United States Senate election in Kentucky, 2010

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United States Senate election in Kentucky, 2010
Kentucky
2004 ←
November 2, 2010 → 2016

  Rand Paul, official portrait, 112th Congress alternate.jpg JackConway.jpg
Nominee Rand Paul Jack Conway
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 755,411 599,843
Percentage 55.69% 44.22%

Robertson fix Kentucky Senatorial Election Results by County, 2010.svg

County results

U.S. Senator before election

Jim Bunning
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Rand Paul
Republican

The 2010 United States Senate election in Kentucky took place on November 2, 2010 alongside other elections to the United States Senate in other states as well as elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Primaries for each respective party were held on May 18, 2010.[1] Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Jim Bunning decided to retire instead of seeking a third term. Republican nominee Rand Paul won the open seat.[2]

Bunning's controversies[edit]

In early 2009, incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Jim Bunning said he would need to raise $10 million for his re-election campaign.[3] However, National Republican Senatorial Committee chairman John Cornyn pressured Bunning to retire due to concerns that he could lose a re-election bid.[4] In July 2009, Bunning announced he would not run for re-election.[5]

In February 2009, Senator Bunning stated that another justice could soon be appointed to the United States Supreme Court because Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, would be dead within nine months,[6] creating a significant amount of controversy, which resulted in an apology from Bunning.[7]

In late May 2009, Bunning called fellow Kentucky Senator and Republican Minority Leader Mitch McConnell a "control freak" and suggested that he did not need McConnell's endorsement.[8] He has also challenged Lexington Herald Leader editor John Stamper to an arm wrestling match over a question of being "fit to serve."[8]

Additionally, Bunning created further controversy in February 2010 when he objected to a proposal of unanimous consent for an extension of unemployment insurance, COBRA, and other federal programs, citing that this extension was not pay-as-you-go. He proposed an amendment which sought to find the funds to pay for the bill from the Stimulus Bill of 2009, and declared that he supported the unemployed, but that a bill such as this only added to the growing deficit and that it should be paid for immediately.[9][10][11] Senator Bob Corker joined Bunning, while other senators worked to cease his objections. When Senator Jeff Merkley urged him to drop his objections to vote on a 30-day extension of benefits, Bunning responded "tough shit."[12] Bunning finally agreed to end his objection to the bill in exchange for a vote on his amendment to pay for the package. It failed 53–43 on a procedural vote.[13] The extension of unemployment benefits then passed by a vote of 78–19.[14]

Republican primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Campaign[edit]

On August 20, 2009, a grassroots-planned moneybomb raised $433,509 for Rand Paul's campaign in a 24-hour period.[15] According to Paul,[16] this set a new record in Kentucky's political fundraising history (for a 24-hour period). Republican Liberty Caucus endorsed Paul in November 2009.[17] On December 22, 2009, Rand Paul picked up the endorsement of Concerned Women for America.[18] Paul embraced the Tea Party movement, and promoted "small government principles" one day after he officially entered the race for Kentucky's open seat.[19] Paul ran a strong anti-Washington message. One commercial tied Grayson as part of the problem, noting that Grayson raised money with AIG executives in Washington. In another advertisement, Paul had also attacked Grayson as a career politician and a liar.[20]

Grayson created a new website that attacked Paul for his "strange ideas," such as his opposition of the PATRIOT Act, and what Grayson alleged to be his support of closing down Guantanamo Bay and saying that Iran was not a threat. He also attacked Paul for being a Duke University fan.[citation needed] He sent out another TV ad and web video that stirred controversy by making the case that Paul believes that foreign policy decisions made prior to September 11, 2001 are partially to blame for the attacks.[21] Paul immediately responded by launching a statewide television ad in which he expresses his "outrage at terrorists who killed 3,000 innocents" before accusing Grayson of a "lie" and a "shameful" tactic.[22] Grayson accused the Fox News Channel of favoring Paul over him.[23]

On May 18, 2010, Paul won the Republican nomination.[2] After conceding the election to Paul, Grayson said, "It's time to put all differences aside, unite behind Dr. Paul, he needs our help and I for one stand ready to serve".[24]

Endorsements[edit]

Polling[edit]

Results[edit]

Counties carried by Paul are in Yellow; counties carried by Grayson are in green.
Republican primary results[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rand Paul 206,986 58.8
Republican Trey Grayson 124,864 35.4
Republican Bill Johnson* 7,861 2.2
Republican John Stephenson 6,885 2.0
Republican Gurley L. Martin 2,850 0.8
Republican Jon J. Scribner 2,829 0.8
Total votes 352,275 100

*Though Bill Johnson dropped out of the race prior to the primary, he still appeared on the ballot.

Democratic primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Campaign[edit]

Mongiardo announced that he had received the endorsement of Governor Steve Beshear[55] and has raised $420,000.[56]

Due to Conway's large margin of victory in his statewide campaign for attorney general, his fundraising ability, and the age difference between Conway and Bunning, Conway was described as a viable candidate.[57]

Both candidates were against the Senate version of the Affordable Care Act. When Mongiardo said that "it was time to start over," he was criticized by Conway and labeled "Dr. No."[58] Both candidates supported the final version.[59][60] Attorney General Conway refused to join a lawsuit claiming that health care reform is unconstitutional.[61]

On May 18, 2010, Conway won the Democratic nomination.[62]

Endorsements[edit]

Polling[edit]

Results[edit]

The county carried by James Buckmaster is in gray. The county carried by Darlene Price is in brown. The counties carried by Dan Mongiardo are in blue. The counties carried by Jack Conway are in yellow.
Democratic primary results[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jack Conway 229,433 44.0
Democratic Daniel Mongiardo 225,260 43.2
Democratic Darlene Fitzgerald Price 28,531 5.5
Democratic James Buckmaster 20,561 3.9
Democratic Maurice Sweeney 17,874 3.4
Total votes 521,659 100

General election[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Kentucky's ballot access requirements allow Republicans and Democrats to run for office with two signatures, but require minor parties and independents to collect at least 5,000 signatures.[69] The filing deadline for minor party and independent candidates was on August 10, and no candidate filed.[69]

Some speculate that the reason why no minor party or independent candidate filed is because Paul's candidacy helped discourage it. The Libertarian Party of Kentucky held its nominating convention for 2010 elections and failed to nominate a candidate for the U.S. Senate, as no one stepped forward to seek nomination to that office. Despite comments from some observers that Paul espouses Libertarian beliefs, the Kentucky Libertarian Party has issued an official press release stating "Rand Paul is not a libertarian" and detailing the differences between Paul's beliefs and Libertarian principles.[70] Similarly, the Constitution Party of Kentucky has avoided the Senate race ostensibly because of Rand Paul's presence in that race and perhaps because of his more minarchist stance than Trey Grayson, especially if the latter had been the nominee.

Billy Ray Wilson, an independent of London, filed as a write-in candidate.[71][72][73]

Campaign[edit]

Conway began the race trailing Paul, but as he attacked his opponent's positions on social-welfare and criminal-justice policies, the polls began to tighten. Conway agreed to run an advertisement that linked Paul's policy stances to a college prank in which Paul reportedly demanded that a female classmate worship a bong named "Aqua Buddha." Independent political analysts in Kentucky quickly warned that Conway would regret his decision. The ad's focus on religion led critics, including not just Republicans but also some liberals such as Hardball's Chris Matthews, to charge that Conway was improperly questioning Paul's faith, to which Conway countered that the ad was intended to question Paul's "judgment." Nonetheless, Conway swiftly dropped again in the polls, a decline from which he never recovered. Conway ceased his defense of the commercial after the election, admitting that running it had been a mistake; he claimed that he had done so only reluctantly at the urging of national advisers despite finding it "harsh as mule's breath."[74]

Conway saw one last opportunity before his final debate with Paul. One of Rand Paul's supporters stomped on a MoveOn activist after she approached Paul's vehicle, and a video of the event was later used in a Conway TV commercial.[75][76] Paul and Conway condemned the attack and the supporter was banned from campaign events.[75][77]

The campaign attracted $8.5 million in contributions from outside groups, of which $6 million was spent to help Rand Paul and $2.5 million to help Conway. This money influx was in addition to the money spent by the candidates themselves: $6 million by Paul and $4.7 million by Conway.[78][79]

Paul was endorsed by The Kentucky Enquirer,[80] The Richmond Register,[81] and the Bowling Green Daily News;[82] as well as by the National Federation of Independent Business,[83] Council for Citizens Against Government Waste,[84] National Right to Life,[85] US Chamber of Commerce,[86] National Vietnam and Gulf War Veterans Coalition,[87] Mike Huckabee,[88] and Tony Perkins/FRC Action PAC.[89][90]

Conway was endorsed by the Courier-Journal[91] and the Lexington Herald Leader.[92]

Debates[edit]

There were 5 televised debates between the two candidates. The first debate on October 3, 2010, which was moderated by Chris Wallace, seemed to focus on President Obama's decisions during his 2 years as President. Paul stated, "I think his agenda is wrong for America. I will stand up against President Obama's agenda." Conway responded, "I am a proud Democrat. I'm certainly not going to be on the left of Barack Obama." At the time of the debate, the election's polls indicated the race was a dead heat.[93]

Predictions[edit]

Source Ranking As of
Cook Political Report Leans R[94] November 1, 2010
Rothenberg Leans R[95] October 29, 2010
RealClearPolitics Leans R[96] October 19, 2010
Sabato's Crystal Ball Leans R[97] October 14, 2010
CQ Politics Leans R[98] October 20, 2010
Rasmussen Reports Solid R[99] October 29, 2010
New York Times Leaning R[100] October 20, 2010

Fundraising[edit]

Candidate (party) Receipts Disbursements Cash on hand Debt
Rand Paul (R) $6,727,033 $6,068,547 $658,484 $0
Jack Conway (D) $5,027,318 $4,370,349 $684,177 $460,794
Source: Federal Election Commission[101]

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Rand
Paul (R)
Jack
Conway (D)
Other Unde-
cided
Public Policy Polling (report) October 28–30, 2010 1,021 ± 3.1% 55% 40% 5%
Rasmussen Reports (report) October 27, 2010 750 ± 4.0% 53% 41% 2% 4%
SurveyUSA (report) October 24–27, 2010 900 ± 4.0% 52% 43% 4%
Opinion Research (report) October 20–26, 2010 785 ± 3.5% 50% 43%
Public Policy Polling (report) October 21–24, 2010 900 ± 3.3% 53% 40% 7%
Rasmussen Reports (report) October 23, 2010 1,000 ± 3.0% 50% 43% 2% 5%
Mason-Dixon (report) October 18–19, 2010 625 ± 4.0% 48% 43% 9%
Rasmussen Reports (report) October 18, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 47% 42% 4% 7%
Rasmussen Reports (report) September 29, 2010 500 ± 4.0% 49% 38% 5% 8%
SurveyUSA (report) September 21–23, 2010 611 ± 4.0% 49% 47% 4%
Public Policy Polling (report) September 11–12, 2010 959 ± 3.2% 49% 42% 9%
Rasmussen Reports (report) September 7, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 54% 39% 2% 4%
Opinion Research (report) September 2–7, 2010 869 ± 3.5% 46% 46% 5% 4%
SurveyUSA (report) August 30 – September 1, 2010 561 ± 4.2% 55% 40% 5%
Rasmussen Reports (report) August 17, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 49% 40% 4% 7%
Reuters/Ipsos (report) August 13–15, 2010 435 ± 4.7% 45% 40% 15%
SurveyUSA (report) July 27–29, 2010 568 ± 4.2% 51% 43% 5%
Rasmussen Reports (report) July 20, 2010 750 ± 4.0% 49% 41% 4% 6%
Public Policy Polling (report) June 28–30, 2010 625 ± 3.9% 43% 43% 14%
Rasmussen Reports (report) June 28, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 49% 42% 3% 6%
Rasmussen Reports (report) June 1, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 49% 41% 4% 6%
SurveyUSA (report) May 25–27, 2010 569 ± 4.2% 51% 45% 4%
Research 2000 (report) May 24–26, 2010 600 ± 4.0% 44% 41% 9%
Rasmussen Reports (report) May 19, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 59% 34% 4% 3%
Research 2000 (report) (archive) May 10–12, 2010 600 ± 4.0% 42% 39% 19%
Public Policy Polling (report) May 1–2, 2010 946 ± 3.2% 41% 40% 19%
Rasmussen Reports (report) April 28, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 47% 38% 4% 10%
Rasmussen Reports (report) March 31, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 50% 36% 3% 11%
Research 2000 (report) (archive) March 15–17, 2010 600 ± 5.0% 45% 39% 16%
Rasmussen Reports (report) March 2, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 49% 34% 4% 13%
Rasmussen Reports (report) February 2, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 47% 39% 3% 11%
Rasmussen Reports (report) January 6, 2010 500 ± 4.5% 46% 38% 4% 12%
Public Policy Polling (report) December 18–21, 2009 1,199 ± 2.8% 42% 36% 22%
SurveyUSA (report) October 30 – November 2, 2009 1,770 ± 2.4% 39% 44% 17%
Rasmussen Reports (report) September 30, 2009 500 ± 4.5% 38% 42% 4% 15%
Research 2000 (report) (archive) August 31 – September 2, 2009 600 ± 4.0% 37% 41% 22%
SurveyUSA (report) August 15–17, 2009 1,944 ± 2.3% 38% 43% 19%

Results[edit]

General election results
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rand Paul 755,411 55.69% +5.03%
Democratic Jack Conway 599,617 44.26% -5.12%
Majority 155,599 11.48%
Total votes 1,354,833 100
Republican hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rudin, Ken (January 25, 2010). "Your 2010 Election Calendar". National Public Radio. Retrieved March 20, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Brammer, Jack (May 18, 2010). "Paul wins Kentucky GOP Senate nomination, to face Conway". McClatchy Newspapers. Archived from the original on May 22, 2010. Retrieved May 20, 2010. [dead link]
  3. ^ "U.S. Senator Jim Bunning to run in 2010, needs $10 million", Fox/WDRB. Retrieved February 24, 2009.
  4. ^ Kraushaar, Josh; Raju, Manu (January 22, 2009). "GOP pressures Bunning to quit". The Politico. Retrieved February 5, 2009. 
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  6. ^ Baram, Marcus (February 22, 2009). "GOP Senator Jim Bunning: Justice Ginsburg Will Be Dead In Nine Months". Huffington Post. 
  7. ^ James R. Carroll (February 23, 2009). "Bunning apologizes for Ginsburg comments". The Courier-Journal. (registration required)
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  12. ^ Politico, Jim Bunning repeatedly block unemployment extension, Feb 25, 2010, http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0210/33566.html
  13. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
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  15. ^ "RandPaulGraphs.com – Donation meter for August 20, 2009", www.randpaulgraphs.com August 21, 2009
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  17. ^ Republican Liberty Caucus. Republican Liberty Caucus Endorses Rand Paul, Peter Schiff... November 10, 2009 Archived December 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ a b "Women 4 Rand" Archived December 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., December 22, 2009
  19. ^ Kucinich, Jackie (December 31, 2009). "Rand Paul Has Praise for Tea Party Movement". CQ Politics. Archived from the original on January 6, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. [dead link]
  20. ^ Cillizza, Chris. "Rand Paul and the Washington "machine"". Voices.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Friends of Trey Grayson :: Media Gallery :: Videos". Archived from the original on May 1, 2010. [dead link]
  22. ^ Cillizza, Chris. "Trey Grayson, Rand Paul and the politics of September 11, 2001". Voices.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  23. ^ Freddoso, David (May 17, 2010). "Somebody call the waaaahmbulance for Trey Grayson". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 17, 2010. [dead link]
  24. ^ Cate Slattery. (May 18, 2010) "Grayson Concedes Early" Archived May 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. WTVQ News. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
  25. ^ "Bunning endorses Paul in U.S. Senate race", April 14, 2010.
  26. ^ "DeMint endorses Paul in US Senate race in Ky.". Associated Press. May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on May 8, 2010. Retrieved July 7, 2012. [dead link]
  27. ^ "Sarah Palin endorses Rand Paul Archived April 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.", February 1, 2010.
  28. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c684CYfPXNk
  29. ^ "Steve Forbes endorses Rand Paul Archived January 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.", January 7, 2010.
  30. ^ "Dan Seum endorses Rand" Archived February 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., February 1, 2010
  31. ^ "Erick Erickson on Twitter", December 14, 2009.
  32. ^ "Dr. James Dobson Endorses Rand Paul for Senate". Business Wire. May 3, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
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  34. ^ "Wicker endorses Paul". WHAS11. Retrieved April 21, 2010. 
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  39. ^ "RLC Endorsements for 2010 Archived September 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.", April 18, 2010.
  40. ^ "Major pro-life endorsement for Rand Paul Archived April 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.", April 18, 2010.
  41. ^ "FoxNews.com "Tea Party Express Endorsements", April 15, 2010
  42. ^ "REAGAN PAC endorses Dr. Rand Paul for United States Senate". REAGAN PAC. February 12, 2010. Archived from the original on October 2, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. [dead link]
  43. ^ "Why The Choice Must Be Rand Paul", May 9, 2010.
  44. ^ "700,000 more Rand fans". Rand Paul for U.S. Senate. Retrieved April 21, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Rand Paul best choice to put Republican Party on new path – Editorial". Kentucky.com. May 9, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
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  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Friends of Trey Grayson :: Endorsements". Archived from the original on April 25, 2010. [dead link]
  49. ^ ALEXANDER BURNS (13 April 2010). "Rudy goes with Grayson – David Catanese". Politico.Com. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  50. ^ "Enquirer endorses Trey Grayson". The Kentucky Enquirer. May 15, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  51. ^ a b "KY - Election Results". Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  52. ^ "Henderson doctor joins Senate race". Courier-journal.com. Retrieved 2012-07-07. (registration required)
  53. ^ Pollard, Trey (July 3, 2008). "A new face in the U.S. Senate race…of 2010". PolitickerKY.com. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. [dead link]
  54. ^ "Maurice Sweeney to challenge Bunning". Fox41.com. May 22, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  55. ^ Joseph Gerth (March 28, 2009). "Beshear endorses Mongiardo for 2010 Senate race". Courier Journal. (registration required)
  56. ^ "Mongiardo: Donors give $420,000 for Senate race". WZTV FOX 17. April 6, 2009. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. 
  57. ^ Kraushaar, Josh; Raju, Manu (January 22, 2009). "GOP pressures Bunning to quit". The Politico. Retrieved January 24, 2009. 
  58. ^ "Conway Launching Health Care Ad". Politifi.com. Retrieved June 14, 2010. [dead link]
  59. ^ [2][dead link]
  60. ^ "Editorial | Conway is best Senate choice for Democrats". The Courier-Journal. April 18, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  61. ^ "Jack Conway for United States Senate". Democratsenators.org. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  62. ^ Gourlay, Kristin Espeland (May 18, 2010). "Conway Wins Democratic Primary for U.S. Senate Seat". WFPL News. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2010. [dead link]
  63. ^ "Endorsements". Jack Conway for United States Senate. Archived from the original on March 7, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. [dead link]
  64. ^ "Jack Conway for United States Senate". Democratsenators.org. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  65. ^ "C-J Endorsement Checklist". The Courier-Journal. May 16, 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2010. (registration required)
  66. ^ "Enquirer endorses Jack Conway". The Kentucky Enquirer. May 15, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
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  68. ^ [3][dead link]
  69. ^ a b "Kentucky: Secretary of State – Candidate Filing Procedures". Sos.ky.gov. January 28, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2010. 
  70. ^ "Libertarian Party of Kentucky Speaks About Rand Paul". lpky.org. May 25, 2010. 
  71. ^ Candidate Filings with the Office of the Secretary of State Archived November 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Kentucky Secretary of State
  72. ^ "Information for Billy Ray Wilson, Candidate for US Senator". Apps.sos.ky.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
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  74. ^ Voss, D. Stephen & Gross, Donald (2011). "Chapter 8: Poster Child for the Tea Party: Rand Paul of Kentucky". In Miller, William J. & Walling, Jeremy D. Tea Party Effects on 2010 Senate Elections. Lexington Books. pp. 141–172. ISBN 978-0739167014. 
  75. ^ a b Sargent, Greg. ""Woman attacked by Rand Paul supporters has concussion, sprained arm, MoveOn says" (October 26, 2010) Washington Post". Voices.washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
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  78. ^ Steitzer, Stephenie (2010-10-29). ""Outside groups spend big in U.S. Senate race" (October 29, 2010) Louisville Courier-Journal". Courier-journal.com. Retrieved 2012-05-08. (registration required)
  79. ^ ""Outside spending – Kentucky Senate" (xxx) Sunlight Foundation". Reporting.sunlightfoundation.com. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
  80. ^ "Enquirer endorses Paul for US Senate". The Kentucky Enquirer. October 24, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010. 
  81. ^ "Send a Message; vote for Rand Paul". The Richmond Register. October 30, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010. 
  82. ^ "Rand Paul is the right man for the Senate". Bowling Green Daily News. October 27, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2010. 
  83. ^ "National Federation of Independent Business Endorses Dr. Rand Paul" Archived April 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., 2010-9-23
  84. ^ "Council For Citizens Against Government Waste Endorses Dr. Rand Paul" Archived March 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., 2010-9-23
  85. ^ "National Right to Life Endorses Rand Paul" Archived August 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., 2010-9-17
  86. ^ "US Chamber of Commerce Endorses Rand Paul" Archived March 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., 2010-9-15
  87. ^ "Rand Paul Receives Endorsement of the National Vietnam and Gulf War Veterans Coalition", September 9, 2010
  88. ^ "Governor Mike Huckabee and Huck Pac Endorse Rand Paul for U.S. Senate in Kentucky", September 16, 2010
  89. ^ Trish Turner (October 21, 2010). "Religious Attack Ad Rallies Conservatives to Rand Paul's Side". Fox News. Retrieved October 23, 2010. 
  90. ^ "FRC Action PAC Endorses Rand Paul for U.S. Senate" (Press release). FRC Action PAC. October 22, 2010. Retrieved October 24, 2010. 
  91. ^ "Editorials | The Courier-Journal". courier-journal.com. Retrieved 2012-05-08. (registration required)
  92. ^ "Herald Leader: Conway right choice for U.S. Senate". October 17, 2010. Archived from the original on December 2, 2010. [dead link]
  93. ^ Cords, Nancy, Hirschkorn, Phil (October 4, 2010). "Rand Paul, Jack Conway Face Off in Kentucky Senate Debate". CBS News. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  94. ^ "Senate". Cook Political Report. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  95. ^ "Senate Ratings". Rothenberg Political Report. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
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  99. ^ "Election 2010: Senate Balance Of Power". Rasmussen Reports. Retrieved October 29, 2010. 
  100. ^ "Senate Race Ratings". New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2010. 
  101. ^ "2010 House and Senate Campaign Finance for Kentucky". fec.gov. Retrieved October 24, 2010. [dead link]

Further reading[edit]

Voss, D. Stephen & Gross, Donald (2011). "Chapter 8: Poster Child for the Tea Party: Rand Paul of Kentucky". In Miller, William J. & Walling, Jeremy D. Tea Party Effects on 2010 Senate Elections. Lexington Books. pp. 141–172. ISBN 978-0739167014. 

External links[edit]

Debates
Official campaign websites