United States Senate elections, 1924 and 1925

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U.S. Senate elections, 1924 and 1925
United States
← 1922 / 1923 November 4, 1924[1] 1926 →

32 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
(as well as special elections)

49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Joseph t robinson.jpg
Leader Charles Curtis Joseph Robinson
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Kansas Arkansas
Seats before 51 43
Seats after 54 41
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 2
Seats up 17 14
Races won 20 12

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Leader's seat Minnesota
Seats before 2
Seats after 1
Seat change Decrease 1
Seats up 1
Races won 0

US 1924 senate election map.svg
Results including special elections
     Democratic gains      Republican gains
     Democratic holds      Republican holds

Majority Leader before election

Henry Cabot Lodge
(Unofficial)
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

Charles Curtis
Republican

The United States Senate elections of 1924 and 1925[1] were elections for the United States Senate which coincided with the election of Republican President Calvin Coolidge to a full term. The strong economy and Coolidge's popularity helped Republican candidates increase their majority by four, although several interim appointments had worsened their numbers since the 1922 election; as a result, the party achieved a net gain of only one seat since the previous voting cycle.

Gains and losses[edit]

The Republicans gained from an open seat:

Republicans also defeated Democratic incumbents:

A Republican defeated a Farmer–Labor incumbent:

A Democrat defeated a Republican incumbent:

Holds[edit]

The Republicans held two open seats:

The Republicans held three seats in primary contests:

The Democrats held two seats in primary contests:

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

At the beginning of 1924.

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Ran
D37
Ran
D36
Ran
D35
Ran
D34
Ran
D33
Ran
D32
Ran
D31
Ran
D30
Ran
D29
D39
Ran
D40
Ran
D41
Ran
D42
Ran
D43
Retired
FL1 FL2
Ran
R51
Died
R50
Retired
R49
Ran
Majority →
R39
Ran
R40
Ran
R41
Ran
R42
Ran
R43
Ran
R44
Ran
R45
Ran
R46
Ran
R47
Ran
R48
Ran
R38
Ran
R37
Ran
R36
Ran
R35
Ran
R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the general elections[edit]

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Re-elected
D37
Re-elected
D36
Re-elected
D35
Re-elected
D34
Re-elected
D33
Re-elected
D32
Re-elected
D31
Re-elected
D30
Re-elected
D29
D39
Hold
D40
Hold
D41
Gain
FL1 R54
Gain
R53
Gain
R52
Gain
R51
Gain
R50
Hold
R49
Hold
Majority →
R39
Ran
R40
Ran
R41
Ran
R42
Ran
R43
Ran
R44
Ran
R45
Ran
R46
Hold
R47
Hold
R48
Hold
R38
Ran
R37
Ran
R36
Ran
R35
Ran
R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

After the special elections[edit]

  D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 FL1 R55
Gain
R54
Appointee elected
R53
Hold
R52
Hold
R51 R50 R49
Majority →
R39 R40 R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48
R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
FL# Farmer–Labor
R# Republican

Race summaries[edit]

Special elections during the 68th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1924 or before March 4, 1925; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Colorado
(Class 3)
Alva B. Adams Democratic 1923 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired to run for the Class 2 seat, see below.
New senator elected November 4, 1924.
Republican gain.
Rice W. Means (Republican) 50.2%
Morrison Shafroth (Democratic) 43.7%
Charles T. Phelps (Independent) 5.5%
Michigan
(Class 2)
James J. Couzens Republican 1922 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected November 4, 1924. James J. Couzens (Republican)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Rhode Island
(Class 2)
LeBaron B. Colt Republican 1913
1918
Incumbent died August 18, 1924.
New senator elected November 4, 1924.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to the next term, see below.
Jesse H. Metcalf (Republican) 56.4%
William S. Flynn (Democratic) 42.6%
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Frank B. Brandegee Republican 1905 (Special)
1909
1914
1920
Incumbent died October 14, 1924.
New senator elected December 16, 1924.
Republican hold.
Hiram Bingham III (Republican) 60.4%
Hamilton Holt (Democratic) 38.6%

Elections leading to the 69th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1925; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama J. Tom Heflin Democratic 1920 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. J. Tom Heflin (Democratic) 75.2%
F. H. Lathrop (Republican) 24.8%
Arkansas Joseph T. Robinson Democratic 1913
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Joseph T. Robinson (Democratic) 73.5%
Charles F. Cole (Republican) 26.5%
Colorado Lawrence C. Phipps Republican 1918 Incumbent re-elected. Lawrence C. Phipps (Republican) 50.2%
Alva B. Adams (Democratic) 43.9%
Morton Alexander (Independent) 5.0%
Delaware L. Heisler Ball Republican 1903 (Special)
1906 (Lost)
1918
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
T. Coleman du Pont (Republican) 59.4%
James M. Tunnell (Democratic) 40.6%
Georgia William J. Harris Democratic 1918 Incumbent re-elected. William J. Harris (Democratic)
Unopposed
Idaho William E. Borah Republican 1907
1913
1918
Incumbent re-elected. William E. Borah (Republican) 79.5%
Frank Martin (Democratic) 20.1%
Illinois Medill McCormick Republican 1918 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Incumbent then died and winner was appointed to finish the current term.
Charles S. Deneen (Republican) 63.5%
Albert A. Sprague (Democratic) 35.4%
Iowa Smith W. Brookhart Republican 1918 Incumbent re-elected.
Election was later successfully challenged after the new senator had been seated.[2]
Smith W. Brookhart (Republican) 50.0%
Daniel F. Steck (Democratic) 49.9%
Kansas Arthur Capper Republican 1918 Incumbent re-elected. Arthur Capper (Republican) 70.1%
James Malone (Democratic) 25.2%
Kentucky Augustus O. Stanley Democratic 1918 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Frederic M. Sackett (Republican) 48.4%
Augustus O. Stanley (Democratic) 51.6%
Louisiana Joseph E. Ransdell Democratic 1912
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Joseph E. Ransdell (Democratic)
Unopposed
Maine Bert M. Fernald Republican 1916 (Special)
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Bert M. Fernald (Republican) 60.4%
Fulton J. Redman (Democratic) 28.2%
Massachusetts David I. Walsh Democratic 1918 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Frederick H. Gillett (Republican) 50.3%
David I. Walsh (Democratic) 48.6%
Michigan James Couzens Republican 1918 Incumbent re-elected. James Couzens (Republican) 74.3%
Mortimer E. Cooley (Democratic) 24.6%
Minnesota Magnus Johnson Farmer–Labor 1923 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
Thomas D. Schall (Republican) 46.5%
Magnus Johnson (Farmer–Labor) 45.5%
John J. Farrell (Democratic) 6.4%
Mississippi Pat Harrison Democratic 1918 Incumbent re-elected. Pat Harrison (Democratic)
Unopposed
Montana Thomas J. Walsh Democratic 1913
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Thomas J. Walsh (Democratic) 52.8%
Frank B. Linderman (Republican) 42.4%
Nebraska George W. Norris Republican 1913
1918
Incumbent re-elected. George W. Norris (Republican) 62.4%
J. J. Thomas (Democratic) 37.6%
New Hampshire Henry W. Keyes Republican 1918 Incumbent re-elected. Henry W. Keyes (Republican) 59.8%
George E. Farrand (Democratic) 40.2%
New Jersey Walter E. Edge Republican 1918 Incumbent re-elected. Walter E. Edge (Republican) 61.8%
Frederick W. Donnelly (Democratic) 33.7%
New Mexico Holm O. Bursum Republican 1921 (Appointed)
1921 (Special)
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Sam G. Bratton (Democratic) 49.9%
Holm O. Bursum (Republican) 47.4%
North Carolina Furnifold M. Simmons Democratic 1901
1907
1913
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Furnifold M. Simmons (Democratic) 61.6%
A. A. Whitener (Republican) 38.5%
Oklahoma Robert L. Owen Democratic 1907
1913
1918
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain.
William B. Pine (Republican) 61.6%
John C. Walton (Democratic) 35.4%
Oregon Charles L. McNary Republican 1917 (Appointed)
1918 (Not elected)
1918 (Appointed)
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Charles L. McNary (Republican) 66.0%
Milton A. Miller (Democratic) 24.7%
F. E. Coulter (Progressive) 7.7%
Rhode Island LeBaron B. Colt Republican 1913
1918
Incumbent died August 18, 1924.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Jesse H. Metcalf (Republican) 57.6%
William S. Flynn (Democratic) 41.8%
South Carolina Nathaniel B. Dial Democratic 1918 Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Coleman L. Blease (Democratic)
Unopposed
South Dakota Thomas Sterling Republican 1913
1918
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
William H. McMaster (Republican) 45.4%
U. S. G. Cherry (Democratic) 33.1%
Tom Ayres (Farmer–Labor) 12.1%
George Egan (Independent) 7.2%
Tennessee John K. Shields Democratic 1913
1918
Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Lawrence D. Tyson (Democratic) 57.3%
H. B. Lindsay (Republican) 42.6%
Texas Morris Sheppard Democratic 1913 (Special)
1913
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Morris Sheppard (Democratic) 85.4%
T. M. Kennerly (Republican) 14.6%
Virginia Carter Glass Democratic 1920
1920 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Carter Glass (Democratic) 73.1%
W. N. Noak (Republican) 24.2%
West Virginia Davis Elkins Republican 1911 (Appointed)
1911 (Retired)
1918
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold.
Guy D. Goff (Republican) 50.9%
William E. Chilton (Democratic) 47.7%
Wyoming Francis E. Warren Republican 1895
1901
1907
1913
1918
Incumbent re-elected. Francis E. Warren (Republican) 55.2%
Robert R. Rose (Democratic) 44.8%

Elections during the 69th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated after March 4, 1925.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Wisconsin
(Class 3)
Robert M. La Follette Sr. Republican 1905
1911
1916
1920
Incumbent died June 18, 1925.
New senator elected September 29, 1925.
Republican hold.
Robert M. La Follette Jr. (Republican) 67.6%
Edward F. Dithmar (Republican) 26.0%
John M. Work (Socialist) 3.2%
William G. Bruce (Independent Democratic) 3.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b There was a general election September 8, 1924 in Maine, as well as special elections in November 1924, December 1924 and September 1925.
  2. ^ This is the only time a Senate election has been overturned after one candidate had already been seated.[citation needed]