United States Senate election in New Hampshire, 1974
|Elections in New Hampshire|
The 1974 Election for United States Senator in New Hampshire, held on November 5, 1974, resulted in the longest contested election for the U.S. Congress in United States history.
The campaign of 1974, pitted Democrat John A. Durkin, who had served as New Hampshire's Insurance Commissioner, and as Attorney General, against the conservative, widely known Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, Louis C. Wyman. As Wyman was the more experienced politician, he was predicted by many to win handily.
Wyman won with a margin of just 355 votes.
Durkin immediately demanded a recount. The recount, completed November 27, 1974, declared Durkin the winner by a margin of 10 votes. Republican Governor Meldrim Thomson, Jr. awarded Durkin a provisional certificate of election.
Wyman promptly appealed to the New Hampshire State Ballot Law Commission. Durkin tried to defeat the appeal through legal maneuvers that eventually involved all levels of the New Hampshire court. Durkin's attorney also sought an injunction in Federal court to send the matter directly to the U.S. Senate for arbitration, but on December 18, a Federal district court denied the request.
The state ballot commission, therefore, conducted its own partial recount, and announced on December 24, 1974, that Wyman had won by just two votes. Governor Thomson rescinded Durkin’s certificate, and awarded a new credential to Wyman.
Cotton resigned the Senate seat on December 31, 1974, and Thomson appointed Wyman to fill the remainder of the term, which would expire on January 3, 1975.
|New Hampshire United States Senate Election, 1974: Second Recount|
|Democratic||John A. Durkin||110,924||49.66%|
|American Independent||Carmen C. Chimento||1,513||0.68%|
Election contested in U.S.Senate
As a last option, Durkin petitioned the Senate, which had a 60-vote Democratic majority, to review the case, based on the Constitutional provision that each house of Congress is the final arbiter of elections to that body.
On January 13, 1975, the day before the new Congress convened, the Senate Rules Committee tried unsuccessfully to resolve the matter. Composed of five Democrats and three Republicans, the Rules Committee deadlocked four-to-four on a proposal to seat Wyman pending further review. Alabama Democrat James Allen voted with the Republicans on grounds that Wyman had presented proper credentials.
The full Senate took up the case on January 14, with Wyman and Durkin seated at separate tables at the rear of the chamber. Soon, the matter was returned to the Rules Committee, which created a special staff panel to examine 3,500 questionable ballots that had been shipped to Washington. Following this review, the Rules Committee sent a report of 35 disputed points in the election to the full Senate, which spent the next six weeks debating the issue, but resolved only one of the 35 points in dispute. Republicans successfully filibustered the seating of Durkin.
Facing deadlock with the August recess approaching, the Washington Post ran an editorial on July 28 charging that it would be "incredible" if the Senate were to "go on vacation for a month without settling the New Hampshire Senate election case." The Post suggested that Wyman and Durkin themselves should try to reach some agreement to settle the matter. Following up on the suggestion, Louis Wyman wrote to Durkin that day, urging him to support a new, special election. Durkin initially refused, but then on July 29, reversed his earlier position, and announced to a New Hampshire television audience his intention to agree to the new election. The next morning, July 30, he reported this change to the Democratic leadership, thus relieving the Senate from further deliberations on the topic.
Later that same day, the Senate voted 71 to 21 to declare the seat vacant as of August 8. Governor Thomson again appointed former Senator Cotton to hold the seat temporarily. New Hampshire then arranged to hold a special election.
|New Hampshire United States Senate Special Election, 1975|
|Democratic||John A. Durkin||140,778||53.62%|
|American Independent||Carmen C. Chimento||8,787||3.35%|
|Democratic gain from Republican||Swing|
- Butler, Anne M., and Wendy Wolff. United States Senate Election, Expulsion and Censure Cases, 1793-1990. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1995.
- Tibbetts, Donn. The Closest U.S. Senate Race in History, Durkin v. Wyman. [Manchester, N.H.]: J.W. Cummings Enterprises, 1976.
- Lydon, Christopher (December 17, 1973). "Republican Strategists See Major 1974 Election Losses for G.O.P.; Most Incredible'". The New York Times.
- "Message from New Hampshire". Time. September 29, 1975.
- Wermiel, Stephen (July 30, 1975). "Durkin reverses, asks new N.H. vote". Boston Globe.
- Minnesota Senate race echoes N.H. election in 1974
- Closest Election in Senate History
- The Election Case of John A. Durkin v. Louis C. Wyman of New Hampshire (1975)
- Senate Rules Committee Report
- Candidates Clash in New Hampshire Senate Contest The Bryan Times, Sept 15, 1975