United States Ambassador to the Gambia

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Ambassador of the United States to the Gambia
US Department of State official seal.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Edward M. Alford.jpg
Incumbent
Edward M. Alford

since March 1, 2013
Nominator President of the United States
Inaugural holder Mercer Cook
as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Formation May 18, 1965
Website U.S. Embassy - Banjul

This is a list of United States ambassadors to the Gambia, the first of who was appointed on May 18, 1965, exactly three months after it attained independence from the United Kingdom.

Ambassadors[edit]

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
  • Mercer Cook[1][2] - Non-career appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: May 18, 1965
    • Presentation of Credentials: August 9, 1965
    • Termination of Mission: Left Dakar July 1, 1966
  • William R. Rivkin[3] - Non-career appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 13, 1966
    • Presentation of Credentials: January 16, 1967
    • Termination of Mission: Died at Dakar March 19, 1967
  • L. Dean Brown[4] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 18, 1967
    • Presentation of Credentials: January 18, 1968
    • Termination of Mission: Left Dakar August 15, 1970
  • G. Edward Clark[5] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 12, 1970
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 24, 1970
    • Termination of Mission: Left Dakar October 16, 1973
  • O. Rudolph Aggrey[6] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: November 23, 1973
    • Presentation of Credentials: January 17, 1974
    • Termination of Mission: Left Dakar July 10, 1977
  • Herman J. Cohen[7] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 24, 1977
    • Presentation of Credentials: March 29, 1978
    • Termination of Mission: Left Dakar July 21, 1980
  • Larry Gordon Piper - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 30, 1980
    • Presentation of Credentials: August 21, 1980
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 23, 1982

Note: Between August 1982 and June 1984, the following officers served as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim: Owen W. Roberts. August 1982-June 1983; P. Wesley Kriebel, July-November 1983; Alan Logan, November 1983-April 1984; and Edward Brynn, May-June 1984.

  • Sharon Erdkamp Ahmad[8] - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 30, 1982
  • Robert Thomas Hennemeyer - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: May 11, 1984
    • Presentation of Credentials: June 20, 1984
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 27, 1986
  • Herbert E. Horowitz - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: September 12, 1986
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 24, 1986
    • Termination of Mission: Left post November 4, 1989
  • Ruth V. Washington[9] - Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: November 21, 1989

Note: The following officers served as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim: Jimmie Stone (Nov 1989-Jan 1990) and A. Donald Bramante (Jan-Dec 1990).

  • Arlene Render - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 22, 1990
    • Presentation of Credentials: December 31, 1990
    • Termination of Mission: Left post August 8, 1993
  • Andrew J. Winter - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 11, 1993
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 29, 1993
    • Termination of Mission: Left post May 31, 1995
  • Gerald W. Scott - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: December 28, 1995
    • Presentation of Credentials: February 16 1996
    • Termination of Mission: Left post June 27, 1998
  • George Williford Boyce Haley - Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: June 29, 1998
    • Presentation of Credentials: October 15, 1998
    • Termination of Mission: Left post July 14, 2001
  • Jackson McDonald - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 1, 2001
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 29, 2001
    • Termination of Mission: Left post, May 26, 2004
  • Joseph D. Stafford III - Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: July 2, 2004
    • Presentation of Credentials: September 15, 2004
    • Termination of Mission: Left post, June 5, 2007
  • Barry L. Wells - Political appointee
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: October 29, 2007
    • Presentation of Credentials: Unknown
    • Termination of Mission: Prior to November 2010
  • Pamela White – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: November 17, 2010
    • Presentation of Credentials: November 29, 2010
    • Termination of Mission: January 2012
  • Edward M. Alford – Career FSO
    • Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
    • Appointment: March 1, 2013
    • Presentation of Credentials: Unknown
    • Termination of Mission: Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ During Cook's tenure as non-resident Ambassador, the Embassy in Bathurst (now Banjul) was established September 9, 1965, with John G. Gossett as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim.
  2. ^ Also accredited to Senegal; resident at Dakar.
  3. ^ Also accredited to Senegal; resident at Dakar.
  4. ^ Also accredited to Senegal; resident at Dakar.
  5. ^ Also accredited to Senegal; resident at Dakar.
  6. ^ Also accredited to Senegal; resident at Dakar.
  7. ^ Also accredited to Senegal; resident at Dakar.
  8. ^ Did not serve under this appointment.
  9. ^ Died at Greenburgh, New York, January 20, 1990, before going to post.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]