2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Maine
Both Maine seats to the United States House of Representatives
|Elections in Maine|
The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Maine were held on November 6, 2018, to elect the two U.S. Representatives from the state of Maine, one from each of the state's two congressional districts. The elections coincided with elections to the United States Senate, a gubernatorial election, and various state and local elections.
These U.S. House elections were conducted with ranked choice voting, as opposed to a simple plurality, after Maine voters passed a citizen referendum approving the change in 2016 and a June 2018 referendum sustaining the change. Ranked choice voting was used in the primary elections as well.
While Rep. Chellie Pingree in District 1 was reelected with a majority, no candidate received a majority in District 2 which meant ranked choice tabulating needed to occur. Current Rep. Bruce Poliquin, who received a plurality of first round votes, filed a federal lawsuit to halt that tabulation, arguing that ranked choice voting was unconstitutional. The court ruled against Poliquin in his request for a motion on November 15 and against the lawsuit itself on December 13. On November 15, Jared Golden was declared the winner on ranked choice redistribution.
- 1 District 1
- 2 District 2
- 2.1 Democratic primary
- 2.2 Republican primary
- 2.3 Green primary
- 2.4 Libertarian primary
- 2.5 Independent candidates
- 2.6 General election
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Chellie Pingree, the incumbent representative, was first elected in 2008, and in 2016 defeated Republican nominee Mark Holbrook with just under 58 percent of the vote. Holbrook ran again for the Republican nomination, and was unopposed. Independent State Representative Marty Grohman, elected as a Democrat in the 2016 State House election, defected the party in 2017. He launched his campaign for the first district in spring 2018.
Due to the use of ranked choice voting in the election, Pingree was considered to be vulnerable if she did not win outright in the first round, as Grohman could have been a second choice for Republican and Democratic voters. Grohman was receiving substantial support from Republican elected officials and activists, including Republican Governor Paul LePage and the State Director of President Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign Christie-Lee McNally.
|Democratic||Chellie Pingree (incumbent)||74,376||90.7|
- Mark Holbrook, professional counselor and 2016 nominee for this seat
- Marty Grohman, state representative 
|Emerson College||October 27–29, 2018||442||± 4.9%||56%||31%||–||7%||6%|
|Pan Atlantic Research||October 1–7, 2018||249||–||53%||29%||11%||–||7%|
|Democratic||Chellie Pingree (incumbent)||201,195||58.8|
Bruce Poliquin, the incumbent representative for the second district, defeated Democrat Emily Cain in the 2016 election in a rematch of the 2014 election where Poliquin was first elected. Poliquin ran for the Republican nomination unopposed. Cain did not challenge Poliquin again, instead taking a job with the progressive group Emily's List. Initially, six candidates filed for the Democratic nomination — United States Postal Service employee and activist Phil Cleaves, carpenter and former Maine State Senate candidate Jonathan Fulford, Assistant Majority Leader of the State House of Representatives Jared Golden, shopkeeper and former Chair of the Isleboro Board of Selectmen Craig Olson, businessman and former State Senate candidate Tim Rich, and conservationist Lucas St. Clair. Cleaves, Rich and Fulford dropped out at various points in the campaign, though Fulford's withdrawal happened too late for his name to be removed from the primary ballot. Several candidates received prominent endorsements; St. Clair was endorsed by the League of Conservation Voters and California Congressman Jared Huffman, Fulford by the left-wing group Our Revolution prior to his withdrawal from the race, and Golden by VoteVets, Massachusetts Congressman Seth Moulton and over two dozen members of the Maine Legislature. Golden defeated St. Clair and Olson on the second ballot after ranked choice voting.
In addition, two third-party candidates announced their candidacies for the seat: Houlton Band of Maliseets State Representative Henry John Bear of the Maine Green Independent Party and Brian Kresge of the Libertarian Party. Bear, a former Democrat, left the party due to its stance on water rights for Maine's native people. He failed to qualify for the ballot. Kresge, a veteran and writer, withdrew from the race to run for a seat in the State House of Representatives. Neither the Libertarians nor Green Independents will have a candidate on the ballot.
Two independent candidates qualified for the ballot: Tiffany Bond, an attorney from Portland (a city outside of the second district), and Will Hoar, a schoolteacher.
- Jared Golden, Assistant Majority Leader of the Maine House of Representatives
- Craig Olson, former Chair of the Islesboro Board of Selectmen
- Lucas St. Clair, conservationist, restaurateur, and son of Roxanne Quimby
- Phil Cleaves, United States Postal Service employee
- Jonathan Fulford, farmer, carpenter, and two-time Maine Senate candidate
- Tim Rich, businessman
- Troy Jackson, Minority Leader of the Maine Senate and candidate for this seat in 2014
- Ben Sprague, Bangor City Councilor
|Jonathan Fulford (withdrawn)|
|Lucas St. Clair|
|Survey USA (with RCV)||April 26-May 1, 2018||217 LV||± 7.2%||Round 1||17%||22%||5%||25%||-||31%|
|Global Strategy Group||October 2–5, 2017||300||± 5.7%||N/A||-||8%||-||40%||7%||45%|
(Through March 31, 2017)
- Jared Golden: $618,380.33
- Lucas St. Clair: $424,958.42
- Jonathan Fulford (withdrawn): $166,989.79
- Craig Olson: $100,299.00
- Tim Rich (withdrawn): $72,197.20
- Emily Cain (not running): $24,692.88
|Democratic primary results|
|Party||Candidate||Round 1||Round 2|
|Democratic||Lucas St. Clair||17,742||39.2%||+2,111||19,853||45.7%|
^Blank ballots and overvotes
|Republican||Bruce Poliquin (incumbent)||43,047||83.9|
Failed to make the ballot
- Brian Kresge, writer (running for State House)
All candidates except for Poliquin said they would abide by the results of ranked choice voting, and all candidates except for Poliquin said they would make second and third choices when they vote. Poliquin said he would only cast a first round vote for himself, stating that he felt no one but him is qualified for the seat.
Poliquin filed a lawsuit in federal court on November 13, seeking an order to halt the second round tabulation of ballots and declare ranked choice voting to be against the United States Constitution. Poliquin's request for an injunction to halt the ranked choice voting process was rejected, shortly before Maine Secretary of State Matthew Dunlap announced Jared Golden as the winner. Poliquin stated that his lawsuit would continue and asked Judge Lance Walker, the judge hearing his lawsuit, to order a new election be held should he decline to hold ranked choice voting unconstitutional. Judge Walker ruled against Poliquin on December 13, rejecting all of his arguments.
Poliquin requested a recount of the ballots just before the deadline of November 26.
|Emerson College||October 27–29, 2018||441||± 4.9%||–||46%||47%||–||–||3%||4%|
|NYT Upshot/Siena College||October 15–18, 2018||501||± 4.8%||–||41%||41%||–||–||–||15%|
|Global Strategy Group (D)||October 9–12, 2018||400||± 4.9%||–||42%||48%||–||–||–||10%|
|Pan Atlantic Research||October 1–7, 2018||251||–||–||37%||37%||6%||3%||–||17%|
|NYT Upshot/Siena College||September 12–14, 2018||506||± 4.8%||–||47%||42%||–||–||–||11%|
|The Mellman Group (D-Golden)||September 4–7, 2018||–||± 4.9%||–||46%||54%||–||–||–||–|
|The Mellman Group (D-Golden)||July 25–30, 2018||400||± 4.9%||Round 1||40%||39%||3%||1%||–||16%|
|The Cook Political Report||Toss-up||October 3, 2018|
|Inside Elections||Toss-up||September 28, 2018|
|Sabato's Crystal Ball||Toss-up||October 4, 2018|
|Daily Kos||Toss-up||September 28, 2018|
|Fox News||Toss-up||September 21, 2018|
|CNN||Toss-up||October 2, 2018|
|RealClearPolitics||Toss-up||September 21, 2018|
|The New York Times||Toss-up||September 26, 2018|
|Politico||Toss-up||September 21, 2018|
|Maine's 2nd congressional district, 2018 results|
|Party||Candidate||Round 1||Round 2|
|Democratic||Jared Golden||132,013||45.6%||+ 10,427||142,440||50.62%|
|Republican||Bruce Poliquin (incumbent)||134,184||46.3%||+ 4,747||138,931||49.38%|
|Independent||Tiffany Bond||16,552||5.7%||- 16,552||Eliminated|
|Independent||Will Hoar||6,875||2.4%||- 6,875||Eliminated|
Poliquin led on first preferences with 46.4% to Golden's 45.6% and 8.1% for the two independents. However as no candidate had a majority of the votes, the votes cast for the two independents were redistributed between Poliquin and Golden (those that didn't give a preference for either of the candidates were exhausted) and Golden won the election.
Of the votes left in the count Golden won with 50.62% of the vote to Poliquin's 49.38%. Including exhausted votes the final count was Golden 49.2%, Poliquin 48.0% and 2.8% exhausted.
The votes for the two independents were redistributed as follows: 44.5% went to Golden, 20.3% to Poliquin, and 35.2% were exhausted votes (i.e., they didn't give a preference to either of the remaining candidates).
- "Maine became the first state in the country Tuesday to pass ranked choice voting". Boston Globe. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "Maine Voters Overrule Their Leaders". The Atlantic. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- "Ranked-choice voting fans hope Maine's experiment pays off". 21 June 2018.
- Scott Thistle (May 29, 2018). "State lawmaker submits enough signatures to challenge Rep. Pingree". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
- "Maine GOP Governor Backs Independent In Congressional Race". MPBN. June 20, 2018. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- "Massive Group of ME Republican Leaders Endorse Marty Grohman for Congress". MartyGrohman.com. September 12, 2018.
- Scott Thistle (December 19, 2017). "Pingree says she won't run for governor in 2018". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
- "Grohman to challenge Pingree in 1st District as independent". Mainebiz.biz. April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Endorsements: Chellie Pingree for Congress". Retrieved October 15, 2018.
- 2018 Convention Speech: Senate Democratic Leader Troy Jackson.
- "End Citizens United Endorses Rep. Chellie Pingree for Re-Election". ChelliePingree.com. October 11, 2018. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
- "VOTE 2018 / EqualityMaine". Retrieved October 15, 2018.
- "Chellie Pingree worthy of top choice in Maine's 1st Congressional District". October 21, 2018.
- "Our Endorsement: Board endorses Pingree, Golden". CentralMaine.com. October 22, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
- "It's Time To Vote: Phoenix Endorsements for the 2018 Elections". ConwayDailySun.com. November 1, 2018. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
- "Our Endorsement: Editorial Board endorses Chellie Pingree, Jared Golden for U.S. House". October 22, 2018.
- "Endorsements / Holbrook4ME". Retrieved October 15, 2018.
- "Race for 1st Congressional District seat tests Republicans' unity". Portland Press Herald. September 13, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
- "Maine Sportsman's Coalition Backs Grohman for Congress". MartyGrohman.com. September 21, 2018.
- "Incumbent Independents". Unite America. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
- Marty Grohman [@mgrohman] (October 10, 2018). "BIG NEWS: The @USChamber just endorsed my campaign for Congress! The Chamber represents 3 million business worldwide and its message is clear: if you're interested in building Maine's economy, the choice in this election is crystal clear. #fixnotfight #mepolitics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Pathé, Simone (July 20, 2017). "Democrats Eyeing Maine Natives to Unseat Bruce Poliquin". Roll Call. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Shepherd, Michael (July 24, 2017). "National Democrats recruit a Marine born in Maine to challenge Poliquin". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
- Roll Call Staff (August 25, 2017). "At the Races: As Goes Maine, So Goes ..." Roll Call. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
- Bukaty, Robert (October 2, 2017). "Lucas St. Clair Says He's Running for Congress, Shaking Up Democratic Primary Field". MPBN. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- Cousins, Christopher (July 19, 2017). "Third Democrat jumps into race to oust Bruce Poliquin". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Pat Callaghan [@PatCallaghan6] (April 30, 2018). "One of the Dems running in CD-2 has quit the race. Release from Jonathan Fulford campaign says "Today, I suspended my campaign for personal reasons. I regret the necessity and will not be taking questions at this time." #mepolitics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- @ourrevolution (April 29, 2018). "We're proud to endorse @fulfordformaine to represent the people of Maine's 2nd district. Jonathan will fight to get big money out of politics and to make sure corporations pay their fair share in taxes. ourrev.us/jonathan-fulfo…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Gideon, Sara (March 8, 2018). "Sara Gideon: Why I support Jared Golden". Kennebec Journal & Morning Sentinel. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- Amy Fried [@ASFried] (May 24, 2018). "Am endorsing Golden for the nomination He's accomplished the most and done so in a divided legislature with a GOP governor, and did so after serving his country in the military and working in DC for a U.S. senator. All the Dems have better policies than Poliquin. #mepolitics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Bradner, Eric (November 30, 2017). "Rep. Seth Moulton's plan to overhaul House Democrats with a 'new generation of leaders'". CNN. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
- Progressive Caucus [@electprogress] (June 4, 2018). "Jared Golden in #ME02 @golden4congress" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Neumann, Dan (June 7, 2018). "Maine People's Alliance endorses Jared Golden in 'high stakes' CD-2 race". Maine Beacon. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
- Jared Golden [@golden4congress] (May 9, 2018). "Proud to be .@MEAFLCIO endorsed! #labor #unions #Democrats" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- @NationalNurses (May 18, 2018). "NNU is proud to endorse Jared Golden @golden4congress for Congress in ME-02. Nurses are on #TeamGolden because Jared stands with labor and will work for #MedicareForAll!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Anthony Emerson [@AnthonyEmerso14] (June 12, 2018). "At the 11th hour, @JaredHuffman endorses @Lucasstclair #mepolitics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Shepherd, Michael (November 30, 2017). "Dropouts, straw polls hint at who to take seriously in crowded Maine governor's race". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
- Auster, Craig (January 29, 2018). "LCV ACTION FUND ENDORSES LUCAS ST. CLAIR FOR CONGRESS". LCV.org. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- "St. Clair's monument work gives him edge in 2nd District Democratic primary". Bangor Daily News. May 24, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- @TiffanyBond (June 12, 2018). "#mepolitics, Our #ME02 ballot is set. @tiffanybond @RepPoliquin @golden4congress @willhoar I look forward to competition that brings out the best in us. Pick the person who will make functional, humane law for rural Maine. Gentlemen, be kind and wise in your campaigns" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Collins, Steve (October 23, 2018). "Poliquin indicates he might challenge ranked-choice results if he doesn't win". Kennebec Journal. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
- Collins, Steve; Journal, Sun (2018-12-13). "Federal court rules against Bruce Poliquin's challenge of ranked-choice voting". Lewiston Sun Journal. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
- "Poliquin campaign asks for CD2 recount". WCSH. November 26, 2018. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
- Jared Golden [@golden4congress] (October 17, 2018). "I am honored to receive the endorsement of Vice President Joe Biden #ME02 #mepolitics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Noel Gallagher (October 1, 2018). "Obama endorses Democrat Jared Golden in bid to unseat Poliquin in 2nd District". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
- Brian Schatz. "I'm giving to @golden4congress please feel free to join me and send help too. Thank you". Twitter.
- Fried, Amy [@ASFried] (August 20, 2018). "I didn't know that GOP Sen. Saviello is backing Golden. Perhaps they'll be a Republicans for Golden group. #mepolitics www.wsj.com/articles/democrats-look-to-flip-new-englands-one-gop-house-seat-1534757401 …" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Kamp, Jon (August 20, 2018). "Democrats Look to Flip New England's One GOP House Seat". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 20, 2018. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
- King, Stephen [@StephenKing] (August 19, 2018). "youtu.be/SVKcHMCh1EQ This is the guy running in Maine's 2nd district against NRA sweetheart Bruce Poliquin" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Emerson, Anthony [@AnthonyEmerso14] (November 5, 2018). "Jed Bartlet himself, Martin Sheen, is backing @golden4congress #MEPolitics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "LCV Action Fund Endorses Jared Golden for Congress". League of Conservation Voters. August 29, 2018.
- "Jared Golden - Candidate Profile - MoveOn.org". MoveOn.org.
- "Sierra Club #ClimateVoter Guide: Endorsements".
- "Golden Will Represent 2nd District's Interests, Not a "Radical" Agenda". October 18, 2018.
- Trump, Donald [@realDonaldTrump] (October 25, 2018). ".@BrucePoliquin from Maine is a great Congressman. He is in a tough fight against a very liberal Nancy Pelosi Democrat. Bruce has helped bring JOBS back to his State and totally protects your Great Second Amendment. We need to keep Bruce in Washington. He has my Full Endorsement!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Collins, Steve [@SteveCollinsSJ] (August 28, 2018). "The @USChamber is weighing in with a new tv ad touting @RepPoliquin for his fight against tariffs that it says would hurt Maine exporters. Watch it here: youtu.be/3EvFzBAEonQ #mepolitics" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Collins, Steve (August 24, 2018). "Pro-Trump Super PAC to spend $1 million to help Bruce Poliquin". Lewiston Sun Journal.
- Bruce Poliquin. "JUST IN: The Sportsman's Alliance of Maine recognizes my hard work on behalf of Maine's sportsmen and women. I have long fought for Maine's strong traditional outdoor heritage and I will continue to do so as our Congressman. I appreciate their endorsement and support. #mepolitics". Twitter.
- "NRA Endorses Poliquin in the 2nd Congressional District of Maine". NRA-ILA. September 20, 2018.
- "2018 House Race Ratings | The Cook Political Report". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- "House Ratings | Inside Elections". insideelections.com. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
- "2018 House". www.centerforpolitics.org. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- "Daily Kos: House 2018". Daily Kos. September 28, 2018. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- "Fox News Midterms 2018 America's Election HQ". Fox News. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
- "CNN Key Races: Path to House majority comes into focus as a dozen races move toward Democrats". Retrieved 2018-07-30.
- "RealClearPolitics - 2018 Election Maps - Battle for the House 2018". www.realclearpolitics.com. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
- "Elections 2018: Tracking the House Races to Watch in the 2018 Midterm Elections". Retrieved 2018-08-13.
- "Who wins 2018? Predictions for Every House & Senate Election". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
- "Results Certified to the Governor 11/26/18". www.maine.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
- Candidates at Vote Smart
- Candidates at Ballotpedia
- Campaign finance at FEC
- Campaign finance at Center for Responsive Politics
- Official campaign websites for first district candidates
- Official campaign websites for second district candidates