United States Secretary of Labor

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United States Secretary of Labor
Seal of the United States Department of Labor.svg
Seal of the Department
Flag of the United States Secretary of Labor.svg
Flag of the Secretary
Secretary Marty Walsh official portrait (cropped).jpg
Marty Walsh
since March 23, 2021
United States Department of Labor
StyleMr. Secretary (informal)
The Honorable (formal)
Member ofCabinet
Reports toPresident of the United States
SeatFrances Perkins Building, Washington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument29 U.S.C. § 551
PrecursorSecretary of Commerce and Labor
FormationMarch 4, 1913
First holderWilliam B. Wilson
DeputyDeputy Secretary of Labor
SalaryExecutive Schedule, level I
The former flag of the U.S. Secretary of Labor, used from 1915 to 1960.

The United States Secretary of Labor is a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and as the head of the United States Department of Labor, controls the department, and enforces and suggests laws involving unions, the workplace, and all other issues involving any form of business-person controversies.

Formerly, there was a Department of Commerce and Labor. That department split into two in 1913. The Department of Commerce is headed by the secretary of commerce.

Secretary of Labor is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule,[2] thus earning a salary of US$221,400, as of January 2021.[3]

Marty Walsh has been Secretary since being sworn in on March 23, 2021. He was confirmed the previous day by the Senate as the last member of Joe Biden's cabinet, after being nominated by President Joe Biden on January 7, 2021.[4]

List of secretaries of labor[edit]


  Democratic (13)   Republican (16)


  Acting Secretary of Labor

No. Portrait Name State of residence Took office Left office President(s)
1 Wilson William B. Wilson Pennsylvania March 6, 1913 March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
2 Davis James J. Davis Pennsylvania March 5, 1921 November 30, 1930 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
3 Doak William N. Doak Virginia December 9, 1930 March 4, 1933
4 Perkins Frances Perkins New York March 4, 1933 June 30, 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
5 Schwellenbach Lewis B. Schwellenbach Washington July 1, 1945 June 10, 1948
6 Tobin Maurice J. Tobin Massachusetts August 13, 1948 January 20, 1953
7 Durkin Martin P. Durkin Maryland January 21, 1953 September 10, 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower
8 Mitchell James P. Mitchell New Jersey October 9, 1953 January 20, 1961
9 Goldberg Arthur Goldberg Illinois January 21, 1961 September 20, 1962 John F. Kennedy
10 Wirtz W. Willard Wirtz Illinois September 25, 1962 January 20, 1969
Lyndon B. Johnson
11 Shultz George P. Shultz Illinois January 22, 1969 July 1, 1970 Richard Nixon
12 Hodgson James D. Hodgson California July 2, 1970 February 1, 1973
13 Brennan Peter J. Brennan New York February 2, 1973 March 15, 1975
Gerald Ford
14 Dunlop John T. Dunlop Massachusetts March 18, 1975 January 31, 1976
15 Usery William Usery Jr. Georgia February 10, 1976 January 20, 1977
16 Marshall Ray Marshall Texas January 27, 1977 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
17 Donovan Raymond J. Donovan New Jersey February 4, 1981 March 15, 1985 Ronald Reagan
18 Brock Bill Brock Tennessee April 29, 1985 October 31, 1987
19 McLaughlin Ann Dore McLaughlin District of Columbia December 17, 1987 January 20, 1989
20 Dole Elizabeth Dole Kansas January 25, 1989 November 23, 1990 George H. W. Bush
21 Martin Lynn M. Martin Illinois February 22, 1991 January 20, 1993
22 Reich Robert Reich Massachusetts January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 Bill Clinton
23 Herman Alexis Herman Alabama May 1, 1997 January 20, 2001
24 Chao Elaine Chao Kentucky January 29, 2001 January 20, 2009 George W. Bush
Radzely Howard Radzely Pennsylvania January 20, 2009 February 2, 2009 Barack Obama
Hugler Ed Hugler Pennsylvania February 2, 2009 February 24, 2009
25 Solis Hilda Solis California February 24, 2009 January 22, 2013
Harris Seth Harris New York January 22, 2013 July 23, 2013
26 Perez Tom Perez Maryland July 23, 2013 January 20, 2017
Hugler Ed Hugler Pennsylvania January 20, 2017 April 27, 2017 Donald Trump
27 Acosta Alexander Acosta Florida April 28, 2017 July 19, 2019
Pizzella Patrick Pizzella Virginia July 20, 2019 September 30, 2019
28 Scalia Eugene Scalia Virginia September 30, 2019 January 20, 2021
Stewart Al Stewart Virginia January 20, 2021 March 23, 2021 Joe Biden
29 Walsh Marty Walsh Massachusetts March 23, 2021 Incumbent

Line of succession[edit]

The line of succession for the Secretary of Labor is as follows:[5]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Labor
  2. Solicitor of Labor
  3. Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management
  4. Assistant Secretary for Policy
  5. Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs
  6. Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training
  7. Assistant Secretary for Employee Benefits Security
  8. Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health
  9. Assistant Secretary for Mine Safety and Health
  10. Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs
  11. Chief Financial Officer
  12. Administrator, Wage and Hour Division
  13. Assistant Secretary for Veterans' Employment and Training
  14. Assistant Secretary for Disability Employment Policy
  15. Deputy Solicitor of Labor (First Assistant of the Solicitor of Labor)
  16. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Policy)
  17. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Congressional Affairs (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs)
  18. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training)
  19. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Employee Benefits Security)
  20. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health)
  21. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Mine Safety and Health (First Assistant of the Assistant Secretary for Mine Safety and Health)
  22. Regional Solicitor—Dallas
  23. Regional Administrator for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management—Region VI/Dallas

Secretary succession[edit]

If none of the above officials are available to serve as Acting Secretary of Labor, the Designated Secretarial Designee assumes interim operational control over the Department, except the Secretary's non-delegable responsibilities.

  1. Director, Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs
  2. Director of the Women's Bureau
  3. Regional Administrator, Employment and Training Administration—Dallas
  4. Regional Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration—Dallas

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 3 U.S.C. § 19, Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act
  2. ^ 5 U.S.C. § 5312
  3. ^ "Salary Table No. 2021-EX Rates of Basic Pay for the Executive Schedule (EX)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on January 23, 2021.
  4. ^ Puzzanghera, Jim (March 22, 2021). "Senate Confirms Walsh as Labor Secretary". The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 22, 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Order of Succession to the Secretary of Labor in Periods of Vacancy, Continuity of Executive Direction, Repositioning and Devolution of Departmental Governance, and Emergency Planning Under Circumstances of Extreme Disruption". Federal Register. January 19, 2017. Retrieved June 2, 2017.

External links[edit]

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Secretary of Commerce Order of precedence of the United States
as Secretary of Labor
Succeeded byas Secretary of Health and Human Services
U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by 11th in line Succeeded by