United States Fourth Fleet
|United States Fourth Fleet|
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Navy|
|Role||Direct Fleet Operations|
|Part of||U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command |
U.S. Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM)
|Garrison/HQ||Naval Station Mayport|
|Rear Admiral Sean S. Buck|
The U.S. Fourth Fleet is a United States Navy numbered fleet. It is the Naval Component Command of U.S. Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM). The Fourth Fleet is headquartered at Naval Station Mayport in Jacksonville, Florida. It is responsible for U.S. Navy ships, aircraft and submarines operating in the Caribbean Sea, and the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans around Central and South America.
World War II
The 4th Fleet was a major U.S. Navy formation in the South Atlantic Ocean during World War II. It was originally established to protect the U.S. against Axis surface raiders, blockade runners, and submarines.
The Fleet was originally a redesignation of the South Atlantic Force. On 12 September 1942, the Brazilian Navy was placed under command of the U.S. Navy's Vice Admiral Jonas Ingram by order of the Brazilian President Vargas. Three days later, on 15 September 1942, Vice Admiral Ingram was appointed as Commander, South Atlantic Force (ComSoLant). Six months later, South Atlantic Force was redesignated the U.S. Fourth Fleet on 15 March 1943.
During the war, the Fleet was commanded by two Vice Admirals, Vice Admirals Ingram and William Munroe. In total, forces deployed to the 4th Fleet successfully sank 18 German U-boats and one Italian submarine, along with sinking or stopping an uncounted number of Axis blockade runners. The Fleet worked hand-in-hand with Brazil throughout their operations in the South Atlantic utilizing military bases along the Atlantic Ocean, with their primary base being located in Recife.
Three years after its establishment, on April 15, 1945, the U.S. 4th Fleet was renamed Task Force 27, thus dissolving the Fleet. Admiral Munroe kept the title and command of Commander, South Atlantic Force. However, just under a year later, the U.S. 4th Reserve Fleet was formed. The reactivation as a reserve fleet was intended to maintain readiness, should war reignite. The U.S. 4th Reserve Fleet was disestablished on January 1, 1947.
On 24 April 2008, then Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Gary Roughead announced the reestablishment of the Fourth Fleet. Nearly three months later on 12 July 2008, it was re-established during a ceremony at Naval Station Mayport, Florida.
The reactivation of the Fourth Fleet without first informing foreign governments in the region sparked concern within some South American governments. The governments of Argentina and Brazil made formal inquiries as to the fleet's mission in the region. In Venezuela, President Hugo Chávez accused the United States of attempting to frighten the people of South America by reactivating the fleet and vowed that his country's new Sukhoi Su-30 jets could sink any U.S. ships invading Venezuelan waters. Cuban president Fidel Castro warned that it could lead to more incidents such as the 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis.
U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command (USNAVSO) and the Fourth Fleet support USSOUTHCOM joint and combined full-spectrum military operations. They do this by providing principally sea-based forward presence to ensure freedom of maneuver in the maritime domain, to foster and sustain cooperative relationships with international partners, and to fully exploit the sea as maneuver space in order to enhance regional security and promote peace, stability, and prosperity in the Caribbean, Central American, and South American regions. The Fleet has five missions: support for peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, traditional maritime exercises, and counterdrug support operations.
Commander, USNAVSO (COMUSNAVSO) also serves as the Navy component commander for USSOUTHCOM. U.S. Fourth Fleet is responsible for U.S. Navy ships, aircraft and submarines operating in the USSOUTHCOM area of responsibility, which encompasses the Caribbean, Central America, South America, and surrounding waters. It is an organizational fleet staffed to fulfill a planning and coordination mission; as part of its 2008 reestablishment, no vessels are permanently assigned to the Fourth Fleet. Ships home-ported in the United States Fleet Forces Command and United States Third Fleet routinely deploy to the Fourth Fleet area of responsibility (AOR), during which time they are under the operational control of the Fourth Fleet commander.
Fourth Fleet Commanders
- Vice Admiral Jonas H. Ingram (September 1942 – 11 November 1944)
- Vice Admiral William R. Munroe (11 November 1944 – 15 April 1945)
- Vice Admiral Thomas R. Cooley (1945 – mid 1946)
- Vice Admiral Daniel E. Barbey (September 1946 – March 1947)
- Vice Admiral Charles McMorris (mid-1947 – July 1948)
- Rear Admiral Joseph D. Kernan (1 July 2008 – 12 June 2009)
- Rear Admiral Victor G. Guillory (12 June 2009 – 5 August 2011)
- Rear Admiral Kurt W. Tidd (5 August 2011 – 22 June 2012)
- Rear Admiral Sinclair M. Harris (22 June 2012 – 17 April 2014)
- Rear Admiral George W. Ballance (17 April 2014 – 12 August 2016)
- Rear Admiral Sean S. Buck (12 August 2016 – present)
- United States Fleet Forces Command
- United States Second Fleet
- United States Third Fleet
- United States Fifth Fleet
- United States Sixth Fleet
- United States Seventh Fleet
- United States Tenth Fleet
- United States Naval Support Detachment, São Paulo
- U.S. 4th Fleet Public Affairs, This story was written by U. S. 4th Fleet Public (15 March 2018). "U.S. 4th Fleet Established 75 Years Ago". US Navy. Retrieved 6 December 2018. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Navy Reestablishes U.S. Fourth Fleet". United States Navy. 24 April 2008.
- "Chavez attacks the Fourth Fleet at the start of parade / Chávez arremete contra la IV Flota en el inicio del desfile militar". www.noticias24.com. 5 July 2008.
- "Fourth Fleet to intervene to Latin America tomorrow / IV Flota de intervención hacia Latinoamérica mañana". www.rlp.com.ni. 30 June 2008.
- "HyperWar The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II". United States Navy. 1 June 2006.
- "HyperWar The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II". United States Navy. 5 June 2012.
- "Biography of Thomas Ross Cooley". United States Navy. 1 June 2006.
- "Papers of Vice Admiral Daniel E. Barbey, 1941–1969". Naval Historical Center. 1 June 2006.
- "Biography of Joseph D. Kernan". United States Navy. 5 June 2012.
- "Biography of Victor G. Guillory". United States Navy. 5 June 2012.
- "Biography of Kurt W. Tidd". United States Navy. 5 June 2012.
- "Biography of Sinclair M. Harris". United States Navy. 22 June 2012.
- "Biography of George W. Ballance". United States Navy. 24 April 2014.
- "Biography of Sean S. Buck". United States Navy. 14 August 2016.