United States Ambassador to Rwanda

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Ambassador of the United States to Rwanda
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Donald W Koran ambassador.jpg
Incumbent
Donald W. Koran

since August 2011
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder Charles D. Withers
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation March 9, 1963
Website U.S. Embassy - Kigali

The United States Ambassador to Rwanda is the official representative of the President of the United States to the head of state of Rwanda.

Until 1962 Rwanda had been a part of the United Nations Trust Territory of Ruanda-Urundi under the trusteeship of Belgium. In June 1962 the UN General Assembly terminated the Belgian trusteeship and granted full independence to Rwanda and Burundi. The United States immediately recognized the Rwandan government on its independence day, July 1, 1962, and moved to establish diplomatic relations. The U.S. Embassy in the capital Kigali was established on July 1, 1962, with David J.S. Manbey as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim. Charles D. Withers was appointed as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Rwanda on March 9, 1963.[1][2]

Ambassadors and chiefs of mission[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Charles D. Withers – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: March 9, 1963
    • Presented credentials: April 19, 1963
    • Terminated mission: Left post September 15, 1966
  • Leo G. Cyr – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 19, 1966
    • Presented credentials: November 4, 1966
    • Terminated mission: Left post September 29, 1971
  • Robert Foster Corrigan – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 9, 1971
    • Presented credentials: March 24, 1972
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 3, 1973
  • Robert E. Fritts – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 28, 1974
    • Presented credentials: April 18, 1974
    • Terminated mission: Left post June 18, 1976
  • T. Frank Crigler – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 16, 1976
    • Presented credentials: October 29, 1976
    • Terminated mission: Left post May 12, 1979
  • Harry R. Melone, Jr. – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 6, 1979
    • Presented credentials: December 28, 1979
    • Terminated mission: Left post August 17, 1982
  • John Blane – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: September 30, 1982
    • Presented credentials: November 9, 1982
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 16, 1985
  • John Edwin Upston – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 17, 1985
    • Presented credentials: February 13, 1986
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 14, 1987
  • Leonard H.O. Spearman – Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: February 5, 1988
    • Presented credentials: April 27, 1988
    • Terminated mission: Left post November 10, 1990
  • Robert A. Flaten – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 30, 1990
    • Presented credentials: December 17, 1990
    • Terminated mission: Left post November 23, 1993
  • David P. Rawson – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 22, 1993
    • Presented credentials: January 8, 1994
    • Terminated mission: Left post January 6, 1996
  • Robert E. Gribbin, 3rd – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: December 19, 1995
    • Presented credentials: January 10, 1996
    • Terminated mission: Left post January 5, 1999
  • George McDade Staples – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: October 26, 1998
    • Presented credentials: January 27, 1999
    • Terminated mission: Left post September 22, 2001
  • Margaret K. McMillion – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 5, 2001
    • Presented credentials: December 13, 2001
    • Terminated mission: Left post July 10, 2004
  • Michael R. Arietti – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 2, 2005
    • Presented credentials: December 5, 2005
    • Terminated mission: c. November 2008
  • W. Stuart Symington[3] – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: November 2, 2008
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission: c. July 2011
  • Donald W. Koran – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointed: August 2011
    • Presented credentials: Unknown
    • Terminated mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Background Note: Rwanda". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 
  2. ^ "Rwanda". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-08-21. 
  3. ^ United States Embassy in Kigali: Ambassador

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]