United States District Court for the District of Maryland

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United States District Court for the District of Maryland
(D. Md.)
Maryland Locator Map.PNG
Appeals to Fourth Circuit
Established September 24, 1789
Judges assigned 10
Chief Judge James K. Bredar
Official court website

The United States District Court for the District of Maryland (in case citations, D. Md.) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Maryland.

Appeals from the District of Maryland are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

Notable judges in this district include William Paca, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence.

The United States Attorney's Office for the District of Maryland represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court.

Organization of the court[edit]

Under 28 U.S.C. § 100, Maryland consists of a single federal judicial district with two statutory divisions. The Southern Division includes Calvert, Charles, Montgomery, Prince George's, and St. Mary's counties and sits in Greenbelt. The Northern Division includes Allegany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Caroline, Carroll, Cecil, Dorchester, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Washington, Wicomico, and Worcester counties and sits in Baltimore, although the statute also provides for the court to sit in Cumberland and Denton.

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
38 Chief Judge James K. Bredar Baltimore 1957 2010–present 2017–present Obama
43 District Judge Catherine C. Blake Baltimore 1950 1995–present 2014–2017 Clinton
41 District Judge Richard D. Bennett Baltimore 1947 2003–present G.W. Bush
44 District Judge Ellen Lipton Hollander Baltimore 1949 2010–present Obama
45 District Judge George Levi Russell III Baltimore 1965 2012–present Obama
46 District Judge Paul W. Grimm Greenbelt 1951 2012–present Obama
47 District Judge Theodore D. Chuang Greenbelt 1969 2014–present Obama
48 District Judge George J. Hazel Greenbelt 1975 2014–present Obama
49 District Judge Paula Xinis Greenbelt 1968 2016–present Obama
50 District Judge vacant
29 Senior Judge J. Frederick Motz Baltimore 1942 1985–2010 1994–2001 2010–present Reagan
32 Senior Judge Marvin J. Garbis Baltimore 1936 1989–2003 2003–present G.H.W. Bush
33 Senior Judge William M. Nickerson inactive 1933 1990–2002 2002–present G.H.W. Bush
35 Senior Judge Deborah K. Chasanow Greenbelt 1948 1993–2014 2010–2014 2014–present Clinton
36 Senior Judge Peter Jo Messitte Greenbelt 1941 1993–2008 2008–present Clinton
42 Senior Judge Roger W. Titus Greenbelt 1941 2003–2014 2014–present G.W. Bush

Vacancies and pending nominations[edit]

Seat Seat last held by Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date of nomination
2 William D. Quarles Jr. Retirement February 1, 2016

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
1 Paca, WilliamWilliam Paca MD 1740–1799 1789[1]–1799 Washington, Washington death
2 Winchester, JamesJames Winchester MD 1772–1806 1799–1806 Adams, J.J. Adams death
3 Houston, JamesJames Houston MD 1767–1819 1806–1819 Jefferson, Jefferson death
4 Bland, TheodorickTheodorick Bland MD 1776–1846 1819[2]–1824 Monroe, Monroe resignation
5 Glenn, EliasElias Glenn MD 1769–1846 1824[3]–1836 Monroe, Monroe resignation
6 Heath, Upton ScottUpton Scott Heath MD 1784–1852 1836–1852 Jackson, Jackson death
7 Glenn, JohnJohn Glenn MD 1795–1853 1852–1853 Fillmore, Fillmore death
8 Giles, William FellWilliam Fell Giles MD 1807–1879 1853[4]–1879 Pierce, Pierce death
9 Morris, Thomas JohnThomas John Morris MD 1837–1912 1879–1912 Hayes, Hayes death
10 Rose, John CarterJohn Carter Rose MD 1861–1927 1910–1922 Taft, Taft appointment to 4th Cir.
11 Soper, Morris AmesMorris Ames Soper MD 1873–1963 1923–1931 Harding, Harding appointment to 4th Cir.
12 Coleman, William CaldwellWilliam Caldwell Coleman MD 1884–1968 1927–1955 1948–1955 Coolidge, Coolidge resignation
13 Chesnut, William CalvinWilliam Calvin Chesnut MD 1873–1962 1931[5]–1953 1953–1962 Hoover, Hoover death
14 Thomsen, Roszel CathcartRoszel Cathcart Thomsen MD 1900–1992 1954–1971 1955–1970 1971–1992 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
15 Watkins, Robert DorseyRobert Dorsey Watkins MD 1900–1986 1955[6]–1971 1970 1971–1986 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
16 Northrop, Edward SkottoweEdward Skottowe Northrop MD 1911–2003 1961–1981 1970–1981 1981–2003 Kennedy, Kennedy death
17 Winter, Harrison LeeHarrison Lee Winter MD 1921–1990 1961[7]–1966 Kennedy, Kennedy appointment to 4th Cir.
18 Kaufman, Frank AlbertFrank Albert Kaufman MD 1916–1997 1966–1986 1981–1986 1986–1997 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
19 II, Alexander HarveyAlexander Harvey II MD 1923–2017 1966–1991 1986–1991 1991–2017 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
20 Miller Jr., James RogersJames Rogers Miller Jr. MD 1931–2014 1970–1986 Nixon, Nixon retirement
21 Blair, Charles StanleyCharles Stanley Blair MD 1927–1980 1971–1980 Nixon, Nixon death
22 Murray, Herbert FrazierHerbert Frazier Murray MD 1923–1999 1971–1988 1988–1999 Nixon, Nixon death
23 Young, Joseph H.Joseph H. Young MD 1922–2015 1971–1987 1987–2015 Nixon, Nixon death
24 Howard, Sr., Joseph C.Joseph C. Howard, Sr. MD 1922–2000 1979–1991 1991–2000 Carter, Carter death
25 Jones, Shirley BrannockShirley Brannock Jones MD 1925–present 1979–1982 Carter, Carter resignation
26 Ramsey, Norman ParkNorman Park Ramsey MD 1922–1993 1980–1991 1991–1992 Carter, Carter retirement
27 Black Jr., Walter EvanWalter Evan Black Jr. MD 1926–2014 1982–1994 1991–1994 1994–2003 Reagan, Reagan retirement
28 Hargrove, Sr., John R.John R. Hargrove, Sr. MD 1923–1997 1984–1994 1994–1997 Reagan, Reagan death
30 Smalkin, Frederic N.Frederic N. Smalkin MD 1946–present 1986–2003 2001–2003 2003–2011 Reagan, Reagan retirement
31 Niemeyer, Paul V.Paul V. Niemeyer MD 1941–present 1988–1990 Reagan, Reagan appointment to 4th Cir.
34 Legg, Benson EverettBenson Everett Legg MD 1947–present 1991–2012 2003–2010 2012–2013 G.H.W. Bush, G.H.W. Bush retirement
37 Williams, Jr., AlexanderAlexander Williams, Jr. MD 1948–present 1994–2013 2013–2014 Clinton Clinton retirement
39 Davis, Andre M.Andre M. Davis MD 1949–present 1995–2009 Clinton, Clinton appointment to 4th Cir.
40 Quarles, Jr., William D.William D. Quarles, Jr. MD 1948–present 2003–2016 G.W. BushG.W. Bush retirement

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless circuit judges are also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

U.S. Attorneys for the District of Maryland[edit]

* designates interim U.S. Attorneys who served when there was no presidentially-appointed U.S. Attorney.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on February 8, 1790, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 10, 1790, and received commission on February 10, 1790.
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 3, 1820, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 5, 1820, and received commission on January 5, 1820.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 16, 1824, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 3, 1825, and received commission on January 3, 1825.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 19, 1853, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 11, 1854, and received commission on January 11, 1854.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1931, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 12, 1932, and received commission on January 12, 1932.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 12, 1956, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 1, 1956, and received commission on March 2, 1956.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 7, 1962, and received commission on February 17, 1962.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°17′13″N 76°37′2″W / 39.28694°N 76.61722°W / 39.28694; -76.61722