United States House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming
The House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming was a select committee of the United States House of Representatives. It was established March 8, 2007 through adoption of a resolution by a 269–150 vote of the full House.
The creation of the committee was criticized by House Republicans, who argued "that the committee was unnecessary or that its budget could be used better by the ethics committee." The proposal to create the committee also encountered some skepticism from House Democrats, particularly Chairman John Dingell of the powerful Energy and Commerce Committee (which has primary jurisdiction over environmental and climate change issues) and Chairman Charles Rangel of the Ways and Means Committee (which has jurisdiction on any tax legislation aimed at affecting industry behavior). Ultimately, Pelosi was able to reach a compromise with Dingell, wherein the committee was to be advisory in nature, without the legislative authority granted to standing committees. Joe Barton, the ranking Republican member of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, continued to object to the committee's existence, calling it a "platform for some members to grandstand."
The committee played a role in the creation of the 2007 energy act and the 2009 stimulus act (which included US$90 billion in spending on green energy and energy efficiency). Most prominently, the committee played a major role in shaping the 2009 climate bill—the American Clean Energy and Security Act or "Waxman-Markey"—which was passed by the House but never became law due to the Senate's refusal to take up the bill.
After Republicans won control of the House in the 2010 election, the new Republican majority in the House (led by the new speaker, John Boehner of Ohio) decided to kill the committee, resulting in criticism from environmentalists and climate researchers.
The Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming conducted hearings on energy independence and climate change issues. The committee lacked the authority to draft legislation, but worked with the House standing committees with jurisdiction over climate change issues and developed recommendations on legislative proposals. Speaker Pelosi indicated she would have liked committees with jurisdiction over energy, environment and technology policy to report legislation on these issues to the full House by July 4, 2007.
Members during the 111th Congress
The select committee was reestablished for the 111th Congress pursuant to H.Res. 5. On January 14, 2009, Speaker Nancy Pelosi reappointed Ed Markey of Massachusetts and James Sensenbrenner of Wisconsin as Chairman and Ranking Member, respectively, of the committee.
- "The Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming". Speaker of the House Blog. March 8, 2007.
- "House creates new committee to study global warming". Associated Press, International Herald Tribune. March 8, 2007.
- H.Res. 5 (112th Cong.)
- House approves warming committee, Associated Press (March 9, 2007).
- John Heilprin, Pelosi Seeks Global Warming Committee, Associated Press (January 18, 2007).
- Pelosi, Dingell Compromise in House Over Climate Issue, Associated Press (February 7, 2007).
- Kate Sheppard, Republicans kill global warming committee, Mother Jones (January 6, 2011) (reprinted in The Guardian).
- Wendy Koch, House Republicans ax global warming committee, USA Today (December 2010).
- Pelosi Announces Members of Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming Speaker of the House Blog March 9, 2007
- "Pelosi Announces the Creation of Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming" (Press release). Office of Speaker Nancy Pelosi. January 18, 2007.