United States presidential approval rating

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Approval ratings of Barack Obama by state in 2015—approval of the president was highest in Hawaii (at 58 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (at 24 percent)
  >50%
  40–49%
  30–39%
  <30%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a political figure based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

Do you approve or disapprove of the way [Donald Trump] is handling his job as president?[1]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

President Donald Trump[edit]

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump:[2][3][4]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size[4] Population[4]
Rasmussen Reports[a][5] May 7–9, 2018 48% 50% 2% -2% ≈1,500 Likely voters
Ipsos/Reuters[6] May 3–7, 2018 44% 54% 2% -10% 1,387 All adults
CBS News[b][7] May 3–6, 2018 40% 55% 6% -15% 1,101 All adults
Gallup Poll[c][8] May 7 – May 13, 2018 43% 52% 5% -9% ≈1,500 All adults
CNN[d][9] May 2–5, 2018 41% 53% 6% -12% 1,015 All adults
Investor's Business Daily/TIPP[10] April 26 – May 4, 2018 38% 56% 1% -18% 900 All adults
Pew Research Center[11] April 25 – May 1, 2018 39% 54% 6% -15% 1,503 All adults
Monmouth University[12] April 26–30, 2018 41% 50% 9% -9% 803 All adults
Kaiser Family Foundation[e][13] April 20–30, 2018 40% 55% 5% -15% 2,000 All adults
Fox News[f][14] April 22–24, 2018 44% 53% 3% -9% 1,014 Registered voters
Quinnipiac University[15] April 20–24, 2018 39% 54% 7% -15% 1,193 Registered voters
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist[16] April 10–13, 2018 38% 54% 8% -16% 1,011 All adults
ABC News/Washington Post[g][17] April 8–11, 2018 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,002 All adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[h][18] April 8–11, 2018 39% 57% 4% -18% 900 All adults
CNBC[i][19] March 17–20, 2018 39% 50% 11% -11% 801 All adults
George Washington University[j][20] March 4–8, 2018 42% 55% 4% -13% 1,000 Likely voters
Suffolk University/USA Today[21] February 20–24, 2018 38% 60% 3% -22% 1,000 Registered voters
Public Policy Polling[22] February 9–11, 2018 44% 50% 6% -6% 687 Registered voters
Public Religion Research Institute[k][23] October 18–30, 2017 41% 54% 5% -13% 2,019 All adults
Washington Post/University of Maryland[24] September 27–October 5, 2017 37% 63% 1% -26% 1,663 All adults
Bloomberg News[l][25] July 8–12, 2017 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,001 All adults

Historical comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937:[26][27][28][m]

Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[26]
Polls
per year
45[29][30] Trump 45 (01/24/17) 33 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) 13 62 (10/29/17, 10/30/17, 12/01/17) 1 (01/24/17) −31 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) 39.1[30][31]
44[32][33] Obama 69 (01/24/09) 38 (09/05/14)[n] 31 57 (10/10/14) 56 (01/23-24/09) −18 (10/10/14) 59 (01/19/17) 47.9 348.4
43[34] G.W. Bush 90 (9/21/01) 25 (10/05/08, 10/12/08, 11/02/08) 65 71 (10/10/08) 83 (09/22/01) −46 (10/12/08) 34 (01/11/09) 49.4 33.7
42[35] Clinton 73 (12/19/98) 37 (06/06/93) 36 54 (09/07/94) 45 (12/17/00) −14 (09/07/94) 66 (01/14/01) 55.1 28.5
41[36] G.H.W. Bush 89 (02/28/91) 29 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 60 60 (07/31/92) 82 (03/03/91) −30 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 56 (01/11/93) 60.9 39.5
40[37] Reagan 71 (01/30/86) 35 (01/31/83) 36 56 (01/28/83) 52 (01/30/86) −21(01/31/83) 63 (12/29/88) 52.8 37.0
39[38] Carter 74 (03/15/77) 28 (06/26/79, 10/02/79) 46 59 (06/26/79) 66 (03/15/77) −31 (06/26/79) 34 (12/08/80) 45.5 22.7
38[39] Ford 70 (08/13/74) 36 (03/25/75) 34 46 (04/15/75, 11/18/75) 26 (08/13/74) −7 (02/25/75, 03/25/75, 04/15/75) 53 (12/13/76) 47.2 14.7
37[40] Nixon 66 (01/23/73) 24 (01/02/74) 42 66 (08/05/74) 57 (03/17/69) −42 (08/05/74) 24 (08/05/74) 49.1 17.7
36[41] Johnson 79 (03/05/64) 34 (08/12/68) 45 52 (08/12/68) 75 (12/10/63) −18 (08/12/68) 49 (01/06/69) 55.1 15.3
35[42] Kennedy 83 (03/05/62) 56 (09/10/63) 27 30 (09/12/63, 11/08/63) 78 (03/05/62) 27 (09/10/63) 58 (11/13/63) 70.1 13.7
34[43] Eisenhower 77 (11/22/55, 12/19/56) 47 (03/25/58) 30 36 (03/25/58) 66 (04/02/53, 12/19/56) 12 (03/25/58) 59 (12/13/60) 65.0 14.4
33[44] Truman 87 (08/22/45) 22 (11/16/51, 02/14/52) 65 67 (01/06/52) 85(08/22/45) −43 (01/04/52) 32 (12/16/52) 45.4 8.4
32[45] F. D. Roosevelt 83 (01/08/42) 48 (08/18/39) 35 46 (05/22/38, 05/29/38, 11/07/38) 73 (01/23/42) 65 (12/15/43) 63

Graphs[edit]

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice.
  2. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, Pennsylvania.
  3. ^ Weekly averages.
  4. ^ Conducted by SSRS.
  5. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, PA.
  6. ^ Conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R).
  7. ^ Conducted by Langer Research Associates and Abt Associates of Rockville, MD.
  8. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  9. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  10. ^ Conducted by The Tarrance Group (R) and Lake Research Partners (D).
  11. ^ Conducted by SSRS.
  12. ^ Conducted by Selzer & Company.
  13. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  14. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Trump - Polling Report". Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  3. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved September 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Trump Approval Index History". Retrieved February 26, 2018. 
  6. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Trump's Job Approval Ticks Up". May 8, 2018. 
  8. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Retrieved January 10, 2018. 
  9. ^ "CNN May 2018" (PDF). May 7, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Investor's Business Daily/TIPP Poll - May 2018" (PDF). May 10, 2018. 
  11. ^ "MAY 2018 POLITICAL SURVEY" (PDF). May 3, 2018. 
  12. ^ "Public Not Fazed by Unconventional Presidency; Trump Ratings Stable". May 1, 2018. 
  13. ^ "Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Preview of the Role of Health Care in the 2018 Midterm Campaigns". May 10, 2018. 
  14. ^ "Fox News Poll". April 26, 2018. 
  15. ^ "Trump Gets Better Grades On North Korea, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; But Voters Say Trump Is Making World Less Safe". April 25, 2018. 
  16. ^ "NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Poll of 1,011 National Adults" (PDF). April 18, 2018. 
  17. ^ "Washington Post-ABC News poll April 8-11, 2018". April 15, 2018. 
  18. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). April 16, 2018. 
  19. ^ "CNBC AAES First Quarter Survey" (PDF). March 27, 2018. 
  20. ^ "GW Battleground (LXIII)" (PDF). March 13, 2018. 
  21. ^ "Suffolk University/USA TODAY FINAL" (PDF). March 1, 2018. 
  22. ^ "Democrats Lead by 8 Points On Generic House Ballot Nationally" (PDF). February 14, 2018. 
  23. ^ "PRRI 2017 American Values Survey" (PDF). December 5, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Washington Post-University of Maryland Democracy Poll, Sept. 27-Oct. 5, 2017". October 28, 2017. 
  25. ^ "Bloomberg News National Poll". July 17, 2017. 
  26. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  27. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017. 
  28. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  29. ^ "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  30. ^ a b "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018. 
  31. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (April 24, 2018). "Trump's Fifth-Quarter Job Approval Up; Still Historically Low". Gallup. 
  32. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  33. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama". 
  34. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  35. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  36. ^ Presidential Job Approval for George Bush at the American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan at the American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter at the American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford at the American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon at the American Presidency Project.
  41. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson at the American Presidency Project.
  42. ^ Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy at the American Presidency Project.
  43. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Dwight Eisenhower at the American Presidency Project.
  44. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Harry Truman at the American Presidency Project.
  45. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt at the American Presidency Project.

External links[edit]