United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa (in case citations, S.D. Iowa) has jurisdiction over forty-seven of Iowa's ninety-nine counties. It is subject to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
United States District Court for the District of Iowa, established on March 3, 1845, by 5 Stat. 789,  was subdivided into the current  Northern and Southern Districts on July 20, 1882, by 22 Stat. 172. Initially, one judge was assigned to each District. 
By 1927, a backlog of unresolved cases dating back to 1920 had developed.
In October 1927, Judge  Martin Joseph Wade announced that he "was through" attempting to try cases requiring more than one day, but urged Congress to create a second judgeship for the Southern District of Iowa. On January 19, 1928, President  Calvin Coolidge signed into law a bill that authorized a second judgeship for the District, with the proviso that when the existing judgeship (held by Judge Wade) becomes vacant, it shall not be filled unless authorized by Congress. When the original judgeship became vacant upon Wade's death in 1931, Congress did not act to reauthorize it, leaving the Southern District with a single judgeship.  A second judgeship in the Southern District was not reauthorized by Congress until 1979, with the creation of the judgeship first held by  Harold Duane Vietor. 
In 1962, Congress created a new judgeship that would be shared by the Northern and Southern Districts of Iowa.
The shared judgeship was replaced in 1990 when the shared judgeship (then held by Judge  Donald Eugene O'Brien) was assigned entirely to the Northern District, and a third Southern District judgeship (first held by Judge Ronald Earl Longstaff) was authorized. 
John Alfred Jarvey, Stephanie Marie Rose and Rebecca Goodgame Ebinger currently serve on the bench as full, Article III judges while Ronald Earl Longstaff, Robert W. Pratt, Charles Wolle, and James E. Gritzner have the status of senior judges.
It is headquartered at the
United States Court House in Des Moines, with satellite facilities in Council Bluffs and at the United States Court House in Davenport. Kevin E. VanderSchel is the current United States Attorney.
Current Judges [ edit ]
Former Judges [ edit ]
Senior status Appointed by
Love, James M. James M. Love
[Note 1] —
Pierce, Pierce death
Woolson, John Simson John Simson Woolson
[Note 2] —
Harrison, B. B. Harrison death
McPherson, Smith Smith McPherson
McKinley, McKinley death
Wade, Martin Joseph Martin Joseph Wade
Wilson, Wilson death
Dewey, Charles Almon Charles Almon Dewey
Coolidge, Coolidge death
Switzer, Carroll O. Carroll O. Switzer
[Note 3] —
Truman, Truman not confirmed
Riley, William F. William F. Riley
Truman, Truman death
Hicklin, Edwin Richley Edwin Richley Hicklin
Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
Stephenson, Roy Laverne Roy Laverne Stephenson
Eisenhower, Eisenhower reappointment
Hanson, William Cook William Cook Hanson
Kennedy, Kennedy death
Stuart, William Corwin William Corwin Stuart
Nixon, Nixon death
O'Brien, Donald Eugene Donald Eugene O'Brien
Carter, Carter reassignment
Vietor, Harold Duane Harold Duane Vietor
Carter, Carter death
^ Reassigned from the District of Iowa
^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 10, 1891, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 11, 1892, and received commission on January 11, 1892.
^ Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
Succession of seats [ edit ]
Seat reassigned from the District of Iowa on July 20, 1882 by 22 Stat. 172
Seat abolished on April 16, 1931 (temporary judgeship expired)
Seat established on January 19, 1928 by 45 Stat. 52 (temporary)
Seat became permanent upon the abolition of Seat 1 on April 16, 1931
Seat established on May 19, 1961 by 75 Stat. 80 (concurrent with Northern District)
Seat reassigned solely to Northern District on December 1, 1990 by 104 Stat. 5089
Seat established on October 20, 1978 by 92 Stat. 1629
Seat established on December 1, 1990 by 104 Stat. 5089
See also [ edit ]
^ Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 394.
^ a b U.S. District Courts of Iowa, Legislative history, . Federal Judicial Center
^ a b "Judge Wade Hits Delayed Legal Cases," Sioux City Journal, 1927-10-06, p. 1.
^ Pub. L. No. 6, ch. 10, 70th Cong., 1st Sess, 45 Stat. 52.
^ "No Additional Judgeship Created in Southern Iowa," Atlantic News-Telegraph, 1931-04-18 p. 5.
^ 92 Stat. 1629.
^ 75 Stat. 80.
^ 104 Stat. 5089.
External links [ edit ]