2012 United States House of Representatives elections

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2012 United States House of Representatives elections

← 2010 November 6, 2012 2014 →

All 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives[a]
218 seats needed for a majority
Turnout52.0%[1] Increase 11.1 pp
  Majority party Minority party
  John Boehner official portrait.jpg Speaker Nancy Pelosi.jpg
Leader John Boehner Nancy Pelosi
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since January 3, 2007 January 3, 2003
Leader's seat Ohio 8th California 12th
Last election 242 seats, 51.7%[2] 193 seats, 44.9%
Seats won 234 201
Seat change Decrease 8 Increase 8
Popular vote 58,283,314 59,645,531
Percentage 47.7% 48.8%
Swing Decrease 4.0% Increase 3.9%

US House 2012.svg
Results:
     Democratic hold      Democratic gain
     Republican hold      Republican gain

Speaker before election

John Boehner
Republican

Elected Speaker

John Boehner
Republican

The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 6, 2012. It coincided with the reelection of President Barack Obama. Elections were held for all 435 seats representing the 50 U.S. states and also for the delegates from the District of Columbia and five major U.S. territories. The winners of this election cycle served in the 113th United States Congress. This was the first congressional election using districts drawn up based on the 2010 United States Census.

Although Democratic candidates received a nationwide plurality of more than 1.4 million votes (1.2%) in all House elections,[3] the Republican Party won a 33-seat advantage in the state-apportioned totals, thus retaining its House majority by 17 seats. Democrats had picked up 27 seats, enough to win back control of the House, but most of these gains were canceled out due to Republican gains as well as reapportionment, leaving the Democrats with a net gain of eight seats.[4] This disparity – common in close elections involving single-member district voting[5] – has generally been attributed to targeted, widespread Republican gerrymandering in the congressional redistricting process following the 2010 United States Census.[6][7][8][9][10] Some analysts believe that in addition to Republican gerrymandering, another factor that helped the GOP maintain control of Congress (despite receiving fewer votes) was "unintentional gerrymandering," as the high concentration of Democrats in urban centers led to "wasted votes" in districts that easily elected Democratic candidates.[11][9][12] The GOP also had a greater number of incumbents, and incumbents tend to have an advantage in elections.[9]

In the 20th century, the party with a plurality of the popular vote was unable to receive a majority in the House on four occasions; two of those occurrences took place after World War II[8] (in 1952 and 1996, in which the GOP held a majority in the House). The 1942 election was the last time that the Democrats held a majority in the House without winning the popular vote.[13]

As of 2021, this is the last congressional election in which the Democrats won a House seat in West Virginia.

Results summary[edit]

234 201
Republican Democratic
Summary of the November 6, 2012 United States House of Representatives election results
Parties Seats Popular vote
2010 2012 Net
change
Strength Vote % Change
  Republican Party 242 234 Decrease 8 53.8% 58,283,314 47.7% −4.0%
  Democratic Party 193 201 Increase 8 46.2% 59,645,531 48.8% +3.9%
  Libertarian Party 1,360,925 1.1% −0.1%
  Independent 1,240,672 1.0% +0.4%
  Green Party 373,455 0.3%
  Constitution Party 111,576 0.1% −0.1%
  Reform Party 70,682 0.1% +0.1%
  Others - - - - 1,205,344 1.0% +0.1%
Totals 435 435 0 100.0% 122,291,499 100.0% -
Source: Election Statistics – Office of the Clerk (does not include blank or over/under votes)
State Total
seats
Democratic Republican
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama 7 1 Steady 6 Steady
Alaska 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Arizona 9 5 Increase 2 4 Decrease 1
Arkansas 4 0 Decrease 1 4 Increase 1
California 53 38 Increase 4 15 Decrease 4
Colorado 7 3 Steady 4 Steady
Connecticut 5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Florida 27 10 Increase 4 17 Decrease 2
Georgia 14 5 Steady 9 Increase 1
Hawaii 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Illinois 18 12 Increase 4 6 Decrease 5
Indiana 9 2 Decrease 1 7 Increase 1
Iowa 4 2 Decrease 1 2 Steady
Kansas 4 0 Steady 4 Steady
Kentucky 6 1 Decrease 1 5 Increase 1
Louisiana 6 1 Steady 5 Decrease 1
Maine 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland 8 7 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1
Massachusetts 9 9 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Michigan 14 5 Decrease 1 9 Steady
Minnesota 8 5 Increase 1 3 Decrease 1
Mississippi 4 1 Steady 3 Steady
Missouri 8 2 Decrease 1 6 Steady
Montana 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Nebraska 3 0 Steady 3 Steady
Nevada 4 2 Increase 1 2 Steady
New Hampshire 2 2 Increase 2 0 Decrease 2
New Jersey 12 6 Decrease 1 6 Steady
New Mexico 3 2 Steady 1 Steady
New York 27 21 Steady 6 Decrease 2
North Carolina 13 4 Decrease 3 9 Increase 3
North Dakota 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Ohio 16 4 Decrease 1 12 Decrease 1
Oklahoma 5 0 Decrease 1 5 Increase 1
Oregon 5 4 Steady 1 Steady
Pennsylvania 18 5 Decrease 2 13 Increase 1
Rhode Island 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina 7 1 Steady 6 Increase 1
South Dakota 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Tennessee 9 2 Steady 7 Steady
Texas 36 12 Increase 3 24 Increase 1
Utah 4 1 Steady 3 Increase 1
Vermont 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia 11 3 Steady 8 Steady
Washington 10 6 Increase 1 4 Steady
West Virginia 3 1 Steady 2 Steady
Wisconsin 8 3 Steady 5 Steady
Wyoming 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Total 435 201 Increase 8 234 Decrease 8
Popular vote
Democratic
48.75%
Republican
47.59%
Libertarian
1.12%
Green
0.30%
Other
2.24%
House seats
Republican
53.79%
Democratic
46.21%
House seats by party holding plurality in state

Retiring incumbents[edit]

Forty-one Representatives retired. Thirty-four of those seats were held by the same party, six seats changed party.

Democrats[edit]

Twenty-two Democrats retired. Fourteen of those seats were held by Democrats, five were won by Republicans, and three seats were eliminated in redistricting.

Democratic held[edit]

  1. California 6: Lynn Woolsey,[14] was succeeded by Jared Huffman (with district being renumbered as California 2).
  2. California 51: Bob Filner, to run for Mayor of San Diego,[15] was succeeded by Juan Vargas.
  3. Connecticut 5: Chris Murphy, to run for U.S. Senate,[16] was succeeded by Elizabeth Esty.
  4. Hawaii 2: Mazie Hirono, to run for U.S. Senate,[17] was succeeded by Tulsi Gabbard.
  5. Illinois 12: Jerry Costello,[18] was succeeded by William Enyart.
  6. Massachusetts 4: Barney Frank,[19] was succeeded by Joseph P. Kennedy III.
  7. Michigan 5: Dale Kildee,[20] was succeeded by Dan Kildee.
  8. Nevada 1: Shelley Berkley, to run for U.S. Senate,[21] was succeeded by Dina Titus.
  9. New Mexico 1: Martin Heinrich, to run for U.S. Senate,[22] was succeeded by Michelle Lujan Grisham.
  10. New York 5: Gary Ackerman,[23] was succeeded by Grace Meng (with district being renumbered as New York 6).
  11. New York 10: Edolphus Towns,[24] was succeeded by Hakeem Jeffries (with district being renumbered as New York 8).
  12. Texas 20: Charlie Gonzalez,[25] was succeeded by Joaquín Castro.
  13. Washington 6: Norm Dicks,[26] was succeeded by Derek Kilmer.
  14. Wisconsin 2: Tammy Baldwin, to run for U.S. Senate,[27] was succeeded by Mark Pocan.

Republican gain[edit]

  1. Arkansas 4: Mike Ross, was succeeded by Tom Cotton.
  2. Indiana 2: Joe Donnelly, to run for U.S. Senate, was succeeded by Jackie Walorski.
  3. North Carolina 11: Heath Shuler, was succeeded by Mark Meadows.
  4. North Carolina 13: Brad Miller, was succeeded by George Holding.
  5. Oklahoma 2: Dan Boren, was succeeded by Markwayne Mullin.

Seat eliminated in redistricting[edit]

  1. California 18: Dennis Cardoza.[28]
  2. Massachusetts 1: John Olver.[29]
  3. New York 22: Maurice Hinchey.[30]

Republicans[edit]

Nineteen Republicans retired. Fifteen of those seats were held by Republicans, one was won by a Democrat, and three seats were eliminated in redistricting.

Republican held[edit]

  1. Arizona 6: Jeff Flake, to run for U.S. Senate,[31] was succeeded by Matt Salmon (with district being renumbered as Arizona 5).
  2. California 2: Wally Herger,[32] was succeeded by Doug LaMalfa (with district being renumbered as California 1).
  3. California 41: Jerry Lewis,[33] was succeeded by Paul Cook (with district being renumbered as California 8).
  4. Florida 14: Connie Mack IV, to run for U.S. Senate,[34] was succeeded by Trey Radel (with district being renumbered as Florida 19).
  5. Illinois 15: Tim Johnson,[35] was succeeded by Rodney L. Davis (with district being renumbered as Illinois 13).
  6. Indiana 5: Dan Burton,[36] was succeeded by Susan Brooks.
  7. Indiana 6: Mike Pence, to run for Governor of Indiana,[37] was succeeded by Luke Messer.
  8. Missouri 2: Todd Akin, to run for U.S. Senate,[38] was succeeded by Ann Wagner.
  9. Michigan 11: Thaddeus McCotter: failed to make the ballot for renomination due to fraudulent signatures,[39] was succeeded by Kerry Bentivolio.
  10. Montana at-large: Denny Rehberg, to run for U.S. Senate,[40] was succeeded by Steve Daines.
  11. North Carolina 9: Sue Myrick,[41] was succeeded by Robert Pittenger.
  12. North Dakota at-large: Rick Berg, to run for U.S. Senate,[42] was succeeded by Kevin Cramer.
  13. Ohio 14: Steve LaTourette,[43] was succeeded by David Joyce.
  14. Pennsylvania 19: Todd Russell Platts,[44] was succeeded by Scott Perry (with district being renumbered as Pennsylvania 4).
  15. Texas 14: Ron Paul, to run for U.S. President,[45] was succeeded by Randy Weber.

Democratic gain[edit]

  1. California 24: Elton Gallegly,[46] was succeeded by Julia Brownley (with district being renumbered as California 26).

Seat eliminated in redistricting[edit]

  1. California 26: David Dreier.
  2. New York 9: Bob Turner, who ran for U.S. Senate.[47]
  3. Ohio 7: Steve Austria.[48]

Incumbents defeated[edit]

As a result of redistricting, many incumbents were forced to compete against each other in the same district, which resulted in a larger number of incumbents being defeated in primaries.

In primary elections[edit]

Thirteen representatives lost renomination: Eight were lost in redistricting battles pitting incumbents against each other, and five incumbents lost nomination to non-incumbent challengers.

Democrats[edit]

Seven Democrats lost renomination: five in redistricting and two to a non-incumbent challenger.

Seat held by a Democrat[edit]

These primary winners later won the general election.

  1. Michigan 14: Hansen Clarke lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent Gary Peters
  2. Missouri 1: Russ Carnahan lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent Lacy Clay
  3. New Jersey 9: Steve Rothman lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent Bill Pascrell
  4. Ohio 9: Dennis Kucinich lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent Marcy Kaptur
  5. Pennsylvania 17: Tim Holden lost to challenger Matt Cartwright[49]
  6. Texas 16: Silvestre Reyes lost to challenger Beto O'Rourke[50]
Seat lost to a Republican[edit]
  1. Pennsylvania 12: Jason Altmire lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent Mark Critz,[49] who later lost the general election

Republicans[edit]

Six Republicans lost renomination: three in redistricting races and three to a non-incumbent challenger. All the seats were held by Republicans.

  1. Arizona 6: Ben Quayle lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent David Schweikert
  2. Florida 3: Cliff Stearns lost to challenger Ted Yoho
  3. Florida 7: Sandy Adams lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent John Mica
  4. Illinois 16: Don Manzullo lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent Adam Kinzinger
  5. Ohio 2: Jean Schmidt lost to challenger Brad Wenstrup
  6. Oklahoma 1: John A. Sullivan lost to challenger Jim Bridenstine

In the general election[edit]

Democrats[edit]

Ten incumbent Democrats lost re-election; four to fellow Democrats and six to Republicans. Four losses were in California: two due to redistricting putting two incumbents together (resulting in a net loss of two for the Democrats) and two due to the state's top two primary. Two incumbents outside of California lost to Republican incumbents after being redistricted to the same district.

Seat held by a Democrat[edit]
  1. California 15: Pete Stark lost to Eric Swalwell
  2. California 30: Howard Berman lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent Brad Sherman
  3. California 35: Joe Baca lost to Gloria Negrete McLeod
  4. California 44: Laura Richardson lost a redistricting race to fellow incumbent Janice Hahn
Seat lost to a Republican incumbent[edit]
  1. Iowa 3: Leonard Boswell lost a redistricting race to Tom Latham
  2. Ohio 16: Betty Sutton lost a redistricting race to Jim Renacci
Seat lost to a Republican challenger[edit]
  1. Kentucky 6: Ben Chandler lost to Andy Barr.
  2. New York 27: Kathy Hochul lost to Chris Collins.
  3. North Carolina 8: Larry Kissell lost to Richard Hudson.
  4. Pennsylvania 12: Mark Critz lost to Keith Rothfus.

Republicans[edit]

Seventeen incumbent Republicans lost re-election.

Seat held by a Republican[edit]

One incumbent Republican lost re-election to a fellow incumbent Republican.

  1. Louisiana 3: Jeff Landry lost to Charles Boustany
Seat lost to a Democratic challenger[edit]

Sixteen incumbent Republicans, ten of whom were first elected in 2010, lost re-election to Democrats.

  1. California 7: Dan Lungren lost to Ami Bera.
  2. California 36: Mary Bono Mack lost to Raul Ruiz.
  3. California 52: Brian Bilbray lost to Scott Peters.
  4. Florida 18: Allen West lost to Patrick Murphy.
  5. Florida 26: David Rivera lost to Joe Garcia.
  6. Illinois 8: Joe Walsh lost to Tammy Duckworth.
  7. Illinois 10: Robert Dold lost to Brad Schneider.
  8. Illinois 11: Judy Biggert lost to Bill Foster
  9. Illinois 17: Bobby Schilling lost to Cheri Bustos.
  10. Maryland 6: Roscoe Bartlett lost to John K. Delaney.
  11. Minnesota 8: Chip Cravaack lost to Rick Nolan
  12. New Hampshire 1: Frank Guinta lost to Carol Shea-Porter
  13. New Hampshire 2: Charles Bass lost to Ann Kuster.
  14. New York 18: Nan Hayworth lost to Sean Patrick Maloney.
  15. New York 24: Ann Marie Buerkle lost to Dan Maffei
  16. Texas 23: Quico Canseco lost to Pete Gallego.

Newly created seats[edit]

Of the 435 districts created in the 2010 redistricting, nineteen had no incumbent representative.

Democratic gain[edit]

Twelve Democrats were elected in newly created seats.

  1. Arizona 1: won by Ann Kirkpatrick
  2. Arizona 9: won by Kyrsten Sinema
  3. California 29: won by Tony Cardenas
  4. California 41: won by Mark Takano
  5. California 47: won by Alan Lowenthal
  6. Florida 9: won by Alan Grayson
  7. Florida 22: won by Lois Frankel
  8. Ohio 3: won by Joyce Beatty
  9. Texas 33: won by Marc Veasey
  10. Texas 34: won by Filemon Vela Jr.
  11. Nevada 4: won by Steven Horsford
  12. Washington 10: won by Denny Heck

Republican gain[edit]

Seven Republicans were elected in newly created seats.

  1. California 21: won by David Valadao
  2. Florida 6: won by Ron DeSantis
  3. Georgia 9: won by Doug Collins
  4. South Carolina 7: won by Tom Rice
  5. Texas 25: won by Roger Williams
  6. Texas 36: won by Steve Stockman
  7. Utah 2: won by Chris Stewart

Closest races[edit]

In sixty-four races the margin of victory was less than 10%.

District Winner Margin
North Carolina 7th Democratic 0.19%
Utah 4th Democratic 0.31%
Illinois 13th Republican 0.34%
Michigan 1st Republican 0.54%
Florida 18th Democratic (flip) 0.58%
Arizona 2nd Democratic 0.84%
Massachusetts 6th Democratic 1.15%
Minnesota 6th Republican 1.21%
Illinois 10th Democratic (flip) 1.26%
Puerto Rico at-large Democratic 1.28%
Indiana 2nd Republican (flip) 1.43%
New York 27th Republican (flip) 1.57%
Nebraska 2nd Republican 1.59%
New York 21st Democratic 1.97%
Colorado 6th Republican 2.04%
California 52nd Democratic (flip) 2.35%
Connecticut 5th Democratic 2.62%
California 7th Democratic (flip) 3.36%
Pennsylvania 12th Republican (flip) 3.47%
Florida 10th Republican 3.48%
Arizona 1st Democratic 3.65%
New Hampshire 1st Democratic (flip) 3.76%
New York 23rd Republican 3.82%
Kentucky 6th Republican (flip) 3.89%
New York 18th Democratic (flip) 3.90%
Ohio 16th Republican 4.09%
Arizona 9th Democratic 4.10%
California 15th Democratic 4.22%[b]
Texas 23rd Democratic (flip) 4.75%
New Hampshire 2nd Democratic (flip) 4.83%
New York 1st Democratic 4.98%
California 26th Democratic (flip) 5.38%
New York 11th Republican 5.41%
California 10th Republican 5.42%
Florida 2nd Republican 5.46%
New York 24th Democratic (flip) 5.46%
New York 19th Republican 5.60%
California 36th Democratic (flip) 5.88%
North Carolina 9th Republican 6.13%
Michigan 11th Republican (flip) 6.40%
Ohio 6th Republican 6.50%
Illinois 17th Democratic (flip) 6.56%
Florida 16th Republican 7.22%
Georgia 12th Democratic 7.40%
Nevada 3rd Republican 7.49%
Virginia 2nd Republican 7.66%
North Carolina 8th Republican (flip) 7.79%
Washington 1st Democratic 7.87%
California 33rd Democratic 7.91%
West Virginia 3rd Democratic 7.96%
Nevada 4th Democratic 8.00%
Iowa 4th Republican 8.10%
Minnesota 2nd Republican 8.16%
Illinois 8th Democratic (flip) 8.37%
Michigan 3rd Republican 8.45%
California 3rd Democratic 8.46%
Iowa 3rd Republican (flip) 8.63%
Texas 14th Republican 8.85%
New Jersey 3rd Republican 8.86%
Minnesota 8th Democratic (flip) 8.89%
Illinois 12th Democratic 8.91%
Hawaii 1st Democratic 9.23%
Florida 22nd Democratic (flip) 9.25%
California 25th Republican 9.56%

Election ratings[edit]

Special elections[edit]

There were six special elections in 2012. Winners would have a seniority advantage over other freshmen. Two elections were held separate from the November elections and four elections were held concurrent with the November elections.

District Incumbent Result Candidates
Member Party First
elected
Oregon 1 David Wu Democratic 1998 Incumbent resigned August 3, 2011.
New member elected January 31, 2012.
Democratic hold.
The winner was subsequently re-elected in November, see below.
Arizona 8 Gabby Giffords Democratic 2006 Incumbent resigned January 25, 2012.
New member elected June 12, 2012.
Democratic hold.
The winner was subsequently re-elected in November, see below.
  • Green tickY Ron Barber (Democratic) 52.3%
  • Jesse Kelly (Republican) 45.4%
  • Charlie Manolakis (Green) 2.3%
Kentucky 4 Geoff Davis Republican 2004 Incumbent resigned July 31, 2012 for family health reason.
New member elected November 6, 2012.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Michigan 11 Thad McCotter Republican 2002 Incumbent resigned July 6, 2012 after failing to qualify for renomination.
New member elected November 6, 2012.
Democratic gain.
Winner was not elected the same day to the next term, see below.
New Jersey 10 Donald M. Payne Democratic 2004 Incumbent died March 6, 2012.
New member elected November 6, 2012 to finish his father's term.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Washington 1 Jay Inslee Democratic 2004 Incumbent resigned March 20, 2012 to run for Governor of Washington.
New member elected November 6, 2012.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected the same day to the next term, see below.

Alabama[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alabama 1 Jo Bonner Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 2 Martha Roby Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 3 Mike D. Rogers Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 5 Mo Brooks Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 7 Terri Sewell Democratic 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Alaska[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alaska at-large Don Young Republican 1973 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

Arizona[edit]

Arizona gained one seat in reapportionment. A second open seat was created when a pair of Republicans were redistricted into the same district.[53] Primary elections were August 28, 2012.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Arizona 1 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Arizona 2 Ron Barber Democratic 2012 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 3 Raúl Grijalva Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 4 Paul Gosar Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 5 Jeff Flake Republican 2000 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Arizona 6 Ben Quayle Republican 2010 Incumbent lost renomination.
Republican loss.
David Schweikert
Redistricted from the 5th district
Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 1991 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ed Pastor (Democratic) 80.3%
  • Joe Cobb (Libertarian) 19.2%
Arizona 8 Trent Franks Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Arizona 9 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Arkansas[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas 1 Rick Crawford Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 2 Timothy Griffin Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 3 Steve Womack Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas 4 Mike Ross Democratic 2000 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

California[edit]

California's results

California retained its fifty-three seats: four new seats were created when four pairs of Representatives were redistricted to run against each other. An additional Republican incumbent, Gary Miller, won re-election in an entirely different district from the one he had previously represented.[54] The election featured the first use of the top-two primary system in which primary elections list candidates from all parties on one ballot, and the top two vote-getters advance to the general election. Two elections (30th and 44th districts) featured two Democratic incumbents running against each other.[55]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 Wally Herger
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Republican 1986 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
California 2 Lynn Woolsey
Redistricted from the 6th district
Democratic 1992 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
California 3 John Garamendi
Redistricted from the 10th district
Democratic 2009 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
California 4 Tom McClintock Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
California 5 Mike Thompson
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 6 Doris Matsui
Redistricted from the 5th district
Democratic 2005 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
California 7 Dan Lungren
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Republican 2004 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 8 Jerry Lewis
Redistricted from the 41st district
Republican 1978 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
California 9 Jerry McNerney
Redistricted from the 11th district
Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
California 10 Jeff Denham
Redistricted from the 19th district
Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Dennis Cardoza
Redistricted from the 18th district
Democratic 2002 Incumbent retired.
Democratic loss.
California 11 George Miller
Redistricted from the 7th district
Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.
California 12 Nancy Pelosi
Redistricted from the 8th district
Democratic 1987 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Nancy Pelosi (Democratic) 84.8%
  • John Dennis (Republican) 15.2%
California 13 Barbara Lee
Redistricted from the 9th district
Democratic 1998 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
California 14 Jackie Speier
Redistricted from the 12th district
Democratic 2008 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
California 15 Pete Stark
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic 1972 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
California 16 Jim Costa
Redistricted from the 20th district
Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Jim Costa (Democratic) 57.4%
  • Brian Whelan (Republican) 42.6%
California 17 Mike Honda
Redistricted from the 15th district
Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 18 Anna Eshoo
Redistricted from the 14th district
Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 19 Zoe Lofgren
Redistricted from the 16th district
Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
California 20 Sam Farr
Redistricted from the 17th district
Democratic 1993 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
California 21 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 22 Devin Nunes
Redistricted from the 21st district
Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
California 23 Kevin McCarthy
Redistricted from the 22nd district
Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
California 24 Lois Capps
Redistricted from the 23rd district
Democratic 1998 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
California 25 Howard McKeon Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 26 Elton Gallegly
Redistricted from the 24th district
Republican 1986 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 27 Judy Chu
Redistricted from the 32nd district
Democratic 2009 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Judy Chu (Democratic) 63.4%
  • Jack Orswell (Republican) 36.6%
California 28 Adam Schiff
Redistricted from the 29th district
Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 29 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Tony Cárdenas (Democratic) 74.2%
  • David Hernandez (No party preference) 25.8%
California 30 Brad Sherman
Redistricted from the 27th district
Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Howard Berman
Redistricted from the 28th district
Democratic 1982 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic loss.
California 31 David Dreier
Redistricted from the 26th district
Republican 1980 Incumbent retired.
Republican loss.
Gary Miller
Redistricted from the 42nd district
Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 32 Grace Napolitano
Redistricted from the 38th district
Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
California 33 Henry Waxman
Redistricted from the 30th district
Democratic 1974 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Henry Waxman (Democratic) 53.7%
  • Bill Bloomfield (No party preference) 46.3%
California 34 Xavier Becerra
Redistricted from the 31st district
Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 35 Joe Baca
Redistricted from the 43rd district
Democratic 1999 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
California 36 Mary Bono
Redistricted from the 45th district
Republican 1998 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 37 Karen Bass
Redistricted from the 33rd district
Democratic 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
California 38 Linda Sanchez
Redistricted from the 39th district
Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
California 39 Ed Royce
Redistricted from the 40th district
Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ed Royce (Republican) 59.2%
  • Jay Chen (Democratic) 40.8%
California 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard
Redistricted from the 34th district
Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 41 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 42 Ken Calvert
Redistricted from the 44th district
Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
California 43 Maxine Waters
Redistricted from the 35th district
Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
California 44 Janice Hahn
Redistricted from the 36th district
Democratic 2011 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Laura Richardson
Redistricted from the 37th district
Democratic 2007 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic loss.
California 45 John B. T. Campbell III
Redistricted from the 48th district
Republican 2005 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
California 46 Loretta Sanchez
Redistricted from the 47th district
Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
California 47 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 48 Dana Rohrabacher
Redistricted from the 46th district
Republican 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
California 49 Darrell Issa Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
California 50 Duncan D. Hunter
Redistricted from the 52nd district
Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
California 51 Bob Filner Democratic 1992 Incumbent retired to run for Mayor of San Diego.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
California 52 Brian Bilbray
Redistricted from the 50th district
Republican 2006 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
California 53 Susan Davis Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

Colorado[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Colorado 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 2 Jared Polis Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 3 Scott Tipton Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 4 Cory Gardner Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 5 Doug Lamborn Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 6 Mike Coffman Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado 7 Ed Perlmutter Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.

Connecticut[edit]

Primary elections were held August 14, 2012.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut 1 John B. Larson Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 2 Joe Courtney Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 4 Jim Himes Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Connecticut 5 Chris Murphy Democratic 2006 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

Delaware[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large John Carney Democratic 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Florida[edit]

Florida gained two seats in reapportionment. As a result of the Fair Districts Amendment, approved by voters via referendum in 2010, the legislature could not take incumbency into account in drawing the lines.[56] As a result, two incumbent Republicans, John Mica and Sandy Adams, were drawn into the same district, creating a third new seat.[57]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Jeff Miller Republican 2001 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Steve Southerland Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 3 Cliff Stearns Republican 1988 Incumbent lost renomination
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Florida 4 Ander Crenshaw Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 6 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Florida 7 John Mica Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Sandy Adams
Redistricted from the 24th district
Republican 2010 Incumbent lost renomination.
Republican loss.
Florida 8 Bill Posey Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 9 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida 10 Daniel Webster Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 11 Rich Nugent Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 12 Gus Bilirakis Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 13 Bill Young Republican 1970 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 14 Kathy Castor Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 15 Dennis A. Ross Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 16 Vern Buchanan Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 17 Tom Rooney Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 18 Allen West Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election .
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida 19 Connie Mack IV Republican 2004 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Florida 20 Alcee Hastings Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 21 Ted Deutch Democratic 2010 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 22 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida 23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 24 Frederica Wilson Democratic 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 25 Mario Diaz-Balart Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 26 David Rivera Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Florida 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 1989 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

Georgia[edit]

Georgia gained one seat in reapportionment.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia 1 Jack Kingston Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 2 Sanford Bishop Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 3 Lynn Westmoreland Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 4 Hank Johnson Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 5 John Lewis Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 6 Tom Price Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 7 Rob Woodall Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 8 Austin Scott Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 9 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Georgia 10 Paul Broun Republican 2007 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 11 Phil Gingrey Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Phil Gingrey (Republican) 68.6%
  • Patrick Thompson (Democratic) 31.4%
Georgia 12 John Barrow Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 13 David Scott Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY David Scott (Democratic) 71.7%
  • Shahid Malik (Republican) 28.3%
Georgia 14 Tom Graves Republican 2010 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

Hawaii[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Hawaii 1 Colleen Hanabusa Democratic 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Hawaii 2 Mazie Hirono Democratic 2006 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

Idaho[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Idaho 1 Raúl Labrador Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Idaho 2 Mike Simpson Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.

Illinois[edit]

Illinois lost one seat in reapportionment, forcing a pair of incumbent Republicans into the same district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Illinois 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 2 Jesse Jackson Jr. Democratic 1995 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 3 Dan Lipinski Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 5 Mike Quigley Democratic 2009 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 6 Peter Roskam Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 7 Danny K. Davis Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 8 Joe Walsh Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Illinois 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 10 Robert Dold Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Illinois 11 Judy Biggert Republican 1998 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Illinois 12 Jerry Costello Democratic 1988 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Illinois 13 Tim Johnson Republican 2000 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Illinois 14 Randy Hultgren Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Randy Hultgren (Republican) 58.8%
  • Dennis Anderson (Democratic) 41.2%
Illinois 15 John Shimkus Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 16 Don Manzullo Republican 1992 Incumbent lost renomination.
Republican loss.
Adam Kinzinger
Redistricted from the 11th district
Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois 17 Bobby Schilling Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Illinois 18 Aaron Schock Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.

Indiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 2 Joe Donnelly Democratic 2006 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Indiana 3 Marlin Stutzman Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 4 Todd Rokita Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 5 Dan Burton Republican 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Indiana 6 Mike Pence Republican 2000 Incumbent retired to run for Governor of Indiana.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Indiana 7 André Carson Democratic 2008 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 8 Larry Bucshon Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 9 Todd Young Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Iowa[edit]

Iowa's results

Iowa lost one seat in reapportionment, forcing a pair of incumbents, a Democrat and a Republican, into the same district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Iowa 1 Bruce Braley Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa 2 David Loebsack Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa 3 Leonard Boswell Democratic 1996 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic loss.
Tom Latham
Redistricted from the 4th district
Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Iowa 4 Steve King Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Kansas[edit]

Primary elections were held August 7, 2012.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kansas 1 Tim Huelskamp Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 2 Lynn Jenkins Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 3 Kevin Yoder Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 4 Mike Pompeo Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Kentucky[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 2 Brett Guthrie Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 3 John Yarmuth Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 4 Vacant Incumbent Geoff Davis (Republican) resigned July 31, 2012
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Kentucky 5 Hal Rogers Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 6 Ben Chandler Democratic 2004 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

Louisiana[edit]

Louisiana lost one seat in reapportionment, forcing a pair of incumbent Republicans into the same district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Louisiana 1 Steve Scalise Republican 2008 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 2 Cedric Richmond Democratic 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 3 Jeff Landry Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election
Republican loss.
Charles Boustany
Redistricted from the 7th district
Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 4 John Fleming Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 5 Rodney Alexander Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 6 Bill Cassidy Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.

Maine[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maine 1 Chellie Pingree Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 2 Mike Michaud Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 Andrew P. Harris Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 2 Dutch Ruppersberger Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 John Sarbanes Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 4 Donna Edwards Democratic 2008 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 1981 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 Roscoe Bartlett Republican 1992 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Maryland 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 8 Chris Van Hollen Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Massachusetts[edit]

Massachusetts lost one seat in reapportionment, forcing a pair of incumbent Democrats into the same district, although one, John Olver, retired in advance of the legislature's approval of new maps. Primary elections were held September 6, 2012.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Massachusetts 1 Richard Neal Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 2 John Olver Democratic 1991 (Special) Incumbent retired.
Democratic loss.
Jim McGovern
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 3 Niki Tsongas Democratic 2007 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 4 Barney Frank Democratic 1980 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Massachusetts 5 Ed Markey Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Ed Markey (Democratic) 75.5%
  • Tom Tierney (Republican) 24.5%
Massachusetts 6 John F. Tierney Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 8 Stephen Lynch Democratic 2001 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 9 William R. Keating Democratic 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Michigan[edit]

Michigan lost one seat in reapportionment, forcing a pair of Democrats into the same district. Primary elections were held August 7, 2012.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Michigan 1 Dan Benishek Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 2 Bill Huizenga Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 3 Justin Amash Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 4 Dave Camp Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 5 Dale Kildee Democratic 1976 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Michigan 6 Fred Upton Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 7 Tim Walberg Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 8 Mike Rogers Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 9 Sander Levin Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 10 Candice Miller Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 11 Thad McCotter Republican 2002 Incumbent resigned July 6, 2012 after failing to qualify for renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Winner was not elected the same day to finish the current term, see above.
Michigan 12 John Dingell Democratic 1955 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 13 John Conyers Democratic 1964 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan 14 Gary Peters Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Hansen Clarke
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic 2010 Incumbent lost renomination.
Democratic loss.

Minnesota[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Minnesota 1 Tim Walz Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 2 John Kline Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 3 Erik Paulsen Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 4 Betty McCollum Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 5 Keith Ellison Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 6 Michele Bachmann Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Minnesota 8 Chip Cravaack Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

Mississippi[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Mississippi 1 Alan Nunnelee Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 Gregg Harper Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 Steven Palazzo Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Missouri[edit]

Missouri lost one seat in reapportionment; two Democrats were drawn into the same district as a result. Primary elections were held August 7, 2012.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Missouri 1 Lacy Clay Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Russ Carnahan
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic 2004 Incumbent lost renomination.
Democratic loss.
Missouri 2 Todd Akin Republican 2000 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Missouri 3 Blaine Luetkemeyer Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 4 Vicky Hartzler Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 5 Emanuel Cleaver Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 6 Sam Graves Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 7 Billy Long Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Missouri 8 Jo Ann Emerson Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

Montana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Montana at-large Denny Rehberg Republican 2000 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

Nebraska[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Nebraska 1 Jeff Fortenberry Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 2 Lee Terry Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 3 Adrian Smith Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.

Nevada[edit]

Nevada gained one seat in reapportionment.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Nevada 1 Shelley Berkley Democratic 1998 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Nevada 2 Mark Amodei Republican 2011 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Nevada 3 Joe Heck Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Nevada 4 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

New Hampshire[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire 1 Frank Guinta Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New Hampshire 2 Charles Bass Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey lost one seat in reapportionment, forcing two incumbent Democrats into the same district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey 1 Rob Andrews Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 3 Jon Runyan Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 4 Chris Smith Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 5 Scott Garrett Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 6 Frank Pallone Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 7 Leonard Lance Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 8 Albio Sires Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 9 Bill Pascrell Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Steve Rothman Democratic 1996 Incumbent lost renomination.
Democratic loss.
New Jersey 10 Donald M. Payne Democratic 2004 Incumbent died March 6, 2012.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected the same day to finish the current term, see above.
New Jersey 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
New Jersey 12 Rush Holt Jr. Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.

New Mexico[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Mexico 1 Martin Heinrich Democratic 2008 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
New Mexico 2 Steve Pearce Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico 3 Ben Ray Luján Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.

New York[edit]

New York lost two seats in reapportionment. After the legislature failed to reach agreement, New York conducted its 2012 congressional elections under a map drawn by a federal magistrate judge. Two incumbent Representatives saw their districts eliminated; one, Maurice Hinchey, chose to retire, while the other, Bob Turner, chose to run for the U.S. Senate.[61] A third incumbent impacted by redistricting, Gary Ackerman, chose to retire, creating an open seat.[62]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Tim Bishop Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 2 Peter T. King Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 3 Steve Israel Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 1998 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Bob Turner
Redistricted from the 9th district
Republican 2011 (Special) Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
Republican loss.
New York 6 Gary Ackerman Democratic 1983 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
New York 7 Nydia Velazquez Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 8 Edolphus Towns Democratic 1982 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
New York 9 Yvette Clarke Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 10 Jerrold Nadler Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 11 Michael Grimm Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 13 Charles B. Rangel Democratic 1970 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 14 Joseph Crowley Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 15 José E. Serrano Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 18 Nan Hayworth Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 19 Chris Gibson Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Maurice Hinchey
Redistricted from the 22nd district
Democratic 1992 Incumbent retired.
Democratic loss.
New York 20 Paul Tonko Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 21 Bill Owens Democratic 2009 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
New York 22 Richard L. Hanna Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 23 Tom Reed Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 24 Ann Marie Buerkle Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
New York 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 26 Brian Higgins Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 27 Kathy Hochul Democratic 2011 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 G. K. Butterfield Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 2 Renee Ellmers Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 3 Walter B. Jones Jr. Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 4 David Price Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY David Price (Democratic) 74.4%
  • Tim D'Annunzio (Republican) 25.6%
North Carolina 5 Virginia Foxx Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 6 Howard Coble Republican 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 8 Larry Kissell Democratic 2008 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
North Carolina 9 Sue Myrick Republican 1994 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
North Carolina 10 Patrick McHenry Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 11 Heath Shuler Democratic 2006 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
North Carolina 12 Mel Watt Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 13 Brad Miller Democratic 2002 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

North Dakota[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Dakota at-large Rick Berg Republican 2010 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

Ohio[edit]

Ohio's results

Ohio lost two seats in reapportionment. Three pairs of incumbents were redistricted together, and one new seat was created.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Ohio 1 Steve Chabot Republican 1994
2010
Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 2 Jean Schmidt Republican 2005 (Special) Incumbent lost renomination
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio 3 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Ohio 4 Jim Jordan Republican 2006 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 5 Bob Latta Republican 2007 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 6 Bill Johnson Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 7 Bob Gibbs Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 8 John Boehner Republican 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 1982 Incumbent re-elected.
Dennis Kucinich
Redistricted from the 10th district
Democratic 1996 Incumbent lost renomination.
Democratic loss.
Ohio 10 Mike Turner Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Steve Austria
Redistricted from the 7th district
Republican 2008 Incumbent retired.
Republican loss.
Ohio 11 Marcia Fudge Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 12 Pat Tiberi Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 13 Tim Ryan Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 14 Steve LaTourette Republican 1994 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio 15 Steve Stivers Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 16 Jim Renacci Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Betty Sutton
Redistricted from the 13th district
Democratic 2006 Incumbent lost re-election.
Democratic loss.

Oklahoma[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Oklahoma 1 John A. Sullivan Republican 2002 Incumbent lost renomination
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Oklahoma 2 Dan Boren Democratic 2004 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Oklahoma 3 Frank Lucas Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma 4 Tom Cole Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma 5 James Lankford Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Oregon[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Oregon 1 Suzanne Bonamici Democratic 2012 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 2 Greg Walden Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon 5 Kurt Schrader Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.

Pennsylvania[edit]

Pennsylvania lost one seat in reapportionment, forcing two incumbent Democrats to run against each other, with the seat ultimately being won by a Republican challenger in November.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Pennsylvania 1 Bob Brady Democratic 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 2 Chaka Fattah Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 3 Mike Kelly Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 4 Todd Platts Republican 2000 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 5 Glenn Thompson Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 6 Jim Gerlach Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 7 Pat Meehan Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 8 Mike Fitzpatrick Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 9 Bill Shuster Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 10 Tom Marino Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 11 Lou Barletta Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 12 Mark Critz Democratic 2010 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Jason Altmire
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic 2006 Incumbent lost renomination.
Democratic loss.
Pennsylvania 13 Allyson Schwartz Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 14 Michael F. Doyle Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 15 Charlie Dent Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 16 Joe Pitts Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 17 Tim Holden Democratic 1992 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Pennsylvania 18 Timothy F. Murphy Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.

Rhode Island[edit]

The primary election was held September 11, 2012.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island 1 David Cicilline Democratic 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Rhode Island 2 Jim Langevin Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina gained one seat in reapportionment.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 Tim Scott Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 Joe Wilson Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Jeff Duncan Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Trey Gowdy Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 Mick Mulvaney Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

South Dakota[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Dakota at-large Kristi Noem Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Tennessee[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee 1 Phil Roe Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Jimmy Duncan Republican 1988 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 Chuck Fleischmann Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Scott DesJarlais Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 Jim Cooper Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 Diane Black Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Diane Black (Republican) 76.6%
  • Robert Beasley (Independent) 14.4%
  • Pat Riley (Green) 9.0%
Tennessee 7 Marsha Blackburn Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 Stephen Fincher Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Steve Cohen Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.

Texas[edit]

Texas gained four seats in reapportionment. After the initial redistricting map drawn by the Texas Legislature was denied pre-clearance by a federal district court under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act, Texas conducted its 2012 congressional elections under a court-ordered interim map.[64]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Texas 1 Louie Gohmert Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 2 Ted Poe Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 3 Sam Johnson Republican 1991 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 4 Ralph Hall Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 5 Jeb Hensarling Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 6 Joe Barton Republican 1984 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 7 John Culberson Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 8 Kevin Brady Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 9 Al Green Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 10 Michael McCaul Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 11 Mike Conaway Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 12 Kay Granger Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 14 Ron Paul Republican 1996 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. President
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Texas 15 Ruben Hinojosa Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 16 Silvestre Reyes Democratic 1996 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Texas 17 Bill Flores Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Bill Flores (Republican) 79.9%
  • Ben Easton (Libertarian) 20.1%
Texas 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 19 Randy Neugebauer Republican 2003 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 20 Charlie Gonzalez Democratic 1998 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Texas 21 Lamar S. Smith Republican 1986 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 22 Pete Olson Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 23 Quico Canseco Republican 2010 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Texas 24 Kenny Marchant Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 25 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Texas 26 Michael C. Burgess Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 27 Blake Farenthold Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 28 Henry Cuellar Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 29 Gene Green Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 30 Eddie Bernice Johnson Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 31 John Carter Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 32 Pete Sessions Republican 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 33 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Texas 34 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Texas 35 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas 36 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

Utah[edit]

Utah gained one seat in reapportionment.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Utah 1 Rob Bishop Republican 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Utah 2 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Utah 3 Jason Chaffetz Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Utah 4 Jim Matheson Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.

Vermont[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Vermont at-large Peter Welch Democratic 2006 Incumbent re-elected.

Virginia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 Rob Wittman Republican 2007 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 2 Scott Rigell Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 4 Randy Forbes Republican 2001 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 5 Robert Hurt Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 Eric Cantor Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8 Jim Moran Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 9 Morgan Griffith Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 Frank Wolf Republican 1980 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 11 Gerry Connolly Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.

Washington[edit]

Washington gained one seat in reapportionment. Primary elections were held August 7, 2012.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Washington 1 Jay Inslee Democratic 2004 Incumbent resigned March 20, 2012 to run for Governor of Washington.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected the same day to finish the current term, see above.
Washington 2 Rick Larsen Democratic 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 3 Jaime Herrera Beutler Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 4 Doc Hastings Republican 1994 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 6 Norman D. Dicks Democratic 1976 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Washington 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 8 Dave Reichert Republican 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 9 Adam Smith Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Washington 10 None (New seat) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

West Virginia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
West Virginia 1 David McKinley Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 2 Shelley Moore Capito Republican 2000 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 3 Nick Rahall Democratic 1976 Incumbent re-elected.

Wisconsin[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Wisconsin 1 Paul Ryan Republican 1998 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 2 Tammy Baldwin Democratic 1998 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Wisconsin 3 Ron Kind Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 4 Gwen Moore Democratic 2004 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 5 Jim Sensenbrenner Republican 1978 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 6 Tom Petri Republican 1979 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 7 Sean Duffy Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.
Wisconsin 8 Reid Ribble Republican 2010 Incumbent re-elected.

Wyoming[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Wyoming at-large Cynthia Lummis Republican 2008 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegates[edit]

Puerto Rico's Resident Commissioner is elected to a four-year term during U.S. presidential election years. It is the only seat in the House elected for a four-year term.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
American Samoa at-large Eni Faleomavaega Democratic 1988 Incumbent re-elected.
District of Columbia at-large Eleanor Holmes Norton Democratic 1990 Incumbent re-elected.
Guam at-large Madeleine Bordallo Democratic 2002 Incumbent re-elected.
Northern Mariana Islands at-large Gregorio Sablan Democratic 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
Puerto Rico at-large Pedro Pierluisi NPP 2008 Incumbent re-elected.
U.S. Virgin Islands at-large Donna Christian-Christensen Democratic 1996 Incumbent re-elected.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ As well as the 6 non-voting delegates.
  2. ^ Under California's "jungle primary" system, the general election was between two Democrats.

References[edit]

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  4. ^ https://www.quorum.us/data-driven-insights/under-obama-democrats-suffer-largest-loss-in-power-since-eisenhower/291/
  5. ^ "...the discrepancy between the popular vote won by a party and the seats that party wins in Congress is an endemic feature of our political system." Trende, Sean. Why Republicans Lost the Vote But Kept the House. RealClearPolitics. 2013-05-16. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
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