United States Secretary of the Interior
|Secretary of the Interior of the United States of America|
Seal of the U.S. Department of the Interior
Flag of the U.S. Secretary of the Interior
|United States Department of the Interior|
|Reports to||The President|
|Seat||Washington, D.C., U.S.|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||43 U.S.C. § 1451|
|Formation||March 3, 1849|
|First holder||Thomas Ewing|
|Succession||None (United States Presidential Line of Succession)|
|Deputy||Deputy Secretary of the Interior|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level 1|
The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
The U.S. Department of the Interior should not be confused with the Ministries of the Interior as used in many other countries. Ministries of the Interior in these other countries correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the U.S. Cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice.
The U.S. Department of the Interior oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.
Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the western United States, the Secretary of the Interior has typically come from a western state; only one of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 is not identified with a state lying west of the Mississippi River.
Secretaries of the Interior
acting Secretary of the InteriorDenotes
Living former Secretaries of the Interior
As of September 2016, eight former Secretaries of the Interior are alive, the oldest being Manuel Lujan, Jr. (served 1989-1993, born 1928). The most recent to die was William P. Clark, Jr. (served 1983-1985, born 1931), on August 10, 2013.
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Cecil D. Andrus||1977–1981||August 25, 1931|
|James G. Watt||1981–1983||January 31, 1938|
|Donald P. Hodel||1985–1989||May 23, 1935|
|Manuel Lujan, Jr.||1989–1993||May 12, 1928|
|Bruce E. Babbitt||1993–2001||June 27, 1938|
|Gale A. Norton||2001–2006||March 11, 1954|
|Dirk Kempthorne||2006–2009||October 29, 1951|
|Ken Salazar||2009–2013||March 2, 1955|
- List of Secretaries of the Interior (DoI)
- List of Secretaries of the Interior (worldstatesmen.org)
- The Department of Everything Else: Highlights of Interior History (1989)
|United States presidential line of succession|
|8th in line||Succeeded by
Secretary of Agriculture