United States presidential approval rating

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Approval ratings of Barack Obama by state in 2015. Approval of the president was highest in Hawaii, at 58 percent, and lowest in West Virginia, at 24 percent.
  >50%
  40–49%
  30–39%
  <30%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a political figure based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way [insert president] is handling [his/her] job as president?"[1]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

President Donald Trump[edit]

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump:[2][3]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/- Sample size [4] Population [4]
Gallup Poll[a][5] September 18-20, 2017 37% 56% 7% -19% ≈1,500 All Adults
Rasmussen Reports[b][6] September 18-20, 2017 43% 55% 2 % -12% ≈1,500 Likely Voters
CNN [c][7] September 17-20, 2017 40% 55% 5% -15% 1,053 All Adults
Monmouth University[8] September 15-19, 2017 40% 49% 11% -9% 1,009 All Adults
NBC News/Wall Street Journal[d][9] September 14-18, 2017 43% 52% 5% -9% 900 All Adults
Marist College September 11-13, 2017 39% 50% 12% -11% 1,224 All Adults
Ipsos/Reuters[10] September 7-11, 2017 35% 58% 7% -23% 1,679 All Adults
Investor's Business Daily/TIPP August 23-31, 2017 38% 57% 5% -19% 905 All Adults
Fox News [e][11] August 27-29, 2017 41% 55% 4% -14% 1,006 Registered Voters
Quinnipiac University August 17-22, 2017 35% 59% 6% -24% 1,514 Registered Voters
Public Policy Polling[12] August 18-21, 2017 40% 53% 7% -13% 887 Registered Voters
Pew Research Center[13] August 8-21, 2017 36% 63% 1% -27% 4,971 All Adults
ABC News/Washington Post[f][14] August 16-20, 2017 37% 58% 5% -21% 1,014 All Adults
GW Battleground[g] August 13-17, 2017 42% 53% 4% -11% 1,000 Registered Voters
CBS News [h][15] August 3-6, 2017 36% 58% 6% -22% 1,111 All Adults
Bloomberg News [i][16] July 8-12, 2017 40% 56% 4% -16% 1,001 All Adults
National Opinion Research Center[4] June 8–11, 2017 35% 64% 1% -29% 1,068 All Adults

President Barack Obama[edit]

Last polls for President Barack Obama:[17][18][19][20][21][22]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Sample size
Gallup Poll[j] January 17–19, 2017 59% 37% 4% ≈1,500
Rasmussen Reports[k] January 15–17, 2017 62% 38% 0% ≈1,500
Fox News[l] January 15–17, 2017 57% 39% 7% 1,006
CBS News[m] January 13–16, 2017 62% 36% 2% 1,257
ABC News/The Washington Post January 12–15, 2017 60% 38% 2% 1,005
CNN/ORC January 12–15, 2017 60% 39% 1% 1,000
Monmouth University January 12–15, 2017 58% 38% 6% 801
NBC/The Wall Street Journal[n] January 12–15, 2017 56% 40% 4% 1,000
Quinnipiac University January 5–9, 2017 55% 39% 5% 899
Pew Research Center January 4–9, 2017 55% 40% 5% 1,502
Suffolk University/USA Today December 14–18, 2016 54% 41% 5% 1,000
Bloomberg Politics[o] December 2–5, 2016 54% 42% 4% 999

Historical comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937:[23][24][25][p]

Order President Highest Approval Lowest Approval High –
Low
Highest Disapproval Highest Margin Lowest Margin Final poll Approval
Average[23]
Polls
per year
45[26] Trump 46 (01/24/17, 01/25/17) 34 (09/01/17)[q] 12 61 (08/13/17, 08/31/17, 09/01/17) 1 (01/24/17) −27 (09/01/17) 39.2
44[27][28] Obama 69 (01/24/09) 38 (09/05/14) [r] 31 57 (10/10/14) 56 (01/23-24/09) −18 (10/10/14) 59 (01/19/17) 47.9 348.4
43[29] Bush (G.W.) 90 (9/21/01) 25 (10/05/08, 10/12/08, 11/02/08) 65 71 (10/10/08) 83 (09/22/01) −46 (10/12/08) 34 (01/11/09) 49.4 33.7
42[30] Clinton 73 (12/19/98) 37 (06/06/93) 36 54 (09/07/94) 45 (12/17/00) −14 (09/07/94) 66 (01/14/01) 55.1 28.5
41[31] Bush (G.H.W.) 89 (02/28/91) 29 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 60 60 (07/31/92) 82 (03/03/91) −30 (08/02/92, 10/13/92) 56 (01/11/93) 60.9 39.5
40[32] Reagan 71 (01/30/86) 35 (01/31/83) 36 56 (01/28/83) 52 (01/30/86) −21(01/31/83) 63 (12/29/88) 52.8 37.0
39[33] Carter 74 (03/15/77) 28 (06/26/79, 10/02/79) 46 59 (06/26/79) 66 (03/15/77) −31 (06/26/79) 34 (12/08/80) 45.5 22.7
38[34] Ford 70 (08/13/74) 36 (03/25/75) 34 46 (04/15/75, 11/18/75) 26 (08/13/74) −7 (02/25/75, 03/25/75, 04/15/75) 53 (12/13/76) 47.2 14.7
37[35] Nixon 66 (01/23/73) 22 (01/02/74) 44 66 (08/05/74) 57 (03/17/69) −42 (08/05/74) 24 (08/05/74) 49.1 17.7
36[36] Johnson 79 (03/05/64) 34 (08/12/68) 45 52 (08/12/68) 75 (12/10/63) −18 (08/12/68) 49 (01/06/69) 55.1 15.3
35[37] Kennedy 83 (03/05/62) 56 (09/10/63) 27 30 (09/12/63, 11/08/63) 78 (03/05/62) 27 (09/10/63) 58 (11/13/63) 70.1 13.7
34[38] Eisenhower 77 (11/22/55, 12/19/56) 47 (03/25/58) 30 36 (03/25/58) 66 (04/02/53, 12/19/56) 12 (03/25/58) 59 (12/13/60) 65.0 14.4
33[39] Truman 87 (08/22/45) 22 (11/16/51, 02/14/52) 65 67 (01/06/52) 85(08/22/45) −43 (01/04/52) 32 (12/16/52) 45.4 8.4
32[40] Franklin D. Roosevelt 83 (01/08/42) 48 (08/18/39) 35 46 (05/22/38, 05/29/38, 11/07/38) 73 (01/23/42) 65 (12/15/43) 63

Graphs[edit]

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average.
  2. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day; no neutral/unsure choice
  3. ^ Conducted by SSRS
  4. ^ Conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R)
  5. ^ Conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R)
  6. ^ Conducted by Langer Research Associates
  7. ^ Conducted by The Tarrance Group (R) and Lake Research Partners (D)
  8. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Media, PA
  9. ^ Conducted by Selzer & Company
  10. ^ Rolling 3-day average.
  11. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day.
  12. ^ Conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R).
  13. ^ Conducted by SSRS of Media, PA.
  14. ^ Conducted by the polling organizations of Peter D. Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R).
  15. ^ Conducted by Selzer and Co.
  16. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included, as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  17. ^ Last of six, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages
  18. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". gallup.com. Retrieved February 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Trump - Polling Report". Retrieved January 27, 2017. 
  3. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved September 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Rasmussen Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  7. ^ "CNN September 2017" (PDF). CNN. September 21, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Trump Voters Not Bothered by Overtures to Democrats". September 20, 2017. 
  9. ^ "NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). September 21, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Trump approval at reuters.com". Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Fox News poll results 8/30". August 30, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Trump Holds Steady After Charlottesville; Supporters Think Whites, Christians Face Discrimination" (PDF). Public Policy Polling. 
  13. ^ "Republicans Divided in Views of Trump’s Conduct; Democrats Are Broadly Critical" (PDF). August 29, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Washington Post-ABC News poll Aug. 16-20, 2017". Washington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Trump's approval rating remains low, but views on economy rise". CBS News. August 8, 2017. 
  16. ^ "Bloomberg News National Poll". July 17, 2017. 
  17. ^ "President Obama: Job Ratings at PollingReport.com". Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Gallup Daily: Obama Job Approval". Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  20. ^ "At close of his administration, Obama’s approval among his best in years". Pew Research Center. January 19, 2017. Retrieved March 26, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Suffolk University/USA Today Final" (PDF). Retrieved July 16, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Assessing the Obama Presidency". January 18, 2017. 
  23. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  24. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017. 
  25. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara
  26. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup.com. Retrieved 2017-01-27. 
  27. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  28. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama". 
  29. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  30. ^ Inc., Gallup,. "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017. 
  31. ^ Presidential Job Approval for George Bush at the American Presidency Project.
  32. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan at the American Presidency Project.
  33. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter at the American Presidency Project.
  34. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford at the American Presidency Project.
  35. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon at the American Presidency Project.
  36. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson at the American Presidency Project.
  37. ^ Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy at the American Presidency Project.
  38. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Dwight Eisenhower at the American Presidency Project.
  39. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Harry Truman at the American Presidency Project.
  40. ^ Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt at the American Presidency Project.

External links[edit]