United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee
|United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee|
The four divisions of the Eastern District of Tennessee, with courthouse locations
|Appeals to||Sixth Circuit|
|Established||April 29, 1802|
|Chief Judge||Pamela L. Reeves|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Doug Overbey|
|U.S. Marshal||David G. Jolley|
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee (in case citations, E.D. Tenn.) is the federal court in the Sixth Circuit whose jurisdiction covers all of East Tennessee and a portion of Middle Tennessee. The court has jurisdiction over 41 counties with 4 divisions. Based in Knoxville, Tennessee, it maintains branch facilities in Chattanooga, Tennessee; Greeneville, Tennessee; and Winchester, Tennessee.
- The Southern Division, based in Chattanooga, Tennessee, serves Bledsoe, Bradley, Hamilton, Marion, McMinn, Meigs, Polk, Rhea and Sequatchie counties.
- The Northeastern Division, based in Greeneville, Tennessee, serves Carter, Cocke, Greene, Hamblen, Hancock, Hawkins, Johnson, Sullivan, Unicoi and Washington counties.
- The Northern Division, based in Knoxville, Tennessee, serves Anderson, Blount, Campbell, Claiborne, Grainger, Jefferson, Knox, Loudon, Monroe, Morgan, Roane, Scott, Sevier and Union counties.
- The Winchester Division serves Bedford, Coffee, Franklin, Grundy, Lincoln, Moore, Warren and Van Buren counties.
The United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Tennessee represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current U.S. Attorney is Doug Overbey.
The court was established by the Judiciary Act of 1801 ("Midnight Judges" Act) wherein Congress created a new Sixth Circuit with two districts in Tennessee. Since 1797, the state had been organized by Congress into one judicial district with one judge, John McNairy.
Tennessee – along with Kentucky, Ohio, and Michigan – is located within the area covered by United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, and appeals are taken to that court (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The United States District Court for the District of Tennessee was established with one judgeship on January 31, 1797, by 1 Stat. 496. The judgeship was filled by President George Washington's appointment of John McNairy. Since Congress failed to assign the district to a circuit, the court had the jurisdiction of both a district court and a circuit court. Appeals from this one district court went directly to the United States Supreme Court.
On February 13, 1801, in the famous " Midnight Judges" Act of 1801, 2 Stat. 89, Congress abolished the U.S. district court in Tennessee, and expanded the number of circuits to six, provided for independent circuit court judgeships, and abolished the necessity of Supreme Court Justices riding the circuits. It was this legislation which created the grandfather of the present Sixth Circuit. The act provided for a "Sixth Circuit" comprising two districts in the State of Tennessee, one district in the State of Kentucky and one district, called the Ohio District, composed of the Ohio and Indiana territories (the latter including the present State of Michigan). The new Sixth Circuit Court was to be held at "Bairdstown" in the District of Kentucky, at Knoxville in the District of East Tennessee, at Nashville in the District of West Tennessee, and at Cincinnati in the District of Ohio. Unlike the other circuits which were provided with three circuit judges, the Sixth Circuit was to have only one circuit judge with district judges from Kentucky and Tennessee comprising the rest of the court. Any two judges constituted a quorum. New circuit judgeships were to be created as district judgeships in Kentucky and Tennessee became vacant.
The repeal of this Act restored the District on March 8, 1802, 2 Stat. 132. The District was divided into the Eastern and Western Districts on April 29, 1802. On February 24, 1807, Congress again abolished the two districts and created the United States Circuit for the District of Tennessee. On March 3, 1837, Congress assigned the judicial district of Tennessee to the Eighth Circuit. On June 18, 1839, by 5 Stat. 313, Congress divided Tennessee into three districts, Eastern, Middle, and Western. Again, only one judgeship was allotted for all three districts. On July 15, 1862, Congress reassigned appellate jurisdiction to the Sixth Circuit. Finally, on June 14, 1878, Congress authorized a separate judgeship for the Western District of Tennessee, at which time President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed David M. Key as judge for the Eastern and Middle Districts of Tennessee. The first judge to serve only the Eastern District of Tennessee was Robert Love Taylor, appointed by Harry S. Truman.
As of April 1, 2019[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|24||Chief Judge||Pamela L. Reeves||Knoxville||1954||2014–present||2019–present||—||Obama|
|21||District Judge||Thomas A. Varlan||Knoxville||1956||2003–present||2012–2019||—||G.W. Bush|
|23||District Judge||Harry Sandlin Mattice Jr.||Chattanooga||1954||2005–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|25||District Judge||Travis Randall McDonough||Chattanooga||1972||2015–present||—||—||Obama|
|17||Senior Judge||Robert Allan Edgar||inactive||1940||1985–2005||1998–2005||2005–present||Reagan|
|18||Senior Judge||Robert Leon Jordan||Knoxville||1934||1988–2001||—||2001–present||Reagan|
|19||Senior Judge||Curtis Lynn Collier||Chattanooga||1949||1995–2014||2005–2012||2014–present||Clinton|
|20||Senior Judge||Thomas W. Phillips||Knoxville||1943||2002–2013||—||2013–present||G.W. Bush|
|22||Senior Judge||J. Ronnie Greer||Greeneville||1952||2003–2018||—||2018–present||G.W. Bush|
Vacancies and pending nominations
|Seat||Prior Judge's Duty Station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|2||Greeneville||J. Ronnie Greer||Senior Status||June 30, 2018||Clifton L. Corker||January 23, 2019|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|2||Morgan Welles Brown||TN||1800–1853||1834–1853||—||—||Jackson||death|
|3||West Hughes Humphreys||TN||1806–1882||1853–1862||—||—||Pierce||impeachment and conviction|
|4||Connally Findlay Trigg||TN||1810–1880||1862–1880||—||—||Lincoln||death|
|5||David M. Key||TN||1824–1900||1880–1895||—||—||Hayes||retirement|
|6||Charles Dickens Clark||TN||1847–1908||1895–1908||—||—||Cleveland||death|
|7||Edward Terry Sanford||TN||1865–1930||1908–1923||—||—||T. Roosevelt||elevation to Supreme Court|
|8||Xenophon Hicks||TN||1872–1952||1923–1928||—||—||Harding||elevation to 6th Cir.|
|9||George Caldwell Taylor||TN||1885–1952||1928–1949||1948–1949||1949–1952||Coolidge||death|
|10||Leslie Rogers Darr||TN||1886–1967||1939–1961||1949–1961||1961–1967||F. Roosevelt||death|
|11||Robert Love Taylor||TN||1899–1987||1949–1984||1961–1969||1984–1987||Truman||death|
|12||Frank Wiley Wilson||TN||1917–1982||1961–1982||1969–1982||—||Kennedy||death|
|13||Charles Gelbert Neese||TN||1916–1989||1961–1982||—||1982–1989||Kennedy||death|
|14||Herbert Theodore Milburn||TN||1931–2016||1983–1984||1984–1984||—||Reagan||elevation to 6th Cir.|
|15||Thomas Gray Hull||TN||1926–2008||1983–2002||1984–1991||2002–2008||Reagan||death|
|16||James Howard Jarvis II||TN||1937–2007||1984–2002||1991–1998||2002–2007||Reagan||death|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seats
- Courts of Tennessee
- List of current United States District Judges
- List of United States federal courthouses in Tennessee
- "Office of the United States Attorneys". Executive Office for United States Attorneys. United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 391.
- U.S. District Courts of Tennessee, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- The Honorable Harry Phillips, "History of the Sixth Circuit Archived 2007-01-11 at the Wayback Machine".
- Alfred Conkling, A Treatise on the Organization, Jurisdiction and Practice of the Courts of the United States (1842), p. 42.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 8, 1950, and received commission on March 9, 1950.
- Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 7, 1962, and received commission on February 17, 1962.