United States Senate elections, 1828 and 1829

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United States Senate elections, 1828 and 1829

← 1826/27 Dates vary by state 1830/31 →

16 of the 48 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority

  Majority party Minority party
  Tricolour Cockade.svg
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Last election 27 seats 19
(as "Adams")
Seats before 26 21
(as "Adams")
Seats won 10 6
Seats after 26 22
Seat change Steady Increase 1
Seats up 10 5

Majority party before election

Jacksonian

Elected Majority party

Jacksonian

In the United States Senate elections of 1828 and 1829, the Jacksonian coalition, despite its leader's victory in the presidential election, lost a seat in the Senate to the opposing Anti-Jacksonian coalition.

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results summary[edit]

Senate Party Division, 21st Congress (1829–1831)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (26–25)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Jackson (22)
  • Total Seats: 48

Change in Senate composition[edit]

"Adams" and "Anti-Jacksonian" are interchangeable in these charts.

Senate composition before the elections[edit]

After the August 26, 1828 resignation of a Jacksonian senator.

A1 A2 A3 A4
A14 A13 A12 A11 A10 A9 A8 A7 A6 A5
A15 A16 A17
Ran
A18
Ran
A19
Ran
A20
Unknown
A21
Retired
V1
J Resigned
J26
Ran
J25
Retired
Majority → J24
Ran
J15 J16 J17
Ran
J18
Ran
J19
Ran
J20
Unknown
J21
Retired
J22
Ran
J23
Unknown
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4

Senate composition as a result of the elections[edit]

AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16 AJ17
Re-elected
AJ18
Re-elected
AJ19
Re-elected
AJ20
Gain
AJ21
Gain
AJ22
Gain
J26
Gain
J25
Gain
Majority → J24
Hold
J15 J16 J17
Re-elected
J18
Re-elected
J19
Re-elected
J20
Re-elected
J21
Re-elected
J22
Hold
J23
Hold
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
J1 J2 J3 J4
Key:
A# = Adams
AJ# = Anti-Jacksonian
J# = Jacksonian
V# = Vacant

Race summaries[edit]

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the 20th Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1828 or before March 4, 1829; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Georgia
(Class 2)
Thomas W. Cobb Jacksonian 1824 (special) Incumbent resigned before November 7, 1828.
New senator elected November 7, 1828.
Jacksonian hold.
Oliver H. Prince (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ohio
(Class 3)
William Henry Harrison Adams 1824 Incumbent resigned May 20, 1828 to become U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to Gran Columbia.
New senator elected December 10, 1828.
Adams hold.
Jacob Burnet (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing.]
North Carolina
(Class 3)
Nathaniel Macon Jacksonian 1815 (special)
1818
1825
Incumbent resigned November 14, 1828.
New senator elected December 15, 1828.
Jacksonian hold.
James Iredell, Jr. (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Maine
(Class 1)
Albion K. Parris Jacksonian 1827 Incumbent resigned August 26, 1828 when appointed to the Maine Supreme Judicial Court.
New senator elected January 15, 1829.
Adams gain.
John Holmes (Adams)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New York
(Class 1)
Martin Van Buren Jacksonian 1821
1827
Incumbent resigned December 20, 1828 to become Governor of New York.
New senator elected January 15, 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
Charles E. Dudley (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Ephraim Bateman Adams 1826 (special)
1826
Incumbent resigned January 12, 1829 due to failing health.
New senator elected January 30, 1829.
Jacksonian gain.
Mahlon Dickerson (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Races leading to the 21st Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1829; ordered by state.

Note: Senators who called themselves "Adams," "Adams Men," or "National Republicans" returned to being called "Anti-Jacksonian." In this table, this change of name is not considered a change in party.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral
history
Alabama William R. King Jacksonian 1819
1822
Incumbent re-elected in 1828. William R. King (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Delaware Henry M. Ridgely Jacksonian 1827 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1829.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
John M. Clayton (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Georgia Oliver H. Prince Jacksonian 1828 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected in 1828 or 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
George Troup (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Illinois Jesse B. Thomas Adams 1818
1823
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1828 or 1829.
Jacksonian gain.
John McLean (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Kentucky Richard M. Johnson Jacksonian 1819 (Special)
1823
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected in 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
George M. Bibb (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Louisiana Charles D.J. Bouligny Adams 1824 (Special) Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected in 1829.[1]
Jacksonian gain.
Edward Livingston (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Maine John Chandler Jacksonian 1820
1823
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected in 1828 or 1829.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Peleg Sprague (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Massachusetts Nathaniel Silsbee Adams 1826 (Special) Incumbent re-elected as an Anti-Jacksonian in 1829. Nathaniel Silsbee (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Mississippi Thomas Hill Williams Jacksonian 1817.
1823
Unknown if incumbent ran for re-election.
New senator elected in 1828.
Jacksonian hold.
Thomas Buck Reed (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New Hampshire Samuel Bell Adams 1823 Incumbent re-elected as an Anti-Jacksonian in 1828 or 1829. Samuel Bell (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
New Jersey Vacant Incumbent Mahlon Dickerson (J) had resigned January 30, 1829 to be elected to the class 1 seat.
New senator elected in 1828.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Theodore Frelinghuysen (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
North Carolina John Branch Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected in 1829. John Branch (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Rhode Island Nehemiah R. Knight Adams 1821 (Special)
1823
Incumbent re-elected as an Anti-Jacksonian in 1829. Nehemiah R. Knight (Anti-Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
South Carolina Robert Y. Hayne Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected in 1828. Robert Y. Hayne (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Tennessee Hugh Lawson White Jacksonian 1825 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1829. Hugh Lawson White (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Virginia Littleton Tazewell Jacksonian 1824 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1829. Littleton Tazewell (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]

Special elections during the 21st Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winners were elected in 1829 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Tennessee
(Class 1)
John Eaton Jacksonian 1818 (Appointed)
1819 (Special)
1821 (Failure to elect)
1821 (Special)
1826
Incumbent resigned March 9, 1829 to become U.S. Secretary of War.
New senator elected October 19, 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
Felix Grundy (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Georgia
(Class 3)
John M. Berrien Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent resigned March 9, 1829 to become U.S. Attorney General.
New senator elected November 9, 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
John Forsyth (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]
North Carolina
(Class 2)
John Branch Jacksonian 1822
1828
Incumbent resigned March 9, 1829 to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy.
New senator elected December 9, 1829.
Jacksonian hold.
Bedford Brown (Jacksonian)
[Data unknown/missing.]

See also[edit]

References[edit]