United States Ambassador to Senegal
|Ambassador of the United States to Senegal|
Seal of the United States Department of State
with the advice and consent of the Senate
|Inaugural holder||Henry Serrano Villard
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
|Formation||October 8, 1960|
|Website||U.S. Embassy - Dakar|
The United States Ambassador to Senegal is the official representative of the President of the United States to the head of state of Senegal. The ambassador is concurrently the ambassador to Guinea-Bissau, while residing in Dakar, Senegal.
Ambassadors and chiefs of mission
|Termination of Mission|
|Henry Serrano Villard||Career FSO||October 8, 1960||October 31, 1960||Left post, April 30, 1961|
|Philip Mayer Kaiser||Political appointee||June 22, 1961||July 20, 1961||Left post, May 18, 1964|
|Mercer Cook||Political appointee||July 9, 1964||August 29, 1964||Left post, July 1, 1966|
|William Robert Rivkin||Political appointee||October 13, 1966||December 16, 1966||Died at post, March 19, 1967|
|Lewis Dean Brown||Career FSO||October 18, 1967||December 22, 1967||Left post, August 15, 1970|
|G. Edward Clark||Political appointee||October 12, 1970||November 18, 1970||Left post, October 16, 1973|
|Herman Jay Cohen||Career FSO||June 24, 1977||July 22, 1977||Left post, July 21, 1980|
|Walter C. Carrington||Political appointee||August 27, 1980||October 16, 1980||Left post, March 3, 1981|
|Charles William Bray||Career FSO||June 30, 1981||July 18, 1981||Left post, May 17, 1985|
|Lannon Walker||Career FSO||July 12, 1985||August 7, 1985||Left post, August 18, 1988|
|George Edward Moose||Career FSO||April 28, 1988||October 13, 1988||Left post, May 21, 1991|
|Katherine Shirley||Career FSO||March 25, 1991||June 5, 1991||Left post, September 1, 1992|
|Mark Johnson (U.S. ambassador)||Career FSO||May 25, 1993||June 22, 1993||Left post, June 15, 1996|
|Dane Farnsworth Smith||Career FSO||June 11, 1996||September 16, 1996||Left post, July 16, 1999|
|Harriet L. Elam-Thomas||Career FSO||November 16, 1999||January 14, 2000||Left post, December 6, 2002|
|Richard Allen Roth||Career FSO||November 15, 2002||February 13, 2004||Left post, August 4, 2005|
|Janice L. Jacobs||Career FSO||February 21, 2006||April 14, 2006||Left post, July 15, 2007|
|Marcia S. B. Bernicat||Career FSO||June 6, 2008||August 6, 2008||ca. June 2011|
|Lewis A. Lukens||Career FSO||July 11, 2011||August 11, 2011||Left post, June 4, 2014|
|James P. Zumwalt||Career FSO||November 19, 2014||February 3, 2015||Left post, January 20, 2017|
|Tulinabo S. Mushingi||Career FSO||February 28, 2017||August 4, 2017||Incumbent|
U.S. diplomatic terms
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
- United States Department of State: Background notes on Senegal
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm (Background Notes).
- United States Department of State: Chiefs of Mission for Senegal
- United States Department of State: Senegal
- United States Embassy in Dakar
- "L'Ambassadeur Mushingi présente ses lettres de créances au Président Macky Sall". Africa Newsroom. Retrieved 9 August 2017.