Maryland's 3rd congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Maryland's 3rd congressional district
Maryland US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
Maryland's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative John Sarbanes (DTowson)
Area 292.74 sq mi (758.2 km2)
Distribution
  • 98.4% urban
  • 1.3% rural
Population (2000) 662,062
Median income 52,906
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVI D+13[1]

Maryland's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district in the state of Maryland. It comprises portions of Baltimore, Howard, Montgomery and Anne Arundel counties, as well as a significant part of the independent city of Baltimore. The seat is currently represented by John Sarbanes, a Democrat. Landmarks in the district include Fort McHenry, the Maryland Science Center, and the state capital, Annapolis.

Three people who represented Maryland in the United States Senate were also former representatives of the 3rd district, including Ben Cardin, Barbara Mikulski, and Paul Sarbanes.

The district's odd shape is attributed to gerrymandering in order to favor Democratic candidates following the 2000[2] and 2010[3] censuses. In 2012 the district was found to be the third least compact congressional district in the United States[4] and in 2014 The Washington Post called it the nation's second-most gerrymandered district.[5]

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Clinton 62.9% - 32.1%
2012 President Obama 60.6% - 37.2%
2008 President Obama 59% - 39%
2004 President Kerry 54% - 45%
2000 President Gore 55% - 41%

Recent elections[edit]

Maryland's 3rd Congressional District election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Benjamin Cardin (inc.) 169,347 75.66
Republican Scott Conwell 53,827 24.05
Libertarian Joe Pomykala 238 0.11
Write-ins 406 0.18
Total votes 223,818 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 3rd Congressional District election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Benjamin Cardin (inc.) 145,589 65.79
Republican Scott Conwell 75,721 34.21
Total votes 221,310 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 3rd Congressional District election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Benjamin Cardin (inc.) 182,066 63.44% -2.35
Republican Robert P. Duckworth 97,008 33.80% -0.41
Green Patsy Allen 7,895 2.75% +2.75
Total votes 286,969 100.00
Democratic hold
Marylands's 3rd Congressional District election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Sarbanes 150,142 64.03% +0.59
Republican John White 79,174 33.76% -0.04
Libertarian Charles Curtis McPeek, Sr. 4,941 2.11% +2.11
Write-ins 229 0.10% +0.10
Total votes 234,486 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 3rd Congressional District election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Sarbanes (inc.) 203,711 69.66% +5.63
Republican Thomas E. Harris 87,971 30.08% -3.68
No party Write-ins 766 0.26%
Total votes 292,448 100.00
Democratic hold Swing
Maryland's 3rd Congressional District election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Sarbanes (inc.) 147,448 61.07% -8.59
Republican Jim Wilhelm 86,947 36.01% +5.93
Libertarian Jerry McKinley 5,212 2.16% +2.16
Constitution Alain Lareau 1,634 0.68% +0.68
No party Write-ins 188 0.1%
Total votes 241,429 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 3rd Congressional District election, 2012[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Sarbanes (inc.) 213,747 66.8
Republican Eric Delano Knowles 94,549 29.6
Libertarian Paul R. Drgos, Jr. 11,028 3.4
N/A Others (write-in) 535 0.2
Total votes 319,859 100

Historical boundaries and composition[edit]

Maryland's 3rd district was one of the 61 districts that elected a representative to the 1st United States Congress. It also has the distinction of being one of the few congressional districts that once included areas not currently in the state they are in. The 3rd congressional district originally was composed of Prince George's County, Maryland and Anne Arundel County, Maryland.[7] At that point what is now Howard County, Maryland was in Anne Arundel County, and Prince George's County included the eastern half of the District of Columbia.

In 1792 the Maryland 3rd Congressional District was moved to include Montgomery County, Maryland and the eastern half of Frederick County, Maryland. The population was about 33,000.[8] However, the western portion of what is today Carroll County, Maryland was at this point in Frederick County, and the western half of the District of Columbia was in Montgomery County. This latter fact explains why the district lost population even though it in theory did not experience redistricting after the 1800 census. With the population of Georgetown, D. C. no longer in the district, its 1800 population was about 31,000.[9] At this point the 3rd was Maryland's least populous district, barely having half the population of the Baltimore City and County 5th district, which in 1800 had just above 59,000 inhabitants.[10]

The boundaries remained the same after the 1810, 1820 and 1830 censuses. While in 1820 the district had about 36,000 inhabitants its population had risen to 53,622 in 1830.[11] With the formation of Carroll County in the 1830s as well as Maryland falling from 8 to 6 congressional seats, the boundaries of the 3rd Congressional District were drastically redrawn. The only area that remained in the 3rd Congressional District was the part of Carroll County that had been in Frederick County. The 3rd also included Baltimore County and the western half of the city of Baltimore. Its new population was 69,923, 24.5% of whom were black.[12]

In 1853 the 3rd district was redrawn again. The new district consisted of Baltimore County except for the northern and western parts of the county and about the eastern third of the City of Baltimore. The district now had a population of 95,729.[13] In the redistricting following the 1860 census, Maryland was reduced to five congressional districts. The 3rd was moved so that it contained the part of Baltimore that had not been in the 3rd before 1863. It now a population of 130,040.[14] In 1873 the 3rd district was moved again, to be the east side of Baltimore. It now had a population of 120,978.[15]

List of representatives[edit]

Name Years Party Electoral history
1 Benjamin Contee.jpg Benjamin Contee March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Anti-Administration [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
2 Williampinkney (1).jpg William Pinkney March 4, 1791 –
November, 1791
Pro-Administration Resigned.
3 John Francis Mercer.jpg John Francis Mercer February 5, 1792 –
March 3, 1793
Anti-Administration [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
4 Uriah Forrest.jpg Uriah Forrest March 4, 1793 –
November 8, 1794
Pro-Administration Resigned.
5 No image.svg Benjamin Edwards January 2, 1795 –
March 3, 1795
Pro-Administration [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
6 No image.svg Jeremiah Crabb March 4, 1795 –
June 1, 1796
Federalist Resigned.
7 No image.svg William Craik December 5, 1796 –
March 3, 1801
Federalist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
8 No image.svg Thomas Plater March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1805
Federalist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
9 No image.svg Patrick Magruder March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
Democratic-Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
10 PBkey.jpg Philip Barton Key March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1813
Federalist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
11 Alexanderhanson.jpg Alexander Contee Hanson March 4, 1813 –
1816
Federalist Resigned.
12 GeorgePeter.jpg George Peter October 7, 1816 –
March 3, 1819
Federalist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
13 No image.svg Henry Ridgely Warfield March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
Federalist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Adams Federalist
14 GeorgePeter.jpg George Peter March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
15 No image.svg George Corbin Washington March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Adams [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
Anti-Jacksonian
17 No image.svg James Turner March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Jacksonian [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
18 No image.svg John Tolley Hood Worthington March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
19 No image.svg James Wray Williams March 4, 1841 –
December 2, 1842
Democratic Died.
20 No image.svg Charles S. Sewall January 2, 1843 –
March 3, 1843
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
21 No image.svg John Wethered March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Whig [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
22 Thomas ligon maryland.jpg Thomas Watkins Ligon March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
23 No image.svg Edward Hammond March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
24 No image.svg Joshua Van Sant March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
25 JamesMorrisonHarris.jpg James Morrison Harris March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1861
Know-Nothing [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
26 No image.svg Cornelius Lawrence Ludlow Leary March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Unionist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27 Henry Winter Davis.jpg Henry Winter Davis March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Unconditional Unionist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
28 Hon. Charles E. Phelps, Maryland - NARA - 527033.jpg Charles Edward Phelps March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Unconditional Unionist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
Conservative
29 Thomas Swann of Maryland - photo portrait seated.jpg Thomas Swann March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
Democratic Redistricted to the 4th district.
30 William James O'Brien of Maryland - photo portrait seated.jpg William James O'Brien March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
31 William Kimmel of Maryland - photo portrait seated circa 1865 to 1880.jpg William Kimmel March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
32 FetterSchrierHoblitzell.jpg Fetter Schrier Hoblitzell March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
33 WilliamHinsonCole.jpg William Hinson Cole March 4, 1885 –
July 8, 1886
Democratic Died.
34 HarryWellesRusk.jpg Harry Welles Rusk November 2, 1886 –
March 3, 1897
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
35 No image.svg William Samuel Booze March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
36 No image.svg Frank Charles Wachter March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1907
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
37 No image.svg Harry Benjamin Wolf March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
38 JohnKronmiller.jpg John Kronmiller March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1911
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
39 GeorgeKonig.jpg George Konig March 4, 1911 –
May 31, 1913
Democratic Died.
40 CharlesPearceCoady.jpg Charles Pearce Coady November 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
41 No image.svg John Boynton Philip Clayton Hill March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1927
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
42 No image.svg Vincent Palmisano March 4, 1927 –
January 3, 1939
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
43 Thomas D'Alesandro, Jr. January 3, 1939 –
May 16, 1947
Democratic resigned to become Mayor of Baltimore
44 Edward Garmatz.jpg Edward Garmatz July 15, 1947 –
January 3, 1973
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
45 Paul Sarbanes.jpg Paul Sarbanes January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1977
Democratic Redistricted from the 4th district.

Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
46 Barbara Mikulski.jpg Barbara Mikulski January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1987
Democratic First elected in 1976.

Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
47 Ben Cardin, official Senate photo portrait.jpg Benjamin Cardin January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 2007
Democratic First elected in 1986.

Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
48 John Sarbanes, official 110th Congress photo portrait 2.jpg John Sarbanes January 3, 2007 –
Democratic First elected in 2006.

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003–2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Politics Makes Strange Bedfellows, Even Stranger Congressional Boundaries". Maryland Newsline, University of Maryland. 20 February 2004. Retrieved 2007-05-06. 
  3. ^ "Maryland Redistricting Plan Advances". The Washington Post. October 17, 2011. 
  4. ^ Lazarick, Len (3 October 2012). "Maryland has least compact congressional districts in nation". MarylandReporter.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (May 15, 2014). "America's most gerrymandered congressional districts". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Unofficial 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved Nov 12, 2012. 
  7. ^ Parson, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Dan Hermann. United States Congressional Districts, 1788-1841 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978) p. 8-9
  8. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 42-43
  9. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 93-94
  10. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts. p. 94
  11. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts p. 234, 318
  12. ^ Parson, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Michael J. Durbin. United States Congressional Districts, 1843-1883 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1986) p. 16
  13. ^ Parsons. Con. Dis. 1843-1883 p. 64
  14. ^ Parsons. Con. Dis. 1843-1883 p. 115
  15. ^ Parsons. Con. Dis. 1843-1883 p. 177

Coordinates: 39°09′N 76°36′W / 39.15°N 76.6°W / 39.15; -76.6