United States Ambassador to the United Nations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ambassador of the United States to the United Nations
US Department of State official seal.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Nikki Haley official Transition portrait.jpg
Nikki Haley

since January 27, 2017
Nominator The President of the United States
Inaugural holder Edward Stettinius Jr.
Formation December 21, 1945; 71 years ago (1945-12-21)
Website usun.state.gov

The United States Ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations. The position is more formally known as the "Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, and Representative of the United States of America in the Security Council of the United Nations"; it is also known as the U.S. Permanent Representative, or "Perm Rep", to the United Nations.

The U.S. Permanent Representative, currently Nikki Haley, is charged with representing the United States on the U.N. Security Council and during almost all plenary meetings of the General Assembly, except in the rare situation in which a more senior officer of the United States (such as the U.S. Secretary of State or the President of the United States) is present. Like all United States ambassadors, he or she must be nominated by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate.

Many prominent U.S. politicians and diplomats have held the post, including Adlai Stevenson II, George H. W. Bush, Jeane Kirkpatrick, and Madeleine Albright.

Nikki Haley was nominated for this position by President Donald Trump[1] and has been confirmed by the Senate. She assumed office upon presenting her credentials to the UN Secretary-General on January 27, 2017.

Cabinet status[edit]

Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., a leading moderate Republican who lost his seat in the United States Senate to John F. Kennedy in the 1952 elections, was appointed ambassador to the United Nations in 1953 by Dwight D. Eisenhower in gratitude for the defeated senator's role in the new president's defeat of conservative leader Robert A. Taft for the 1952 Republican nomination and subsequent service as his campaign manager in the general election; Eisenhower raised the ambassadorship to cabinet rank in order to give Lodge direct access to him without having to go through the State Department.[2]

The ambassadorship continued to hold this status through the Ford, Carter, and Reagan administrations but was removed from cabinet rank by George H. W. Bush, who had previously held the position himself. It was restored under the Clinton administration. It was not a cabinet-level position under the George W. Bush administration (from 2001 to 2009),[3][4] but was once again elevated under the Obama administration, and retained by the Trump administration.[5]

Former UN Ambassador John R. Bolton has publicly opposed the granting of cabinet-level status to the office, stating "One, it overstates the role and importance the U.N. should have in U.S. foreign policy, second, you shouldn't have two secretaries in the same department".

List of Ambassadors[edit]

The following is a chronological list of those who have held the office:

# Image US Ambassador to UN Years served U.N. Secretary-General U.S. President
1 Edward Stettinius, as lend-lease administrator, September 2, 1941.jpg Edward Stettinius, Jr. January 17, 1946 – June 3, 1946 United Kingdom Gladwyn Jebb
Harry S. Truman
Norway Trygve Lie
No image.svg Herschel Johnson
June 3, 1946 – January 14, 1947
2 Austin Warren Robinson.jpg Warren Austin January 14, 1947 – January 22, 1953
Sweden Dag Hammarskjöld
3 HenryCabotLodgeJr.jpg Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. January 26, 1953[6] – September 3, 1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower
4 JamesJeremiahWadsworth.jpg James Jeremiah Wadsworth September 8, 1960 – January 21, 1961
5 AdlaiEStevenson1900-1965.jpg Adlai Stevenson January 23, 1961 — July 14, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Myanmar U Thant
Lyndon B. Johnson
6 Arthur goldberg.jpg Arthur Goldberg July 28, 1965 – June 24, 1968
7 GeorgeWildmanBall.jpg George W. Ball June 26, 1968 – September 25, 1968
8 JamesWiggins.jpg James Russell Wiggins October 7, 1968 – January 20, 1969
9 AmbassadorCWYost.jpg Charles Woodruff Yost January 23, 1969 – February 25, 1971 Richard Nixon
10 George H. W. Bush 91st Congress.jpg George H. W. Bush March 1, 1971 – January 18, 1973
Austria Kurt Waldheim
11 John Scali.jpg John A. Scali February 20, 1973 – June 29, 1975
Gerald Ford
12 DanielPatrickMoynihan.jpg Daniel Patrick Moynihan June 30, 1975 – February 2, 1976
13 Wm Scranton Pennsylvania 87th Cong.png William Scranton March 15, 1976 – January 19, 1977
14 Andrew Young, bw head-and-shoulders photo, June 6, 1977.jpg Andrew Young January 30, 1977 – September 23, 1979 Jimmy Carter
15 UnitedNationsAmbassadorMcHenry.jpg Donald McHenry September 23, 1979 – January 20, 1981
16 Od jeane-kirkpatrick-official-portrait 1-255x301.jpg Jeane Kirkpatrick February 4, 1981 – April 1, 1985 Ronald Reagan
Peru Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
17 Ambassador Vernon A. Walters.jpg Vernon A. Walters May 22, 1985 – March 15, 1989
18 ThomasRPickering.jpg Thomas R. Pickering March 20, 1989 – May 7, 1992 George H. W. Bush
Egypt Boutros Boutros-Ghali
19 Ambassador Perkins.jpg Edward J. Perkins May 12, 1992 – January 27, 1993
Bill Clinton
20 Secretary of State Madeleine Albright.jpg Madeleine Albright January 27, 1993 – January 21, 1997
Ghana Kofi Annan
21 RichardsonAmb.jpg Bill Richardson February 18, 1997 – August 18, 1998
Peter Burleigh.jpg Peter Burleigh
August 18, 1998 – September 7, 1999
22 Richard Holbrooke.jpg Richard Holbrooke September 7, 1999 – January 20, 2001
James B Cunningham.jpg James B. Cunningham
January 20, 2001 – September 19, 2001 George W. Bush
23 John Negroponte official portrait State.jpg John Negroponte September 19, 2001 – June 23, 2004
24 John danforth.JPG John Danforth July 23, 2004 – January 20, 2005
Anne W Patterson ambassador 2011.jpg Anne W. Patterson
January 20, 2005 – August 2, 2005
25 John R. Bolton.png John R. Bolton
Recess appointment
Never confirmed by the U.S. Senate
August 2, 2005 – December 31, 2006
Alejandro D. Wolff US State Dept photo.jpg Alejandro Daniel Wolff
December 31, 2006 – April 30, 2007
South Korea Ban Ki-moon
26 Zalmay Khalilzad in October 2011-cropped.jpg Zalmay Khalilzad April 30, 2007 – January 22, 2009
27 Susan Rice, official State Dept photo portrait, 2009.jpg Susan Rice January 26, 2009 – June 30, 2013 Barack Obama
Rosemary DiCarlo official portrait.jpg Rosemary DiCarlo
June 30, 2013 – August 5, 2013
28 Samantha Power.jpg Samantha Power August 5, 2013 – January 20, 2017
Michele J Sison.jpg Michele J. Sison
January 20, 2017 – January 27, 2017 Donald Trump
29 Nikki Haley official Transition portrait.jpg Nikki Haley January 27, 2017 – present Portugal António Guterres

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Trump chooses women for Cabinet: Haley for UN, DeVos for Ed". The Big Story. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  2. ^ Hubbard, James P. (2011). The United States and the End of British Colonial Rule in Africa, 1941-1968. Jefferson City, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-7864-5952-0. 
  3. ^ Kelemen, Michele (December 1, 2008). "U.N. Envoy Nominee Rice Known As Smart, Tough". National Public Radio. Retrieved January 21, 2009. The head of the United Nations Foundation, a Washington-based advocacy group, released a statement praising Rice as well as Obama's decision to make the post of U.N. ambassador a Cabinet-level position once again—as it was during the Clinton years. 
  4. ^ Cooper, Helene (November 20, 2008). "Clinton Decision Holding Up Other Obama Choices". New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2009. Ms. Rice could get the post of United States ambassador to the United Nations, a cabinet-level position under President Clinton. President Bush downgraded the position when he came into office 
  5. ^ Walker, Hunter. "President Trump announces his full Cabinet roster." Yahoo News. 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  6. ^ Chesly Manly (January 27, 1953). "Lodge Asks FBI to Screen All U.S. Aids [sic] on U.N.". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune Press Service. 

External links[edit]