United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan
|United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan
|Location||Grand Rapids, Michigan|
|Appeals to||Sixth Circuit|
|Established||February 24, 1863|
|Chief judge||Robert James Jonker|
The United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan (in case citations, W.D. Mich.) is the Federal district court with jurisdiction over of the western portion of the state of Michigan, including the entire Upper Peninsula.
Appeals from the Western District of Michigan are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The current United States Attorney for the Western District of Michigan is Patrick A. Miles, Jr., who was confirmed by unanimous consent by the Senate on June 29, 2012.
The United States District Court for the District of Michigan was established on July 1, 1836, by 5 Stat. 61, with a single judgeship. The district court was not assigned to a judicial circuit, but was granted the same jurisdiction as United States circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which were the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court. Due to the so-called "Toledo War", a boundary dispute with Ohio, Michigan did not become a state of the Union until January 26, 1837. On March 3, 1837, Congress passed an act that repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Court for the District of Michigan, assigned the District of Michigan to the Seventh Circuit, and established a U.S. circuit court for the district, 5 Stat. 176.
On July 15, 1862, Congress reorganized the circuits and assigned Michigan to the Eighth Circuit by 12 Stat. 576, and on January 28, 1863, the Congress again reorganized Seventh and Eight Circuits and assigned Michigan to the Seventh Circuit, by 12 Stat. 637. On February 24, 1863, Congress divided the District of Michigan into the Eastern and the Western Districts, with one judgeship authorized for each district, by 12 Stat. 660. The Western District was later further divided into a Southern Division and a Northern Division.
The District Court is based in Grand Rapids, courthouses also located in Kalamazoo, Lansing, and Marquette in the Upper Peninsula. The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over the court.
The Western District comprises two divisions.
The Northern Division
The Southern Division
The Southern Division comprises the counties of Allegan, Antrim, Barry, Benzie, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Charlevoix, Clinton, Eaton, Emmet, Grand Traverse, Hillsdale, Ingham, Ionia, Kalamazoo, Kalkaska, Kent, Lake, Leelanau, Manistee, Mason, Mecosta, Missaukee, Montcalm, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oceana, Osceola, Ottawa, Saint Joseph, Van Buren, and Wexford.
Some of the notable cases that have come before the United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan include:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|20||Chief Judge||Robert James Jonker||Grand Rapids||1960||2007–present||2015–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|16||District Judge||Robert Holmes Bell||Grand Rapids||1944||1987–present||2001–2008||—||Reagan|
|19||District Judge||Paul Lewis Maloney||Kalamazoo||1949||2007–present||2008–2015||—||G.W. Bush|
|21||District Judge||Janet T. Neff||Grand Rapids||1945||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|18||Senior Judge||Gordon Jay Quist||Grand Rapids||1937||1992–2006||—||2006–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for
|1||Withey, Solomon LewisSolomon Lewis Withey||MI||1820–1886||1863–1886||—||—||Lincoln, Lincoln||death|
|2||Severens, Henry FranklinHenry Franklin Severens||MI||1835–1923||1886–1900||—||—||Cleveland, Cleveland||reappointment|
|3||Wanty, George P.George P. Wanty||MI||1856–1906||1900–1906||—||—||McKinley, McKinley||death|
|4||Knappen, Loyal EdwinLoyal Edwin Knappen||MI||1854–1930||1906–1910||—||—||Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt||reappointment|
|5||Denison, Arthur CarterArthur Carter Denison||MI||1861–1942||1910–1911||—||—||Taft, Taft||reappointment|
|6||Sessions, Clarence W.Clarence W. Sessions||MI||1859–1931||1911–1931||—||—||Taft, Taft||death|
|7||Raymond, Fred MortonFred Morton Raymond||MI||1876–1946||1925–1946[Note 1]||—||—||Coolidge, Coolidge||death|
|8||Starr, Raymond WesleyRaymond Wesley Starr||MI||1888–1968||1946–1961||1954–1961||1961–1968||Truman, Truman||death|
|9||Kent, W. WallaceW. Wallace Kent||MI||1916–1973||1954–1971||1961–1971||—||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||reappointment|
|10||Fox, Noel PeterNoel Peter Fox||MI||1910–1987||1962–1979||1971–1979||1979–1987||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|11||Engel, Jr., Albert J.Albert J. Engel, Jr.||MI||1924–2013||1970–1974||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||reappointment|
|12||Miles, Wendell AlversonWendell Alverson Miles||MI||1916–2013||1974–1986||1979–1986||1986–2013||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|13||Hillman, Douglas WoodruffDouglas Woodruff Hillman||MI||1922–2007||1979–1991||1986–1991||1991–2002||Carter, Carter||retirement|
|14||Gibson, Benjamin F.Benjamin F. Gibson||MI||1931–present||1979–1996||1991–1995||1996–1999||Carter, Carter||retirement|
|15||Enslen, Richard AlanRichard Alan Enslen||MI||1931–2015||1979–2005||1995–2001||2005–2015||Carter, Carter||death|
|17||McKeague, DavidDavid McKeague||MI||1946–present||1992–2005||—||—||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||reappointment|
Succession of seats
- Courts of Michigan
- List of United States federal courthouses in Michigan
- United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
- U.S. District Courts of Michigan, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- 28 U.S.C. § 102
- "United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan". Retrieved March 3, 2014.
- Official federal c ourthouse for the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Photo by Greg Peterson
- United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan Official Website
- United States Attorney for the Western District of Michigan Official Website