1918 United States Senate elections

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1918 United States Senate elections

← 1916 November 5, 1918[a] 1920 →

38 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Cabot Lodge c1916.jpg Oscar W. Underwood.jpg
Leader Henry Cabot Lodge
(unofficial)
Oscar Underwood
Party Republican Democratic
Leader since March 4, 1919 April 27, 1920
Leader's seat Massachusetts Alabama
Seats before 43 53
Seats after 49 47
Seat change Increase 6 Decrease 6
Seats up 17 24
Seats won 23 18

US 1918 senate election map.svg
Results of the elections:
     Democratic gain      Democratic hold
     Republican gain      Republican hold
     No election

Majority Leader before election

Thomas S. Martin
(as Conference Chairman)
Democratic

Elected Majority Leader

Henry Cabot Lodge
(Unofficial)
Republican

The 1918 United States Senate elections were held throughout 1918,[a] the midpoint of Woodrow Wilson's second term as President of the United States. Republicans gained a slim 2-seat control after picking up a net 6 seats (4 in general elections and 2 in special elections).

The change in control meant that the Republicans could deny entry of the United States into the League of Nations. American participation in this new international institution was the centerpiece of Wilson's post-war foreign policy.

It was the first election in which all Class 2 senators were subject to direct or popular election following the enactment of the Seventeenth Amendment, making them the final class under the old system.

Gains and losses[edit]

Republicans gained seven seats:

Democrats gained one seat:

Party division[edit]

These numbers represent composition at the March 4, 1919 start of the 66th United States Congress. Composition often changes due to deaths, resignations, or party shifting.

  • Majority Party: Republican (49 seats)
  • Minority Party: Democratic (47 seats)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 96

Source: United States Senate Official Website

Change in composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Kan.
Ran
D37
Ill.
Ran
D36
Idaho
Ran
D35
Ga.
Ran
D34
Del.
Ran
D33
Colo.
Ran
D32
Ark.
Ran
D31
Ala.
Ran
D30 D29
D39
La. (reg)
Ran
D40
La. (sp)
Ran
D41
Mo. (sp)
Ran
D42
Mont.
Ran
D43
Nev. (sp)
Ran
D44
N.H. (reg)
Retired
D45
N.C.
Ran
D46
Okla.
Ran
D47
S.C. (reg) &
S.C. (sp)
Ran
D48
Tenn.
Ran
Majority → D49
Va.
Ran
R39
N.J. (sp)
Ran
N.J. (reg)
Retired
R40
N.M.
Ran
R41
Ore. (sp)
Retired
Ore. (reg)
Ran
R42
R.I.
Ran
R43
S.D.
Ran
R44
Texas
Ran
R45
W.Va.
Retired
D51
Wyo.
Ran
D50
Wis.
Died
R38
N.H. (sp)
Retired
R37
Neb.
Ran
R36
Miss.
Ran
R35
Minn.
Ran
R34
Mich.
Retired
R33
Mass.
Ran
R32
Me.
Ran
R31
Ky.
Retired
R30
Iowa
Ran
R29
Idaho (reg)
Ran
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Elections results[edit]

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Mass.
Gain
D37
La. (sp)
Hold
D36
La. (reg)
Re-elected
D35
Ky.
Hold
D34
Idaho
Elected[b]
D33
Ga.
Hold
D32
Ark.
Re-elected
D31
Ala.
Re-elected
D30 D29
D39
Miss.
Hold
D40
Mont.
Re-elected
D41
Nev.
Elected[b]
D42
N.C.
Re-elected
D43
Okla.
Re-elected
D44
S.C. (reg) &
S.C. (sp)
Hold
D45
Tenn.
Re-elected
D46
Texas
Re-elected
D47
Va.
Re-elected
R49
Wyo.
Re-elected
Majority →
R39
Neb.
Re-elected
R40
N.H. (reg)
Gain
R41
N.H. (sp)
Hold
R42
N.J. (sp)
Elected
N.J. (reg)
Hold
R43
N.M.
Re-elected
R44
Ore. (sp)
Hold
Ore. (reg)
Elected[b]
R45
R.I.
Re-elected
R46
S.D.
Re-elected
R47
W.Va.
Hold
R48
Wis.
Gain
R38
Mo.
Gain
R37
Minn.
Re-elected
R36
Mich.
Hold
R35
Me.
Re-elected
R34
Kan.
Gain
R33
Iowa
Re-elected
R32
Ill.
Gain
R31
Idaho (reg)
Re-elected
R30
Del.
Gain
R29
Colo.
Gain
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican

Complete list of races[edit]

Special elections during the 65th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1918 or before March 4, 1919; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Wisconsin
(Class 3)
Paul O. Husting Democratic 1914 Incumbent died October 21, 1917.
New senator elected April 2, 1918.
Republican gain.
Idaho
(Class 3)
John F. Nugent Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 5, 1918.
Louisiana
(Class 3)
Walter Guion Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Democratic hold.
Missouri
(Class 3)
Xenophon P. Wilfley Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost nomination.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Republican gain.
Nevada
(Class 3)
Charles Henderson Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 5, 1918.
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
Irving W. Drew Republican 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Republican hold.
New Jersey
(Class 2)
David Baird Republican 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 5, 1918.
Interim appointee was not a candidate for the next term, see below.
Oregon
(Class 2)
Charles L. McNary Republican 1917 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Republican hold.
Interim appointee was instead elected to the next term, see below.
Mulkey took the seat but subsequently resigned so McNary could be re-appointed ahead of the term.
South Carolina
(Class 2)
Christie Benet Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee lost renomination.
New senator elected November 5, 1918.
Democratic hold.
Neither the interim appointee nor the winner were elected to the next term, see below.

Elections leading to the 66th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1919; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama John H. Bankhead Democratic 1907 (Appointed)
1907 (Special)
1911 (Early)
Incumbent re-elected.
Arkansas Joseph Robinson Democratic 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
Colorado John F. Shafroth Democratic 1913 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Delaware Willard Saulsbury, Jr. Democratic 1913 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Georgia Thomas W. Hardwick Democratic 1914 (Special) Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Idaho William Borah Republican 1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Illinois J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic 1913 (Late) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Iowa William S. Kenyon Republican 1911 (Special)
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas William Thompson Democratic 1913 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Kentucky George B. Martin Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Louisiana Joseph E. Ransdell Democratic 1912 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine Bert M. Fernald Republican 1916 (Special) Incumbent re-elected September 9, 1918.
Massachusetts John W. Weeks Republican 1913 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Michigan William Alden Smith Republican 1911
1913
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Minnesota Knute Nelson Republican 1895
1901
1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi James K. Vardaman Democratic 1912 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.[24]
Democratic hold.[25]
Montana Thomas J. Walsh Democratic 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska George W. Norris Republican 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
New Hampshire Henry F. Hollis Democratic 1913 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
New Jersey David Baird Republican 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Interim appointee, however, waselected to finish the current term, see above.
New Mexico Albert B. Fall Republican 1912 (New state)
1912
(Invalidated)
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina Furnifold Simmons Democratic 1901
1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Oklahoma Robert L. Owen Democratic 1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.
Oregon Charles L. McNary Republican 1917 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected to the next term but not to finish the term.
Winner subsequently appointed to begin next term early when winner of the special election, see above, resigned.
Rhode Island LeBaron B. Colt Republican 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina Christie Benet Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Neither the interim appointee nor the winner were elected to finish the current term, see above.
South Dakota Thomas Sterling Republican 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee John K. Shields Democratic 1913 Incumbent re-elected.
Texas Morris Sheppard Democratic 1913 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia Thomas S. Martin Democratic 1893 (Early)
1899 (Early)
1906
1912
Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia Nathan Goff, Jr. Republican 1913 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Wyoming Francis E. Warren Republican 1890
1893 (Lost)
1895
1901
1907
1913
Incumbent re-elected.

Alabama[edit]

Arizona[edit]

Arkansas[edit]

California[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

Delaware[edit]

Florida[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Idaho[edit]

Idaho (Regular)[edit]

Idaho (Special)[edit]

Illinois[edit]

Indiana[edit]

Iowa[edit]

Kansas[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Louisiana[edit]

Louisiana (Regular)[edit]

Louisiana (Special)[edit]

Maine[edit]

Maryland[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

Michigan[edit]

Minnesota[edit]

Mississippi[edit]

Missouri[edit]

Missouri (Regular)[edit]

Missouri (Special)[edit]

Montana[edit]

Nebraska[edit]

Nevada[edit]

Nevada (Regular)[edit]

Nevada (Special)[edit]

New Hampshire[edit]

New Hampshire (Regular)[edit]

New Hampshire (Special)[edit]

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey (Regular)[edit]

New Jersey (Special)[edit]

New Mexico[edit]

New York[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

North Dakota[edit]

Ohio[edit]

Oklahoma[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Oregon (Regular)[edit]

Oregon (Special)[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina (Regular)[edit]

The Democratic primary was held August 27, 1918.[41]

South Carolina (Special)[edit]

The Democratic primary was held August 27, 1918,[42] and a run-off between William P. Pollock and Thomas H. Peeples was held September 10, 1918.[43]

South Dakota[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

Utah[edit]

Vermont[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

West Virginia[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

Wyoming[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b There was a general election September 9, 1918 in Maine, and special elections in April and November 1918.
  2. ^ a b c Appointee elected

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ID US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  2. ^ "LA US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  3. ^ "MO US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  4. ^ "NV US Senate - Special Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  5. ^ "NH US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  6. ^ "NJ US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  7. ^ "OR US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - SC US Senate - Special Election Race - Nov 05, 1918". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  9. ^ "AL Senate Race - Nov 03, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  10. ^ "AR US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  11. ^ "CO US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  12. ^ "DE US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  13. ^ "GA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  14. ^ "ID US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  15. ^ "IL US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  16. ^ "IA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  17. ^ "KS US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  18. ^ "KY US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  19. ^ "LA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  20. ^ "ME US Senate Race - Sep 09, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  21. ^ "MA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  22. ^ "MI US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  23. ^ "MN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  24. ^ Street, William B. (March 21, 1965). "The Man Who Invented The Redneck". The Commercial Appeal.[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ "MS US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  26. ^ "MT US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  27. ^ "NE US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  28. ^ "NH US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  29. ^ "NJ US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  30. ^ "NM US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  31. ^ "NC US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  32. ^ "OK US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  33. ^ "OR US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  34. ^ "RI US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  35. ^ "SD US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  36. ^ "TN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  37. ^ "TX US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  38. ^ "VA US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  39. ^ "WV US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1918". Our Campaigns. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  40. ^ 1919 Official Directory of Wyoming and Election Returns For 1918. W.E. Chaplin, Wyoming Secretary of State. pp. 36–37. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  41. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=430754
  42. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=430755
  43. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=430756