Plum Book

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United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book)
ISBN-9780160958045.png
116th Congress, 2d Session, December 2020
AuthorCOMMITTEE ON OVERSIGHT AND REFORM
Working titlePlum book
CountryUnited States of America
LanguageEnglish
SubjectPolitical Reference
GenreNon-fiction
PublisherSuperintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Publishing Office, United States Government Printing Office
Websitehttps://www.govinfo.gov

United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (more commonly referred to as the Plum Book) is a book that lists positions in the United States government that are subject to political appointment. It lists around 9,000 federal civil service leadership and support positions in the legislative and executive branches of the federal government that may be subject to noncompetitive appointment nationwide. It is a publication of the United States Senate's Committee on Governmental Affairs and the House of Representatives' Committee on Government Reform. A new edition is published every four years, just after each presidential election. All tenured positions commissioned by the president are published, including all officers of the United States, their immediate subordinates, policy executives and advisors, and aides who report to these officials. Some positions are kept secret and not published due to being classified via executive privilege.

History[edit]

The Plum Book originated in 1952 during the Eisenhower administration to identify presidentially appointed positions within the federal government. For twenty years, the Democratic Party had controlled the federal government. When President Eisenhower took office, the Republican Party requested a list of government positions that the new president could fill. The next edition of the Plum Book appeared in 1960 and has since been published every four years, just after a presidential election.

Older editions of the Plum Book are held by any federal depository library.[1] The Government Printing Office (now the United States Government Publishing Office) began to make the Plum Book available as an app for the first time in December 2012.[2] The 2020 edition was published on December 1, 2020.[3]

Plum Books are considered an important resource for presidents-elect of the United States during their presidential transitions, aiding them in identifying federal government positions to which they can name appointees.[4]

Number of appointments by agency[edit]

As of December 2020, there are 7,935 political appointments across the executive and legislative branches of the U.S. federal government. Many of these positions must be filled by the incoming president every four years while others are career appointments that outlast presidential administrations.

These positions are published in the Plum Book, a new edition of which is released after each United States presidential election.[5] The list is provided by the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM).

Key[edit]

Abbreviations for type of appointment[5]
CA Career Appointment
NA Noncareer Appointment
PA Presidential Appointment (without Senate Confirmation)
PAS Presidential Appointment with Senate Confirmation
SC Schedule C Excepted Appointment
TA Limited Term Appointment
XS Appointment Excepted by Statute
SES Senior Executive Service[6]

Executive branch – departments[edit]

Type of appointment[7]
Department CA NA PA PAS SC TA XS SES Total
Department of Agriculture 130 46 3 14 157 1 1 147 499
Department of Commerce 83 36 1 23 96 7 3 101 350
Department of DefenseDepartment of the Air Force 16 3 0 7 5 0 1 13 45
Department of Defense – Department of the Army 29 10 0 8 10 6 1 9 73
Department of Defense – Department of the Navy 11 1 0 7 4 0 0 16 39
Department of Defense – Office of the Secretary of Defense 211 58 1 44 95 9 0 55 473
Department of Education 35 21 1 16 72 1 1 14 161
Department of Energy 133 25 0 23 123 1 1 29 335
Department of Health and Human Services 237 78 2 19 92 11 1 74 514
Department of Homeland Security 84 56 4 18 72 9 161 46 450
Department of Housing and Urban Development 44 23 1 13 81 4 0 111 277
Department of Justice 96 57 8 219 60 6 1 44 491
Department of Labor 32 23 2 16 108 0 0 15 196
Department of State 130 36 3 256 86 2 2 10 525
Department of the Interior 158 35 0 18 42 0 4 54 311
Department of the Treasury 92 25 3 35 33 3 0 46 237
Department of Transportation 136 41 2 18 61 1 4 30 293
Department of Veterans Affairs 281 16 3 12 12 9 147 77 557
Total 1938 590 34 766 1209 70 328 891 5826

Independent agencies and government corporations[edit]

Type of appointment[8]
Agency CA NA PA PAS SC TA XS SES Total
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation 0 0 10 1 0 0 0 0 11
African Development Foundation 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 5
American Battle Monuments Commission 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Appalachian Regional Commission 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 4
Arctic Research Commission 1 0 7 1 0 0 0 0 9
Armed Forces Retirement Home 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
Barry Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Central Intelligence Agency 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3
Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board 2 0 0 4 0 0 0 3 9
Christopher Columbus Fellowship Foundation 0 0 13 0 0 0 0 0 13
Commission of Fine Arts 1 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 8
Commission on Civil Rights 0 1 7 0 5 0 4 6 23
Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind Or Severely Disabled 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
Commodity Futures Trading Commission 0 0 0 5 9 0 0 0 14
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Consumer Product Safety Commission 4 0 0 6 9 0 0 4 23
Corporation for National and Community Service 0 0 0 17 0 0 18 0 35
Council of Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the District of Columbia 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board 2 0 0 5 0 0 1 0 8
Delaware River Basin Commission 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Delta Regional Authority 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2
Denali Commission 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Environmental Protection Agency 88 30 0 13 62 0 0 15 208
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 13 2 0 6 1 0 0 8 30
Export-Import Bank 0 0 0 6 23 0 0 0 29
Farm Credit Administration 0 0 0 3 3 0 0 0 6
Federal Communications Commission 42 1 0 5 0 0 6 5 59
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 0 0 0 4 2 0 0 0 6
Federal Election Commission 0 0 0 6 0 0 19 0 25
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 44 1 0 5 4 0 0 3 57
Federal Housing Finance Agency 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2
Federal Housing Finance Board 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 3
Federal Labor Relations Authority 0 0 7 4 0 0 2 0 13
Federal Maritime Commission 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 1 10
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 5
Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission 1 0 0 6 3 0 0 3 13
Federal Permitting Improvement Steering Council 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 3
Federal Reserve System 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 7
Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board 4 0 0 5 0 0 1 0 10
Federal Trade Commission 25 5 0 5 4 1 0 11 51
General Services Administration 14 19 0 2 16 2 0 5 58
Great Lakes Fishery Commission 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3
Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Institute of Museum and Library Services 1 0 0 19 0 0 0 6 26
Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Interagency Council on the Homeless 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Inter-American Foundation 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 10
International Boundary and Water Commission 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
International Joint Commission 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3
Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 4
James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Japan–United States Friendship Commission 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Marine Mammal Commission 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3
Medicaid and Chip Payment and Access Commission 0 0 0 0 0 0 22 0 22
Medicare Payment Advisory Commission 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 3
Merit Systems Protection Board 1 1 0 3 1 0 0 4 10
Millennium Challenge Corporation 0 0 26 5 0 0 0 0 31
Morris K. Udall Scholarship and Excellence in National Environmental Policy Foundation 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 9
National Aeronautics and Space Administration 30 4 0 4 13 1 0 5 57
National Archives and Records Administration 0 0 0 1 0 0 13 0 14
National Capital Planning Commission 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 3
National Council on Disability 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 8
National Credit Union Administration 0 0 0 3 9 0 0 0 12
National Endowment for the Arts 0 3 0 0 11 0 0 6 20
National Endowment for the Humanities 5 1 0 1 5 0 0 11 23
National Labor Relations Board 9 5 0 6 2 0 0 13 35
National Mediation Board 1 0 0 5 0 0 0 1 7
National Science Foundation 46 0 0 2 0 3 24 40 115
National Transportation Safety Board 3 1 0 5 9 0 0 0 18
Northern Border Regional Commission 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2
Nuclear Regulatory Commission 40 0 0 6 0 0 70 1 117
Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board 1 0 11 0 0 0 0 0 12
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission 1 0 0 3 2 0 0 2 8
Office of Government Ethics 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2
Office of Navajo and Hopi Indian Relocation 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 3
Office of Personnel Management 26 12 0 3 26 0 1 6 74
Office of Special Counsel 0 1 0 2 3 0 0 3 9
Office of the Secretary of Defense Office of the Inspector General 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Peace Corps 0 0 26 4 0 0 0 0 30
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation 0 0 0 2 2 0 2 0 6
Postal Regulatory Commission 0 0 0 5 0 0 19 0 24
Public Buildings Reform Board 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 5
Railroad Retirement Board 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 4
Securities and Exchange Commission 0 0 0 5 12 0 0 0 17
Selective Service System 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 3
Small Business Administration 20 11 0 4 37 0 0 4 76
Smithsonian Institution 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2
Social Security Administration 85 3 0 5 3 4 0 36 136
Surface Transportation Board 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 5
Tennessee Valley Authority 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 8
Trade and Development Agency 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 4
U.S. Agency for Global Media 7 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 11
United States–China Economic and Security Review Commission 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 12
United States Agency for International Development 16 4 1 12 0 1 87 5 126
United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad 0 0 21 0 0 0 0 0 21
United States Commission on International Religious Freedom 0 0 3 0 0 0 6 0 9
United States Election Assistance Commission 0 0 0 4 0 0 2 0 6
United States Holocaust Memorial Council 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 3
United States Institute of Peace 0 0 0 12 0 0 0 0 12
United States International Development Finance Corporation 0 0 0 6 8 0 45 0 59
United States International Trade Commission 0 0 0 6 18 0 0 2 26
United States Postal Service 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 3
United States Semiquincentennial Commission 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Vietnam Education Foundation 0 0 6 0 0 0 1 0 7
Women's Suffrage Centennial Commission 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 0 0 8 0 0 0 3 0 11
World War I Centennial Commission 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 4
Total 546 108 194 319 316 12 373 219 2087

Legislative branch[edit]

Type of appointment[9]
Agency PA PAS SC XS Total
Architect of the Capitol 0 1 0 0 1
Government Accountability Office 0 2 0 0 2
Government Publishing Office 0 1 1 3 5
Library of Congress 10 1 0 3 14
Total 10 5 1 6 22

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Somerset, Gary. "PLUM BOOK AVAILABLE AT GPO" (PDF). No. 8–31. Government Printing Office. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  2. ^ Somerset, Gary. "GPO RELEASES PLUM BOOK: Available for first time as an App" (PDF). No. 12–51. Government Printing Office. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  3. ^ "United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book)". July 2015.
  4. ^ Bravender, Robin (January 4, 2021). "The new Plum Book is here! Introducing the obscure 232-page federal document that will help Biden find and replace any lingering Trump appointees". Business Insider. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  5. ^ a b United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book) (PDF) (PDF). Government Publishing Office. December 2020.
  6. ^ Senior Executive Service positions can be filled by Career, Noncareer, Limited Term, or Limited Emergency.
  7. ^ United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book), Executive Branch (Spreadsheet). Government Publishing Office. December 2020.
  8. ^ United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book), Independent Agencies and Government Corporations (Spreadsheet). Government Publishing Office. December 2020.
  9. ^ United States Government Policy and Supporting Positions (Plum Book), Legislative Branch (Spreadsheet). Government Publishing Office. December 2020.

External links[edit]