United States House of Representatives elections, 1798

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
United States House of Representatives elections, 1798

← 1796 April 24, 1798 - August 1, 1799 1800 →

All 106 seats to the United States House of Representatives
54 seats were needed for a majority

  Majority party Minority party
  TheodoreSedgwick.jpg NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg
Leader Theodore Sedgwick Nathaniel Macon
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Leader's seat Massachusetts-1st North Carolina-5th
Last election 57 seats 49 seats
Seats won 60 46
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 3

6thHouse.svg
Results:
  Federalist majority
  Anti-Federalist majority
  Even split

Speaker before election

Jonathan Dayton
Federalist

Elected Speaker

Theodore Sedgwick
Federalist

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 6th Congress took place in 1798 and 1799, the earliest in New York in April 1798, and the latest in Tennessee in August 1799, after the official start of the 6th Congress on March 4, 1799, but before the start of the first session of this Congress in Philadelphia on December 2, 1799.[1] It was the last congressional session before the move to the new capital at Washington, D.C..

President John Adams, a Federalist elected two years prior in the election of 1796, remained popular during a time of national economic growth, and the Federalists made a modest gain of three seats at the expense of the opposition Democratic-Republicans, the party of Vice President and future President Thomas Jefferson. This resulted in an increased Federalist majority in the House, 60-46 seats.

The Federalist party squandered its popularity by passing a series of controversial new laws in the summer of 1798, including the Naturalization Act of 1798 and the Alien and Sedition Acts. Their passage seriously injured the chances of President Adams and Federalist congressional candidates in the elections of 1800.

The House that met during this Congress would ultimately elect Thomas Jefferson over Aaron Burr in the presidential election of 1800.

Election summaries[edit]

60 46
Federalist Democratic-Republican
State Type Date Total
seats
Federalist Democratic-
Republican
Seats Change Seats Change
Connecticut At-large September 7, 1798 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large October 2, 1798 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 8, 1798 2 2 Increase2 0 Decrease2
Maryland District (8) October 1, 1798 8 5 Decrease1 3 Increase1
Massachusetts District (14) November 5, 1798[Note 1] 14 12 Increase1 2 Decrease1
New Hampshire At-large August 2, 1798 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District[Note 2] (5) October 10, 1798 5 2 Decrease3 3 Increase3
New York District (10) April 24–26, 1798 10 4 Decrease2 6 Increase2
North Carolina District (10) August 10, 1798 10 4 Increase3 6 Decrease3
Pennsylvania District (12[Note 3]) October 9, 1798 13 5 Decrease1 8 Increase1
Rhode Island At-large August 28, 1798 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District (6) October 12, 1798 6 5 Increase2 1 Decrease2
Vermont District (2) September 4, 1798[Note 4] 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
1799 elections
Kentucky District (2) May 7, 1799 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Tennessee At-large August 1, 1799 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Virginia District (19) April 24, 1799 19 6 Increase2 13 Decrease2
Total 106 60
56.6%
Increase3 46
43.4%
Decrease3
House seats
Federalist
56.60%
D-R
43.40%

Connecticut[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 5]
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
William Edmond Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Allen (Federalist) 13.4%
Chauncey Goodrich (Federalist) 12.5%
Samuel W. Dana (Federalist) 12.4%
William Edmond (Federalist) 11.8%
Roger Griswold (Federalist) 11.5%
Jonathan Brace (Federalist)[Note 6] 8.4%
John Davenport (Federalist) 7.0%
Elizur Goodrich (Federalist) 4.1%
Timothy Pitkin (Federalist) 3.7%
Benjamin Tallmadge (Federalist) 3.5%
John C. Smith (Federalist) 3.5%
Elias Perkins (Federalist) 3.2%
Calvin Goddard (Federalist) 2.2%
Simeon Baldwin (Federalist) 1.6%
Chauncey Goodrich Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected.
Joshua Coit Federalist 1792 Incumbent died September 5, 1798.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Roger Griswold Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected.
Nathaniel Smith Federalist 1795 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John Allen Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected, but declined to serve.
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected.

Delaware[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large James A. Bayard Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. James A. Bayard (Federalist) 61.2%
Archibald Alexander (Democratic-Republican) 38.8%

Georgia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Abraham Baldwin Democratic-
Republican
1789 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Winner died January 11, 1801 and seat remained vacant throughout the next Congress.
John Milledge (Democratic-Republican) had declined to run for re-election. As a result, many Democratic-Republican voters cast their votes for Baldwin and one of the Federalists, giving the Federalists enough votes to win both seats.
James Jones (Federalist) 36.9%
Benjamin Taliaferro (Federalist) 33.4%
Abraham Baldwin (Democratic-Republican) 28.3%
John Milledge (Democratic-Republican) 1.4%
John Milledge Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.

Kentucky[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1
Known as the Southern district
Thomas T. Davis Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas T. Davis (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
Kentucky 2
Known as the Northern district
John Fowler Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. John Fowler (Democratic-Republican) 55.3%
Robert Johnston 25.5%
Philemon Thomas 19.2%

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 George Dent Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected. George Dent (Federalist) 54.5%
John Campbell (Federalist) 45.5%
Maryland 2 Richard Sprigg, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
1796 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John C. Thomas (Federalist) 61.6%
Richard Sprigg, Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 38.4%
Maryland 3 William Craik Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William Craik (Federalist) 100%
Maryland 4 George Baer, Jr. Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. George Baer, Jr. (Federalist) 54.9%
Daniel Hiester (Democratic-Republican) 45.1%
Maryland 5 Samuel Smith Democratic-
Republican
1792 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 57.7%
James Winchester (Federalist) 42.3%
Maryland 6 William Matthews Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Gabriel Christie (Democratic-Republican) 56.2%
Philip Thomas (Federalist) 43.8%
Maryland 7 William Hindman Federalist 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Winner died October 28, 1798 and a special election was held November 29, 1798, which Joseph H. Nicholson (Democratic-Republican) won.
Joshua Seney (Democratic-Republican) 55.6%
William Hindman (Federalist) 44.4%
Maryland 8 John Dennis Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. John Dennis (Federalist) Unopposed


Massachusetts[edit]

Massachusetts required a majority for election. This was not met in the Massachusetts 5 and Massachusetts 7 necessitating additional ballots in those districts.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Massachusetts 1
Known as the 1st Western District
Thomson J. Skinner Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Theodore Sedgwick (Federalist) 80.2%
Thomas Ives (Democratic-Republican) 19.8%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the 2nd Western District
William Shepard Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. William Shepard (Federalist) 89.9%
John Williams (Democratic-Republican) 10.1%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the 3rd Western District
Samuel Lyman Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Lyman (Federalist) 88.4%
Daniel Bigelow 6.4%
Scattering 5.2%
Massachusetts 4
Known as the 4th Western District
Dwight Foster Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected. Dwight Foster (Federalist) 80.8%
Levi Lincoln Sr. (Democratic-Republican) 19.2%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the 1st Southern District
Nathaniel Freeman Jr. Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
First ballot:
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 32.5%
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 30.4%
Beriah Norton (Federalist) 17.4%
Jonathan Moore (Federalist) 13.4%
Scattering 6.3%

Second ballot:
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 33.5%
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 30.1%
Sam Savage 27.1%
Beriah Norton (Federalist) 9.3%

Third ballot:
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 36.5%
Sam Savage 33.9%
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 29.5%

Fourth ballot:
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 46.6%
Sam Savage 27.2%
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 26.2%

Fifth ballot:
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 74.8%
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 25.2%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the 2nd Southern District
John Reed Sr. Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. John Reed Sr. (Federalist) 58.0%
John Dwight 26.9%
Daniel Snow 15.1%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the 3rd Southern District
Stephen Bullock Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot:
Stephen Bullock (Federalist) 26.9%
Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 25.7%
Josiah Dean 23.6%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 11.8%
Scattering 12.1%

Second ballot:
Stephen Bullock (Federalist) 33.3%
Josiah Dean 25.5%
Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 22.4%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 18.9%

Third ballot:
Stephen Bullock (Federalist) 48.1%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 41.3%
Josiah Dean10.6%

Fourth ballot:
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%
Stephen Bullock (Federalist) 47.9%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the 1st Middle District
Harrison Gray Otis Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Harrison Gray Otis (Federalist) 55.9%
William Heath (Democratic-Republican) 43.6%
William Eustis (Democratic-Republican) 0.6%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the 2nd Middle District
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 66.2%
Timothy Bigelow (Federalist) 33.8%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the 3rd Middle District
Samuel Sewall Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Sewall (Federalist) 70.3%
Loammi Baldwin (Federalist) 20.5%
Scattering 9.2%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the 4th Middle District
Bailey Bartlett Federalist 1797 (special) Incumbent re-elected. Bailey Bartlett (Federalist) 100%
Massachusetts 12
District of Maine
Known as the 1st Eastern District
Isaac Parker Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Silas Lee (Federalist) 64.4%
Henry Dearborn (Democratic-Republican) 35.6%
Massachusetts 13
District of Maine
Known as the 2nd Eastern District
Peleg Wadsworth Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected. Peleg Wadsworth (Federalist) 73.5%
Charles Tainer 26.5%
Massachusetts 14
District of Maine
Known as the 3rd Eastern District
George Thatcher Federalist 1788 Incumbent re-elected. George Thatcher (Federalist) 65.5%
John Fairchild (Democratic-Republican) 34.5%

New Hampshire[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
Peleg Sprague Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Abiel Foster (Federalist) 24.2%
William Gordon (Federalist) 21.6%
Jonathan Freeman (Federalist) 21.0%
Peleg Sprague (Federalist) 19.5%
Thomas Bellows (Federalist) 1.9%
John Prentice (Federalist) 1.8%
Timothy Walker (Federalist) 1.0%
William Plummer (Federalist) 0.8%
Joseph Dennie (Federalist) 0.7%
Woodbury Langdon (Democratic-Republican) 0.7%
John Goddard (Democratic-Republican) 0.6%
Oliver Peabody (Federalist) 0.6%
William Gardner (Democratic-Republican) 0.5%
Others 5.1%
Jonathan Freeman Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected.
William Gordon Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected.
Abiel Foster Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected.

Peleg Sprague (Federalist) declined to serve, James Sheafe (Federalist) was elected to fill his seat.

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey switched to district representation for this election. The districts were not numbered at the time, but are retroactively numbered here as 1–5. New Jersey would go back to an at-large district the following election.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey 1
Called the Eastern district
James Schureman
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1797 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Condit (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
James Schureman (Federalist) 47.5%
New Jersey 2
Called the Northern district
Mark Thomson
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1794 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Aaron Kitchell (Democratic-Republican) 72.5%
Mark Thomson (Federalist) 27.5%
New Jersey 3
Called the Western district
Jonathan Dayton Federalist 1790 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.Democratic-Republican gain.
James Linn (Democratic-Republican) 51.3%
Samuel R. Stewart (Federalist) 31.1%
Archibald Mercer (Federalist) 17.6%
New Jersey 4
Called the Middle district
James H. Imlay
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1797 Incumbent re-elected. James H. Imlay (Federalist) 81.0%
Thomas Henderson (Democratic-Republican) 19.0%
New Jersey 5
Called the Southern district
Thomas Sinnickson Federalist 1796 Unknown if incumbent lost re-election or retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Franklin Davenport (Federalist) 56.5%
Jonathan Elmer (Democratic-Republican) 43.5%

New York[edit]

Between the 1796 and 1798 elections, New York re-districted. This marked the first time that its districts were numbered.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Jonathan N. Havens Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent re-elected. Jonathan N. Havens (Democratic-Republican) 53.9%
Richard Thorn (Federalist) 46.1%
New York 2 Edward Livingston Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent re-elected. Edward Livingston (Democratic-Republican) 52.7%
Phillip Livingston (Federalist) 47.3%
New York 3 Philip Van Courtlandt Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent re-elected. Philip Van Courtlandt (Democratic-Republican) 77.1%
Mordecai Hale (Federalist) 22.9%
New York 4 Lucas C. Elmendorf Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Lucas C. Elmendorf (Democratic-Republican) 64.8%
Jonathan Hasbrouck (Federalist) 34.1%
John Hathorn (Democratic-Republican) 1.1%
New York 5 David Brooks Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Theodorus Bailey (Democratic-Republican) 55.8%
David Brooks (Federalist) 44.2%
New York 6 Hezekiah L. Hosmer Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John Bird (Federalist) 59.1%
Elisha Jenkins (Democratic-Republican) 40.9%
New York 7 John E. Van Alen Federalist 1793 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Thompson (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
John Williams (Federalist) 37.5%
Jellis A. Fonda (Federalist) 10.0%
John Williams
Redistricted from the 9th district
Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 8 Henry Glen Federalist 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Henry Glen (Federalist) 100%
New York 9 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Jonas Platt (Federalist) 51.2%
Peter Smith (Democratic-Republican) 48.8%
New York 10 James Cochran Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
William Cooper (Federalist) 52.2%
Moss Kent (Democratic-Republican) 47.8%

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 5]
North Carolina 1 Joseph McDowell Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Joseph Dickson (Federalist) 55.1%
James Holland (Democratic-Republican) 44.8%
North Carolina 2 Matthew Locke Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Archibald Henderson (Federalist) 84.4%
Basil Gaither (Federalist) 9.5%
Matthew Locke (Democratic-Republican) 6.1%
North Carolina 3 Robert Williams Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Robert Williams (Democratic-Republican) 69.8%
James Martin (Federalist) 30.2%
North Carolina 4 Richard Stanford Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Stanford (Democratic-Republican) 54.5%
Samuel Benton (Federalist) 45.5%
North Carolina 5 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-
Republican
1791 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Macon (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
North Carolina 6 James Gillespie Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
William H. Hill (Federalist) 50.1%
James Gillespie (Democratic-Republican) 39.8%
Alexander D. Moore (Federalist) 10.1%
North Carolina 7 William B. Grove Federalist 1791 Incumbent re-elected. William B. Grove (Federalist) 100%
North Carolina 8 Dempsey Burges Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
David Stone (Democratic-Republican) 40.0%
Charles Johnson (Federalist) 30.9%
Dempsey Burges (Democratic-Republican) 29.1%
North Carolina 9 Thomas Blount Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Willis Alston (Democratic-Republican) 37.4%
Thomas Blount (Democratic-Republican) 29.1%
William Kennedy (Federalist) 24.6%
John Binford (Federalist) 8.9%
North Carolina 10 Nathan Bryan Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent died June 4, 1798.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Richard D. Spaight (Democratic-Republican) 66.7%
George E. Badger (Federalist) 32.3%

Pennsylvania[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[2]
Pennsylvania 1 John Swanwick Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent John Swanwick (Democratic-Republican) died August 1, 1798.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Robert Waln (Federalist) 69.5%
Samuel Miles (Democratic-Republican) 30.5%
Pennsylvania 2 Blair McClenachan Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Michael Leib (Democratic-Republican) 56.5%
Anthony Morris (Federalist) 43.5%
Pennsylvania 3 Richard Thomas Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Thomas (Federalist) 71.3%
John Pearson (Democratic-Republican) 28.7%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Sitgreaves Federalist 1794 Incumbent Samuel Sitgreaves (Federalist) resigned August 29, 1798.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Robert Brown[Note 6] (Democratic-Republican) 31.1%
Peter Muhlenberg (Democratic-Republican) 28.6%
John Chapman (Federalist) 20.9%
Jacob Eyerly (Federalist) 19.0%
Anthony Morris (Federalist) 0.5%
John Chapman Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 5 Joseph Hiester Democratic-
Republican
1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Hiester (Democratic-Republican) 69.3%
Daniel Clymer (Federalist) 30.7%
Pennsylvania 6 John A. Hanna Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. John A. Hanna (Democratic-Republican) 66.3%
Daniel Smith (Federalist) 33.7%
Pennsylvania 7 John W. Kittera Federalist 1791 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Kittera (Federalist) 77.5%
William Barton (Democratic-Republican) 22.5%
Pennsylvania 8 Thomas Hartley Federalist 1788 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Hartley (Federalist) 85.4%
Henry Slagle (Federalist) 14.6%
Pennsylvania 9 Andrew Gregg Democratic-
Republican
1791 Incumbent re-elected. Andrew Gregg (Democratic-Republican) 57.8%
James Armstrong (Federalist) 42.2%
Pennsylvania 10 David Bard Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Henry Woods (Federalist) 55.4%
Thomas Johnson (Federalist) 24.3%
David Bard (Democratic-Republican) 20.3%
Pennsylvania 11 William Findley Democratic-
Republican
1791 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Smilie (Democratic-Republican) 46.0%
William Todd (Federalist) 32.7%
James Guthrie (Federalist) 21.3%
Pennsylvania 12 Albert Gallatin Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent re-elected. Albert Gallatin (Democratic-Republican) 58.8%
John Woods (Federalist) 41.2%

Rhode Island[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large Thomas Tillinghast Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John Brown (Federalist) 65.4%
Thomas Tillinghast (Federalist) 34.6%
Rhode Island at-large Christopher G. Champlin Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Christopher G. Champlin (Federalist) 97.5%
Others 2.5%

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1
Also known as the Charleston District
Thomas Pinckney Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Pinckney (Federalist) 100%
South Carolina 2
Also known as the Beaufort District
John Rutledge, Jr. Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. John Rutledge, Jr. (Federalist) 65.6%
Pierce Butler (Democratic-Republican) 34.4%
South Carolina 3
Also known as the Georgetown District
Lemuel Benton Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Benjamin Huger (Federalist) 41.9%
Lemuel Benton (Democratic-Republican) 32.4%
Tristam Thomas (Federalist) 22.2%
William Thomas (Democratic-Republican) 2.0%
Joseph Blyth (Democratic-Republican) 1.6%
South Carolina 4
Also known as the Camden District
Thomas Sumter Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Sumter (Democratic-Republican) 64.6%
Richard Winn (Federalist) 35.4%
South Carolina 5
Also known as the Ninety-Six District
Robert Goodloe Harper Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Robert Goodloe Harper (Federalist) 65.3%
William Butler (Democratic-Republican) 34.7%
South Carolina 6
Also known as the Washington District
William Smith Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Abraham Nott (Federalist) 43.8%
William Smith (Democratic-Republican) 43.2%
William Hill (Federalist) 13.0%

Tennessee[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee at-large William C. C. Claiborne Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. William C. C. Claiborne (Democratic-Republican) 100%

Vermont[edit]

Majority vote required to win, necessitating a run-off election in the 1st (Western) district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 5]
Vermont 1
Known as the Western District
Matthew Lyon Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot:
Matthew Lyon (Democratic-Republican) 49.7%
Samuel Williams (Federalist) 22.0%
Daniel Chipman (Federalist) 19.5%
Abel Spencer (Federalist) 3.8%
Israel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 3.4%
Others 1.6%

Second ballot:
Matthew Lyon (Democratic-Republican) 55.5%
Samuel Williams (Federalist) 37.9%
Israel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 6.6%
Vermont 2
Known as the Eastern District
Lewis R. Morris Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Lewis R. Morris (Federalist) 86.5%
Nathaniel Niles (Democratic-Republican) 6.7%
William Chamberlain (Federalist) 2.5%
Stephen Jacobs 1.9%
Stephen R. Bradley 1.1%
Others 1.2%

Virginia[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 5]
Virginia 1 Daniel Morgan Federalist 1797 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Robert Page (Federalist) 54.3%
John Smith (Democratic-Republican) 45.7%
Virginia 2 David Holmes Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. David Holmes (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
Robert Porterfield (Federalist)
Virginia 3 James Machir Federalist 1797 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
George Jackson (Democratic-Republican) 53.9%
John Haymond (Federalist) 46.0%
Virginia 4 Abram Trigg Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. Abram Trigg (Democratic-Republican) 88.5%
William Preston (Federalist) 11.5%
Virginia 5 John J. Trigg Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. John J. Trigg (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
George Hancock (Federalist)
Virginia 6 Matthew Clay Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Clay (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
Isaac Coles (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 7 Abraham B. Venable Democratic-
Republican
1790 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Randolph (Democratic-Republican) 40.5%
Powhatan Bolling (Democratic-Republican) 40.3%
Clement Carrington (Federalist) 19.2%
Virginia 8 Thomas Claiborne Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Samuel Goode (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
Thomas Claiborne (Democratic-Republican) 47.5%
Virginia 9 Joseph Eggleston Democratic-
Republican
1798 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Eggleston (Democratic-Republican) 63.4%
Alexander McRae (Federalist) 36.6%
Virginia 10 Carter B. Harrison Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Edwin Gray (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
John Mason Jr. (Democratic-Republican)
Robert Booth (Democratic-Republican)
Benjamin Harrison (Democratic-Republican)
Wood Heath (Federalist)
Virginia 11 Josiah Parker Federalist 1789 Incumbent re-elected. Josiah Parker (Federalist) 56.2%
Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 43.8%
Virginia 12 Thomas Evans Federalist 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Evans (Federalist) 62.3%
John Page (Democratic-Republican) 37.7%
Virginia 13 John Clopton Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Marshall (Federalist)[Note 7]
John Clopton (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 14 Samuel J. Cabell Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel J. Cabell (Democratic-Republican) 83.6%
John Nicholas (Democratic-Republican) 16.4%
Virginia 15 John Dawson Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Dawson (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
Virginia 16 Anthony New Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent re-elected. Anthony New (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
Benjamin Temple (Federalist)
Virginia 17 Richard Brent Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Leven Powell (Federalist) 63.8%
Roger West (Democratic-Republican) 36.4%
Virginia 18 John Nicholas Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent re-elected. John Nicholas (Democratic-Republican)[Note 7]
John Blackwell (Federalist)
Virginia 19 Walter Jones Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Henry Lee (Federalist) 51.4%
Walter Jones (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Additional trials required in 2 districts due to majority requirement not being met on first vote, additional trials were held January 17, April 1, June 6, and August 29, 1799
  2. ^ Changed from at-large system
  3. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  4. ^ An additional trial was held in one district due to majority requirement not being on the first vote, and was held on December 4, 1798
  5. ^ a b c d Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  6. ^ a b Also elected in special election to fill vacancy in 5th Congress, see above.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sixth Congress (membership roster)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-06. Retrieved 2015-02-01. 
  2. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]