United States Senate election in North Carolina, 2014

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United States Senate election in North Carolina, 2014

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  Senator Thom Tillis Official Portrait.jpg Kay Hagan official photo.jpg
Nominee Thom Tillis Kay Hagan
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote 1,423,259 1,377,651
Percentage 48.8% 47.3%

North Carolina Senate Election Results by County, 2014.svg
County Results

Tillis:      40–50%      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%

Hagan:      40-50%      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%

U.S. Senator before election

Kay Hagan
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Thom Tillis
Republican

The 2014 United States Senate election in North Carolina took place on November 4, 2014, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of North Carolina, concurrently with other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. On May 6, 2014, the primary took place.

Incumbent Democratic Senator Kay Hagan ran for re-election to a second term in office. She faced Republican Thom Tillis, the Speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives, and Libertarian Sean Haugh, his party's nominee for the U.S. Senate in 2002, in the general election. Tillis defeated Hagan by about forty-five thousand votes.[1]

Democratic primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Declared[edit]

  • Kay Hagan, incumbent U.S. Senator[2][3]
  • Ernest T. Reeves,[4] retired U.S. Army captain[5]
  • Will Stewart, small business owner[6]

Withdrew[edit]

Results[edit]

Democratic primary election results[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kay Hagan (Incumbent) 372,209 77.16%
Democratic Will Stewart 66,903 13.87%
Democratic Ernest T. Reeves 43,257 8.97%
Total votes 482,579 100.00%

Republican primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

The eight Republican candidates on the 2014 U.S. Senate primary ballot were the most in party history in North Carolina, more than the seven on the ballot in the 2002 Republican primary won by Elizabeth Dole.[10]

Declared[edit]

Withdrew[edit]

Declined[edit]

Endorsements[edit]

Greg Brannon
Politicians
Political figures
Organisations
Mark Harris
Jim Snyder
Thom Tillis
Organizations
Politicians
State legislators

Polling[edit]

Primary
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Ted
Alexander
Alex
Bradshaw
Greg
Brannon
Heather
Grant
Mark
Harris
Edward
Kryn
Jim
Snyder
Thom
Tillis
Other/
Undecided
Public Policy Polling February 6–9, 2014 305 ± 5.6% 10% 13% 13% 8% 2% 20% 34%
American Insights February 11–15, 2014 168 ± 7.6% 4% 4% 7% 11% 74%
Public Policy Polling March 6–9, 2014 392 ± 5% 7% 6% 14% 11% 7% 1% 4% 14% 36%
SurveyUSA March 17–19, 2014 405 ± 5% 7% 4% 15% 11% 6% 3% 4% 28% 23%
SurveyUSA March 19–23, 2014 405 ± 5% 1% 2% 13% 5% 9% 0% 5% 27% 38%
SurveyUSA March 27–31, 2014 433 ± 4.8% 6% 1% 15% 6% 11% 2% 3% 23% 34%
Public Policy Polling April 3–6, 2014 314 ± 5.5% 6% 5% 15% 7% 11% 1% 2% 18% 34%
SurveyUSA April 16–22, 2014 392 ± 5% 1% 1% 20% 2% 15% 2% 2% 39% 19%
Public Policy Polling April 26–28, 2014 694 ± 3.7% 2% 1% 20% 5% 11% 2% 3% 46% 12%
Public Policy Polling May 3–4, 2014 925 ± 3.2% 2% 0% 28% 4% 15% 1% 1% 40% 11%
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Philip
Berger
Greg
Brannon
Jim
Cain
Renee
Ellmers
Bill
Flynn
Virginia
Foxx
Heather
Grant
Mark
Harris
Thom
Tillis
Lynn
Wheeler
Other/
Undecided
Public Policy Polling June 12–14, 2013 374 ± 5.1% 11% 7% 8% 9% 23% 4% 9% 3% 27%
Public Policy Polling July 12–14, 2013 373 ± 5.1% 11% 7% 11% 11% 16% 1% 5% 3% 35%
22% 18% 21% 39%
25% 32% 43%
Public Policy Polling August 8–11, 2013 344 ± 5.3% 9% 7% 9% 18% 4% 4% 8% 2% 40%
22% 23% 56%
Public Policy Polling September 6–9, 2013 311 ± 5.6% 13% 6% 11% 8% 5% 12% 2% 43%
Public Policy Polling November 8–11, 2013 498 ± 4.4% 11% 8% 14% 20% 47%
Public Policy Polling December 5–8, 2013 529 ± 4.3% 11% 8% 11% 12% 13% 44%
Public Policy Polling January 9–12, 2014 575 ± 4.1% 11% 7% 11% 8% 19% 44%
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Philip
Berger
Cherie
Berry
Greg
Brannon
Renee
Ellmers
Terry
Embler
Dan
Forest
Virginia
Foxx
George
Holding
Patrick
McHenry
Thom
Tillis
Other/
Undecided
Public Policy Polling February 7–10, 2013 518 ± 4.3% 7% 18% 5% 10% 1% 18% 3% 10% 3% 27%
Public Policy Polling March 7–10, 2013 530 ± 4.3% 8% 12% 4% 10% 1% 18% 13% 7% 2% 24%
Public Policy Polling April 11–14, 2013 468 ± 4.5% 11% 18% 6% 12% 1% 13% 7% 32%
Public Policy Polling May 17–20, 2013 366 ± 5.1% 10% 14% 7% 10% 15% 6% 38%
Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Philip
Berger
Renee
Ellmers
Virginia
Foxx
George
Holding
Richard
Hudson
Patrick
McHenry
Mark
Meadows
Sue
Myrick
Robert
Pittenger
Thom
Tillis
Other/
Undecided
Public Policy Polling December 6–9, 2012 462 ± 4.6% 11% 17% 9% 6% 13% 4% 14% 2% 25%
Public Policy Polling January 10–13, 2013 449 ± 4.6% 5% 11% 21% 2% 5% 15% 6% 2% 33%
Runoff

Results[edit]

Republican primary election results[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Thom Tillis 223,174 45.68%
Republican Greg Brannon 132,630 27.15%
Republican Mark Harris 85,727 17.55%
Republican Heather Grant 22,971 4.70%
Republican Jim Snyder 9,414 1.93%
Republican Ted Alexander 9,258 1.89%
Republican Alex Lee Bradshaw 3,528 0.72%
Republican Edward Kryn 1,853 0.38%
Total votes 488,555 100.00%

Libertarian primary[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Declared[edit]

  • Tim D'Annunzio, businessman, Republican candidate for NC-08 in 2010 and Republican nominee for NC-04 in 2012[53]
  • Sean Haugh, pizza delivery man and nominee for the U.S. Senate in 2002[54]

Results[edit]

Libertarian primary election results[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Libertarian Sean Haugh 1,226 60.69%
Libertarian Tim D'Annunzio 794 39.31%
Total votes 2,020 100.00%

Other parties[edit]

Certified write-in candidates[edit]

General election[edit]

Candidates[edit]

Outside spending[edit]

In July 2014, Jim Morrill of The Charlotte Observer calculated that as of the end of June, more than $26 million had been spent by outside advocacy groups on the election, with $17 million of it attacking Hagan or supporting Tillis and less than $9 million supporting Hagan or attacking Tillis. By contrast, outside groups spent $25 million during the entire 2008 election. He reported that only $11.4 million had been reported to the FEC, with the rest of the "dark money" coming from groups that did not have to disclose their donors. 27% of the money spent supporting Tillis came from groups required to disclose their donors whereas 69% of the money supporting Hagan did so.[57]

The final cost of outside spending according to Opensecrets.org place the amounts at $8.5 million for Hagan and $35.5 million attacking Tillis, and $13.7 million for Tillis and $20.9 million attacking Hagan, placing the totals by candidate at $44 million for Hagan, and $34.6 million for Tillis.[58]

Debates[edit]

Three televised debates between the candidates were held: the first on September 3 moderated by Norah O'Donnell of CBS, the second on October 7 moderated by George Stephanopoulos of ABC, and the third (the only one to feature Sean Haugh) on October 9 moderated by Jon Evans of WECT-TV.[59]

Video of the first debate is available here, with the second here and the third here.

Predictions[edit]

Source Ranking As of
The Cook Political Report[60] Tossup November 3, 2014
Sabato's Crystal Ball[61] Lean D November 3, 2014
Rothenberg Political Report[62] Tossup November 3, 2014
Real Clear Politics[63] Tossup November 3, 2014

Polling[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Kay
Hagan (D)
Thom
Tillis (R)
Sean
Haugh (L)
Other Undecided
Public Policy Polling December 6–9, 2012 578 ± 4.1% 48% 38% 14%
Public Policy Polling January 10–13, 2013 608 ± 4% 47% 37% 16%
Public Policy Polling February 7–10, 2013 600 ± 4% 46% 38% 16%
Public Policy Polling March 7–10, 2013 611 ± 4% 50% 36% 14%
Public Policy Polling April 11–14, 2013 601 ± 4% 49% 39% 11%
Public Policy Polling May 17–20, 2013 500 ± 4.4% 48% 41% 11%
Public Policy Polling June 12–14, 2013 500 ± 4.4% 45% 40% 15%
Public Policy Polling July 12–14, 2013 600 ± 4% 49% 38% 12%
Public Policy Polling August 8–11, 2013 600 ± 4% 47% 39% 14%
Public Policy Polling September 6–9, 2013 600 ± 4% 51% 36% 14%
Public Policy Polling October 4–6, 2013 746 ± ?% 47% 40% 13%
Public Policy Polling November 8–11, 2013 701 ± 4% 44% 42% 14%
Public Policy Polling December 5–8, 2013 1,281 ± 2.7% 44% 42% 14%
Public Policy Polling January 9–12, 2014 1,384 ± 2.6% 42% 43% 15%
Harper Polling January 20–21, 2014 778 ± 3.51% 44% 44% 12%
Rasmussen Reports January 22–23, 2014 500 ± 4.5% 40% 47% 3% 10%
Public Policy Polling February 6–9, 2014 708 ± 3.7% 40% 42% 17%
American Insights February 11–15, 2014 611 ± 4% 38% 35% 26%
Hickman Analytics February 17–20, 2014 400 ± 4.9% 45% 41% 13%
Public Policy Polling March 6–9, 2014 884 ± 3.3% 45% 43% 13%
SurveyUSA March 27–31, 2014 1,489 ± 2.6% 45% 46% 9%
Public Policy Polling April 3–6, 2014 740 ± 3.6% 43% 41% 16%
New York Times/Kaiser Family April 8–15, 2014 900 ± ? 42% 40% 5% 14%
Magellan Strategies April 14–15, 2014 804 ± 3.46% 43% 43% 8% 6%
Rasmussen Reports May 7–8, 2014 750 ± 4% 44% 45% 5% 7%
Public Policy Polling May 9–11, 2014 877 ± 3.3% 38% 36% 11% 15%
41% 41% 18%
Civitas Institute May 20–22, 2014 600 ± 4% 36% 39% 8% 15%
41% 46% 12%
Magellan Strategies June 5–8, 2014 700 ± 3.7% 47% 46% 7%
Public Policy Polling June 12–15, 2014 1,076 ± 3% 39% 34% 11% 16%
42% 38% 20%
Civitas Institute June 18–19 & 22, 2014 600 ± 4% 42% 36% 9% 12%
47% 43% 9%
Public Policy Polling July 17–20, 2014 1,062 ± 3% 41% 34% 8% 16%
42% 39% 19%
CBS News/NYT/YouGov July 5–24, 2014 2,678 ± 3.5% 44% 45% 2% 7%
Gravis Marketing July 22–27, 2014 1,380 ± 3% 44% 41% 15%
Civitas Institute July 28–29, 2014 600 ± 4% 41% 39% 7% 12%
43% 45% 10%
Rasmussen Reports August 5–6, 2014 750 ± 4% 40% 45% 6% 9%
Public Policy Polling August 14–17, 2014 856 ± 3.4% 42% 38% 8% 13%
43% 42% 14%
Suffolk University August 16–19, 2014 500 ± 4.4% 45.4% 43% 5.2% 6.4%
CBS News/NYT/YouGov August 18 – September 2, 2014 2,059 ± 3% 42% 43% 5% 0% 10%
Garin-Hart-Yang September 3–6, 2014 802 ± 3.5% 48% 45% 7%
Elon University September 5–9, 2014 629 LV ± 3.91% 44.9% 40.8% 9.1% 5.2%
983 RV ± 3.13% 42.7% 36.8% 10.7% 9.8%
American Insights September 5–10, 2014 459 ± 4.6% 46% 36% 6% 13%
Rasmussen Reports September 8–10, 2014 1,000 ± 4% 45% 39% 6% 9%
Civitas Institute September 9–10, 2014 490 ± 4.5% 46% 43% 5% 6%
47% 46% 7%
Public Policy Polling September 11–14, 2014 1,266 ± 2.8% 44% 40% 5% 11%
46% 42% 12%
Fox News September 14–16, 2014 605 ± 4% 41% 36% 6% 13%
High Point University September 13–18, 2014 410 ± 5% 42% 40% 6% 12%
Global Strategy Group September 16–18, 2014 600 ± 4.9% 45% 41% 5% 9%
Gravis Marketing September 22–23, 2014 860 ± 3% 46% 42% 12%
CNN/ORC September 22–25, 2014 595 LV ± 4% 46% 43% 7% 4%
860 ± 3.5% 46% 39% 9% 6%
Civitas September 25, 27–28, 2014 600 ± 4% 46% 41% 4% 1% 8%
860 ± 3.5% 50% 43% 8%
CBS News/NYT/YouGov September 20 – October 1, 2014 2,002 ± 3% 46% 45% 2% 1% 6%
Greenberg Quinlan Rosner September 25 – October 1, 2014 1,000 ± 2.09% 45% 41% 14%
NBC News/Marist September 27 – October 1, 2014 665 LV ± 3.8% 44% 40% 7% <1% 9%
1,132 RV ± 2.9% 42% 37% 8% 1% 12%
Morey Group October 1–6, 2014 956 ± 3.2% 40.1% 37.8% 2% 20.2%
Suffolk University October 4–7, 2014 500 ± 4.4% 46.8% 45.4% 4.4% 3.4%
Rasmussen Reports October 6–7, 2014 970 ± 3% 48% 46% 2% 4%
High Point University September 30 – October 2 and October 4–9, 2014 584 ± 4.1% 39.5% 40.4% 7% 13%
SurveyUSA October 10–12, 2014 554 ± 4.2% 44% 41% 7% 8%
45% 46% 9%
Civitas Institute October 15–18, 2014 600 ± 4% 41% 42% 6% 11%
44% 44% 12%
Gravis Marketing October 16–18, 2014 1,022 ± 3% 43% 48% 9%
Public Policy Polling October 16–18, 2014 780 ± 3.5% 46% 43% 5% 7%
47% 44% 8%
SurveyUSA October 16–20, 2014 568 ± 4.2% 46% 43% 6% 5%
CBS News/NYT/YouGov October 16–23, 2014 1,910 ± 4% 44% 41% 2% 0% 13%
NBC News/Marist October 19–23, 2014 756 LV ± 3.6% 43% 43% 7% <1% 6%
1,070 RV ± 3% 42% 40% 8% 1% 9%
SurveyUSA October 21–25, 2014 802 ± 4% 44% 44% 5% 3% 5%
Elon University October 21–25, 2014 687 LV ± 3.74% 44.7% 40.7% 6.3% 6.6%
996 RV ± 3.11% 44.8% 37.5% 7.7% 8.5%
Monmouth University October 23–26, 2014 432 ± 4.7% 48% 46% 1% 4%
Vox Populi October 26–27, 2014 615 ± 3.95% 43% 48% 9%
Public Policy Polling October 28–29, 2014 657 ± ? 47% 46% 4% 3%
Rasmussen Reports October 28–29, 2014 982 ± 3% 47% 46% 3% 3%
CNN/ORC October 27–30, 2014 559 LV ± 4% 48% 46% 4% 2%
896 RV ± 3.5% 47% 41% 8% 4%
Fox News October 28–30, 2014 909 ± 3% 43% 42% 4% 1% 9%
Harper Polling October 28–30, 2014 511 ± 4.34% 44% 46% 6% 4%
45% 48% 7%
Civitas Institute October 29–30, 2014 600 ± 4% 41% 41% 6% 10%
45% 44% 11%
Gravis Marketing October 29–30, 2014 1,006 ± 3% 46% 47% 8%
YouGov October 25–31, 2014 1,727 ± 3% 44% 41% 3% 12%
Public Policy Polling October 30–31, 2014 738 ± ? 46% 45% 4% 5%
Public Policy Polling November 1–3, 2014 1,333 ± 2.7% 46% 44% 5% 6%
48% 46% 6%

Results[edit]

2014 North Carolina U.S. Senate election[64]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Thom Tillis 1,423,259 48.82% +4.64%
Democratic Kay Hagan 1,377,651 47.26% -5.39%
Libertarian Sean Haugh 109,100 3.74% +0.62%
Other Write-ins 5,271 0.18% +0.14%
Plurality 45,608 1.56%
Turnout 2,915,281 +5.0%
Republican gain from Democratic Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Republicans seize Senate, gaining full control of Congress". November 5, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ CNN: Sen. Kay Hagan to run again in 2014
  3. ^ a b c d e f Miller, Joshua (November 13, 2012). "Hagan Targeted by GOP, Ready for 2014 N.C. Race". Roll Call. Retrieved November 17, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b NC State Board of Elections: Candidate filing list
  5. ^ News & Observer: 2 long-shot Democrats challenge Kay Hagan
  6. ^ News & Observer: Kay Hagan gets a challenger
  7. ^ Fayetteville Observer
  8. ^ SenatorWestphal.com - on his site, Westphal wrote: "I could not raise the $1470 filing fee for the Senate race in North Carolina, therefore, I am heading to Fort Myers on February 28th. It is my intention to file for the House of Representatives in the 11th District, which comprises of the Fort Myers area."
  9. ^ a b c NC State Board of Elections website
  10. ^ Ostermeier, Eric (May 6, 2014). "North Carolina GOP Eyes 2nd Ever US Senate Primary Runoff". Smart Politics. 
  11. ^ Shelby Star
  12. ^ Dr. Greg Brannon steps up to challenge Hagan in 2014
  13. ^ Heather Grant to run for U.S. Senate seat - journalpatriot: News
  14. ^ Trygstad, Kyle. "Conservative Preacher Joins North Carolina Senate Primary". Roll Call. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  15. ^ [1] Archived February 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ WBTV/Associated Press
  17. ^ WRAL/AP: Tillis says he'll run for US Senate
  18. ^ a b c d Mimms, Sarah (February 13, 2013). "N.C. Labor Commissioner Considering Run Against Hagan". National Journal. Retrieved February 14, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Terry Embler - As many if not most have noticed, I have..." Facebook. May 14, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  20. ^ Fox 8
  21. ^ John Frank (January 30, 2014). "Republican Bill Flynn takes early exit from US Senate race". News Observer. Retrieved January 31, 2014. 
  22. ^ News & Observer Under the Dome: Phil Berger won't run for US Senate
  23. ^ Frank, John (May 29, 2013). "Cherie Berry says she won't run for U.S. Senate". The News & Observer. Retrieved May 29, 2013. 
  24. ^ Robertson, Gary D. (September 18, 2013). "Brunstetter considering US Senate bid". WRAL-TV. Associated Press. Retrieved September 18, 2013. 
  25. ^ News & Observer Under the Dome: Pete Brunstetter says he won't seek US Senate seat
  26. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (May 17, 2013). "Ambassador Eyeing Kay Hagan Challenge". Roll Call. Retrieved May 17, 2013. 
  27. ^ House Republican Won't Run for Senate #NCSEN | At the Races
  28. ^ Morrill, Jim (March 13, 2013). "If nominated, he will not run ..." Campaign Tracker. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  29. ^ Cahn, Emily (August 20, 2013). "Virginia Foxx Says No to Senate Bid in North Carolina". Roll Call. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  30. ^ Cahn, Emily (April 11, 2013). "North Carolina: McHenry Won't Run Against Hagan". Roll Call. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  31. ^ Morrill, Jim (April 26, 2013). "Table Talk". Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved May 18, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Terry Embler - As I am no longer in the running for the office, I..." Facebook. August 26, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2014. 
  33. ^ Frank, John (March 6, 2014). "Utah Sen. Mike Lee endorses Greg Brannon in contested Senate primary". News and Observer. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  34. ^ Liberty Circle: Congressman Thomas Massie Endorses Greg Brannon for U.S. Senate
  35. ^ "Rand Paul Endorses in North Carolina Primary". Roll Call. October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  36. ^ Ron Paul 2014 Endorsements | LibertyPAC
  37. ^ News & Observer: Coulter endorses Brannon, bashes Tillis
  38. ^ Winston-Salem Journal
  39. ^ "Mark Levin endorses Greg Brannon for US Senate". The Right Scoop. May 1, 2014. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  40. ^ FreedomWorks backs Brannon in N.C. - Katie Glueck - POLITICO.com
  41. ^ Gun Owners of America Endorses Greg Brannon for US Senate — Brannon for US Senate
  42. ^ NAGR PAC Endorses Greg Brannon for US Senate — Brannon for US Senate
  43. ^ News & Observer Morning Memo (Nov. 25, 2013)
  44. ^ a b c News & Observer
  45. ^ News & Observer
  46. ^ Charlotte Observer
  47. ^ N&R endorses Jim Snyder in Republican US Senate primary
  48. ^ a b Romney endorses Tillis in North Carolina | TheHill
  49. ^ http://atr.rollcall.com/2016-rand-paul-jeb-bush-north-carolina-senate http://atr.rollcall.com/2016-rand-paul-jeb-bush-north-carolina-senate/
  50. ^ Governor Pat McCrory endorses Thom Tillis in Senate race
  51. ^ Romney endorses Tillis | Under the Dome Blog | NewsObserver.com
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp Legislative Endorsements Roll In for Thom Tillis | Thom Tillis
  53. ^ Charlotte Observer: Controversial former candidate making Senate bid
  54. ^ Charlotte Observer
  55. ^ a b c "State Board of Elections: CERTIFIED UNAFFILIATED AND WRITE-IN CANDIDATES" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 11, 2014. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  56. ^ Charlotte Observer: Indian Trail councilman tenders resignation – in Klingon
  57. ^ "Outside spending, 'dark' money fuel N.C. Senate race". The Charlotte Observer. July 4, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014. 
  58. ^ "2014 Outside Spending, by Race". opensecrets.org. November 10, 2014. Retrieved November 10, 2014. 
  59. ^ News & Observer: What NC voters might learn from final Hagan-Tillis debates
  60. ^ "2014 Senate Race Ratings for November 3, 2014". The Cook Political Report. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  61. ^ "The Crystal Ball's Final 2014 Picks". Sabato's Crystal Ball. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  62. ^ "2014 Senate Ratings". Senate Ratings. The Rothenberg Political Report. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  63. ^ "2014 Elections Map - Battle for the Senate 2014". Real Clear Politics. Retrieved September 10, 2018. 
  64. ^ "NC State Board of Elections website". Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved February 16, 2015. 

External links[edit]