United States Senate elections, 1920 and 1921

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United States Senate elections, 1920 and 1921
United States
← 1918 November 2, 1920 1922 / 1923 →

32 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
(as well as special elections)

49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Cabot Lodge c1916.jpg Oscar W. Underwood.jpg
Leader Henry Cabot Lodge
(Unofficial)
Oscar Underwood
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Massachusetts Alabama
Seats before 49 47
Seats won 25 7
Seats after 59 37
Seat change Increase 10 Decrease 10
Seats up 15 17

US 1920 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Republican gains
     Democratic holds      Republican holds

Majority leader before election

Henry Cabot Lodge
(Unofficial)
Republican

Elected Majority leader

Henry Cabot Lodge
(Unofficial)
Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1920 and 1921 were elections for the United States Senate that coincided with the election of Warren G. Harding as President. There was also a special election in 1921. Democrat Woodrow Wilson's unpopularity allowed Republicans to win races across the country, winning ten seats from the Democrats, providing them with an overwhelming 59 to 37 majority. The Republican landslide was so vast that the Democrats failed to win a single race outside the South.

Seat changes[edit]

Republicans won two seats that were open from retiring Democrats, one seat from a Democrat who had lost renomination, and they defeated seven Democratic incumbents.

Open seats[edit]

Incumbents defeated[edit]

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Ran
D37
Ran
D36
Ran
D35
Ran
D34
Ran
D33
Ran
D32
Ran
D31
Ran
D30 D29
D39
Ran
D40
Ran
D41
Ran
D42
Ran
D43
Ran
D44
Ran
D45
Retired
D46
Retired
D47
Retired
R49
Retired
Majority →
R39
Ran
R40
Ran
R41
Ran
R42
Ran
R43
Ran
R44
Ran
R44
Ran
R46
Ran
R47
Ran
R48
Retired
R38
Ran
R37
Ran
R36
Ran
R35
Ran
R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the general elections[edit]

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
R59
Gain
D37
Hold
D36
Hold
D35
Hold
D34
Re-elected
D33
Re-elected
D32
Re-elected
D31
Re-elected
D30 D29
R58
Gain
R57
Gain
R56
Gain
R55
Gain
R54
Gain
R53
Gain
R52
Gain
R51
Gain
R50
Gain
R49
Hold
Majority →
R39
Re-elected
R40
Re-elected
R41
Re-elected
R42
Re-elected
R43
Re-elected
R44
Re-elected
R44
Re-elected
R46
Re-elected
R47
Hold
R48
Hold
R38
Re-elected
R37
Re-elected
R36
Re-elected
R35
Re-elected
R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the special elections[edit]

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
R59 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30
Hold
D29
Appointee elected
R58 R57 R56 R55 R54 R53 R52 R51 R50 R49
Majority →
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican

Race summary[edit]

Special elections during the 66th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1920 or before March 4, 1921; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama
(Class 2)
Braxton B. Comer Democratic 1920 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected November 2, 1920.
Democratic hold.
J. Thomas Heflin (Democratic), 69.3%
C. P. Lunsford (Republican), 29.5%
W. H. Chichester(Socialist), 1.2%
Virginia
(Class 2)
Carter Glass Democratic 1920 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 2, 1920. Carter Glass (Democratic), 91.3%
J. R. Pollard (Republican), 8.7%

Elections leading to the 67th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1921; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Oscar W. Underwood Democratic 1914 Incumbent re-elected. Oscar W. Underwood (Democratic), 66.%
L. H. Reynolds (Republican), 33.1%
A. M. Forsman(Socialist), 0.8%
Arizona Marcus A. Smith Democratic 1912
1914
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Ralph H. Cameron (Republican), 55.2%
Marcus A. Smith (Democratic), 44.8%
Arkansas William F. Kirby Democratic 1916 (Special) Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Thaddeus H. Caraway (Democratic), 65.9%
Charles F. Cole (Republican), 34.1%
California James D. Phelan Democratic 1914 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Samuel M. Shortridge (Republican), 49.0%
James D. Phelan (Democratic), 40.7%
James S. Edwards (Prohibition), 6.3%
Elvina S. Beals(Socialist), 4.0%
Colorado Charles S. Thomas Democratic 1913 (Special)
1914
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Samuel D. Nicholson (Republican), 54.5%
Tully Scot (Democratic), 39.3%
G. F. Stevens (Farmer–Labor), 3.1%
Charles S. Thomas (National), 3.0%
Connecticut Frank B. Brandegee Republican 1905 (Special)
1909
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Frank B. Brandegee (Republican), 59.3%
Augustine Lonergan (Democratic), 36.1%
Martin F. Plunkett (Socialist), 2.8%
Emil L. G. Hohenthal (Prohibition Party), 0.8%
Josephine B. Bennett (Farmer–Labor), 0.6%
Charles J. Backofen (Socialist-labor), 0.4%
Florida Duncan U. Fletcher Democratic 1909 (Appointed)
1909 (Special)
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Duncan U. Fletcher (Democratic), 69.5%
John M. Cheney (Republican), 26.0%
M.J. Martin(Socialist), 2.5%
G. A. Klock (Republican-White), 2.0%
Georgia Hoke Smith Democratic 1911 (Special)
1914
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Thomas E. Watson (Democratic), 94.9%
Harvey S. Edwards (Independent), 5.1%
Idaho John F. Nugent Democratic 1918 (Appointed) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Frank R. Gooding (Republican), 54.1%
John F. Nugent (Democratic), 45.9%
Illinois Lawrence Y. Sherman Republican 1913 (Special)
1914
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
William B. McKinley (Republican), 66.8%
Peter A. Waller (Democratic), 26.8%
Gustave T Fraenckel (Socialist), 3.2%
John Fitzpatrick (Farmer–Labor), 2.4%
Frank B Vennum (Prohibition), 0.5%
Joseph B Moody(Socialist-labor), 0.15%
Indiana James E. Watson Republican 1916 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. James E. Watson (Republican), 54.6%
Thomas Taggart (Democratic), 41.1%
Francis M Wampler (Socialist), 1.9%
Francis J Dillon (Farmer–Labor), 1.3%
Oulla Bayhinger (Prohibition), 1.1%
Iowa Albert B. Cummins Republican 1908 (Special)
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Albert B. Cummins (Republican), 61.4%
Claude R. Porter (Democratic), 37.4%
H. W. Cowles (Farmer–Labor), 1.0%
Arthur S. Dowler (Socialist-labor), 0.1%
Kansas Charles Curtis Republican 1907 (Special)
1907
1913 (Lost)
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Charles Curtis (Republican), 64.0%
George H. Hodges (Democratic), 33.4%
Dan Beedy(Socialist), 2.6%
Kentucky John C. W. Beckham Democratic 1914 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Richard P. Ernst (Republican), 50.3%
John C. W. Beckham (Democratic), 49.7%
Louisiana Edward J. Gay Democratic 1918 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Edwin S. Broussard (Democratic), unopposed
Maryland John W. Smith Democratic 1908 (Special)
1908
1914
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Ovington E. Weller (Republican), 47.3%
John W. Smith (Democratic), 43.3%
G. D. Iverson Jr. (Independent), 5.4%
William A. Toole (Socialist), 1.7%
William A. Hawkins (Independent), 1.7%
Frank N. H. Lang (Labor), 0.6%
Missouri Selden P. Spencer Republican 1918 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Selden P. Spencer (Republican), 53.7%
Breckenridge Long (Democratic), 44.5%
Nevada Charles B. Henderson Democratic 1918 (Appointed)
1918 (Special)
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Tasker L. Oddie (Republican), 42.1%
Charles B. Henderson (Democratic), 37.9%
Anne Martin (Independent), 18.2%
New Hampshire George H. Moses Republican 1918 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. George H. Moses (Republican), 57.7%
Raymond B. Stevens (Democratic), 41.6%
William H. Wilkins(Socialist), 0.6%
New York James W. Wadsworth, Jr. Republican 1914 Incumbent re-elected. James W. Wadsworth, Jr. (Republican) 52.4% (1,431,347)
Harry C. Walker (Democratic) 32.9% (885,061)
Ella A. Boole (Prohibition) 7.8% (159,477)
Jacob Panken (Socialist) 5.8% (151,246)
Rose Schneiderman (Farmer–Labor) 15,086
Harry Carlson (Socialist Labor) 6,522[1]
North Carolina Lee S. Overman Democratic 1903
1909
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Lee S. Overman (Democratic), 57.5%
A. E. Holton (Republican), 42.5%
North Dakota Asle J. Gronna Republican 1911 (Special)
1914
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Edwin F. Ladd (Republican), 59.8%
H. H. Perry (Democratic), 40.2%
Ohio Warren G. Harding Republican 1914 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. President.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Frank B. Willis (Republican), 59.1%
William Alexander Julian (Democratic), 40.8%
Oklahoma Thomas P. Gore Democratic 1907 (New state)
1909
1914
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
John W. Harreld (Republican), 50.6%
Scott Ferris (Democratic), 44.5%
A. A. Bagwell (Socialist), 4.8%
Oregon George E. Chamberlain Democratic 1909
1914
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Robert N. Stanfield (Republican), 50.7%
George E. Chamberlain (Democratic), 43.5%
Pennsylvania Boies Penrose Republican 1897
1903
1909
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Boies Penrose (Republican), 59.9%
John A. Farrell (Democratic), 27.2%
Leah C. Marion (Prohibition), 7.4%
South Carolina Ellison D. Smith Democratic 1909
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Ellison D. Smith (Democratic), unopposed
South Dakota Edwin S. Johnson Democratic 1909
1914
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Peter Norbeck (Republican), 50.1%
Tom Ayres (Independent), 24.1%
U. S. G. Cherry (Democratic), 20.0%
Richard Olsen Richards (Independent), 5.5%
Utah Reed Smoot Republican 1903
1909
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Reed Smoot (Republican), 56.6%
Milton H. Welling (Democratic), 38.5%
J. Alex Beven (Socialist Farmer Labor), 4.9%
Vermont William P. Dillingham Republican 1900 (Special)
1902
1908
1914
Incumbent re-elected. William P. Dillingham (Republican), 78.0%
Howard E. Shaw (Democratic), 21.9%
Washington Wesley L. Jones Republican 1909
1914
Incumbent re-elected. Wesley L. Jones (Republican), 56.4%
C. L. France (Farmer–Labor), 25.4%
George F. Cotterill (Democratic), 17.8%
Wisconsin Irvine L. Lenroot Republican 1918 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Irvine L. Lenroot (Republican), 41.6%
James Thompson (Independent), 34.7%
Paul S. Reinsch (Democratic), 13.2%
Frank J. Weber (Socialist), 9.8%
Clyde D. Mead (Prohibition), 0.8%

Elections during the 67th Congress[edit]

In this election, the winner was elected in 1921 after March 4.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
New Mexico
(Class 2)
Holm O. Bursum Republican 1921 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected September 20, 1921.[2] Holm O. Bursum (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]