United States presidential approval rating

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Approval ratings of Barack Obama by state in 2015. Approval of the president was highest in Hawaii (at 58 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (at 24 percent).
  >50%
  40–49%
  30–39%
  <30%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a political figure based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

Do you approve or disapprove of the way [Donald Trump] is handling his job as president?[1]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

President Donald Trump[edit]

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump:[2][3][4]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size [4] Population [4]
Rasmussen Reports[a][5] February 12–14, 2018 48% 51% 1% -3% ≈1,500 Likely voters
Fox News[b][6] February 10–13, 2018 43% 53% 3% -10% 1,005 Registered voters
Gallup Poll[c][7] February 5–11, 2018 40% 57% 3% -17% ≈1,500 All adults
Quinnipiac University[8] February 2–5, 2018 40% 55% 5% -15% 1,333 Registered voters
Ipsos/Reuters[9] February 1–5, 2018 40% 54% 6% -14% 3,031 All adults
Monmouth University[10] January 28-30, 2018 42% 50% 8% -8% 806 All adults
Kaiser Family Foundation[d][11] January 16–21, 2018 38% 58% 3% -20% 1,215 All adults
ABC News/Washington Post[e][12] January 15–18, 2018 36% 58% 5% -22% 1,005 All adults
CNN[f][13] January 14–18, 2018 40% 55% 5% -15% 1,005 All adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[g][14] January 13–17, 2018 39% 57% 4% -18% 900 All adults
CBS News[h][15] January 13–16, 2018 37% 58% 5% -21% 1,225 All adults
Pew Research Center[16] January 10–15, 2018 37% 56% 7% -19% 1,503 All adults
NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist[17] January 8–10, 2018 37% 53% 10% -16% 1,350 All adults
Investor's Business Daily/TIPP[18] January 2–10, 2018 35% 58% 1% -23% 901 All adults
CNBC[i][19] December 10–13, 2017 42% 49% 9% -7% 800 All adults
Public Policy Polling[20] December 11–12, 2017 41% 56% 3% -15% 862 Registered voters
Public Religion Research Institute[j][21] October 18–30, 2017 41% 54% 5% -13% 2,019 All adults
Washington Post/University of Maryland[22] September 27–October 5, 2017 37% 63% 1% -26% 1,663 All adults
Suffolk University/USA Today[23] September 27–October 1, 2017 38% 56% 7% -18% 1,000 Registered voters
GW Battleground[k] August 13–17, 2017 42% 53% 4% -11% 1,000 Registered voters
Bloomberg News[l][24] July 8–12, 2017 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,001 All adults

Historical comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937:[25][26][27][m]

Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[25]
Polls
per year
45[28] Trump 48 (02/09/18) 33 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) 15 62 (10/29/17, 10/30/17, 12/01/17) 2 (02//09/18) -31 (10/29/17, 12/01/17) 38.5[29]
44[30][31] Obama 69 (01/24/09) 38 (09/05/14)[n] 31 57 (10/10/14) 56 (01/23-24/09) −18 (10/10/14) 59 (01/19/17) 47.9 348.4
43[32] Bush (G.W.) 90 (9/21/01) 25 (10/05/08, 10/12/08, 11/02/08) 65 71 (10/10/08) 83 (09/22/01) −46 (10/12/08) 34 (01/11/09) 49.4 33.7
42[33] Clinton 73 (12/19/98) 37 (06/06/93) 36 54 (09/07/94) 45 (12/17/00) −14 (09/07/94) 66 (01/14/01) 55.1 28.5
41[34] Bush (G.H.W.) 89 (02/28/91) 29 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 60 60 (07/31/92) 82 (03/03/91) −30 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 56 (01/11/93) 60.9 39.5
40[35] Reagan 71 (01/30/86) 35 (01/31/83) 36 56 (01/28/83) 52 (01/30/86) −21(01/31/83) 63 (12/29/88) 52.8 37.0
39[36] Carter 74 (03/15/77) 28 (06/26/79, 10/02/79) 46 59 (06/26/79) 66 (03/15/77) −31 (06/26/79) 34 (12/08/80) 45.5 22.7
38[37] Ford 70 (08/13/74) 36 (03/25/75) 34 46 (04/15/75, 11/18/75) 26 (08/13/74) −7 (02/25/75, 03/25/75, 04/15/75) 53 (12/13/76) 47.2 14.7
37[38] Nixon 66 (01/23/73) 24 (01/02/74) 42 66 (08/05/74) 57 (03/17/69) −42 (08/05/74) 24 (08/05/74) 49.1 17.7
36[39] Johnson 79 (03/05/64) 34 (08/12/68) 45 52 (08/12/68) 75 (12/10/63) −18 (08/12/68) 49 (01/06/69) 55.1 15.3
35[40] Kennedy 83 (03/05/62) 56 (09/10/63) 27 30 (09/12/63, 11/08/63) 78 (03/05/62) 27 (09/10/63) 58 (11/13/63) 70.1 13.7
34[41] Eisenhower 77 (11/22/55, 12/19/56) 47 (03/25/58) 30 36 (03/25/58) 66 (04/02/53, 12/19/56) 12 (03/25/58) 59 (12/13/60) 65.0 14.4
33[42] Truman 87 (08/22/45) 22 (11/16/51, 02/14/52) 65 67 (01/06/52) 85(08/22/45) −43 (01/04/52) 32 (12/16/52) 45.4 8.4
32[43] Franklin D. Roosevelt 83 (01/08/42) 48 (08/18/39) 35 46 (05/22/38, 05/29/38, 11/07/38) 73 (01/23/42) 65 (12/15/43) 63

Graphs[edit]

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice
  2. ^ Conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R)
  3. ^ Weekly averages.
  4. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Media, PA
  5. ^ Conducted by Langer Research Associates and Abt Associates of Cambridge, Mass.
  6. ^ Conducted by SSRS
  7. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R)
  8. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Glen Mills, PA
  9. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R)
  10. ^ Conducted by SSRS
  11. ^ Conducted by The Tarrance Group (R) and Lake Research Partners (D)
  12. ^ Conducted by Selzer & Company
  13. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included, as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  14. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". gallup.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Trump - Polling Report". Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  3. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved September 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Rasmussen Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Fox Feb 2018 Topline February 14 Release". February 14, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Retrieved January 10, 2018. 
  8. ^ "Economy Lifts Trump To Best Score In 7 Months, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Immigration, Foreign Policy Keep Approval Down". February 7, 2018. 
  9. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Trump Rating Ticks Up; Support for Tax Plan Increases". January 31, 2018. 
  11. ^ "Kaiser Health Tracking Poll – January 2018". January 26, 2018. 
  12. ^ "Washington Post-ABC News poll Jan. 15-18, 2018". January 21, 2018. 
  13. ^ "CNN January 2018" (PDF). January 19, 2018. 
  14. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). February 2, 2018. 
  15. ^ "Trump at One Year: Low Job Approval, But the Economy Is Good". January 18, 2018. 
  16. ^ "January 2018 Political Survey" (PDF). January 18, 2018. 
  17. ^ "NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist Poll of 1,350 National Adults" (PDF). January 18, 2018. 
  18. ^ "Investor's Business Daily/TIPP Poll- January 2018" (PDF). Retrieved January 27, 2018. 
  19. ^ Steve Liesman (December 18, 2017). "Economic optimism soars, boosting Trump's approval rating: CNBC survey". 
  20. ^ "Voters Think Trump Should Resign Over Harassment Allegations" (PDF). December 14, 2017. 
  21. ^ "PRRI 2017 American Values Survey" (PDF). December 5, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Washington Post-University of Maryland Democracy Poll, Sept. 27-Oct. 5, 2017". October 28, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Suffolk University/USA TODAY FINAL" (PDF). October 5, 2017. Retrieved November 19, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Bloomberg News National Poll". July 17, 2017. 
  25. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  26. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017. 
  27. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara
  28. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup.com. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  29. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (October 20, 2017). "Trump Job Approval Slips to 36.9% in His Third Quarter". Gallup. 
  30. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  31. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama". 
  32. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  33. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  34. ^ Presidential Job Approval for George Bush at the American Presidency Project.
  35. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan at the American Presidency Project.
  36. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter at the American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford at the American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon at the American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson at the American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy at the American Presidency Project.
  41. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Dwight Eisenhower at the American Presidency Project.
  42. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Harry Truman at the American Presidency Project.
  43. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt at the American Presidency Project.

External links[edit]