United States District Court for the District of New Mexico

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United States District Court for the District of New Mexico
Seal of the U.S. District Court for the District of New Mexico.jpg
Map of USA NM.svg
Appeals to Tenth Circuit
Established June 20, 1910
Judges assigned 7
Chief Judge M. Christina Armijo
Official court website
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
New Mexico

The United States District Court for the District of New Mexico (in case citations, D.N.M.) is the federal district court whose jurisdiction comprises the state of New Mexico. Court is held in Albuquerque, Las Cruces, Las Vegas, Roswell, Santa Fe, and Silver City.

Appeals from the District of New Mexico are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The United States Attorney's Office for the District of New Mexico represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court.

United States Attorney David Iglesias headed this office until his controversial dismissal following the 2006 midterm elections.

The current Acting United States Attorney is James D. Tierney since March 11, 2017.

Current U.S. District Judges[edit]

  • The court has announced that the judgeship now occupied by Judge Gonzales, will henceforth be located in Las Cruces rather than its previous location of Santa Fe.[1]
# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
17 Chief Judge M. Christina Armijo Albuquerque 1951 2001–present 2012–present G.W. Bush
15 District Judge Martha Vázquez Santa Fe 1953 1993–present 2003–2010 Clinton
18 District Judge William Paul Johnson Albuquerque 1959 2001–present G.W. Bush
19 District Judge Robert C. Brack Las Cruces 1953 2003–present G.W. Bush
20 District Judge James O. Browning Albuquerque 1956 2003–present G.W. Bush
21 District Judge Judith C. Herrera Albuquerque 1954 2004–present G.W. Bush
22 District Judge Kenneth J. Gonzales Las Cruces 1964 2013–present Obama
13 Senior Judge James Aubrey Parker Albuquerque 1937 1987–2003 2000–2003 2003–present Reagan
14 Senior Judge Curtis LeRoy Hansen inactive 1933 1992–2003 2003–present G.H.W. Bush

Vacancies and pending nominations[edit]

Seat Seat last held by Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date of nomination
8 M. Christina Armijo Senior Status February 2018[2]
8 Robert C. Brack Senior Status July 25, 2018[3]

Former U.S. District Judges[edit]

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
1 Pope, William HayesWilliam Hayes Pope NM 1870–1916 1912–1916 Taft, Taft death
2 Neblett, ColinColin Neblett NM 1875–1950 1917–1948 1948–1950 Wilson, Wilson death
3 Phillips, Orie LeonOrie Leon Phillips NM 1885–1974 1923–1929 Harding, Harding appointment to 10th Cir.
4 Hatch, CarlCarl Hatch NM 1889–1963 1949–1963 1954–1963 1963 Truman, Truman death
5 Rogers, Waldo HenryWaldo Henry Rogers NM 1908–1964 1954–1964 1963–1964 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
6 Payne, Harry VearleHarry Vearle Payne NM 1908–1983 1963–1978 1964–1978 1978–1983 Kennedy, Kennedy death
7 Bratton, Howard C.Howard C. Bratton NM 1922–2002 1964–1987 1978–1987 1987–2002 L. Johnson, L. Johnson death
8 Mechem, Edwin L.Edwin L. Mechem NM 1912–2002 1970–1982 1982–2002 Nixon, Nixon death
9 Campos, Santiago E.Santiago E. Campos NM 1926–2001 1978–1992 1987–1989 1992–2001 Carter, Carter death
10 Burciaga, Juan GuerreroJuan Guerrero Burciaga NM 1929–1995 1979–1994 1989–1994 1994–1995 Carter, Carter death
11 Baldock, Bobby RayBobby Ray Baldock NM 1936–present 1983–1986 Reagan, Reagan appointment to 10th Cir.
12 Conway, John EdwardsJohn Edwards Conway NM 1934–2014 1986–2000 1994–2000 2000–2014 Reagan, Reagan death
16 Black, Bruce D.Bruce D. Black NM 1947–present 1995–2012 2010–2012 2012–2017 Clinton, Clinton retirement

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless circuit judges are also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

U.S. Attorneys (Present and Former)[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]