United States presidential approval rating

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Approval ratings of Barack Obama by state in 2015. Approval of the president was highest in Hawaii, at 58 percent, and lowest in West Virginia, at 24 percent.
  >50%
  40–49%
  30–39%
  <30%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a political figure based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way [insert president] is handling his job as president?"[1]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

President Donald Trump[edit]

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump:[2][3][4]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size [4] Population [4]
Rasmussen Reports[a][5] January 10-14, 2018 46% 52% 2% -6% ≈1,500 Likely Voters
Gallup Poll[b][6] January 8-14, 2018 38% 57% 5% -19% ≈1,500 All Adults
Ipsos/Reuters[7] January 7-11, 2018 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,614 All Adults
Quinnipiac University[8] January 5-9, 2018 36% 59% 5% -23% 1,106 Registered Voters
CNN[c][9] December 14-17, 2017 35% 59% 6% -24% 1,001 All Adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[d][10] December 13-15, 2017 41% 56% 3% -15% 900 All Adults
CNBC[e][11] December 10-13, 2017 42% 49% 9% -7% 800 All Adults
Public Policy Polling[12] December 11-12, 2017 41% 56% 3% -15% 862 Registered Voters
Monmouth University[13] December 10-12, 2017 32% 56% 12% -24% 806 All Adults
Marist College[14] December 4-7, 2017 37% 56% 7% -19% 1,267 All Adults
CBS News[f][15] December 3-5, 2017 36% 57% 6% -21% 1,120 All Adults
Pew Research Center[16] November 29 - December 4, 2017 32% 63% 5% -31% 1,503 All Adults
Investor's Business Daily/TIPP[17] November 27 - December 4, 2017 36% 59% 2% -23% 901 All Adults
Kaiser Family Foundation[g][18] November 8-13, 2017 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,201 All Adults
ABC News/Washington Post[h][19] October 29 - November 1, 2017 37% 59% 4% -22% 1,005 All Adults
Public Religion Research Institute[i][20] October 18-30, 2017 41% 54% 5% -13% 2,019 All Adults
Fox News[j][21] October 22-24, 2017 38% 57% 5% -19% 1,005 Registered Voters
Washington Post/University of Maryland[22] September 27 - October 5, 2017 37% 63% 1% -26% 1,663 All Adults
Suffolk University/USA Today[23] September 27 - October 1, 2017 38% 56% 7% -18% 1,000 Registered Voters
GW Battleground[k] August 13-17, 2017 42% 53% 4% -11% 1,000 Registered Voters
Bloomberg News[l][24] July 8-12, 2017 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,001 All Adults

Historical comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937:[25][26][27][m]

Order President Highest Approval Lowest Approval High –
Low
Highest Disapproval Highest Margin Lowest Margin Final poll Approval
Average[25]
Polls
per year
45[28] Trump 46 (01/24/17, 01/25/17) 33 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) 13 62 (10/29/17, 10/30/17, 12/01/17) 1 (01/24/17) −29 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) 38.5[29]
44[30][31] Obama 69 (01/24/09) 38 (09/05/14)[n] 31 57 (10/10/14) 56 (01/23-24/09) −18 (10/10/14) 59 (01/19/17) 47.9 348.4
43[32] Bush (G.W.) 90 (9/21/01) 25 (10/05/08, 10/12/08, 11/02/08) 65 71 (10/10/08) 83 (09/22/01) −46 (10/12/08) 34 (01/11/09) 49.4 33.7
42[33] Clinton 73 (12/19/98) 37 (06/06/93) 36 54 (09/07/94) 45 (12/17/00) −14 (09/07/94) 66 (01/14/01) 55.1 28.5
41[34] Bush (G.H.W.) 89 (02/28/91) 29 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 60 60 (07/31/92) 82 (03/03/91) −30 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 56 (01/11/93) 60.9 39.5
40[35] Reagan 71 (01/30/86) 35 (01/31/83) 36 56 (01/28/83) 52 (01/30/86) −21(01/31/83) 63 (12/29/88) 52.8 37.0
39[36] Carter 74 (03/15/77) 28 (06/26/79, 10/02/79) 46 59 (06/26/79) 66 (03/15/77) −31 (06/26/79) 34 (12/08/80) 45.5 22.7
38[37] Ford 70 (08/13/74) 36 (03/25/75) 34 46 (04/15/75, 11/18/75) 26 (08/13/74) −7 (02/25/75, 03/25/75, 04/15/75) 53 (12/13/76) 47.2 14.7
37[38] Nixon 66 (01/23/73) 24 (01/02/74) 42 66 (08/05/74) 57 (03/17/69) −42 (08/05/74) 24 (08/05/74) 49.1 17.7
36[39] Johnson 79 (03/05/64) 34 (08/12/68) 45 52 (08/12/68) 75 (12/10/63) −18 (08/12/68) 49 (01/06/69) 55.1 15.3
35[40] Kennedy 83 (03/05/62) 56 (09/10/63) 27 30 (09/12/63, 11/08/63) 78 (03/05/62) 27 (09/10/63) 58 (11/13/63) 70.1 13.7
34[41] Eisenhower 77 (11/22/55, 12/19/56) 47 (03/25/58) 30 36 (03/25/58) 66 (04/02/53, 12/19/56) 12 (03/25/58) 59 (12/13/60) 65.0 14.4
33[42] Truman 87 (08/22/45) 22 (11/16/51, 02/14/52) 65 67 (01/06/52) 85(08/22/45) −43 (01/04/52) 32 (12/16/52) 45.4 8.4
32[43] Franklin D. Roosevelt 83 (01/08/42) 48 (08/18/39) 35 46 (05/22/38, 05/29/38, 11/07/38) 73 (01/23/42) 65 (12/15/43) 63

Graphs[edit]

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice
  2. ^ Weekly averages.
  3. ^ Conducted by SSRS
  4. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R)
  5. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R)
  6. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, PA
  7. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Media, PA
  8. ^ Conducted by Langer Research Associates
  9. ^ Conducted by SSRS
  10. ^ Conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R)
  11. ^ Conducted by The Tarrance Group (R) and Lake Research Partners (D)
  12. ^ Conducted by Selzer & Company
  13. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included, as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  14. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". gallup.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Trump - Polling Report". Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  3. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved September 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Rasmussen Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Retrieved January 10, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Trump Is Intelligent, But Not Fit Or Level-Headed, U.S. Voters Tell Quinnipiac University National Poll; First Year Was 'Disaster,' 'Chaotic,' 'Successful'". January 10, 2018. 
  9. ^ "CNN December 2017" (PDF). December 19, 2017. 
  10. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). December 19, 2017. 
  11. ^ Steve Liesman (December 18, 2017). "Economic optimism soars, boosting Trump's approval rating: CNBC survey". 
  12. ^ "Voters Think Trump Should Resign Over Harassment Allegations" (PDF). December 14, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Trump Rating Hits Record Low". December 13, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Marist Poll of 1,267 National Adults" (PDF). Retrieved December 18, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Americans Say Tax Plan Helps Wealthy, Not Middle Class". December 7, 2017. 
  16. ^ "December 2017 Political Survey" (PDF). December 7, 2017. 
  17. ^ "Investor's Business Daily/TIPP Poll - December 2017" (PDF). Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Kaiser Health Tracking Poll – November 2017". November 15, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Washington Post-ABC News poll, Oct. 29-Nov.1, 2017". November 5, 2017. 
  20. ^ "PRRI 2017 American Values Survey" (PDF). December 5, 2017. 
  21. ^ Dana Blanton (October 25, 2017). "Fox News Poll: Storms erode Trump's ratings". 
  22. ^ "Washington Post-University of Maryland Democracy Poll, Sept. 27-Oct. 5, 2017". October 28, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Suffolk University/USA TODAY FINAL" (PDF). October 5, 2017. Retrieved November 19, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Bloomberg News National Poll". July 17, 2017. 
  25. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  26. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017. 
  27. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara
  28. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup.com. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  29. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (October 20, 2017). "Trump Job Approval Slips to 36.9% in His Third Quarter". Gallup. 
  30. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  31. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama". 
  32. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  33. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  34. ^ Presidential Job Approval for George Bush at the American Presidency Project.
  35. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan at the American Presidency Project.
  36. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter at the American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford at the American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon at the American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson at the American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy at the American Presidency Project.
  41. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Dwight Eisenhower at the American Presidency Project.
  42. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Harry Truman at the American Presidency Project.
  43. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt at the American Presidency Project.

External links[edit]