United States Senate elections, 1932 and 1933

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United States Senate elections, 1932 and 1933
United States
← 1930 November 8, 1932
(And other dates for special elections)
1934 →

35 of the 96 seats in the United States Senate
49 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Joseph t robinson.jpg James Eli Watson.jpg
Leader Joseph Robinson James Watson
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Arkansas Indiana (defeated)
Seats before 47 48
Seats won 27 5
Seats after 58 36
Seat change Increase 11 Decrease 11
Seats up 16 16

  Third party
 
Party Farmer–Labor
Seats before 1
Seats won 1
Seats after 1
Seat change Steady
Seats up 0

US 1932 senate election map.svg
  Republican hold
  Democratic hold
  Democratic gain

Majority Leader before election

James Watson
Republican

Elected Majority Leader

Joseph Robinson
Democratic

The United States Senate elections of 1932 (and subsequent special elections in 1933) coincided with Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelt's crushing defeat of incumbent Herbert Hoover in the presidential election. With the administration widely blamed for the Great Depression, Republicans lost twelve seats and control of the chamber. This became the first time since 1920 that the victorious party defended all of their own seats and achieved a pickup in the double-digits.

This was the first election in history that a Senate leader (in this case the Majority Leader) from either party lost re-election.

Gains and losses[edit]

Democrats took open seats in California, Iowa, and Wisconsin, and defeated eight incumbents:

Democrat George McGill won re-election in Kansas. As of 2014, he is the last Democrat to win a U.S. Senate election in Kansas.

Hattie Caraway (D-AR) was the first woman to be elected to a full term in the Senate.

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Before the elections[edit]

At the beginning of February 1932.

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Ran
D37
Ran
D36
Ran
D35
Ran
D34
Ran
D33
Ran
D32
Ran
D31 D30 D29
D39
Ran
D40
Ran
D41
Ran
D42
Ran
D43
Ran
D44
Ran
D45
Ran
D46
Retired
D47
Retired
FL1
Plurality → R48
Ran
R39
Ran
R40
Ran
R41
Ran
R42
Ran
R43
Ran
R44
Ran
R45
Ran
R46
Ran
R47
Ran
R38
Ran
R37
Ran
R36
Ran
R35
Ran
R34
Ran
R33
Ran
R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8

Result of the general elections[edit]

D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
Re-elected
D37
Re-elected
D36
Re-elected
D35
Re-elected
D34
Re-elected
D33
Re-elected
D32
Re-elected
D31 D30 D29
D39
Re-elected
D40
Re-elected
D41
Re-elected
D42
Re-elected
D43
Re-elected
D44
Re-elected
D45
Hold
D46
Hold
D47
Hold
D48
Gain
Majority → D49
Gain
D58
Gain
D57
Gain
D56
Gain
D55
Gain
D54
Gain
D53
Gain
D52
Gain
D51
Gain
D50
Gain
FL1 R37
Re-elected
R36
Re-elected
R35
Re-elected
R34
Re-elected
R33
Re-elected
R32 R31 R30 R29
R19 R20 R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28
R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11 R10 R9
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8
Key:
D# Democratic
FL# Farmer-Labor
R# Republican

Complete list of races[edit]

All races are general elections for class 3 seats, unless noted.

Elections during the 72nd Congress[edit]

In these elections, the winners were seated during 1932 or in 1933 before March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Arkansas
(Class 2)
Hattie W. Caraway Democratic 1931 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected January 12, 1932.
Democratic hold.
Winner was subsequently re-elected in November.
Hattie W. Caraway (D) 91+%
Rex Floyd (I)
Sam D. Carson (I)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!][1]
Colorado
(Class 3)
Walter Walker Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Appointee lost election to finish the term.
New senator elected November 8, 1932.
Republican gain.
Winner was not elected to the next term, see below.
Karl C. Schuyler (Republican) 48.76%
Walter Walker (Democratic) 48.51%
Carle Whitehead (Socialist) 2.73%[2]
New Jersey
(Class 2)
W. Warren Barbour Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Appointee elected November 8, 1932. W. Warren Barbour (Republican) 49.6%
Percy H. Stewart (Democratic) 48.5%
North Carolina
(Class 3)
Cameron A. Morrison Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost nomination to finish the term.
New senator elected November 8, 1932 to finish the term.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected to next term, see below.
Robert R. Reynolds (Democratic) 68.7%
Jake F. Newell (Republican) 31.3%[3]
Georgia
(Class 2)
John S. Cohen Democratic 1932 (Appointed) Interim appointee retired.
New senator elected January 12, 1933 to finish the term.
Democratic hold.
Richard Russell, Jr. (Democratic)
Unopposed

Elections leading to the 73rd Congress[edit]

All elections are for Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama Hugo L. Black Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Hugo L. Black (Democratic) 86.3%
J. Theodore Johnson (Republican) 13.8%
Arizona Carl Hayden Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Carl Hayden (Democratic) 66.7%
Ralph H. Cameron (Republican) 32.1%
Arkansas Hattie W. Caraway Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Hattie W. Caraway (Democratic) 89.5%
John W. White (Republican) 10.5%
California Samuel M. Shortridge Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
William G. McAdoo (Democratic) 43.4%
Tallant Tubbs (Republican) 30.8%
Robert P. Shuler (Prohibition) 25.8%
Colorado Walter Walker Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Appointee retired.
New senator elected to next term.
Democratic hold.
Alva B. Adams (Democratic) 52.23%
Karl C. Schuyler (Republican) 45.78%
Carle Whitehead (Socialist) 1.99%[2]
Connecticut Hiram Bingham III Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Augustine Lonergan (Democratic) 48.5%
Hiram Bingham III (Republican) 47.7%
Florida Duncan U. Fletcher Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Duncan U. Fletcher (Democratic) 99.8%
Georgia Walter F. George Democratic 1922 (Special)
1926
Incumbent re-elected. Walter F. George (Democratic) 92.8%
James W. Arnold (Republican) 7.2%
Idaho John Thomas Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
James Pope (Democratic) 55.7%
John Thomas (Republican) 42.3%
Illinois Otis F. Glenn Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
William H. Dieterich (Democratic) 52.2%
Otis F. Glenn (Republican) 46.0%
Indiana James E. Watson Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Frederick Van Nuys (Democratic) 55.6%
James E. Watson (Republican) 42.3%
Iowa Smith W. Brookhart Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Richard L. Murphy (Democratic) 54.9%
Henry Field (Republican) 40.8%
Kansas George McGill Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. George McGill (Democratic) 45.7%
Ben S. Paulen (Republican) 42.0%
Kentucky Alben W. Barkley Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Alben W. Barkley (Democratic) 59.2%
M. H. Thatcher (Republican) 40.5%
Louisiana Edwin S. Broussard Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
John H. Overton (Democratic) unopposed
Maryland Millard E. Tydings Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Millard E. Tydings (Democratic) 66.2%
Wallace Williams (Republican) 31.2%
Missouri Harry B. Hawes Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Bennett Champ Clark (Democratic) 63.2%
Henry Kiel (Republican) 35.9%
Nevada Tasker L. Oddie Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Patrick A. McCarran (Democratic) 52.1%
Tasker L. Oddie (Republican) 47.9%
New Hampshire George H. Moses Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Fred H. Brown (Democratic) 50.4%
George H. Moses (Republican) 49.3%
New York Robert F. Wagner Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Robert F. Wagner (Democratic) 55.8%
George Z. Medalie (Republican) 38.6%
North Carolina Cameron A. Morrison Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost nomination
New senator elected.
Democratic hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Robert R. Reynolds (Democratic) 68.6%
Jake F. Newell (Republican) 31.4%[3]
North Dakota Gerald P. Nye Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Gerald P. Nye (Republican) 72.3%
P. W. Lanier (Democratic) 27.5%
Ohio Robert J. Bulkley Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Robert J. Bulkley (Democratic) 52.5%
Gilbert Bettman (Republican) 45.8%
Oklahoma Elmer Thomas Democratic 1926 Incumbent re-elected. Elmer Thomas (Democratic) 65.6%
Wirt Franklin (Republican) 33.7%
Oregon Frederick Steiwer Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Frederick Steiwer (Republican) 52.7%
Walter B. Gleason (Democratic) 38.9%
Pennsylvania James J. Davis Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. James J. Davis (Republican) 49.3%
Lawrence H. Rupp (Democratic) 43.2%
South Carolina Ellison D. Smith Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Ellison D. Smith (Democratic) unopposed
South Dakota Peter Norbeck Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Peter Norbeck (Republican) 53.8%
U.S.G. Cherry (Democratic) 44.6%
Utah Reed Smoot Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Elbert D. Thomas (Democratic) 56.7%
Reed Smoot (Republican) 41.7%
Vermont Porter H. Dale Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent re-elected. Porter H. Dale (Republican) 55.1%
Fred C. Martin (Democratic) 44.9%
Washington Wesley L. Jones Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
Homer T. Bone (Democratic) 60.6%
Wesley L. Jones (Republican) 32.7%
Wisconsin John J. Blaine Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Incumbent lost renomination.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain.
F. Ryan Duffy (Democratic) 57.0%
John B. Chapple (Republican) 36.2%
Emil Seidel (Socialist) 6.1%

Election during the 73rd Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was elected in 1933 after March 4.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Virginia
(Class 1)
Harry F. Byrd Democratic 1933 (Appointed) Claude A. Swanson (D) had resigned March 4, 1933 to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy.
Interim successor was appointed March 4, 1933 to continue the term.
Appointee elected November 7, 1933 to finish the term.
Democratic hold.
Harry F. Byrd (Democratic) 71.31%
Henry A. Wise (Republican) 26.67%
John M. Daniel (Independent) 0.92%
Elizabeth L. Otey (Socialist) 0.68%
Newman H. Raymond (Prohibition) 0.42%[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]