United States President's Commission on CIA Activities within the United States
|United States President's Commission on CIA Activities within the United States|
|Established by||Gerald Ford on January 4, 1975|
|Other committee members|
The United States President's Commission on CIA Activities within the United States was set up under President Gerald Ford in 1975 to investigate the activities of the Central Intelligence Agency and other intelligence agencies within the United States. The commission was led by the Vice President, Nelson Rockefeller, and is sometimes referred to as the Rockefeller Commission.
The commission was created in response to a December 1974 report in The New York Times that the CIA had conducted illegal domestic activities, including experiments on U.S. citizens, during the 1960s. The commission issued a single report in 1975, touching upon certain CIA abuses including mail opening and surveillance of domestic dissident groups. It publicized Project MKUltra, a CIA mind control study.
It also studied issues relating to the John F. Kennedy assassination, specifically the head snap as seen in the Zapruder film (first shown on television in 1975), and the possible presence of E. Howard Hunt and Frank Sturgis in Dallas, Texas.
Internal White House and Commission documents later showed that the Ford White House significantly altered the final report. Future Vice President Richard Cheney edited it, and an 86-page section on CIA Assassination Plots was removed. Both the White House and leaders of the commission itself significantly hampered the investigation. Despite this, senior staff and lawyers did object.
A larger investigation, the Church Committee, was set up on 27 January 1975 by the U.S. Senate. The Nedzi Committee was created in the U.S. House of Representatives on 19 February 1975. It was replaced by the Pike Committee five months later.
In July 1975, The New York Times reported that unnamed staff sources within the Rockefeller Commission said that Sidney Gottlieb commanded the CIA's LSD experimentation program, was personally involved in the experiment that killed researcher Frank Olson, then destroyed the program's records in 1973.
- Church Committee
- Family Jewels (Central Intelligence Agency)
- Human experimentation in the United States
- Human rights violations by the CIA
- Nedzi Committee
- Pike Committee
- Plausible denial
- Project MKUltra
- Hughes–Ryan Act
- Werner Spitz
- "Rockefeller Commission Report". Michigan State University Libraries – Electronic Resources. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
- "Gerald Ford White House Altered Rockefeller Commission Report in 1975; Removed Section on CIA Assassination Plots | National Security Archive". nsarchive.gwu.edu. Retrieved 2022-10-27.
- Horrock, Nicholas M. (July 18, 1975). "Destruction of LSD Data Laid to C.I.A. Aide in '73". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
- Kitts, Kenneth (2006). "Chapter 3: The Politics of Spying: The Rockefeller Commission and the CIA". Presidential Commissions & National Security: The Politics of Damage Control (Revised ed.). Boulder, Col.: Lynne Rienner Publishers. ISBN 978-1-58826-404-6.
- Lee, Martin A.; Bruce Shlain (1992). Acid Dreams: The Complete Social History of LSD: The CIA, the Sixties, and Beyond. Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3062-3. OCLC 25281992.
- Gerald Ford White House Altered Rockefeller Commission Report in 1975; Removed Section on CIA Assassination Plots
- Rockefeller Commission Report – the full text of the report, as scans
- Another version of the Rockefeller Commission Report including interview transcripts, memos, correspondence and other Commission files released under the JFK Records Act.
- The Pike Committee Investigations and the CIA