United States House Committee on the Judiciary
The U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, also called the House Judiciary Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives. It is charged with overseeing the administration of justice within the federal courts, administrative agencies and Federal law enforcement entities. The Judiciary Committee is also the committee responsible for impeachments of federal officials. Because of the legal nature of its oversight, committee members usually have a legal background, but this is not required.
In the 115th Congress, the chairman of the committee is Republican Bob Goodlatte of Virginia, and the ranking minority member is Democrat John Conyers of Michigan. In prior years, Lamar S. Smith of Texas was the chairman, and prior to that John Conyers served as chairman.
- 1 History
- 2 Members
- 3 Subcommittees
- 4 Task forces
- 5 Projects
- 6 Hearings
- 7 List of chairmen
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
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The committee was created on June 6, 1813 for the purpose of considering legislation related to the judicial system. This committee approved articles of impeachment against Presidents in three instances: the impeachment of Andrew Johnson (1868), the impeachment process against Richard Nixon (1974), and the impeachment of Bill Clinton (1998).
- Claims: Functions merged in 1946
- Immigration and Naturalization: Functions merged in 1946
- Internal Security: Functions merged in 1975
- Patents: Functions merged in 1946
- Revision of Laws: Functions merged in 1946
- War Claims: Functions merged in 1946
|The Constitution and Civil Justice||Steve King (R-IA)||Steve Cohen (D-TN)|
|Courts, Intellectual Property and the Internet||Darrell Issa (R-CA)||Jerrold Nadler (D-NY)|
|Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security and Investigations||Trey Gowdy (R-SC)||Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)|
|Immigration and Border Security||Jim Sensenbrenner (R-WI)||Zoe Lofgren (D-CA)|
|Regulatory Reform, Commercial and Antitrust Law||Tom Marino (R-PA)||David Cicilline (D-GA)|
Antitrust Task Force: 108th Congress
The Antitrust Task Force during the 108th Congress existed from March 26, 2003, to September 26, 2003. All Judiciary Committee Members also served as members of the Task Force, and conducted hearings and investigations into consolidation of the Bell Telephone Companies.
Antitrust Task Force: 110th Congress
The Antitrust Task Force during the 110th Congress was established February 28, 2007, as a temporary subcommittee to examine the pending merger between XM Radio and Sirius Satellite Radio. The task force operated like any other subcommittee, except that it only has a six-month term. House Rules limit each full committee to just five subcommittees, and any task force, special subcommittee, or other subunit of a standing committee that is established for a cumulative period longer than six months in a Congress counts against that total. A longer term for the task force would cause the Judiciary Committee to exceed this limit.
Judicial Impeachment: 110th and 111th Congresses
Established in September 2008, the Judicial Task force on Judicial Impeachment was to look into charges against District Judge Thomas Porteous. The investigation was not completed by the end of the 110th Congress, and it was reestablished after the 111th Congress convened in January 2009. The responsibilities of the Task Force were expanded to include the case of Judge Samuel B. Kent, leading to hearings and his subsequent impeachment by the full House of Representatives. The Task force finally voted to impeach Porteous on January 21, 2010.
- The Use and Misuse of Presidential Clemency Power for Executive Branch Officials (hearing) (2007)
- Equal Justice for Our Military Act of 2009, HR 569 (111th Congress) (2009). Congress holds a hearing to consider granting members of the U.S. Armed Forces access to the Supreme Court of the United States.
List of chairmen
|Charles J. Ingersoll||Democratic-Republican||Pennsylvania||1813 –
|Hugh Nelson||Democratic-Republican||Virginia||1815 –
|John Sergeant||Democratic-Republican||Pennsylvania||1819 –
|Hugh Nelson||Democratic-Republican||Virginia||1822 –
|Daniel Webster||Federalist||Massachusetts||1823 –
|Philip P. Barbour||Democratic||Virginia||1827 –
|James Buchanan||Democratic||Pennsylvania||1829 –
|Warren R. Davis||Democratic||South Carolina||1831 –
|Thomas F. Foster||Whig||Georgia||1833 –
|Samuel Beardsley||Democratic||New York||1835 –
|Francis Thomas||Democratic||Maryland||1836 –
|John Sergeant||Whig||Pennsylvania||1839 –
|Daniel D. Barnard||Whig||New York||1841 –
|William Wilkins||Democratic||Pennsylvania||1843 –
|Romulus M. Saunders||Democratic||North Carolina||1844 –
|George O. Rathbun||Democratic||New York||1845 –
|Joseph R. Ingersoll||Whig||Pennsylvania||1847 –
|James Thompson||Democratic||Pennsylvania||1849 –
|James X. McLanahan||Democratic||Pennsylvania||1851 –
|Frederick P. Stanton||Democratic||Tennessee||1853 –
|George A. Simmons||Whig & Republican||New York||1855 –
|George S. Houston||Democratic||Alabama||1857 –
|John Hickman||Republican||Pennsylvania||1859 –
|James F. Wilson||Republican||Iowa||1863 –
|John A. Bingham||Republican||Ohio||1869 –
|Benjamin F. Butler||Republican||Massachusetts||1873 –
|James P. Knott||Democratic||Kentucky||1875 –
|Thomas Brackett Reed||Republican||Maine||1881 –
|John R. Tucker||Democratic||Virginia||1883 –
|David B. Culberson||Democratic||Texas||1887 –
|Ezra B. Taylor||Republican||Ohio||1889 –
|David B. Culberson||Democratic||Texas||1891 –
|David B. Henderson||Republican||Iowa||1895 –
|George W. Ray||Republican||New York||1899 –
|John J. Jenkins||Republican||Wisconsin||1903 –
|Richard W. Parker||Republican||New Jersey||1909 –
|Henry De Lamar Clayton||Democratic||Alabama||1911 –
|Edwin Y. Webb||Democratic||North Carolina||1914 –
|Andrew J. Volstead||Republican||Minnesota||1919 –
|George S. Graham||Republican||Pennsylvania||1923 –
|Hatton W. Sumners||Democratic||Texas||1931 –
|Earl C. Michener||Republican||Michigan||1947 –
|Emanuel Celler||Democratic||New York||1949 –
|Chauncey W. Reed||Republican||Illinois||1953 –
|Emanuel Celler||Democratic||New York||1955 –
|Peter W. Rodino, Jr.||Democratic||New Jersey||1973 –
|Jack Brooks||Democratic||Texas||1989 –
|Henry J. Hyde||Republican||Illinois||1995 –
|Jim Sensenbrenner||Republican||Wisconsin||2001 –
|John Conyers||Democratic||Michigan||2007 –
|Lamar S. Smith||Republican||Texas||2011 –
|Bob Goodlatte||Republican||Virginia||2013 –
- List of United States House committees
- United States congressional committee
- United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary
- List of current United States House of Representatives committees
- Judiciary Task Force on Antitrust
- House Antitrust Task Force, Antitrust Review.com
- Anti-Trust Panel to Examine XM-Sirius Merger United States House Committee on the Judiciary Press Release, February 27, 2007
- Rules of the House of Representatives, Rule X(b)(C), Page 12
- "House Judiciary Committee Announces Retention of Alan Baron to Lead Inquiry into Possible Impeachment of Judge Porteous" (Press release). U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary. October 2, 2008. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- "House panel moves toward impeaching a judge". Associated Press. September 18, 2008. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- Conyers, John, Jr. (January 6, 2009). "H. Res. 15: Authorizing and directing the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire whether the House should impeach G. Thomas Porteous, a judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana.". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- Conyers, John, Jr. (May 29, 2009). "H. Res. 424: Authorizing and directing the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire whether the House should impeach Samuel B. Kent, a judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas.". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- "Victims allege years of sexual misconduct by federal judge". CNN. June 3, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- Powell, Stewart (June 19, 2009). "U.S. House impeaches Kent". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
In action so rare it has been carried out only 14 times since 1803, the House on Friday impeached a federal judge — imprisoned U.S. District Court Judge Samuel B. Kent...(Archived by WebCite at webcitation.org)
- Committee on the Judiciary website (Archive)
- House Judiciary Committee. Legislation activity and reports, Congress.gov.
- Congressional Directory including lists of past memberships
- House Document No. 109-153, A History of the Committee on the Judiciary 1813–2006