United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division

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United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division
Agency overview
Formed December 9, 1957 (1957-12-09)
Jurisdiction United States government agency
Headquarters 950 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, D.C.
Annual budget $162 million USD (2015)[1]
Agency executive
Parent department U.S. Department of Justice
Website usdoj.gov/crt

The U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division is the institution within the federal government responsible for enforcing federal statutes prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, sex, disability, religion, and national origin. The Division was established on December 9, 1957, by order of Attorney General William P. Rogers, after the Civil Rights Act of 1957 created the office of Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights, who has since then headed the division. The head of the Civil Rights Division is an Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights (AAG-CR) appointed by the President of the United States. The current Acting AAG-CR is Vanita Gupta.

Assistant Attorney Generals[edit]

Drew S. Days, III was the first African-American Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division.
 *  denotes head that served as acting Assistant Attorney General
# Head Took office Left office Party Administration Ref.
1 White, W. WilsonW. Wilson White 1957 1960 Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower [2]
2 Tyler, Harold R.Harold R. Tyler July 4, 1960 January 10, 1961 Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower [3]
3 Marshall, BurkeBurke Marshall March 29, 1961 January 15, 1965 Democratic John F. Kennedy [3]
4 Doar, JohnJohn Doar April 7, 1965 December 29, 1967 Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson [3]
5 Pollak, Stephen J.Stephen J. Pollak January 2, 1968 January 20, 1969 Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson [3]
6 Leonard, JerrisJerris Leonard January 21, 1969 April 23, 1971 Republican Richard Nixon [3]
7 Norman, David LukeDavid Luke Norman August 10, 1971 February 1, 1973 Republican Richard Nixon [3]
8 Pottinger, J. StanleyJ. Stanley Pottinger February 2, 1973 February 24, 1977 Republican Richard Nixon [3]
9 Days, Drew S.Drew S. Days April 10, 1977 December 31, 1980 Democratic Jimmy Carter [3]
10 Reynolds, William BradfordWilliam Bradford Reynolds July 27, 1981 December 9, 1988 Republican Ronald Reagan [3][4]
Lucas, William C.William C. Lucas* 1988 1989 Republican Ronald Reagan
Turner, James P.James P. Turner* 1989 1990 Republican Ronald Reagan
11 Dunne, John R.John R. Dunne April 17, 1990 January 20, 1993 Republican George H. W. Bush [3]
Turner, James P.James P. Turner* 1993 1994 Democratic Bill Clinton
12 Patrick, DevalDeval Patrick March 31, 1994 January 20, 1997 Democratic Bill Clinton [3]
13 Lee, Bill LannBill Lann Lee 1997 2001 Democratic Bill Clinton [5]
14 Boyd, Ralph F.Ralph F. Boyd 2001 2003 Republican George W. Bush
Schlozman, BradleyBradley Schlozman* 2003 2003 Republican George W. Bush
15 Acosta, R. AlexanderR. Alexander Acosta 2003 2005 Republican George W. Bush
16 Kim, Wan J.Wan J. Kim 2005 2007 Republican George W. Bush
Becker, Grace ChungGrace Chung Becker* 2008 2008 Republican George W. Bush
17 Perez, ThomasThomas Perez October 8, 2009 2013 Democratic Barack Obama [6]
Samuels, JocelynJocelyn Samuels 2013 2014 Democratic Barack Obama
Moran, Molly J.Molly J. Moran* 2014 2014 Democratic Barack Obama
Gupta, VanitaVanita Gupta* October 20, 2014 Present Democratic Barack Obama [7]

Organization[edit]

  • Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights
    • Appellate Section
    • Coordination and Review Section
    • Criminal Section
    • Disability Rights Section
    • Educational Opportunities Section
    • Employment Litigation Section
    • Housing and Civil Enforcement Section
    • Office of Special Counsel for Immigration Related Unfair Employment Practices
    • Policy & Strategy Section
    • Special Litigation Section
    • Voting Section

Jurisdiction[edit]

The Division enforces

In addition, the Division prosecutes actions under several criminal civil rights statutes which were designed to preserve personal liberties and safety.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2015 Department of Justice Budget Authority by Appropriation, United States Department of Justice, Accessed 22 December 2015
  2. ^ "The Department of Justice's Civil Rights Division: A Historical Perspective as the Division Nears 50, Remarks by Wan Kim, Mar. 22, 2006" (PDF). 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Turner, James P. (December 14, 1997). "Used and Abused: The Civil Rights Division". Washington Post. p. C01. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  4. ^ Garcia, Philip J. (November 9, 1988). "Assistant Attorney General William Bradford Reynolds, the Justice Department's Controversial Civil Rights Chief, Resigned Wednesday Effective Dec. 9". United Press International (UPI). Retrieved 22 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Marquis, Christopher (August 4, 2000). "Clinton Sidesteps Senate to Fill Civil Rights Enforcement Job". New York Times. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Meet the AAG Banner". The United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 22 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "Attorney General Holder Announces Vanita Gupta to Serve as Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Civil Rights Division". The United States Department of Justice. October 15, 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2015. 

External links[edit]