United States House of Representatives elections, 1912
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All 435 seats to the United States House of Representatives
218 seats needed for a majority
Wilson's victory was partly due to the division of the opposition Republican Party into conservative and progressive factions. While many progressives stayed within the party framework, they maintained lukewarm relationships with Republican leadership. Others formed a third party known as the Progressives and several switched allegiance to the Democrats. A message of unity was portrayed by the Democrats, allowing this group to present themselves as above the bickering and corruption that had become associated with the Republican internal feud. Many of the new seats that were added after the prior census ended up in Democratic hands. In addition, William Kent, who had been elected to the House as a Republican in 1908, was elected to California's 1st congressional district as an Independent.
In reapportionment following the 1910 census, 41 new seats were added, bringing the House to its modern size. This would be the last time the size of the House changed, except for a temporary addition of two seats in 1959 after the admission of Alaska and Hawaii and subsequent return to 435 in 1963. In the reapportionment, 1 state lost 1 seat, 22 states had no change in apportionment, 16 states gained 1 seat each, 5 states gained 2 seats each, 2 states gained 3 seats, 1 state gained 4 seats, and 1 state gained 6 seats. Twelve states used at-large seats in addition to districts to elect new seats.
+2 at-large[Note 3]
+2 at-large[Note 3]
+3 at-large[Note 3]
+4 at-large[Note 3]
|South Dakota||District[Note 7]||3||1||0||3||1||0|
+2 at-large[Note 3]
+2 at-large[Note 3]
Early election dates
Two states, with 6 seats between them, held elections early in 1912:
This was the last year that Vermont held early elections.
|California 1||William Kent
Redistricted from the 2nd district
|Republican||1910||Re-elected as an Independent
|William Kent (I) 37.27%
I. G. Zumwalt (D) 34.37%
Edward H. Hart (R) 19.40%
Joseph Bredsteen (S) 8.96%
|California 2||John E. Raker
Redistricted from the 1st district
|Democratic||1910||Re-elected||John E. Raker (D) 62.64%
Frank M. Rutherford (R) 27.17%
J. C. Williams (S) 10.19%
|California 3||None (District created)||New seat
|Charles F. Curry (R) 58.85%
Gilbert McMillan Ross (D) 28.79%
William L. Wilson (S) 12.36%
|California 4||Julius Kahn||Republican||1898||Re-elected||Julius Kahn (R) 56.09%
Bert Schlesinger (D) 32.72%
Norman W. Pendleton (S) 11.19%
|California 5||None (District created)||New seat
|John I. Nolan (R) 52.27%
Stephen V. Costello (D) 34.69%
E. L. Reguin (S) 13.04%
|California 6||Joseph R. Knowland
Redistricted from the 3rd district
|Republican||1904||Re-elected||Joseph R. Knowland (R) 53.70%
J. Stitt Wilson (S) 40.00%
Hiram A Luttrell (D) 6.31%
|California 7||James C. Needham
Redistricted from the 6th district
|Denver S. Church (D) 44.05%
James C. Needham (R) 42.65%
J. S. Cato (S) 13.30%
|California 8||Everis A. Hayes
Redistricted from the 5th district
|Republican||1904||Re-elected||Everis A. Hayes (R) 50.95%
James B. Holohan (D) 35.18%
Robert Whitaker (S) 13.86%
|California 9||None (District created)||New seat
|Charles W. Bell (Prog) 47.25%
Thomas H. Kirk (D) 23.87%
Ralph L. Criswell (S) 18.22%
George S. Yarnall (Proh) 10.66%
|California 10||William Stephens
Redistricted from the 7th district
|William Stephens (Prog) 53.45%
George Ringo (D) 21.91%
Fred C. Wheeler (S) 20.98%
Emory D. Martindale (Proh) 3.67%
|California 11||Sylvester C. Smith
Redistricted from the 8th district
|Republican||1904||Retired and died before the Congress ended
|William Kettner (D) 42.69%
Samuel C. Evans (R) 36.85%
Noble A. Richardson (S) 12.14%
Helen M. Stoddard (Proh) 8.33%
|Florida 1||Stephen M. Sparkman||Democratic||1894||Re-elected||Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 78.5%
C. C. Allen (S) 12.0%
George W. Beall (R) 4.9%
J. D. Hazzard (Prog) 3.0%
George C. Kelley (Proh) 1.6%
|Florida 2||Frank Clark||Democratic||1904||Re-elected||Frank Clark (D) 81.1%
J. J. Collins (S) 7.3%
John W. Howell (R) 6.7%
C. E. Speir (Prog) 4.9%
|Florida 3||Dannite H. Mays||Democratic||1908||Lost primary
|Emmett Wilson (D) 86.4%
W. M. Lamberry (S) 6.3%
Thomas F. McGourin (R) 4.7%
John T. Poder (Prog) 2.7%
|Florida at-large||None (District created)||Democratic win||Claude L'Engle (D) 77.4%
A. N. Jackson (S) 8.2%
George W. Allen (R) 6.6%
E. R. Gunby (Prog) 6.0%
Frances P. Coffin (Proh) 1.8%
|New Mexico at-large||George Curry||Republican||1911||Retired
|Harvey B. Fergusson (D) 45.6%
Nathan Jaffa (R) 36.9%
Andrew J. Eggum (S) 12.1%
Marcos DeBaca (Prog) 5.5%
|Harvey B. Fergusson||Democratic||1911||Re-elected|
|South Carolina 1||George Swinton Legaré||Democratic||1902||Re-elected||George Swinton Legaré (D) 97.2%
Aaron P. Prioleau (R) 1.8%
William Eberhard (S) 1.0%
|South Carolina 2||James F. Byrnes||Democratic||1910||Re-elected||James F. Byrnes (D) 100%|
|South Carolina 3||Wyatt Aiken||Democratic||1902||Re-elected||Wyatt Aiken (D) 100%|
|South Carolina 4||Joseph T. Johnson||Democratic||1900||Re-elected||Joseph T. Johnson (D) 100%|
|South Carolina 5||David E. Finley||Democratic||1898||Re-elected||David E. Finley (D) 100%|
|South Carolina 6||J. Edwin Ellerbe||Democratic||1904||Lost primary
|J. Willard Ragsdale (D) 100%|
|South Carolina 7||Asbury F. Lever||Democratic||1901 (special)||Re-elected||Asbury F. Lever (D) 98.4%
A. D. Dantzler (R) 1.6%
- United States elections, 1912
- 62nd United States Congress
- 63rd United States Congress
- Maine and Vermont held elections early, in September 1912.
- Included one Progressive Republican.
- Additional seat or seats elected at-large due to State not redistricting.
- One Independent, William Kent, was elected to CA-01.
- At-large seat eliminated in redistricting.
- Elections held early.
- Changed from at-large.
- Previous election had 1 Socialist.
- "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- Martis, pp. 166–167.
- Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
- Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. ISBN 978-0871879967.
- "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)