United States Senate elections, 1914

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United States Senate elections, 1914
United States
1912 / 1913 ←
November 3, 1914 → 1916 / 1917

34 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic Republican
Last election 51 seats 44 seats
Seats before 52 43
Seats won 56 40
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 3

US 1914 senate election map.svg

  Democratic gains
  Democratic holds
  Republican holds


Majority party before election

Democratic

Elected Majority party

Democratic

With the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913, the U.S. Senate elections of 1914 was the first time that all seats up for election were popularly elected instead of chosen by their state legislatures. The election occurred in the middle of Democratic President Woodrow Wilson's first term.

There were no Senate elections in 1915.

Tally[edit]

Three seats held by Republicans were won by Democrats:

One incumbent senator, not up for re-election, later changed from Progressive to Republican.

Senate Party Division, 64th Congress (1915–1917)[edit]

Majority Party: Democratic (56 seats)

Minority Party: Republican (40 seats)

Other Parties: 0

Total Seats: 96

Note: These numbers represent composition as result of 1914 Senatorial Elections. Actual composition often changes during term, due to deaths, resignations or party shifting.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections
D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D
D D D D P R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
Beginning of the next Congress
D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D D D D D D D D D D
D
D D D D D D D R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R R R
R R R R R R R R
Key:
D = Democratic
P = Progressive
R = Republican
V = Vacant
Majority
divider

Summary of races[edit]

Special elections during the 63rd Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1914 or in 1915 before March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party
Alabama
(Class 3)
Vacant Joseph F. Johnston (D) died August 8, 1913.
Winner elected May 11, 1914.
Democratic hold.
Francis S. White (Democratic)
Unopposed
Georgia
(Class 2)[1]
William West Democratic Appointee retired.
Winner elected November 4, 1914.
Democratic hold.
Thomas W. Hardwick (Democratic) 68.96%
G. R. Hutchins (Progressive) 31.04%
Kentucky
(Class 3)[2]
Johnson N. Camden, Jr. Democratic Interim appointee elected November 3, 1914. Johnson N. Camden, Jr. (Democratic)
Unopposed

Races leading to the 64th Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning March 4, 1915; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party
Alabama[3] Francis S. White Democratic Incumbent retired.
Democratic hold.
Oscar Underwood (Democratic) 90.2%
Alex Birch (Republican) 6.8%
Adolphus Longshore (Progressive) 2.35%
S. F. Hinton (Socialist) 0.64%
Arizona[4] Marcus A. Smith Democratic Incumbent re-elected. Marcus A. Smith (Democratic) 53.23%
Don Lorenzo Hubbell (Republican) 18.95%
Eugene W. Chafin (Prohibition) 15.05%
Bert Davis (Socialist) 7.39%
J. Bernard Nelson (Progressive) 5.38%
Arkansas[5] James Paul Clarke Democratic Incumbent re-elected in 1915. James Paul Clarke (Democratic) 74.88%
Harry H. Myers (Republican) 25.12%
California[6] George Clement Perkins Republican Incumbent retired.
Democratic gain.
James D. Phelan (Democratic) 31.59%
Francis J. Heney (Progressive) 28.81%
Joseph R. Knowland (Republican) 28.69%
Ernest Unterman (Socialist) 6.41%
Frederick F. Wheeler (Prohibition) 4.51%
Colorado[7] Charles S. Thomas Democratic Incumbent re-elected. Charles S. Thomas (Democratic) 40.3%
Hubert Work (Republican) 38.99%
Benjamin Griffith (Progressive) 10.69%
J. C. Griffiths (Socialist) 5.51%
George J. Kindel (Independent) 4.52%
Connecticut[8] Frank B. Brandegee Republican Incumbent re-elected. Frank B. Brandegee (Republican) 49.77%
Simeon Eben Baldwin (Democratic) 42.08%
Herbert Smith (Progressive) 3.79%
George Spiess (Socialist) 3.26%
Frederick Platt (Prohibition) 0.75%
Clarence Warner (Socialist Labor) 0.36%
Florida[9] Duncan U. Fletcher Democratic Incumbent re-elected. Duncan U. Fletcher (Democratic)
Unopposed
Georgia[10] M. Hoke Smith Democratic Incumbent re-elected. M. Hoke Smith (Democratic) 68.48%
C. W. McClure (Republican) 31.52%
Idaho[11] James H. Brady Republican Incumbent re-elected. James H. Brady (Republican) 43.89%
James H. Hawley (Democratic) 38.14%
Paul Clagstone (Progressive) 9.54%
Calistus Cooper (Socialist) 7.29%
W. M. Duthie (Prohibition) 1.14%
Illinois[12] Lawrence Sherman Republican Incumbent re-elected. Lawrence Sherman (Republican) 38.46%
Roger Charles Sullivan (Democratic) 36.76%
Raymond Robins (Progressive) 19.99%
Adolph Gernies (Socialist) 3.93%
George Woolsey (Prohibition) 0.66%
John M. Francis (Socialist Labor) 0.21%
Indiana[13] Benjamin F. Shively Democratic Incumbent re-elected. Benjamin F. Shively (Democratic) 42.14%
Hugh T. Miller (Republican) 35.1%
Albert J. Beveridge (Progressive) 16.81%
Stephen N. Reynolds (Socialist) 3.36%
Sumner Haynes (Prohibition) 2.15%
James Matthews (Socialist Labor) 0.45%
Iowa[14] Albert B. Cummins Republican Incumbent re-elected. Albert B. Cummins (Republican) 48.19%
Maurice Connolly (Democratic) 39.16%
Otis Spurgeon (Independent) 5.73%
Casper Schenk (Progressive) 3.53%
I. S. McCullis (Socialist) 1.98%
M. L. Christian (Prohibition) 1.41%
Kansas[15] Joseph L. Bristow Republican Incumbent lost renomination.[16]
Republican hold.
Charles Curtis (Republican) 35.53%
George A. Neeley (Democratic) 34.77%
Victor Murdock (Progressive) 22.94%
Christian B. Hoffman (Socialist) 4.82%
Earle Delay (Prohibition) 1.94%
Kentucky[17] Johnson N. Camden, Jr. Democratic Interim appointee retired.
Winner elected.
Democratic hold.
J. C. W. Beckham (Democratic) 51.89%
Augustus E. Willson (Republican) 42.53%
Burton Vance (Progressive) 4.15%
H. J. Robertson (Socialist) 1.44%
Louisiana[18] John Thornton Democratic Incumbent retired.
Democratic hold.
Robert F. Broussard (Democratic)
Unopposed
Maryland[19] John Walter Smith Democratic Incumbent re-elected. John Walter Smith (Democratic) 50.99%
Edward C Carrington, Jr. (Republican) 43.89%
V. Milton Reichard (Progressive) 1.71%
Charles Develin (Socialist) 1.51%
Richard H. Holme (Prohibition) 1.46%
Robert W. Stevens (Labor) 0.45%
Missouri[20] William J. Stone Democratic Incumbent re-elected. William J. Stone (Democratic) 50.41%
Thomas J. Akins (Republican) 41.58%
Arthur N. Sager (Progressive) 4.47%
Thomas E. Greene (Socialist) 2.76%
Orange J. Hill (Prohibition) 0.59%
J. W. Molineaux (Socialist Labor) 0.2%
Nevada[21] Francis G. Newlands Democratic Incumbent re-elected. Francis G. Newlands (Democratic) 37.46%
Samuel Platt (Republican) 37.27%
Ashley G. Miller (Socialist) 25.28%
New Hampshire[22] Jacob Gallinger Republican Incumbent re-elected. Jacob Gallinger (Republican) 51.66%
Raymond Stevens (Democratic) 44.63%
Benjamin F. Grier (Prohibition) 2.38%
William H. Wilkins (Socialist) 1.34%
New York Elihu Root Republican Incumbent retired.
Winner elected.
Republican hold.
James Wadsworth (Republican) 47.04%
James W. Gerard (Democratic) 42.06%
Bainbridge Colby (Progressive) 4.56%
Charles Edward Russell (Socialist) 4.07%
Francis E. Baldwin (Prohibition) 2.05%
Erwin Archer (Socialist Labor) 0.23%
North Carolina[23] Lee Slater Overman Democratic Incumbent re-elected. Lee Slater Overman (Democratic) 58.1%
A.A. Whitener (Republican) 41.7%
Henry J. Oliver (Socialist) 0.2%
North Dakota[24] Asle Gronna Republican Incumbent re-elected. Asle Gronna (Republican) 55.82%
William E. Purcell (Democratic) 33.95%
W. H. Brown (Socialist) 7.14%
Sever Serumgard (Independent) 3.1%
Ohio[25] Theodore E. Burton Republican Incumbent retired.
Winner elected.
Republican hold.
Warren G. Harding (Republican) 49.16%
Timothy S. Hogan (Democratic) 39.6%
Arthur Lovett Garford (Progressive) 6.31%
E. K. Hitchens (Socialist) 4.93%
Oklahoma[26] Thomas Gore Democratic Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Gore (Democratic) 47.98%
John B. Campbell (Republican) 29.44%
W. D. Cope (Socialist) 20.99%
Luther Kyle (Prohibition) 1.59%
Oregon[27] George Chamberlain Democratic Incumbent re-elected. George Chamberlain (Democratic) 45.5%
R. A. Booth (Republican) 35.95%
William Hanley (Progressive) 10.68%
Benjamin Ramp (Socialist) 4.34%
H. S. Stine (Prohibition) 3.52%
Pennsylvania Boies Penrose Republican Incumbent re-elected. Boies Penrose (Republican) 46.76%
Gifford Pinchot (Progressive) 24.22%
A. Mitchell Palmer (Democratic) 23.97%
Frederick Whiteside (Socialist) 3.41%
Madison Larkin (Prohibition) 1.58%
A. S. Landis (Socialist Labor) 0.06%
South Carolina Ellison D. Smith Democratic Incumbent re-elected. Ellison D. Smith (Democratic) 99.7%
James H. Roberts (Socialist) 0.3%
South Dakota[28] Coe I. Crawford Republican Incumbent lost renomination.[29]
Democratic gain.
Edwin S. Johnson (Democratic) 48.32%
Charles H. Burke (Republican) 44.47%
E. P. Johnson (Socialist) 2.69%
O. W. Butterfield (Prohibition) 2.42%
H. L. Loucks (Independent) 2.11%
Utah[30] Reed Smoot Republican Incumbent re-elected. Reed Smoot (Republican) 49.08%
James Moyle (Democratic) 46.33%
J. F. Parsons (Socialist) 4.59%
Vermont[31] William P. Dillingham Republican Incumbent re-elected. William P. Dillingham, 56.05%
Charles A. Prouty (Democratic) 42.69%
James H. Canfield (Socialist) 1.23%
Washington[32] Wesley Livsey Jones Republican Incumbent re-elected. Wesley Livsey Jones (Republican) 37.79%
William W. Black (Democratic) 26.57%
Ole Hanson (Progressive) 24.12%
Adam Barth (Socialist) 8.76%
Arthur Caton (Prohibition) 2.77%
Wisconsin[33] Isaac Stephenson Republican Incumbent retired.
Democratic gain.
Paul O. Husting (Democratic) 43.82%
Francis E. McGovern (Republican) 43.5%
Emil Seidel (Socialist) 9.67%
Charles L. Hill (Prohibition) 3.01%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267710
  2. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/ContainerHistory.html?ContainerID=181
  3. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3408
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=3304
  5. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36571
  6. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=26921
  7. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267943
  8. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267944
  9. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=36694
  10. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267945
  11. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267717
  12. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=22264
  13. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267713
  14. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267946
  15. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267947
  16. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000844
  17. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267948
  18. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267719
  19. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27794
  20. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=261794
  21. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=26778
  22. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=267721
  23. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=132133
  24. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268265
  25. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=38800
  26. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268223
  27. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268208
  28. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=268251
  29. ^ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000888
  30. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=27677
  31. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=223207
  32. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=22781
  33. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=46930

Source: United States Senate Official Website