy in Qatar". July 23, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017. 
  29. ^ Managed through the U.S. Embassy in Kenya. The United States has no diplomatic relations with Somalia. The last ambassador to Somalia was James Bishop when the embassy in Mogadishu was closed on January 5, 1991. Source: U.S State Department.
  30. ^ "Virtual Presence Post Somalia". 
  31. ^ Cheng, Jonathan, "Trump Picks Korea Expert as Ambassador to Seoul" (subscription required), Wall Street Journal, December 11, 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  32. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum was closed on February 7, 1996. Timothy Carney was the last ambassador to Sudan. The embassy was reopened on May 23, 2002, with Jeffrey Millington as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. There has been no U.S. ambassador in Khartoum since then. Source U.S. Department of State.
  33. ^ After formal relations were reestablished in 2010 after five years, the embassy was again suspended on February 6, 2014. Poland became the protecting power until its embassy closed on July 27, at which point the Czech Republic took responsibility.
  34. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the "Ambassador to the Court of St. James's."
  35. ^ President Chavez ordered the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador, John Duddy, on September 11, 2008 in solidarity with the Bolivian government's decision to expel the U.S. Ambassador in La Paz. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Venezuelan Ambassador in Washington. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Venezuela
  36. ^ The US neither recognizes Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara. Sources: Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Morocco.
  37. ^ United States Ambassadors at Large
  38. ^ a b Assistant Secretaries and Other Senior Officials
  39. ^ While solely accredited to Curaçao, the Consul General is responsible for all the countries and special municipalities of the former Netherlands Antilles, including Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.
  40. ^ a b The United States Consul General to Hong Kong, resident in Hong Kong, is concurrently accredited to Macau.
  41. ^ The Consul General to Jerusalem is also responsible for residents in the Palestinian territories.
  42. ^ "Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators". American Foreign Service Association. October 26, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2015. 
  43. ^ Alphabetical List of Bureaus and Offices
  44. ^ a b "Bhutan (08/04)". United States Department of State. 
  45. ^ Goshko, John M.; Walsh, Edward (April 8, 1980). "U.S. Breaks Diplomatic Ties With Iran: Carter Breaks Ties, Orders Ouster of Iranian Diplomats". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  46. ^ "Former No. 2 Iran Diplomat To Be Allowed Back in U.S". The Washington Post. April 25, 1980. p. A27. 
  47. ^ "Chapter 3 - State Sponsors of Terrorism Overview". State.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-04. 
  48. ^ "The Embassy | SwedenAbroad". www.swedenabroad.com. Retrieved 2016-10-10. 
  49. ^ Roy, Denny (2003). Taiwan: a political history (1. publ. ed.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801488054. 
  50. ^ "US Ambassadors Killed in the Line of Duty". Associated Press. 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 

External links[edit]