United States presidential approval rating

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Approval ratings of Barack Obama by state in 2015—approval of the president was highest in Hawaii (at 58 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (at 24 percent)
  >50%
  40–49%
  30–39%
  <30%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a political figure based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

Do you approve or disapprove of the way [Donald Trump] is handling his job as president?[1]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

President Donald Trump[edit]

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump:[2][3][4]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size[4] Population[4]
Rasmussen Reports[a][5] April 18–22, 2018 48% 50% 2% -2% ≈1,500 Likely voters
Gallup Poll[b][6] April 16–22, 2018 38% 57% 5% -19% ≈1,500 All adults
Ipsos/Reuters[7] April 15–19, 2018 39% 57% 5% -18% 1,516 All adults
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist[8] April 10–13, 2018 38% 54% 8% -16% 1,011 All adults
ABC News/Washington Post[c][9] April 8–11, 2018 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,002 All adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[d][10] April 8–11, 2018 39% 57% 4% -18% 900 All adults
Quinnipiac University[11] April 6–9, 2018 41% 52% 7% -11% 1,181 Registered voters
Investor's Business Daily/TIPP[12] March 22–29, 2018 38% 56% 1% -18% 902 All adults
CNN[e][13] March 22–25, 2018 42% 54% 5% -12% 1,014 All adults
Fox News[f][14] March 18–21, 2018 45% 52% 2% -7% 1,014 Registered voters
CNBC[g][15] March 17–20, 2018 39% 50% 11% -11% 801 All adults
Pew Research Center[16] March 7–14, 2018 39% 54% 7% -15% 1,466 All adults
Kaiser Family Foundation[h][17] March 8–13, 2018 41% 56% 3% -15% 1,212 All adults
CBS News[i][18] March 8–11, 2018 38% 57% 5% -19% 1,223 All adults
George Washington University[j][19] March 4–8, 2018 42% 55% 4% -13% 1,000 Likely voters
Monmouth University[20] March 2–5, 2018 39% 54% 8% -15% 803 All adults
Suffolk University/USA Today[21] February 20–24, 2018 38% 60% 3% -22% 1,000 Registered voters
Public Policy Polling[22] February 9–11, 2018 44% 50% 6% -6% 687 Registered voters
Public Religion Research Institute[k][23] October 18–30, 2017 41% 54% 5% -13% 2,019 All adults
Washington Post/University of Maryland[24] September 27–October 5, 2017 37% 63% 1% -26% 1,663 All adults
Bloomberg News[l][25] July 8–12, 2017 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,001 All adults

Historical comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937:[26][27][28][m]

Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[26]
Polls
per year
45[29][30] Trump 46 (01/24/17) 33 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) 13 62 (10/29/17, 10/30/17, 12/01/17) 1 (01/24/17) −31 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) 38.4[30][31]
44[32][33] Obama 69 (01/24/09) 38 (09/05/14)[n] 31 57 (10/10/14) 56 (01/23-24/09) −18 (10/10/14) 59 (01/19/17) 47.9 348.4
43[34] Bush (G.W.) 90 (9/21/01) 25 (10/05/08, 10/12/08, 11/02/08) 65 71 (10/10/08) 83 (09/22/01) −46 (10/12/08) 34 (01/11/09) 49.4 33.7
42[35] Clinton 73 (12/19/98) 37 (06/06/93) 36 54 (09/07/94) 45 (12/17/00) −14 (09/07/94) 66 (01/14/01) 55.1 28.5
41[36] Bush (G.H.W.) 89 (02/28/91) 29 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 60 60 (07/31/92) 82 (03/03/91) −30 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 56 (01/11/93) 60.9 39.5
40[37] Reagan 71 (01/30/86) 35 (01/31/83) 36 56 (01/28/83) 52 (01/30/86) −21(01/31/83) 63 (12/29/88) 52.8 37.0
39[38] Carter 74 (03/15/77) 28 (06/26/79, 10/02/79) 46 59 (06/26/79) 66 (03/15/77) −31 (06/26/79) 34 (12/08/80) 45.5 22.7
38[39] Ford 70 (08/13/74) 36 (03/25/75) 34 46 (04/15/75, 11/18/75) 26 (08/13/74) −7 (02/25/75, 03/25/75, 04/15/75) 53 (12/13/76) 47.2 14.7
37[40] Nixon 66 (01/23/73) 24 (01/02/74) 42 66 (08/05/74) 57 (03/17/69) −42 (08/05/74) 24 (08/05/74) 49.1 17.7
36[41] Johnson 79 (03/05/64) 34 (08/12/68) 45 52 (08/12/68) 75 (12/10/63) −18 (08/12/68) 49 (01/06/69) 55.1 15.3
35[42] Kennedy 83 (03/05/62) 56 (09/10/63) 27 30 (09/12/63, 11/08/63) 78 (03/05/62) 27 (09/10/63) 58 (11/13/63) 70.1 13.7
34[43] Eisenhower 77 (11/22/55, 12/19/56) 47 (03/25/58) 30 36 (03/25/58) 66 (04/02/53, 12/19/56) 12 (03/25/58) 59 (12/13/60) 65.0 14.4
33[44] Truman 87 (08/22/45) 22 (11/16/51, 02/14/52) 65 67 (01/06/52) 85(08/22/45) −43 (01/04/52) 32 (12/16/52) 45.4 8.4
32[45] Franklin D. Roosevelt 83 (01/08/42) 48 (08/18/39) 35 46 (05/22/38, 05/29/38, 11/07/38) 73 (01/23/42) 65 (12/15/43) 63

Graphs[edit]

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice.
  2. ^ Weekly averages.
  3. ^ Conducted by Langer Research Associates and Abt Associates of Rockville, MD.
  4. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  5. ^ Conducted by SSRS.
  6. ^ Conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R).
  7. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R).
  8. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, PA.
  9. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, Pennsylvania.
  10. ^ Conducted by The Tarrance Group (R) and Lake Research Partners (D).
  11. ^ Conducted by SSRS.
  12. ^ Conducted by Selzer & Company.
  13. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  14. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Trump - Polling Report". Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  3. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved September 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Trump Approval Index History". Retrieved February 26, 2018. 
  6. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Retrieved January 10, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  8. ^ "NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Poll of 1,011 National Adults" (PDF). April 18, 2018. 
  9. ^ "Washington Post-ABC News poll April 8-11, 2018". April 15, 2018. 
  10. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). April 16, 2018. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Voters Say 5-1, Don't Fire Special Counsel, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Trump Approval Tops 40% For First Time In A Year". April 10, 2018. 
  12. ^ "Investor's Business Daily/TIPP Poll - April 2018" (PDF). Retrieved April 21, 2018. 
  13. ^ "CNN March 2018" (PDF). March 26, 2018. 
  14. ^ "Fox News Poll". March 25, 2018. 
  15. ^ "CNBC AAES First Quarter Survey" (PDF). March 27, 2018. 
  16. ^ "March 2018 Political Survey" (PDF). March 15, 2018. 
  17. ^ "Kaiser Health Tracking Poll - March 2018". March 23, 2018. 
  18. ^ "Approval of President's Handling of North Korea Increases". March 13, 2018. 
  19. ^ "GW Battleground (LXIII)" (PDF). March 13, 2018. 
  20. ^ "Trump Down, Dems Up, Russia Bad, Kushner Out". March 7, 2018. 
  21. ^ "Suffolk University/USA TODAY FINAL" (PDF). March 1, 2018. 
  22. ^ "Democrats Lead by 8 Points On Generic House Ballot Nationally" (PDF). February 14, 2018. 
  23. ^ "PRRI 2017 American Values Survey" (PDF). December 5, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Washington Post-University of Maryland Democracy Poll, Sept. 27-Oct. 5, 2017". October 28, 2017. 
  25. ^ "Bloomberg News National Poll". July 17, 2017. 
  26. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  27. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017. 
  28. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  29. ^ "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  30. ^ a b "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018. 
  31. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (January 22, 2018). "Trump's First-Year Job Approval Worst by 10 Points". Gallup. 
  32. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  33. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama". 
  34. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  35. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  36. ^ Presidential Job Approval for George Bush at the American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan at the American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter at the American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford at the American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon at the American Presidency Project.
  41. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson at the American Presidency Project.
  42. ^ Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy at the American Presidency Project.
  43. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Dwight Eisenhower at the American Presidency Project.
  44. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Harry Truman at the American Presidency Project.
  45. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt at the American Presidency Project.

External links[edit]