1930 United States Census

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Fifteenth Census
of the United States
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
1930 census Norton Carr.jpg
Population Schedule Robert (Bob) Barker - South Dakota's Indian Census Roll; April 1, 1930.jpg
Indian Census Roll
General information
Country United States
Date taken April 1, 1930
Total population 122,775,046
Percent change Increase 13.7%
Most populous state New York
12,588,066
Least populous state Nevada
91,058

The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census.

Census questions[edit]

The 1930 Census collected the following information:[1]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • home owned or rented
    • if owned, value of home
    • if rented, monthly rent
  • whether owned a radio set
  • whether on a farm
  • sex
  • race
  • age
  • marital status and, if married, age at first marriage
  • school attendance
  • literacy
  • birthplace of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born:
    • language spoken at home before coming to the U. S.
    • year of immigration
    • whether naturalized
    • ability to speak English
  • occupation, industry and class of worker
  • whether at work previous day (or last regular work day)
  • veteran status
  • if Indian:
    • whether of full or mixed blood
    • tribal affiliation

Full documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability[edit]

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949; after which the original sheets were destroyed.[2] The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, and available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1930 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings[edit]

Rank State Population
1 New York 12,588,066
2 Pennsylvania 9,631,350
3 Illinois 7,630,654
4 Ohio 6,646,697
5 Texas 5,824,715
6 California 5,677,251
7 Michigan 4,842,325
8 Massachusetts 4,249,614
9 New Jersey 4,041,334
10 Missouri 3,629,367
11 Indiana 3,238,503
12 North Carolina 3,170,276
13 Wisconsin 2,939,006
14 Georgia 2,908,506
15 Alabama 2,646,248
16 Tennessee 2,616,556
17 Kentucky 2,614,589
18 Minnesota 2,563,953
19 Iowa 2,470,939
20 Virginia 2,421,851
21 Oklahoma 2,396,040
22 Louisiana 2,101,593
23 Mississippi 2,009,821
24 Kansas 1,880,999
25 Arkansas 1,854,482
26 South Carolina 1,738,765
27 West Virginia 1,729,205
28 Maryland 1,631,526
29 Connecticut 1,606,903
30 Washington 1,563,396
31 Florida 1,468,211
32 Nebraska 1,377,963
33 Colorado 1,035,791
34 Oregon 953,786
35 Maine 797,423
36 South Dakota 692,849
37 Rhode Island 687,497
38 North Dakota 680,845
39 Montana 537,606
40 Utah 507,847
x District of Columbia 486,869
41 New Hampshire 465,293
42 Idaho 445,032
43 Arizona 435,573
44 New Mexico 423,317
45 Vermont 359,611
46 Delaware 238,380
47 Wyoming 225,565
48 Nevada 91,058
-- Total 122,775,046

City rankings[edit]

Rank City State Population[3] Region (2016)[4]
01 New York New York 6,930,446 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,376,438 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,950,961 Northeast
04 Detroit Michigan 1,568,662 Midwest
05 Los Angeles California 1,238,048 West
06 Cleveland Ohio 900,429 Midwest
07 St. Louis Missouri 821,960 Midwest
08 Baltimore Maryland 804,874 South
09 Boston Massachusetts 781,188 Northeast
10 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 669,817 Northeast
11 San Francisco California 634,394 West
12 Milwaukee Wisconsin 578,249 Midwest
13 Buffalo New York 573,076 Northeast
14 Washington District of Columbia 486,869 South
15 Minneapolis Minnesota 464,356 Midwest
16 New Orleans Louisiana 458,762 South
17 Cincinnati Ohio 451,160 Midwest
18 Newark New Jersey 442,337 Northeast
19 Kansas City Missouri 399,746 Midwest
20 Seattle Washington 365,583 West
21 Indianapolis Indiana 364,161 Midwest
22 Rochester New York 328,132 Northeast
23 Jersey City New Jersey 316,715 Northeast
24 Louisville Kentucky 307,745 South
25 Portland Oregon 301,815 West
26 Houston Texas 292,352 South
27 Toledo Ohio 290,718 Midwest
28 Columbus Ohio 290,564 Midwest
29 Denver Colorado 287,861 West
30 Oakland California 284,063 West
31 Saint Paul Minnesota 271,606 Midwest
32 Atlanta Georgia 270,366 South
33 Dallas Texas 260,475 South
34 Birmingham Alabama 259,678 South
35 Akron Ohio 255,040 Midwest
36 Memphis Tennessee 253,143 South
37 Providence Rhode Island 252,981 Northeast
38 San Antonio Texas 231,542 South
39 Omaha Nebraska 214,006 Midwest
40 Syracuse New York 209,326 Northeast
41 Dayton Ohio 200,982 Midwest
42 Worcester Massachusetts 195,311 Northeast
43 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 185,389 South
44 Richmond Virginia 182,929 South
45 Youngstown Ohio 170,002 Midwest
46 Grand Rapids Michigan 168,592 Midwest
47 Hartford Connecticut 164,072 Northeast
48 Fort Worth Texas 163,447 South
49 New Haven Connecticut 162,655 Northeast
50 Flint Michigan 156,492 Midwest
51 Nashville Tennessee 153,866 South
52 Springfield Massachusetts 149,900 Northeast
53 San Diego California 147,995 West
54 Bridgeport Connecticut 146,716 Northeast
55 Scranton Pennsylvania 143,433 Northeast
56 Des Moines Iowa 142,559 Midwest
57 Long Beach California 142,032 West
58 Tulsa Oklahoma 141,258 South
59 Salt Lake City Utah 140,267 West
60 Paterson New Jersey 138,513 Northeast
61 Yonkers New York 134,646 Northeast
62 Norfolk Virginia 129,710 South
63 Jacksonville Florida 129,549 South
64 Albany New York 127,412 Northeast
65 Trenton New Jersey 123,356 Northeast
66 Kansas City Kansas 121,857 Midwest
67 Chattanooga Tennessee 119,798 South
68 Camden New Jersey 118,700 Northeast
69 Erie Pennsylvania 115,967 Northeast
70 Spokane Washington 115,514 West
71 Fall River Massachusetts 115,274 Northeast
72 Fort Wayne Indiana 114,946 Midwest
73 Elizabeth New Jersey 114,589 Northeast
74 Cambridge Massachusetts 113,643 Northeast
75 New Bedford Massachusetts 112,597 Northeast
76 Reading Pennsylvania 111,171 Northeast
77 Wichita Kansas 111,110 Midwest
78 Miami Florida 110,637 South
79 Tacoma Washington 106,817 West
80 Wilmington Delaware 106,597 South
81 Knoxville Tennessee 105,802 South
82 Peoria Illinois 104,969 Midwest
83 Canton Ohio 104,906 Midwest
84 South Bend Indiana 104,193 Midwest
85 Somerville Massachusetts 103,908 Northeast
86 El Paso Texas 102,421 South
87 Lynn Massachusetts 102,320 Northeast
88 Evansville Indiana 102,249 Midwest
89 Utica New York 101,740 Northeast
90 Duluth Minnesota 101,463 Midwest
91 Tampa Florida 101,161 South
92 Gary Indiana 100,426 Midwest
93 Lowell Massachusetts 100,234 Northeast
94 Waterbury Connecticut 99,902 Northeast
95 Schenectady New York 95,692 Northeast
96 Sacramento California 93,750 West
97 Allentown Pennsylvania 92,563 Northeast
98 Bayonne New Jersey 88,979 Northeast
99 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 86,626 Northeast
100 Rockford Illinois 85,864 Midwest

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008. 
  2. ^ The United States National Archives and Records Administration. "FAQs about the 1930 Census". National Archives website. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  3. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998 
  4. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 9, 2016. 

External links[edit]